Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 204

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 204

                                               

Habit (biology)

Habit is equivalent to habitus in some applications in biology; the term refers variously to aspects of behaviour or structure, as follows: In zoology particularly in ethology, habit usually refers to aspects of more or less predictable behaviour ...

                                               

Annual plant

An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one growing season, and then dies. The length of growing seasons and period in which they take place vary according to geographical loca ...

                                               

Variegation

Variegation is the appearance of differently coloured zones in the leaves and sometimes the stems, of plants. Variegated leaves occur rarely in nature. Species with variegated individuals are sometimes found in the understory of tropical rainfore ...

                                               

Cushion plant

A cushion plant is a compact, low-growing, mat-forming plant that is found in alpine, subalpine, arctic, or subarctic environments around the world. The term "cushion" is usually applied to woody plants that grow as spreading mats, are limited in ...

                                               

Polycarpic

Polycarpic plants are those that flower and set seeds many times before dying. A term of identical meaning is iteroparous. Polycarpic plants are able to reproduce multiple times due to at least some portion of its meristems being able to maintain ...

                                               

Groundcover

Groundcover or ground cover is any plant that grows over an area of ground. Groundcover provides protection of the topsoil from erosion and drought. In an ecosystem, the ground cover forms the layer of vegetation below the shrub layer known as th ...

                                               

Heterospory

Heterospory is the production of spores of two different sizes and sexes by the sporophytes of land plants. The smaller of these, the microspore, is male and the larger megaspore is female. Heterospory evolved during the Devonian period from isos ...

                                               

Spermatophyte

The spermatophytes, also known as phanerogams or phaenogams, comprise those plants that produce seeds, hence the alternative name seed plants. They are a subset of the embryophytes or land plants. The term phanerogams or phanerogamae is derived f ...

                                               

Thallophyte

Thallophytes are a polyphyletic group of non-motile organisms traditionally described as "thalloid plants", "relatively simple plants" or ". They form an abandoned division of kingdom Plantae that include fungi, lichens and algae and occasionally ...

                                               

Vascular plant

Vascular plants, also known as tracheophytes, form a large group of plants that are defined as land plants that have lignified tissues for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant. They also have a specialized non-lignified tissue to co ...

                                               

Cryptogam

A cryptogam is a plant that reproduces by spores, without flowers or seeds. "Cryptogamae" means "hidden reproduction", referring to the fact that no seed is produced, thus cryptogams represent the non-seed bearing plants. Other names, such as "th ...

                                               

Shade tolerance

In ecology, shade tolerance refers to a plants ability to tolerate low light levels. The term is also used in horticulture and landscaping, although in this context its use is sometimes imprecise, especially in labeling of plants for sale in comm ...

                                               

Herbaceous plant

Herbaceous plants in botany, frequently shortened to herbs, are vascular plants that have no persistent woody stems above ground. Herb has other meanings in cooking, medicine, and other fields. Herbaceous plants are those plants that do not have ...

                                               

Entomophily

Entomophily or insect pollination is a form of pollination whereby pollen of plants, especially but not only of flowering plants, is distributed by insects. Flowers pollinated by insects typically advertise themselves with bright colours, sometim ...

                                               

Fines herbes

Fines herbes designates an important combination of herbs that forms a mainstay of French cuisine. The canonical fines herbes of French haute cuisine comprise finely chopped parsley, chives, tarragon, and chervil. These are employed in seasoning ...

                                               

Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants. The biological function of a flower is to affect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers ma ...

                                               

Landform

A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body. Landforms together make up a given terrain, and their arrangement in the landscape is known as topography. Typical landforms include hills, m ...

                                               

Alas (geography)

Alas is a shallow depression which occurs primarily in Yakutia, which is formed by subsidence of the Arctic permafrost owing to repeated melting and refreezing. An alas first develops as a shallow lake as melt water fills the depression. The lake ...

                                               

Cirque

A cirque is an amphitheatre-like valley formed by glacial erosion. Alternative names for this landform are corrie and cwm. A cirque may also be a similarly shaped landform arising from fluvial erosion. The concave shape of a glacial cirque is ope ...

