Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 215

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 215



                                               

Desulfosporosinus

Desulfosporosinus is a genus of strictly anaerobic, sulfate-reducing bacteria, often found in soil. View D. Orientis was dedicated in 1959 with the name proposed by the Desulfovibrio Orientis, and then was assigned to the genus Desulfotomaculum. ...

                                               

Desulfovibrio

Desulfovibrio is a genus of Gram-negative sulfate-reducing bacteria. Desulfovibrio species are commonly found in aquatic environments with high levels of organic material, as well as in water-logged soils, and form major community members of extr ...

                                               

Desulfuromonas

Desulfuromonas is a Gram negative bacterial genus from the family of Desulfuromonadaceae. Desulfuromonas can reduce elemental sulfur to H 2 S. Desulfuromonas occur in anoxic sediments and saline lakes.

                                               

Devosia

Devosia is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria. It is named after the Belgian microbiologist Paul De Vos. They are motile by flagella, the cells are rod-shaped.

                                               

Dickeya

Dickeya is a genus of the family Pectobacteriaceae that consists mainly of pathogens from herbaceous plants. Dickeya is the result of the reclassification of 75 strains of Pectobacterium chrysanthemi, as well as Brenneria paradisiaca CFBP 4178, i ...

                                               

Duganella

Duganella is a genus of bacteria in the Oxalobacteraceae family. Duganella is named after the American microbiologist R. P. Dugan, who first isolated the organism from sewage and polluted water. Duganella in the class Betaproteobacteria and the o ...

                                               

Edwardsiella (bacterium)

A genus of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of the family Hafniaceae, they are occasionally opportunistic pathogens of humans.

                                               

Ehrlichia

Ehrlichia is a genus of Rickettsiales bacteria that are transmitted to vertebrates by ticks. These bacteria cause the disease ehrlichiosis, which is considered zoonotic, because the main reservoirs for the disease are animals. Species of Ehrlichi ...

                                               

Filifactor

Filifactor, is a genus of bacteriae belonging to the Firmicutes. F. alocis is important oral body associated with periodontal disease and endodontic lesions.

                                               

Francisella

Francisella is a genus of pathogenic, Gram-negative bacteria. They are small coccobacillary or rod-shaped, nonmotile organisms, which are also facultative intracellular parasites of macrophages. Strict aerobes, Francisella colonies bear a morphol ...

                                               

Gallaecimonas

Gallaecimonas is a recently described genus of bacteria. The first described species of this genus was Gallaecimonas pentaromativorans gen. nov., sp. nov. isolated by Rodriguez Blanco et al. in 2010 from intertidal sediments of the ria of Corcubi ...

                                               

Geobacter

Geobacter is a genus of Proteobacteria. Geobacter species are anaerobic respiration bacterial species which have capabilities that make them useful in bioremediation. Geobacter was found to be the first organism with the ability to oxidize organi ...

                                               

Glaciimonas

Glaciimonas is a genus of bacteria in the Oxalobacteraceae family. Its name comes from glaciers where it was first found and monad, a single cell. Glaciimonas = a cell from the glacier.

                                               

Gluconacetobacter

The name Gluconacetobacter derives from: New Latin acidum gluconicum, gluconic acid, Latin noun acetum, vinegar, New Latin bacter, rod, giving Gluconacetobacter, gluconate-vinegar rod.

                                               

Haemophilus

Haemophilus is a genus of Gram-negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli bacteria belonging to the family Pasteurellaceae. While Haemophilus bacteria are typically small coccobacilli, they are categorized as pleomorphic bacteria because of the wide ran ...

                                               

Hafnia (bacterium)

Hafnia is a genus of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Hafniaceae. N. alvei is a commensal of the human intestinal tract and are usually not pathogenic but can cause disease in immunocompromised patients. U ...

                                               

Halothiobacillus

Halothiobacillus is a genus in the Gammaproteobacteria. Both species are obligate aerobic bacteria, they require oxygen to grow. They are also halotolerant, they live in environments with high concentrations of salt or other solutes, but dont req ...

