Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 168

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 168



                                               

Rockhopper penguin

The rockhopper penguins are three closely related taxa of crested penguins that have been traditionally treated as a single species and are sometimes split into three species. Not all experts agree with the classification of these penguins. Some ...

                                               

Mitrospingidae

The Mitrospingidae is a family of passerine birds. It consists of three genera and four species. The family is found in South America and southern Central America. The family was identified in 2013, and consists of birds that have been traditiona ...

                                               

Phaenicophilidae

Phaenicophilidae is a family of passerine birds. It consists of three genera and four species, all endemic to Hispaniola, which have been traditionally been placed in the families Thraupidae and Parulidae.

                                               

Pitohui (genus)

Pitohui is a genus of birds endemic to New Guinea. The birds formerly lumped together as pitohuis were found by a 2008 study that examined their evolutionary history on the basis of the genetic sequences to have included birds that were quite unr ...

                                               

Casuariidae

The bird family Casuariidae has four surviving members: the three species of cassowary and the emu. All family members are very large flightless birds native to Australia-New Guinea, in spite of the extinct potential Hypselornis member was from I ...

                                               

Dromaius

Dromaius is a genus of ratite present in Australia. There is one extant species, Dromaius novaehollandiae commonly known as the emu. In his original 1816 description of the EMU, Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot used two generic names in the first Dromi ...

                                               

Rheidae

Rheidae is a family of flightless ratite birds which first appeared in the Paleocene. It is today represented by the sole living genus Rhea, but also contains several extinct genera.

                                               

Struthio

The genus Struthio was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. The genus was used by Linnaeus and other early taxonomists to include the emu, rhea and cassowary, until they each were placed in their own genera. The Somali ostrich Struthio molyb ...

                                               

Seabird

Seabirds are birds that are adapted to life within the marine environment. While seabirds vary greatly in lifestyle, behaviour and physiology, they often exhibit striking convergent evolution, as the same environmental problems and feeding niches ...

                                               

Albatross

Albatrosses, of the biological family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds related to the procellariids, storm petrels, and diving petrels in the order Procellariiformes. They range widely in the Southern Ocean and the North Pacific. They are absent f ...

                                               

Austral storm petrel

Austral storm petrels, or southern storm petrels, are seabirds in the family Oceanitidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. These smallest of seabirds feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hover ...

                                               

Charadriiformes

Charadriiformes is a diverse order of small to medium-large birds. It includes about 350 species and has members in all parts of the world. Most charadriiform birds live near water and eat invertebrates or other small animals, however, some are p ...

                                               

Cormorant

Phalacrocoracidae is a family of approximately 40 species of aquatic birds commonly known as cormorants and shags. Several different classifications of the family have been proposed recently and the number of genera is disputed. The great cormora ...

                                               

Frigatebird

Frigatebirds are a family of seabirds called Fregatidae which are found across all tropical and subtropical oceans. The five extant species are classified in a single genus, Fregata. All have predominantly black plumage, long, deeply forked tails ...

                                               

Fulmar

The fulmars are tubenosed seabirds of the family Procellariidae. The family consists of two extant species and two extinct fossil species from the Miocene. Fulmars superficially resemble gulls, but are easily distinguished by their flight on stif ...

                                               

Phaethontiformes

The Phaethontiformes are an order of birds. They contain one extant family, the tropicbirds, and one extinct family Prophaethontidae from the early Cenozoic. Several fossil genera have been described. In tropicbirds were traditionally grouped in ...

                                               

Procellariidae

The family Procellariidae is a group of seabirds that comprises the fulmarine petrels, the gadfly petrels, the prions, and the shearwaters. This family is part of the bird order Procellariiformes, which also includes the albatrosses, the storm pe ...

                                               

Skua

The skuas are a group of predatory seabirds with about seven species forming the genus Stercorarius, the only genus in the family Stercorariidae. The three smaller skuas are called jaegers in American English. The English word "Skua" comes from t ...

