Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 143

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 143

                                               

1894 in science

21 Mar 23:00 GMT – Syzygy: mercury transits the Sun as seen from Venus, and mercury and Venus simultaneously transit the Sun as seen from Saturn.

                                               

1900 in science

July 2 – the first flight of the LZ1 is hard airship, designed by Ferdinand von Zeppelin. Page 3 October – the Wright brothers begin their first manned experimental flight in a glider at kitty hawk, North Carolina.

                                               

1902 in science

Auguste Verneuil develops a process Vernale for the production of synthetic rubies. Hermann Emil Fischer and Joseph von Mering, discovered that Barbital barbitone or veronal-effective hypnotic agent. It becomes the first commercially marketed bar ...

                                               

1903 in science

27 June – 19-year-old American socialite Aida de Acosta becomes the first woman to fly a plane with engine solo when she pilots Santos-Dumonts motorized dirigible, "No. 9", from Paris to château de bagatelle in France. December 17 – the first doc ...

                                               

1906 in science

Michael Color name chromatography method for organic mixture separation in the course of demonstrating that chlorophyll is not a single chemical compound. Charles Barkla discovers that each element has a characteristic x-ray and that the degree o ...

                                               

1911 in science

July 7 – the US, Russia, the UK and Japan at a meeting in Washington, D.C., a sign the North Pacific seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water hunting of endangered sea lions in the Northern Pacific, the first international Treaty in the field o ...

                                               

1912 in science

December 6 – the bust of Nefertiti at Amarna in Egypt at the East German company Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft – dog, under the leadership of German archaeologist Ludwig borchardt.

                                               

1917 in science

Nuclear fission: Ernest Rutherford at the Victoria University of Manchester achieves nuclear transmutation of nitrogen into oxygen, using alpha particles directed at nitrogen 14 N α → 17 O P the first observation of nuclear reaction in which it a ...

                                               

1918 in science

June 8 – Nova Aquila, brightest seen since 1604, was discovered. Heber Curtis detects the relativistic jet of matter emerging from the elliptical galaxy M87. Harlow Shapley shows that globular clusters are arranged in an spheroid or Halo whose ce ...

                                               

1931 in science

Harold Urey and partners at Columbia University indicate the existence of heavy water. Erich Huckel offers Huckels rule, which explains when a flat ring molecule will have aromatic properties.

                                               

1945 in science

Dorothy Hodgkin, and H. C. Harry Carlisle to publish the first three-dimensional molecular structure of the steroid, the iodide-transferring the esters of cholesterol, prevent. In January also Hodgkin discovers the structure of penicillin, was no ...

                                               

1992 in science

Jun British anthropologist Robin Dunbar Dunbars number the offers approximately 150 as the cognitive limit to the number of people with whom interpersonal relationships can be maintained in human societies.

                                               

2003 in science

2003 was an interesting new scientific discoveries and technological progress breakthroughs in many scientific fields. Some of the highlights of 2003, which will be discussed below, include: anthropological discovery of 350.000 year old footprint ...

                                               

2008 in science

10 November – the Martin jetpack flies for 46 seconds, 13 seconds longer than any previous jetpack. November 20 – the Conficker computer worm first discovered. November 1 – bitcoin was first proposed in newsletters, posted on the cryptography mai ...

                                               

2011 in science

The year 2011 involved many significant scientific events, including the first artificial organ transplant, the launch of Chinas first space station and the growth of the world population to seven billion. The year saw a total of 78 successful or ...

                                               

Television

TV, sometimes abbreviated to TV or telly, telecommunications used to transmit moving images in black and white or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound. This term can refer to television program, or television transmission medium. Te ...

                                               

Analog television

Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio. In analog television broadcast, brightness, color, and sound are rapid changes in amplitude, frequency or phase o ...

                                               

Streaming television

Streaming television is the digital distribution of television content such as TV shows as streaming video through the Internet. Streaming to TV stands in contrast to a dedicated terrestrial television delivered by air systems, CATV and / or sate ...

                                               

Cable television

Cable television is system of delivering television programming to consumer via radio frequency signals transmitted via coaxial cables, or in later systems, light pulses through a fiber optic cable. This contrasts with broadcast television in whi ...

                                               

Mechanical television

Mechanical television or mechanical scan television is a television system that relies on a mechanical scanning device, for example, rotating disk with holes in it and rotating mirror to scan the scene and generate the video signal and similar me ...