                                               

Tombolo

A tombolo, from the Italian tombolo, derived from the Latin tumulus, meaning mound, and sometimes translated as ayre, is a deposition landform in which an island is attached to the mainland by a narrow piece of land such as a spit or bar. Once at ...

                                               

Continent

A continent is one of several very large landmasses. Generally identified by convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents geopolitically. Ordered from largest in area to smallest, these seven ...

                                               

Australia (continent)

The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea, or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the landmasses which sit on Australias continental plate. This includes m ...

                                               

Atlantica

Atlantica is an ancient continent that formed during the Proterozoic about 2.000 million years ago from various 2 Ga cratons located in what is now West Africa and eastern South America. The name, introduced by Rogers 1996, was chosen because the ...

                                               

Zealandia

Zealandia, also known as the New Zealand continent or Tasmantis, is an almost entirely submerged mass of continental crust that subsided after breaking away from Gondwanaland 83–79 million years ago. It has variously been described as a continent ...

                                               

Nena (supercontinent)

Nena, an acronym for Northern Europe–North America, was the Early Proterozoic amalgamation of Baltica and Laurentia into a single "cratonic landmass", a name first proposed in 1990. Since then several similar Proterozoic supercontinents have been ...

                                               

Ur (continent)

Ur is a proposed supercontinent that formed in the Archean 3.100 million years ago. In Rogers reconstruction, Ur is half a billion years older than Arctica and, in the early period of its existence, it was probably the only continent on Earth, an ...

                                               

Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The Four Continents Figure Skating Championships is an annual figure skating competition. The International Skating Union established it in 1999 to provide skaters representing non-European countries with a similar competition to the much older E ...

                                               

2000 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2000 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 1999–2000 season. It was held at the Osaka Pool in Osaka, Japan on February 22–27. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens singles ...

                                               

2007 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2007 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2006–07 season. It was held at the World Arena in Colorado Springs, USA on February 7–10. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens ...

                                               

2008 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2008 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2007–08 season. It was held at the Seongsa Ice Rink in Goyang, South Korea on February 11–17. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of m ...

                                               

2009 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2009 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships an international figure skating competition in the 2008–09 season. It was held at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver, Canada on February 2–8. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens sing ...

                                               

2010 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2010 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2009–10 season. It was held at the Hwasan Ice Arena in Jeonju, South Korea on January 27–30. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of me ...

                                               

2011 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2011 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2010–11 season. It was held at the Taipei Arena in Taipei, Taiwan on February 15–20. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens singl ...

                                               

2012 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2012 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2011–12 season. It was held at the World Arena in Colorado Springs, USA on February 7–12. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens ...

                                               

2013 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2013 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was a senior international figure skating competition in the 2012–13 season. It was held at the Osaka Municipal Central Gymnasium in Osaka, Japan on February 6–11. Medals were awarded in the d ...

                                               

2014 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2014 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2013–14 season. It was held at the Taipei Arena in Taipei, Taiwan on January 20–26. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens single ...

                                               

2015 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2015 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was a Senior ISU figure skating championship held in the 2014–15 season. Skaters competed in the disciplines of mens singles, ladies singles, pair skating, and ice dancing for the title of Fou ...

                                               

2016 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2016 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2015–16 season. It was held at the Taipei Arena in Taipei, Taiwan on February 16–21. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of mens singl ...

                                               

2017 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2017 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was an international figure skating competition in the 2016–17 figure skating season. It was held at the Gangneung Ice Arena in Gangneung, South Korea on February 16–19. Medals were awarded in ...

                                               

2018 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2018 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships were held in Taipei City, Taiwan on January 22–28, 2018. Medals were awarded in mens singles, ladies singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

                                               

2019 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships

The 2019 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was held on February 7–10, 2019 in Anaheim, California, United States. Held annually since 1999, the competition featured skaters from the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Medals were be a ...

                                               

Continent (disambiguation)

A continent is a large landmass. The Continent is used by those on the periphery of Europe to refer the mainland. Continent or the continent may also refer to:

                                               

Supercontinent

In geology, a supercontinent is the assembly of most or all of Earths continental blocks or cratons to form a single large landmass. However, many earth scientists use a different definition: "a clustering of nearly all continents", which leaves ...

