Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 108

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 108

                                               

International Film Festival of India

The International Film Festival of India, founded in 1952, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. Held annually, currently in the state of Goa, on the western coast of the country, the festival aims at providing a common platform ...

                                               

Kolkata International Film Festival

The Kolkata International Film Festival is an annual film festival held in Kolkata, India. Founded in 1995, it is the third oldest international film festival in India. The festival is organized by the West Bengal Film Centre under the West Benga ...

                                               

One World Film Festival

One World is the largest human rights film festival in the world, held annually in Prague and other 36 cities of the Czech Republic, with a selection later shown in Brussels and other countries. The festival deals with quality documentary films o ...

                                               

Cabourg Film Festival

The Cabourg Film Festival is an annual film festival held every June in Cabourg, France. Founded in 1983 by writer-journalist Gonzague Saint Bris, the festival is dedicated to films in the romantic genre and films with elements of romanticism.

                                               

Krakow Film Festival

The Krakow Film Festival is one of Europes oldest events dedicated to documentary, animation and other short film forms. It has been organised year after year since 1961. The Artistic President of the festival is Krzysztof Gierat. It was in Krako ...

                                               

Mar del Plata International Film Festival

The Mar del Plata International Film Festival is an international film festival that takes place every November in the city of Mar del Plata, Argentina. It is the only competitive feature festival recognized by the FIAPF in Latin America, and the ...

                                               

Sitges Film Festival

The Sitges Film Festival is a Spanish film festival and one of the worlds foremost international festivals specializing in fantasy and horror films. Established in 1968, the festival normally takes place every year in early October in the coastal ...

                                               

Tampere Film Festival

The Tampere Film Festival is a short film festival held every March in the Finnish city of Tampere. It is accredited by the film producers society FIAPF, and together with the short film festivals in Oberhausen and Clermont-Ferrand, it is among t ...

                                               

Three Continents Festival

The Festival of the Three Continents is an annual film festival held since 1979 in Nantes, France, and is devoted to the cinemas of Asia, and Africa and Latin America. It was founded by Philippe and Alain Jalladeau. The top award in the festivals ...

                                               

Seattle Queer Film Festival

Seattle Queer Film Festival is an annual film festival in Seattle. The 25th Annual Seattle Queer Film Festival will take place October 15–25, 2020. It is the largest LGBTQ film festival in the Pacific Northwest, and its award-winning films receiv ...

                                               

BFI London Film Festival

The BFI London Film Festival is an annual film festival founded in 1957 and held in the United Kingdom, running for two weeks in October with co-operation from the British Film Institute. It screens more than 300 films, documentaries and shorts f ...

                                               

Manaki Brothers Film Festival

The International Cinematographers Film Festival "Manaki Brothers" is an annual international Macedonian film festival organized by the Macedonian Film Professionals Association. The festival is held in Bitola, the town where most of the activiti ...

                                               

Ibiza International Film Festival

Ibiza International Film Festival is an independent cinema event which takes place every spring on the Island"Sponsors were John Hurt, Terry Gilliam, Sir Alan Parker, Bigas Luna and Angela Molina. At the 2nd edition of the Festival, Nacho Cano an ...

                                               

Seminci

Valladolid International Film Festival is a film festival held annually in Valladolid, Spain since 1956. Nowadays the festival is regarded as one of the most important in the specialty of independent film and auteur film. It has introduced to Spa ...

                                               

Marrakech International Film Festival

The Marrakech International Film Festival is an international film festival founded by the Marrakech International Film Festival Foundation in 2001 and held annually in Marrakech, Morocco. The 14th edition was held from December 5 to 13, 2014.

                                               

Thessaloniki International Film Festival

The Thessaloniki International Film Festival has become one of Southeast Europes primary showcases for the work of new and emerging filmmakers. The event features the International Section, a panorama of Greek films, the New Horizons program, the ...

                                               

San Francisco International Film Festival

The San Francisco International Film Festival, organized by the San Francisco Film Society, is held each spring for two weeks, presenting around 200 films from over 50 countries. The festival highlights current trends in international film and vi ...

                                               

Sydney Film Festival

The Sydney Film Festival is an annual film festival held in Sydney, Australia, usually over 12 days in June. The competitive film festival draws international and local attention, with films being showcased in several venues across the city centr ...