                                               

Mobile television

Mobile television is television watched on a small handheld or mobile device. It includes paid services via mobile phone networks or received free-to-air via terrestrial television stations. Regular broadcast standards or special mobile format of ...

                                               

Free viewpoint television

Free viewpoint television is a system for viewing natural video, allowing the user to interactively control the viewpoint and generate new views of a dynamic scene from any 3D position. Equivalent system for a computer-simulated video is known as ...

                                               

Paranormal television

Paranormal television is a genre of reality show. Its scope includes supposedly factual investigations of paranormal phenomena rather than fictional characters in such TV series and movies as the ghosts of motley hall, Ghostbusters, Scooby-Doo an ...

                                               

High-definition television

High definition television describes television system provides an image resolution significantly higher resolution than the previous generation. The term has been used since 1936, but in modern times refers to the generation after the standard-d ...

                                               

Color television

Color television is a television transmission technology that includes information on the color image so that the image can be displayed in color on the TV. This is an improvement on the first television technology, monochrome or black-and-white ...

                                               

3D television

3D television is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by using techniques such as stereoscopic display, Multi-display, 2D depth, or any other form of 3D display. Most modern 3D television sets use an active shutter 3D or polariz ...

                                               

Pay television

Pay-TV also known as TV subscription or premium television, subscription television services, usually provided by multi-channel television by providers, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and streaming TV. Pay TV began in the multi-cha ...

                                               

Corporate video

Corporate video refers to any type of advertising video content created by order of the company, firm, Corporation or organization. Today, the vast majority of content for corporate videos, posted online and published in the pages of the web site ...

                                               

Artsakh Public TV

The TV in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous region was established in the framework of creating local television stations in the countries of the former Soviet Union Autonomous republics and regions. The programme has been delayed due to the policy ...

                                               

Bulgarian National Television

Bulgarian national television or BNT is the public broadcaster of Bulgaria. The company was founded in 1959 and began broadcasting on December 26 of the same year. It started broadcasting in color in 1970. The headquarters of the BNTs are located ...

                                               

Magyar Televizio

Magyar Televizio or MTV is a nationwide Public television broadcasting organization in Hungary. With headquarters in Budapest, it is the oldest TV channel in Hungary today five channels: M1 high-definition M2, M3, M4 and M5 Sport. MTV is managed ...

                                               

Vietnam Television

The first television broadcast in Vietnam in 1966, when the United States created 2 channel 1-Vietnamese and 1-English in Saigon for the Republic of Vietnam. Named Viet Dài Truyền screen Vietnam television, the network operated until the fall of ...

                                               

Hromadske.TV

Gromadske.TV-online TV channel in Ukraine that started to operate on 22 November 2013. The project was announced in June 2013 by 15 journalists. It is registered as a nongovernmental organization.

                                               

Korean Central Television

Korean Central TV is the TV service operated by the Korean Central broadcasting Committee, the state broadcaster in North Korea. This is the only official source of television news for North Koreans.

                                               

Latvijas Televīzija

In Latvijas Televīzija state public television broadcaster in Latvia. The company is funded by grants from the government of Latvia about 60%, and the rest will come from television commercials. Although moving LTV to licence fee funding has long ...

                                               

Lithuanian National Radio and Television

Lithuanian national radio and television is the National public broadcasting company of Lithuania in Vilnius, the Lithuanian capital. The company broadcasts two national TV channels, international channels and high definition channels. LRT also b ...

                                               

Macedonian Radio Television

Macedonian radio television is a public broadcasting organization in Northern Macedonia. It was founded in 1993 by the General Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia. Its legally defined service is the production and broadcasting of radio and tele ...

                                               

Slow television

Slow television, or "slow TV" is the term used for the genre of "marathon" TV coverage of an ordinary event in its complete length. Its name derives both from the prolonged exposure to the air, as well as from the natural slow progress of TV prog ...

                                               

Novgorod Oblast Television

Novgorod oblast television is a television channel in the district of Novgorod oblast. The channel was created in April 2004 and registered as a mass medium, 18 April 2005.

                                               

Al Jadeed

Al jadeed / al Nasr is a Lebanese secular pan-Arab channel. Based in Beirut, it is one of the leading TV channels in Lebanon and the Levant. It was started in 1992 and closed in 1997 in connection with the Syrian intervention, then reopened in 20 ...