                                               

Suliformes

The order Suliformes is an order recognised by the International Ornithologists Union. In regard to the recent evidence that the traditional Pelecaniformes is polyphyletic, it has been suggested that the group be split up to reflect the true evol ...

                                               

Tropicbird

Tropicbirds are a family, Phaethontidae, of tropical pelagic seabirds. They are the sole living representatives of the order Phaethontiformes. For many years they were considered part of the Pelecaniformes, but genetics indicates they are most cl ...

                                               

Cariamiformes

Cariamiformes is an order of primarily flightless birds that has existed for over 60 million years. The group includes the family Cariamidae and the extinct families Phorusrhacidae, Bathornithidae, Idiornithidae and Ameghinornithidae. Though trad ...

                                               

Chunga (bird)

Chunga is one of two known genera of seriemas in the family Cariamidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. It contains one living species, the black-legged seriema. A prehistoric species, Chunga incerta, has been described from the ...

                                               

Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found in the tropical regions around the world. They are noted for their elongated toes and toenails that allow them to spread out their weight while foraging on floatin ...

                                               

Songbird

A songbird is a bird belonging to the clade Passeri of the perching birds. Another name that is sometimes seen as a scientific or vernacular name is Oscines, from Latin oscen, "a songbird". This group contains 5000 or so species found all over th ...

                                               

Catbird

Several unrelated groups of songbirds are called catbirds because of their wailing calls, which resemble a cats meowing. The genus name Ailuroedus likewise is from the Greek for "cat-singer" or "cat-voiced". Australasian catbirds are the genera A ...

                                               

Swallow

The swallows, martins and saw-wings, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents, including occasionally in Antarctica. Highly adapted to aerial feeding, they have a distinctive appearance. The term S ...

                                               

Abbotsbury Swannery

Abbotsbury Swannery is the only managed colony of nesting mute swans in the world. It is situated near the village of Abbotsbury in Dorset, England, 14 kilometres west of Weymouth on a 1-hectare site around the Fleet Lagoon protected from the wea ...

                                               

Collocalia

Collocalia is a genus of swifts, containing some of the smaller species termed "swiftlets". Formerly a catch-all genus for these, a number of its erstwhile members are now normally placed in Aerodramus. Of the genus Collocalia was introduced by E ...

                                               

Amaurospiza

Amaurospiza is a genus of birds. The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek amauros, meaning "dusky", and σπίζα, a catch-all term for finch -like birds. In fact, they are part of the Tangier-cardinal lineage. In the AOU moved this genus i ...

                                               

Aracari

An aracari or araçari is any of the medium-sized toucans that, together with the saffron toucanet, make up the genus Pteroglossus. They are decorated with bright plumage and an enormous, contrastingly patterned bills. These birds are inhabitants ...

                                               

Ramphastos

Ramphastos is a genus of toucans, tropical and subtropical near passerine birds from Mexico, and Central and South America, which are brightly marked and have enormous, often colourful, bills.

                                               

Selenidera

Selenidera is a bird genus containing six species of dichromatic toucanets in the toucan family Ramphastidae. They are found in lowland rainforest in tropical South America with one species in Central America. All kinds of green top, red undertai ...

                                               

Trogon

The trogons and quetzals are birds in the order Trogoniformes which contains only one family, the Trogonidae. The family Trogonidae contains 39 species in seven genera. The fossil record of the trogons dates back 49 million years to the Early Eoc ...

                                               

Avocet

The four species of avocets are a genus, Recurvirostra, of waders in the same avian family as the stilts. The genus name comes from Latin recurvus, "curved backwards" and rostrum, "bill". The common name is thought to derive from the Italian word ...

                                               

Philippine swamphen

Philippine swamphen is a species of swamphen occurring in The Philippines. It used to be considered a subspecies of the purple swamphen, which it resembles, but has olive-chestnut mantle and scapulars, and the whole plumage is tinged with ash-grey.