                                               

Stockholm International Film Festival

The Stockholm International Film Festival is an annual film festival held in Stockholm, Sweden. It was launched in 1990 and has been held every year in the second half of November. The film voted by a jury as the best in the competition section r ...

                                               

Chicago International Film Festival

The Chicago International Film Festival is an annual film festival held every fall. Founded in 1964 by Michael Kutza, it is the longest-running competitive film festival in North America. Its logo is a stark, black and white close up of the compo ...

                                               

Haifa International Film Festival

The Haifa International Film Festival is an annual film festival that takes place every autumn, during the week-long holiday of Sukkot, in Haifa, Israel.

                                               

Motovun Film Festival

The Motovun Film Festival is an annual film festival established in 1999 and held in the small town of Motovun, Croatia. It usually takes place over five or six days in late July or early August.

                                               

Filmfest Munchen

Munich International Film festival is the largest summer film festival in Germany and second only in size and importance to the Berlinale. It has been held annually since 1983 and takes place in late June. The next festival will be from June 25 t ...

                                               

New York Film Festival

The New York Film Festival is an annual film festival held every autumn in New York City, presented by the Film Society of Lincoln Center. Founded in 1963 by Richard Roud and Amos Vogel with the support of Lincoln Center president William Schuman ...

                                               

Beijing International Film Festival

The Beijing International Film Festival is a film festival in Beijing, China. Founded in 2011, the film festival is supported and sponsored by the government of the Municipality of Beijing. The festival is one of the worlds most prominent film fe ...

                                               

Midnight Sun Film Festival

The Midnight Sun Film Festival is an annual five-day film festival in Sodankyla, Finland. The festival usually takes place in the second week of June, but from June 14 to 18 in 2017. One of the main characteristics of the festival is to show film ...

                                               

Busan International Film Festival

The Busan International Film Festival, held annually in Haeundae-gu, Busan, South Korea, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. The first festival, held from 13 to 21 September 1996, was also the first international film festival ...

                                               

Pyongyang International Film Festival

The Pyongyang International Film Festival is a biennial cultural exhibition held in Pyongyang, North Korea. Until 2002, the film festival was reserved to "non-aligned and other developing countries".

                                               

Nordic International Film Festival

Nordic International Film Festival is an annual film festival founded in 2014, held in New York City, showcasing Nordic and international films at Roxy Cinema in the Roxy Hotel in Tribeca, New York. The festival is founded and run by Festival Dir ...

                                               

Stozhary

Festival Stozhary is the international actors film festival which takes place in Kyiv, Ukraine. The name of the festival is an Old Slavonic counterpart for the asterism of Pleiades. In the mythology of ancient Greece Pleiads were the 7 beautiful ...

                                               

Tribeca Film Festival

The Tribeca Film Festival is an American film festival, held in the Tribeca neighborhood of Manhattan, showcasing a diverse selection of independent films. Since its inaugural year in 2002, it has become an outlet for independent filmmakers in al ...

                                               

Fajr International Film Festival

Irans annual Fajr International Film Festival, or Fajr Film Festival, has been held every February and April in Tehran since 1982. The festival is supervised by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. It takes place on the anniversary of th ...

                                               

Chicago Palestine Film Festival

The Chicago Palestine Film Festival is an annual film festival begun in 2002 in Chicago and is one of the most important venues in the US for the screening of Palestinian cinema. It accepts works in a variety of genres - documentaries, dramas, co ...

                                               

Edinburgh International Film Festival

The Edinburgh International Film Festival is an annual fortnight of cinema screenings and related events taking place each June. Established in 1947, it is the worlds oldest continually running film festival. EIFF presents both UK and internation ...

                                               

Film stock

Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation. It is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver hal ...

                                               

16 mm film

16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film. 16 mm refers to the width of the film; other common film gauges include 8 and 35 mm. It is generally used for non-theatrical film-making, for low-budget motion pictures. It also e ...

                                               

35 mm movie film

35 mm film is a film gauge used in filmmaking. In motion pictures that record on film, 35 mm is the most commonly used gauge. The name of the gauge is not a direct measurement, and refers to the nominal width of the photographic film, which consi ...

                                               

8 mm film

8 mm film is a motion picture film format in which the film strip is eight millimeters wide. It exists in two main versions - the original standard 8 mm film, also known as regular 8 mm, and Super 8. Although both standard 8 mm and Super 8 are 8 ...