                                               

Telewizja Polska

TV Polska S. A. is a Polish public media. It is Polands largest television network. About one-third of income table-valued parameters come from the broadcasting licence of the receiver, while the remainder covered by state subsidies, advertising ...

                                               

Romanian Television

TV to watch Novel, better known as TVR, is the short name for Societatea de Televiziune Romanǎ, or GO! - Romanian Public television. It operates four channels: channel tvr1, TVR2, TVR3 and TVRi, along with six regional studios in Bucharest, Cluj- ...

                                               

Radio and Television of Slovakia

Radio and television of Slovakia, RTVS, or is a national public broadcasting state-funded organizations in Slovakia. It has headquarters in Bratislava and headed Jaroslav Reznik. The organization in its current form was created in 2011 after the ...

                                               

Slovenska televizia

Televízia Slovenska or STV was a state public television organization in Slovakia. It was created in 1991 in the Slovak part of the former Czechoslovak TV and was headquartered in Bratislava. It will be financed through a combination of televisio ...

                                               

Central Television

Central television may refer to: Korean Central television, the state TV channel of North Korea. Fukushima Central television stations in Japan. Central GTS / BKN television station in Australia. Center of Digital Television, TV station in Austra ...

                                               

Digital television

Digital television is the transmission of television audio-visual signals by means of digital coding, in contrast to previous analog television technology that used analog signals. During its development it was considered innovative development, ...

                                               

Czechoslovak Television

Czechoslovak television was established on 1 may 1953 in Czechoslovakia. He was known by three names during its existence: Czech: display Československa, Slovak: Československa televízia, Russian Federation-televízia Slovenska.

                                               

Česka televize

Česka screening is a public broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels. It is the successor of the Czechoslovak television, was founded in 1953.

                                               

Yugoslav Radio Television

Yugoslav radio and television into a national public broadcasting system in the SFR Yugoslavia. It consisted of eight subnational radio and television broadcast centers, each with a headquarters in one of the six republics and two Autonomous prov ...

                                               

Satellite television

Satellite TV is a service that provides television programs to viewers, its broadcast from communications satellites orbiting the Earth directly to the audience. The signals are received via an outdoor parabolic antenna is often called a satellit ...

                                               

Ultra-high-definition television

Ultra-high-definition television today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats aspect ratio 16:9. These were first proposed by NHK Science & technology research laboratories and defined and later approved by the Internatio ...

                                               

Standard-definition television

Standard definition television is a television system that uses resolution not considered to be high or enhanced definition. Sdtv and HDTV are the two categories of display formats for digital television transmission. "Standard" refers to the fac ...

                                               

Slow-scan television

Slow scan TV is a method of transmitting images is used mainly by Amateur radio operators, to transmit and receive still images via radio in monochrome or color. The literal term for SSTV-narrow band television. Analog broadcast television requir ...

                                               

Enhanced-definition television

Increase definition TV or extended definition TV is the consumer electronics Association marketing name for certain digital television formats and devices. In particular, this term defines formats that deliver a picture superior to standard defin ...

                                               

Blanking (video)

In raster scan equipment an image is built by scanning the electron beam from left to right across the screen to produce a visible trace scan-line, reducing the brightness of the beam to zero, moving it back as fast as possible to the left side o ...

                                               

Multiplex (television)

A multiplex or MUX is a group of software services in packages of interleaved data for transmission over a network or modulated multiplexed medium. Program services are separated at the receiving end. In the United Kingdom, terrestrial multiplex ...

                                               

National Indigenous Television

National indigenous TV is an Australian free TV channel that broadcasts programming produced largely by the indigenous people of Australia. NITV was initially only to cable and satellite providers, as well as some companies over-the-air broadcast ...

                                               

Television Nacional de Chile

TV Nacional de Chile is the Chilean Public broadcaster. It was founded by order of President Eduardo Frei Montalva, and she was launched across the country on 18 September 1969. Since then, the company was reorganized several times and its region ...

                                               

Ictimai Television

Public television or ITV is a public television channel in Azerbaijan. It began broadcasting on 29 August 2005, following the creation of the law in 2004 as the first independent public broadcaster in Azerbaijan. The channel is based in Baku. ITV ...

                                               

Public Television Company of Armenia

The public television of Armenia Newspapers Hanrayin Herrustaynkerutyun, APMTV or ARMTV, is Armenias public television station, which began broadcasting in 1956.

                                               

Public Television of Russia

17 APR 2012 the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev signed decree №455 on establishing of the station. According to Medvedevs decree, the public interest will be represented on the Public Council of television RTS that will be assigned on the bas ...