                                               

Hamiltonella

Hamiltonella is a genus of Enterobacteria in the Gammaproteobacteria. Hamiltonella defensa is a model organism for defensive symbiosis, protecting pea aphids from parasitoid wasps. Hamiltonella has also been found as a nutritional mutualistic end ...

                                               

Herbaspirillum

Herbaspirillum is a genus of bacteria, including the nitrogen-fixing Herbaspirillum lusitanum. Although usually in environments soil, it has also been identified as a contaminant of the kit for DNA extraction reagents, which may lead to its erron ...

                                               

Herminiimonas

Herminiimonas is a genus of bacteria in the Oxalobacteraceae family. It contains Betaproteobacteria that have been isolated from spring and mineral waters. The type species, H. fonticola, was first recovered from the borehole of bottled mineral w ...

                                               

Hyphomicrobium

Hyphomicrobium is a genus of Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria from the family of Hyphomicrobiaceae. It has a large polar or sub-polar filiform prostheca very similar to that of Caulobacter. In addition to having a nutritional ...

                                               

Idiomarina

Many species are in this genus, including many not specifically identified: I. zobellii. (И. zobellii) I. planktonica. (И. planktonica) I. tainanensis. (И. tainanensis) I. xiamenensis. (И. xiamenensis) I. aquatica. (И. Акватика) I. salinarum. (И. ...

                                               

Janthinobacterium

Janthinobacterium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria. The name is from Latin janthinus, which means "violet" or "violet-blue". It produces a purple-violet pigment, manifests diverse energy metabolism abilities, and tolerates cold, ultravio ...

                                               

Jeotgalicoccus

Jeotgalicoccus is a genus of Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, and halotolerant to halophilic bacteria. The cells are coccoid. The genus is named after the Korean fish sauce jeotgal, whence these bacteria were first isolated.

                                               

Kurthia

Kurthia is a bacterial genus from the Planococcaceae family. Kurthia is a gram-positive, non-spore forming, rod-like bacteria. This strain has been isolated from diarrhea samples, however, no evidence has been brought forward suggesting it is pat ...

                                               

Limnobacter

Limnobacter is a genus of Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, motile bacteria with a single polar flagellum, of the family Burkholderiaceae and class Betaproteobacteria. Limnobacter species have the ability ...

                                               

Limnohabitans

Limnohabitans is a genus of Proteobacteria established by Hahn et al. The genus contains four species which all represent planktonic bacteria dwelling in the water column of freshwater lakes, reservoirs, and streams.

                                               

List of bacterial genera named after mythological figures

Several bacterial species are named after Greek or Roman mythical figures. The rules present for species named after a famous person do not apply, although some names are changed in the female nominative case, either by changing the ending to -a ...

                                               

Listeria

Listeria is a genus of bacteria. Until 1992, 10 species were known, each containing two subspecies. By 2019, 20 species had been identified. The genus received its current name, after the British pioneer of sterile surgery Joseph Lister, in 1940. ...

                                               

Listonella

Listonella is a genus of Gram-negative marine bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae named after the American microbiologist J. Liston. Analysis of phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data has shown the genus is not distinct from the genus Vibrio, ...

                                               

Luedemannella

Luedemannella is a Gram-positive, aerobic and non-motile genus of bacteria from the family of Micromonosporaceae. Luedemannella is named after the Russian actinomycetologist George M. Luedemann.

                                               

Lysobacter

The genus Lysobacter belongs to the family Xanthomonadaceae within the Gammaproteobacteria and includes at least 46 named species, including: Lysobacter enzymogenes, L. antibioticus, L. gummosus, L. brunescens, L. defluvii, L. niabensis, L. niast ...

                                               

Lyticum

The genus contains two species including basonyms and synonyms: L. sinuosum ex Preer et al. 1974 Preer and Preer 1982, nom. rev. L. flagellatum ex Preer et al. 1974 Preer and Preer 1982, nom. rev. type species of the genus.