                                               

Film format

A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or filmmaking. It can also apply to projected film, either slides or movies. The primary characteristic o ...

                                               

Multi-dynamic image technique

Multi-dynamic image technique is a name given by its Canadian creator Christopher Chapman to a film innovation which shows several images shifting simultaneously on panes, with some panes containing a single image and others forming part of an im ...

                                               

Sound film

A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before so ...

                                               

Reichsfilmkammer

The Reichsfilmkammer was a statutory corporation controlled by the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda that regulated the film industry in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945. Membership in the association was obligatory for everyone i ...

                                               

Silent film

A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound. In silent films for entertainment, the plot may be conveyed by the use of title cards, written indications of the plot and key dialogue lines. The idea of combining motion pictures with ...

                                               

3D film

3D films have existed in some form since 1915, but had been largely relegated to a niche in the motion picture industry because of the costly hardware and processes required to produce and display a 3D film, and the lack of a standardized format ...

                                               

Color motion picture film

Color motion picture film refers both to unexposed color photographic film in a format suitable for use in a motion picture camera, and to finished motion picture film, ready for use in a projector, which bears images in color. The first color ci ...

                                               

70 mm film

70 mm film is a wide high-resolution film gauge for motion picture photography, with negative area nearly 3.5 times larger than the standard 35 mm motion picture film format. As used in cameras, the film is 65 mm wide. For projection, the origina ...

                                               

Widescreen

Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios used in film, television and computer screens. In film, a widescreen film is any film image with a width-to-height aspect ratio greater than the standard 1.37:1 Academy ...

                                               

Independent film

An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film or short film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies. Indepen ...

                                               

Film frame

In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture. The term is derived from the fact that, from the beginning of modern filmmaking toward the end of t ...

                                               

Frame rate

Frame rate is the frequency at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display. The term applies equally to film and video cameras, computer graphics, and motion capture systems. Frame rate may also be called the frame frequency, and b ...

                                               

Digital movie camera

Digital movie cameras for digital cinematography are video cameras that capture coverage digitally rather than the historically used movie camera, which shoots on film stock. Different digital movie cameras output a variety of different acquisiti ...

                                               

Eyemo

Designed and first manufactured in 1925, it was for many years the most compact 35 mm motion picture film camera, having a 100-foot film capacity. Its small size and ruggedness made it a favorite choice for newsreel and combat cameramen it was us ...

                                               

Aerial photography

Aerial photography is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, balloons, blimps and dirigibles, rockets, pigeons, kites ...

                                               

Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera

A mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera, frequently simply mirrorless camera, also called DSLM, and sometimes also called EVIL features a single, removable lens and uses a digital display system rather than an optical viewfinder. The word "mirro ...

                                               

Rangefinder camera

A rangefinder camera is a camera fitted with a rangefinder, typically a split-image rangefinder: a range-finding focusing mechanism allowing the photographer to measure the subject distance and take photographs that are in sharp focus. Most varie ...

                                               

Single-lens reflex camera

A single-lens reflex camera is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured. With twin lens reflex and rangefinder cameras, the viewed image co ...

                                               

Photographic film

Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals. The sizes and other characteristics of the crystals determi ...

                                               

Bridge camera

Bridge cameras are cameras that fill the niche between the single-lens reflex cameras and the point-and-shoot camera which are prominent in the prosumer market segment. They are often comparable in size and weight to the smallest digital SLRs, bu ...

                                               

System camera

A system camera or camera body is a camera with interchangeable components that constitutes the core of a system. Early representatives include Leica I Schraubgewinde, Exakta and the Nikon F. System cameras are often single-lens reflex or twin-le ...

                                               

Folding camera

A folding camera is a camera type. Folding cameras fold into a compact and rugged package for storage. The lens and shutter are attached to a lens-board which is connected to the body of the camera by a light-tight folding bellows. When the camer ...

                                               

Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory. Most cameras produced today are digital, and while there are still dedicated digital cameras, many more cameras are now being incorporated into mobile devices, p ...

                                               

View camera

In A World History of Photography, Naomi Rosenblum states that a view camera is: "A large-format camera in which the lens forms an inverted image on a ground glass screen directly at the plane of the film. The image viewed is exactly the same as ...