                                               

RTV BN

RTV bn is a Bosnian radio-television company in Bijeljina. The company was founded on 5 may 1998. Currently, RTV bn is the highest rating TV channel in the Serbian Bosnia and Herzegovina. RTV bn has over 120 employees with journalists in Bosnia a ...

                                               

Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina

BHRT / Bosanskohercegovacki radiotelevizija) formerly known as PBSBiH is an umbrella broadcasting organization and the only member of the European broadcasting Union from Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was known as RTV BiH, radio and television of Bo ...

                                               

Radio Television Brunei

Radio and television Brunei-state of Brunei-broadcaster. Radio Brunei made its first broadcast on 2 may 1957 with television, starting in 1 March 1975. Radio and television Brunei also monopolies the free-air television in the country, and also r ...

                                               

Radio Television of Vojvodina

Radio television of Vojvodina is the public broadcaster in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. Its headquarters is located in Novi Sad.

                                               

RTV IS

RTV or RTV istocno Sarajevo, a local Bosnian public television channel founded in istocno Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The program is mainly produced in Serbian language. The channel was established in 2008. Local radio station Radio istocno ...

                                               

Radio Television of Kosovo

Radio and television of Kosovo Public broadcaster RTK in Kosovo operates five TV channels and two radio stations in a variety of programming, news, entertainment and four 24-hour television broadcast said terrestrial and satellite networks.

                                               

Radio e Televisão de Portugal

Radio e televisão de Portugal is the public broadcasting organizations of Portugal. It operates four national television channels and three radio channels, as well as several satellite and cable offerings. The current company dates back to 2007 w ...

                                               

Radio Televizija Republike Srpske

Radio and television of Republika Srpska is a legal entity under public broadcaster that operates radio and television services in the Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Founded in 1992. RTRS broadcasts a 24-hour television programme known ...

                                               

Radio Television of Serbia

Radio and television of Serbia is the Public broadcaster in Serbia. He reports and produces news drama and sports programming through radio, television and the Internet. RTS is a member of the European broadcasting Union. Radio-television of Serb ...

                                               

Hrvatska Radiotelevizija

Hrvatska radiotelevizija, or just HRT is a Croatian public broadcasting company. It operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. In 2014, more than 85% of HRTs revenue came from broadca ...

                                               

RTCG

Radio and television of Montenegro is the Public television of Montenegro. Public company with headquarters in Podgorica, it consists of radio and television of Montenegro Montenegro. In July 2001, according to RTCG became a collective member of ...

                                               

Television lines

Television lines is a specification of an analog camera or monitorss horizontal resolution. TVL is one of the most important measures of resolution in a video system. TVL can be measured according to standard EIA-1956 resolution chart.

                                               

Radio Television Libre des Mille Collines

Radio and television Libre de miles Colleen was a Rwandan radio station which broadcast from 8 July 1993 to 31 July 1994. He played a significant role during the April–July 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. The station name translates from French ...

                                               

Television in Albania

Television in Albania was first introduced in 1960. RTSH the Albanian dominated region broadcasting until the mid 1990-ies, during the period when private radio and TV stations started to occupy the vast empty frequencies Albanian. After several ...

                                               

Television in Brazil

Television in Brazil has grown significantly since the first broadcasts in 1950, becoming one of the largest and most productive commercial television systems in the world. Its biggest network, rede Globo, is the second largest trading network in ...

                                               

Television in the United Kingdom

Television in the United Kingdom began in 1936 as Public service free of advertising. Currently, the United Kingdom is a collection of free-to-air, free to view and subscription service through different dissemination tools, which there are over ...

                                               

Television in Israel

Television in Israel refers to television broadcasting in the State of Israel, which was opened on 24 March 1966. Initially, there was one state channel, work in cooperation with the Israeli broadcasting authority and the Israel educational telev ...

                                               

Television in Indonesia

State station TVRI held a television monopoly in Indonesia until 1989, when the first commercial station, named Anthony brown began as a local station and was subsequently awarded a national license a year later. Each of these networks have a wid ...

                                               

Television in Spain

Television in Spain was launched in October 1956, when the state broadcaster Espanola began regular broadcasting. The first private channels started in 1990. Color transmission began in 1972 after two years of test, with all Programming transmitt ...