                                               

Macrococcus

The first recognised species in this genus Macrococcus caseolyticus was initially named Micrococcus caseolyticus by Evans in 1916. It was then renamed Staphylococcus caseolyticus by Schleifer et al in 1982. It received its current designation in ...

                                               

Macromonas

The name Macromonas derives from Greek adjective makros μάκρος, large, Greek feminine gender noun monas μονάς, nominally meaning "a unit", but in effect meaning a bacterium, New Latin feminine gender noun Macromonas, a large monad. Members of the ...

                                               

Marichromatium

Marichromatium is a genus in the phylum Proteobacteria. The name Marichromatium derives from: Latin mare, the sea, New Latin Chromatium, a genus name, to give Marichromatium, the Chromatium of the sea, the truly marine Chromatium.

                                               

Maritalea

Maritalea is a genus of Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped, motile bacteria with peritrichous flagella from the family of Hyphomicrobiaceae.

                                               

Martelella

Martelella is a genus of Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming bacteria from the family of Aurantimonadaceae.

                                               

Mesorhizobium

Mesorhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria. At least one, the nitrogen fixing species, Mesorhizobium loti, forms symbiotic root nodules with plants in the genus Lotus. Strain MAFF303099 of M. japonicum has been fully sequenced.

                                               

Metabacterium

Metabacterium polyspora is an unusual multiple endospore-producing bacterium isolated from the cecum of guinea pigs. This bacterium is physically similar to the phylogenetically related surgeonfish intestinal symbiont Epulopiscium fishelsoni.

                                               

Methylobacterium

The Methylobacteria are a genus of Rhizobiales. Like its normal habitat in the soil and water, Methylobacterium was also identified as a contaminant the kit reagents for DNA isolation, which may lead to its erroneous appearance in microbiota or m ...

                                               

Methylophaga

The genus Methylophaga consists of halophilic methylotrophic members of the Gammaproteobacteria, all of which were isolated from marine or otherwise low water activity environments, such as the surface of marble or hypersaline lakes. The cells ar ...

                                               

Microbacterium

Microbacterium is a genus of bacteria in the family Microbacteriaceae. As of 2015, it contains 96 species: Microbacterium hydrothermale. (Микобактерии hydrothermale) Microbacterium gubbeenense. (Микобактерии gubbeenense) Microbacterium xylanilyti ...

                                               

Microbulbifer

Microbulbifer is a genus of Proteobacteria found in high-salt environments. Members of this genus can degrade complex carbohydrates such as cellulose, alginate, and chitin. Recently, Microbulbifer degredans was renamed Saccharophagus degredans.

                                               

Micrococcus

Micrococcus is a genus of bacteria in the Micrococcaceae family. Micrococcus occurs in a wide range of environments, including water, dust, and soil. Micrococci have Gram-positive spherical cells ranging from about 0.5 to 3 micrometers in diamete ...

                                               

Midichloria

Midichloria is a genus of Gram-negative, nonspore-forming bacteria, with a bacillus shape around 0.45 µm in diameter and 1.2 µm in length. First described in 2004 with the temporary name IricES1, Midichloria species are symbionts of the hard tick ...

                                               

Mycoplana

Mycoplana is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. The cells are slightly curved or irregularly shaped rods. Initially, the cells can form filaments, which can also be branched. After some time, the filaments break up into irregular rods. Mycoplana ...

                                               

Neisseria

Neisseria is a large genus of bacteria that colonize the mucosal surfaces of many animals. Of the 11 species that colonize humans, only two are pathogens, N. meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae. Most gonococcal infections are asymptomatic and self-re ...

                                               

Neorhizobium

Neorhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria that fix nitrogen. It was recently segregated from the genus Rhizobium. Neorhizobium forms an endosymbiotic nitrogen-fixing association with roots of legumes.

                                               

Neorickettsia

Neorickettsia is a genus of bacteria. Species or strains in this genus are coccoid or pleomorphic cells that reside in cytoplasmic vacuoles within monocytes and macrophages of dogs, horses, bats, and humans. Neorickettsia sennetsu causes Sennetsu ...

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