                                               

Kiev (brand)

Kiev is a Soviet and Ukrainian brand of photographic equipment including cameras manufactured by the Arsenal Factory in Kiev, Ukraine. The camera nameplates show the name "KIEV", with older cameras using "КИЕВ" or "КИЇВ" in Cyrillic. At the end o ...

                                               

Twin-lens reflex camera

A twin-lens reflex camera is a type of camera with two objective lenses of the same focal length. One of the lenses is the photographic objective or "taking lens", while the other is used for the viewfinder system, which is usually viewed from ab ...

                                               

Monorail camera

Monorail cameras are view cameras with lens mount, bellows, and interchangeable viewing and film backs all fitted along a rigid rail along which they can slide until locked into position. They can take sheet film in large sizes, and since the adv ...

                                               

Half-frame camera

A half-frame camera is a camera using a film format at half the usual exposure format. A common variety is the 18×24 mm format on regular 135 film. It is the normal exposure format on 35mm movie cameras. For still cameras using the 35mm film, the ...

                                               

Toy camera

Within the field of photography, a toy camera refers to a simple, inexpensive film camera. Despite the name, they are in fact always fully functional and capable of taking photographs, albeit with optical aberrations due to the limitations of the ...

                                               

Stereo camera

A stereo camera is a type of camera with two or more lenses with a separate image sensor or film frame for each lens. This allows the camera to simulate human binocular vision, and therefore gives it the ability to capture three-dimensional image ...

                                               

Digital single-lens reflex camera

A digital single-lens reflex camera is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor. The reflex design scheme is the primary difference between a DSLR and other digital ...

                                               

Olympus PEN-F

The Olympus PEN-F is a micro four thirds camera and the most advanced model in the digital PEN range. It boasts a new 20 MP sensor, an improved 5-axis in-body image stabilisation, 10 frames per second continuous shooting, and a fully articulated ...

                                               

Fujifilm FinePix HS20EXR

The Fujifilm FinePix HS20EXR or Fujifilm FinePix HS22EXR is a DSLR-styled digital superzoom bridge camera announced by Fujifilm on January 5, 2011. It is the first model in the Fujifilm FinePix HS line to use an EXR sensor.

                                               

Fujifilm FinePix S1600

The Fujifilm FinePix S1600 is a discontinued camera made by Fujifilm and was released in 2010 as part of the FinePix S-Series. It has a 12.2 megapixels lens. When recording videos, the FinePix S1600 records in.avi and.wav format in 720p at 30 fra ...

                                               

Fujifilm FinePix S6500fd

The Fujifilm FinePix S6500fd, known in the United States as S6000fd, was the first digital camera from Fujifilm with face detection technology. Also this camera has a different lens from its recent predecessors - a 28–300 mm equivalent 10.7x zoom ...

                                               

Fujifilm X100

The Fujifilm X100 is a series of digital compact cameras with a fixed prime lens. The series includes the FinePix X100, X100S, X100T, X100F, and X100V. They each have a large image sensor and a 23 mm lens. All five cameras have received generally ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-A1

The Fujifilm X-A1 is a digital rangefinder-style mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on September 17, 2013. The X-A1 differs from its sister model, the X-M1 by using a conventional Bayer pattern filter on its sensor rather than the X-Trans pa ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-A2

The Fujifilm X-A2 is a rangefinder-styled digital mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on January 15, 2015, and released in the UK on March 1, 2015.

                                               

Fujifilm X-E1

The Fujifilm X-E1 is a digital rangefinder-style mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on September 6, 2012. It is the second camera announced for Fujifilms X-system, after the Fujifilm X-Pro1. The X-E1 is a slimmed-down version of X-Pro1. The ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-E2

The Fujifilm X-E2 is a digital rangefinder-style mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on October 18, 2013. It is part of the companys X-series range of cameras. It is superseded by the Fujifilm X-E2s, a minor update to the X-E2, announced Janu ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-M1

The Fujifilm X-M1 is a digital mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera in the Fujifilm X-series announced on June 25, 2013. The X-M1 uses Fujifilms X-Trans CMOS sensor, while the near-identical sister model, the X-A1 uses a Bayer filter. This imag ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-Pro1