                                               

Supercontinent cycle

The supercontinent cycle is the quasi-periodic aggregation and dispersal of Earths continental crust. There are varying opinions as to whether the amount of continental crust is increasing, decreasing, or staying about the same, but it is agreed ...

                                               

Paleocontinent

A paleocontinent or palaeocontinent is a distinct area of continental crust that existed as a major landmass in the geological past. There have been many different landmasses throughout Earths time. They range in sizes, some are just a collection ...

                                               

Archaeology of the Americas

The archaeology of the Americas is the study of the archaeology of North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. This includes the study of pre-historic/Pre-Columbian and historic indigenous American peoples, as well as histori ...

                                               

Afro-Eurasia

Afro-Eurasia is a landmass comprising the continents of Africa and Eurasia. The terms are portmanteaus of the names of its constituent parts. Its mainland is the largest contiguous landmass on Earth. Afro-Eurasia encompasses 84.980.532 square kil ...

                                               

Eurasia

Eurasia is the largest continental area on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia. Located primarily in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Arctic Ocean to t ...

                                               

Laurasia

Laurasia, a portmanteau for Laurentia and Asia, was the more northern of two minor supercontinents that formed part of the Pangaea supercontinent from c. 425 million years ago to 200 Mya. It separated from Gondwana 215 to 175 Mya during the break ...

                                               

Asia

Asia) is Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Euro ...

                                               

Asia (disambiguation)

Asia, Texas, United States, an unincorporated community Asia District, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States Asia-Pacific, the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean Asia District, Peru, a beach district Asia Islands, islands in ...

                                               

Africa

Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.3 million km 2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earths total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it ...

                                               

Africa (disambiguation)

Africa previously connected to Damascus and Jerusalem Quds. Africa Roman province, a province of the Roman Empire comprising parts of Northern Africa Kingdom of Africa and Ifriqiya, Norman and Maghrebis Hafsid territorial units, both named after ...

                                               

Americas

The Americas comprise the totality of the continents of North and South America. Together, they make up most of the land in Earths western hemisphere and comprise the New World. Along with their associated islands, they cover 8% of Earths total s ...

                                               

America (disambiguation)

The Americas, a landmass comprising the continents of North America and South America America, Limburg, Netherlands 916 America, a minor planet

                                               

Americans

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United Stat ...

                                               

America: The Story of Us

America: The Story of Us is a 12-part, 9-hour documentary-drama television miniseries that premiered on April 25, 2010, on History. Produced by Nutopia, the program portrays more than 400 years of American history. It spans time from the successf ...

                                               

Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterrane ...

                                               

Europa

Europa building, the seat of the European Council and Council of the European Union in Brussels, Belgium Europa Hut, a Swiss mountain hut Europa Tower, Vilnius, Lithuania Europa Hotel, Belfast

                                               

Antarctic

The Antarctic is a polar region around the Earths South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole. The Antarctic comprises the continent of Antarctica, the Kerguelen Plateau and other island territories located on the Antarctic Plate ...

                                               

Antarctica (disambiguation)

Antarctica is a continent, in the Southern Hemisphere with no permanent population. Antarctica may also refer to: France Antarctique, a short-lived 16th-century colony in Brazil, before the term got its present geographical connotations Antartica ...

                                               

Australia (disambiguation)

Australia, Cuba, a village in Cuba Australia, Mississippi, a ghost town in United States

                                               

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the worlds sixth-large ...

                                               

Oceania

Oceania) is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania has a land area of 8.525.989 square kilometres and a population of 42 million. Situated in the s ...

                                               

Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are co ...

                                               

Winter Olympic Games

The Winter Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced on snow and ice. The first Winter Olympic Games, the 1924 Winter Olympics, were held in Chamonix, France. The modern Olympic Games ...

                                               

Summer Olympic Games

The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years. The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The International Olympic Committee or ...

                                               

Youth Olympic Games

The Youth Olympic Games is an international multi-sport event organized by the International Olympic Committee. The games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in ...