                                               

Television in Italy

Television in Italy was introduced in 1939, when the first experimental broadcasting began. However, it lasted a very short time: when fascist Italy entered World war II in 1940 all the transmission were interrupted, and were resumed in earnest o ...

                                               

Television in North Korea

Television in North Korea is subject to Korean Central broadcasting Committee and monitored by the Department of propaganda and agitation workers party of Korea. The study in 2017, found that 98% of families have a TV.

                                               

Television in Latvia

Television in Latvia was first tested in 1937 and introduced at the 1954. Latvia became the first country in the Baltics, which began broadcasting. The first regular broadcasting on Latvian TV was launched on 6 November 1954. Since 1991, the firs ...

                                               

Television in Moldova

Moldova 2 – 2nd national network. Prime Minister of Moldova relays the program of ORT TV channel Russia – 4th national network. Channel 2 relays Moldova programme earlier: Internațional Antena and Antena 1 in Romania now: TVR 1 Romania – 3rd nati ...

                                               

Television in Poland

Television was introduced in Poland in 1937. It belonged to the state, and was interrupted by the Second world war in 1939. Television returned to Poland in 1952 and for several decades was controlled by the Communist government. Colour televisio ...

                                               

Telecommunications in Transnistria

Despite numerous economic and social difficulties, communication in Transnistria is well developed, including network CDMA2000 1xRTT for mobile phones.

                                               

Television in Russia

Television is the most popular medium in Russia with 74% of the population watching national television channels routinely and 59% regularly watch the regional channels. There are 3300 TV channels in total. 3 channels on a national scale: First C ...

                                               

Television in the Soviet Union

Television in the Soviet Union belongs to, is controlled by the state. The body governing television in the Soviet era was the Committee for radio and television, which was responsible for the Soviet Central television and all-Union radio. The pr ...

                                               

Television in the United States

Television is one of the major mass media of the United States. As of 2011, household ownership of television sets in the country is 96.7%, with approximately 114.200.000 American households owning at least one television set as of August 2013. T ...

                                               

Television in Serbia

Television in Serbia was introduced in 1956. It remains the most popular media in Serbia - according to the survey of 2009, the Serbian people are watching an average of 6 hours of television per day, making it the highest average in Europe.

                                               

Television in Sudan

TV in Sudan has a low level of penetration of about 17%, as many families cannot afford the cost of satellite aerials and terrestrial TV is the dominant platform. There are no private terrestrial TV stations, and the government operates Sudanese ...

                                               

Television in Thailand

Thailand TV began broadcasting on 24 June 1955. Color TV broadcasts began in 1967. Full colour transmission was started in 1975. Currently there are 26 and 1 on analog TV stations in Thailand.

                                               

Television in Turkmenistan

This article is about the Television in Turkmenistan. In Turkmenistan, the TV has been operating for more than 50 years and is the most popular form of media. In total there are 7 public access channels under the jurisdiction of the State Committ ...

                                               

Television in Croatia

Television in Croatia was first introduced in 1956. As of 2012 there are 10 nationwide and 21 regional DVB-T television channels, over 30 channels produced in the Republic of Croatia or produced for the Croatian market and broadcast via IPTV, cab ...

                                               

Television in Sweden

Television in Sweden began in Sweden in 1954 with the first test, before the opening of the first station, Radiotjanst, two years later. Was launched in 1969 the second channel. Was launched commercial television arrived in the 1980-ies on cable ...

                                               

Television in France

Television in France was introduced in 1931 when the first experimental broadcasting began. Colour TV was introduced in October 1967 on La Deuxieme Chaine.

                                               

Television in Ukraine

TV has a long history in Ukraine, with regular television broadcasting started in the previous years of the Soviet Union in 1951. However the first ever TV broadcast took place on 1 February 1939 in Kiev. Since television broadcasting has expande ...

                                               

China Central Television

China Central television is the predominant public television network in China. CCTV has a network of 50 channels broadcasting different programmes and is accessible to more than one billion viewers. Currently, there are 50 TV channels, and the b ...

                                               

Soviet Central Television

Central television of the USSR, the state television broadcaster of the USSR. Soviet television program was highly diverse and somewhat similar to bi-Bi-si or the Japanese NHK. Like much of the Soviet media, CT USSR regularly promoted the program ...

                                               

1976 in television

The Olympics, broadcast from Montreal, Quebec, Canada, to raise about one billion viewers worldwide. Matsushita introduces the VHS home video recorder to compete with Sonys Betamax system.

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