                                               

Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are part of the family Picidae, a group of near-passerine birds that also consist of piculets, wrynecks, and sapsuckers. Members of this family are found worldwide, except for Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Madagascar, and the ex ...

                                               

Wryneck

The wrynecks are a small but distinctive group of small Old World woodpeckers. Jynx is from the Ancient Greek iunx, the Eurasian wryneck. Like the true woodpeckers, wrynecks have large heads, long tongues which they use to extract their insect pr ...

                                               

Archaeobatrachia

Archaeobatrachia is a suborder of the order Anura containing various primitive frogs and toads. As the name literally suggests, these are the most primitive frogs. Many of the species show certain physiological characteristics which are not prese ...

                                               

Neobatrachia

The Neobatrachia are a suborder of the Anura, the order of frogs and toads. This suborder is the most advanced and apomorphic of the three suborders toads alive, hence its name, which literally means "new frogs." It is also the largest of the thr ...

                                               

Alsodidae

The Alsodidae are a small family of frogs from South America between Patagonia and southern Brazil. It contains 30 species in three genera. This family, along with several other families, used to be included in the family Leptodactylidae. It was ...

                                               

Amietia

Amietia is a genus of frogs, commonly known as large-mouthed frogs or river frogs, in the family Pyxicephalidae. They are endemic to central and southern Africa. Formerly, the genus was named Afrana and was placed in the family Ranidae.

                                               

Aromobatidae

The Aromobatidae are a family of frogs native to Central and South America. They are sometimes referred to as cryptic forest frogs or cryptic poison frogs. They are the sister taxon of the Dendrobatidae, the poison dart frogs, but are not as toxi ...

                                               

Bufonoidea

Bufonoidea was a proposed superfamily of frogs. It was one of three superfamilies that made up the advanced Neobatrachian frogs in the classification of Dowling and Duellman, the other superfamilies being Microhyloidea and Ranoidea.

                                               

Craugastoridae

The Craugastoridae, or fleshbelly frogs, are a family of New World direct-developing frogs. As delineated here, following the Amphibian Species of the World, it is a large family containing 850 species. They are found from the southern United Sta ...

                                               

Dicroglossidae

The Dicroglossidae family of frogs occurs in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa, with most genera and species being found in Asia. The common name of the family is fork-tongued frogs. In the Dicroglossidae formerly considered a s ...

                                               

Limnodynastidae

The following genera are recognised in the family Limnodynastidae: Adelotus Ogilby, 1907. Limnodynastes Fitzinger, 1843. Heleioporus Gray, 1841. (Heleioporus Серый, 1841) Notaden Gunther, 1873. (Notaden Гунтер, 1873) Philoria Spencer, 1901. (Phil ...

                                               

Nyctibatrachidae

Nyctibatrachidae is a small family of frogs found in the Western Ghats of India and in Sri Lanka. Their common name is robust frogs. Recognition of Nyctibatrachidae as a family is fairly recent. These frogs were earlier on placed in the broadly d ...

                                               

Pelobatoidea

The Pelobatoidea are a superfamily of frogs. They typically combine a toad-like body shape with a frog-like, pointed face. Phylogenetically they stand between primitive frogs on the one side and higher frogs on the other and are therefore – among ...

                                               

Pelodryadidae

The family contains 215 species in three genera: Litoria 93 species. (Литория 93 вида) Subfamily Litoriinae. (Подсемейство Litoriinae) Ranoidea 73 species. (Ranoidea 73 вида) Subfamily Pelodryadinae. (Подсемейство Pelodryadinae) Nyctimystes 42 sp ...

                                               

Pipoidea

Pipoidea are a clade of frogs that have variously been defined as a suborder, superfamily, or an unranked node-based taxon. There is no single, authoritative higher-level classification of frogs, and Vitt and Caldwell use name Xenoanura for a sim ...

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