The Fujifilm X-Pro1 is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens digital camera announced in January 2012 and launched in March 2012. It is part of Fujifilms X-Series of cameras. In October 2012 Fujifilm has released a very similar, yet smaller, camera n ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-Pro2

The Fujifilm X-Pro2 is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens digital camera announced in January 2016. It is part of Fujifilms X-Series of cameras, the successor to the X-Pro1. Sales began on 3 March 2016. The X-Pro2 jointly won a Camera Grand Prix J ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-T1

The Fujifilm X-T1 is a DSLR-style weather-resistant mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on January 28, 2014. It uses the Fujifilm X-mount. The X-T2 succeeds the X-T1. The new camera was announced on July 7, 2016.

                                               

Fujifilm X-T2

The Fujifilm X-T2 is a DSLR-style weather-resistant mirrorless camera announced by Fujifilm on July 7, 2016. It uses the Fujifilm X-mount and is a successor to the Fujifilm X-T1. Sales of the camera began on September 8, 2016. On September 6, 201 ...

                                               

Fujifilm

Fujifilm Holdings Corporation, trading as Fujifilm, or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo. Fujifilms principal activities are the development, production, sale and servicing of business ...

                                               

Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D

The Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W series is a line of consumer-grade digital cameras designed to capture stereoscopic images that recreate the perception of 3D depth, having both still and video formats while retaining standard 2D still image and vi ...

                                               

Canon AE-1

The Canon AE-1 is a 35 mm single-lens reflex film camera for use with interchangeable lenses. It was manufactured by Canon Camera K. K. in Japan from April 1976 to 1984. It uses an electronically controlled, electromagnet horizontal cloth focal p ...

                                               

Canon EF lens mount

The EF lens mount is the standard lens mount on the Canon EOS family of SLR film and digital cameras. EF stands for "Electro-Focus": automatic focusing on EF lenses is handled by a dedicated electric motor built into the lens. Mechanically, it is ...

                                               

Canon EOS 7D

The Canon EOS 7D is a cropped sensor digital single-lens reflex camera made by Canon. It was announced on 1 September 2009 with a suggested retail price of US The Canon EOS 7D is a cropped sensor digital single-lens reflex camera made by Canon. I ...

                                               

Canon PowerShot S

The Canon PowerShot is a series of digital cameras released by Canon, as part of the wider PowerShot range. The S-series was originally a line of compact point-and-shoot cameras, slowly evolving into a prosumer line of cameras slotting right bene ...

                                               

Astrophotography

Astrophotography is photography of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky. The first photograph of an astronomical object was taken in 1840, but it was not until the late 19th century that advances in technology allowe ...

                                               

Timeline of photography technology

1926 – Kodak introduces its 35 mm Motion Picture Duplicating Film for duplicate negatives. Previously, motion picture studios used a second camera alongside the primary camera to create a duplicate negative. 1925 – The Leica introduces the 35 mm ...

                                               

Photography

Photography is the art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as pho ...

                                               

Self-portrait

A self-portrait is a representation of an artist that is drawn, painted, photographed, or sculpted by that artist. Although self-portraits have been made since the earliest times, it is not until the Early Renaissance in the mid-15th century that ...

                                               

Architectural photography

Architectural photography is the photographing of buildings and similar structures that are both aesthetically pleasing and accurate representations of their subjects. Architectural photographers are usually skilled in the use of specialized tech ...

                                               

Saturn Awards

The Saturn Awards are American awards presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films; they were initially created to honor science fiction, fantasy, and horror on film, but have since grown to reward other films be ...

                                               

Saturn Award for Best Retro Television Series on DVD

                                               

Saturn Award for Best Youth-Oriented Television Series

The following is a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Youth-Oriented Television Series. The award was presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films, honoring the work of television series in science fiction, fa ...

                                               

Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Television Series

The Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Television Series is one of the annual awards given by the American Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. The Saturn Awards, which are the oldest film and series-specialized awards to reward ...

                                               

Saturn Award for Best Superhero Television Series

The following is a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Superhero Television Series. The award is presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films, honoring the work of actresses in science fiction, fantasy, and hor ...

                                               

Saturn Award for Best Action-Thriller Television Series

The Saturn Award for Best Action-Thriller Television Series is one of the annual awards given by the American Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. The Saturn Awards, which are the oldest film and series-specialized awards to reward ...

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