                                               

Animalympics

Animalympics is a 1980 animated television film directed by Steven Lisberger and produced by Lisberger Studios for the NBC network. Originally commissioned as two separate specials, it spoofs the Summer and Winter Olympic Games and features the v ...

                                               

Ancient Olympic Games

The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration, of and for Zeus; events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added later. The Olympic Games were a series of athletic competitions among representa ...

                                               

1906 Intercalated Games

The 1906 Intercalated Games or 1906 Olympic Games was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated in Athens, Greece. They were at the time considered to be Olympic Games and were referred to as the "Second International Olympic Games i ...

                                               

1896 Summer Olympics

The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history. Organised by the International Olympic Committee, which had been created by Pierre de Coubertin, it was h ...

                                               

1900 Summer Olympics

The 1900 Summer Olympics, today officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that took place in Paris, France, in 1900. No opening or closing ceremonies were held; competitions began on 14 May and ended ...

                                               

1904 Summer Olympics

The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports p ...

                                               

1908 Summer Olympics

The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, United Kingdom from 27 April to 31 October 1908. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome ...

                                               

1912 Summer Olympics

The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912. Twenty-eight nations and 2.408 competitors, including 48 women, competed ...

                                               

1916 Summer Olympics

The 1916 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were scheduled to be held in Berlin, German Empire, but were eventually cancelled due to the outbreak of World War I. Berlin was selected as the host city during the 14th ...

                                               

1920 Summer Olympics

The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium. In March 1912, during the 13th session of the IOC, Belgiums bid to host the 1920 Summer Olympics was ...

                                               

1924 Summer Olympics

The 1924 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France. It was the second time Paris hosted the games, after 1900. The selection process ...

                                               

1928 Summer Olympics

The 1928 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam had previously bid for the 1920 ...

                                               

1932 Summer Olympics

The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States. The Games were held during the worldwide G ...

                                               

1936 Summer Olympics

The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany. Berlin won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona, Spain, on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC ...

                                               

1940 Summer Olympics

The 1940 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XII Olympiad, were originally scheduled to be held from September 21 to October 6, 1940, in Tokyo, Japan. They were rescheduled for Helsinki, Finland, to be held from July 20 to Augus ...

                                               

1944 Summer Olympics

The 1944 Summer Olympics, which were to be officially known as the Games of the XIII Olympiad, were cancelled due to World War II. It would have been held in London, United Kingdom, which won the bid on the first ballot in a June 1939 IOC electio ...

                                               

1948 Summer Olympics

The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom from 29 July to 14 August 1948. After a twelve-year hiatus caused by the outbreak of Worl ...

                                               

1952 Summer Olympics

The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, from July 19 to August 3, 1952. Helsinki had been earlier selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, wh ...

                                               

1956 Summer Olympics

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, ...

                                               

1960 Summer Olympics

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had previously been awarded the administrati ...

                                               

1964 Summer Olympics

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this ...

                                               

1968 Summer Olympics

The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, from October 12 to the 27th. These were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Latin America and the ...

                                               

1972 Summer Olympics

The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. The event was overshadowed by the Munich massacre in the second ...

                                               

1976 Summer Olympics

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada. Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games ...

                                               

1980 Summer Olympics

The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia. The 1980 Games were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Eastern Europe, ...

                                               

1984 Summer Olympics

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles, California, United States. This was the second time that Los Ange ...

                                               

1988 Summer Olympics

The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. In the Seoul Games, 160 nations were represented by a total ...

                                               

1992 Summer Olympics

The 1992 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Barcelona, Spain from 25 July to 9 August 1992. Beginning in 1994, the International Olympic Committee decided to hold the ...

                                               

1996 Summer Olympics

The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad, commonly known as Atlanta 1996, and also referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, were an international multi-sport event that was held from July 19 to August 4, 19 ...

                                               

2000 Summer Olympics

The 2000 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games / Games of the New Millennium, was an international multi-sport event held between 15 September and 1 ...

                                               

2004 Summer Olympics

The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. The Gam ...

                                               

2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympics, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China. A total of 10.942 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees NOCs competed in 28 sports and 302 events one event more th ...

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