Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 229

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 229




                                               

1645 in science

First published a map of the moon produced by Michael Florent van Langren. In edition of the law of gravitation was suggested by Ismael Bullialdus in his philolaica was called. The solar cycle goes to the 70-year Maunder minimum.

                                               

1647 in science

March 20 – Jean-de-du Delta, a French inventor died 1724. April 2 – Maria Sibylla MERIAN, a German lepidopterist, died 1717. January 17 – Elizabeth Hevelius, the Danzig astronomer, died 1693. August 22 – Denis Papin, French physicist, died C. 171 ...

                                               

1648 in science

September 19 – Blaise Pascals brother-in-law, Florin Perier, demonstrates how to climb the mountains of the Puy de dôme atmospheric pressure changes with altitude.

                                               

1651 in science

William Harvey describes the formation of the organs of the developing embryo in De Generatione. Jean Pecquet publishes Anatomica exp Nova, which includes his findings on the lymphatic system.

                                               

1652 in science

Gerard Boates natural history of Ireland was published posthumously. Nicholas Culpeper published his herbal, the English Physitian, or, astrologo-physical discourse on the vulgar herbs of this country, as an efficient healing method, in accordanc ...

                                               

1653 in science

Blaise Pascal publishes his Traite du triangle arithmetique, in which he describes a convenient tabular format for binomial coefficients, now called Pascals triangle.

                                               

1655 in science

Thomas Muffets health improvement, or Rules comprising and opening on the nature, method, and the method of cooking all sorts of food used in this country were published posthumously in England, containing, in particular, describe a wide range of ...

                                               

1656 in science

The publication in Vienna Michal Boyms flora sinensis, the first book that uses the name "flora" in this meaning, a book covering the plant world of the region.

                                               

1658 in science

Unknown date – Nicolas Pierre, French physician, died 1742. March 5 – Antoine Loma de La Motte, the Sieur de Cadillac, French Explorer, died in 1730. April 2 Pierre Pomet, a French chemist, died 1699.

                                               

1659 in science

The first known use of the term abscissa, Stefano degli Angeli. The Swiss mathematician Johann RAS publishes Teutsche Algebra, containing the first printed use of mathematical symbols for division obelus, ÷ and "therefore" ∴.

                                               

1661 in science

May 3 – Antonio Vallisneri, Italian physician and naturalist, died in 1730. Approx. date – Alida Withoos, Dutch Botanical artist died in 1730. December 18 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor died 1751. Guillaume françois Antoine, ...

                                               

1663 in science

March 4 – Islands Prince Edward in the subantarctic zone of the Indian ocean discovered Barentszoon of Barentu Maerseveen Lam of the Dutch ship and the name Dina Prince Edward and Marion Maerseveen.

                                               

1666 in science

Isaac Newton develops differential calculus. Samuel Morland produces several designs of pocket calculating machine, and also publishes a new method of cryptography.

                                               

1668 in science

Francesco Redi publishes Generazione glass Intorno Alla deglInsetti "experiments on the generation of insects", refuting the theory of spontaneous generation of worms in rotting matter.

                                               

1672 in science

John Flamsteed determines the solar parallax from observations of Mars. Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn. Sir Isaac Newton reads his first optics paper before the Royal society of London.

                                               

1673 in science

Samuel Morland publishes a Perpetual calendar, and several useful tables. John Kersey begins publication of the elements of mathematical art commonly called Algebra.

                                               

1676 in science

Completed in the summer of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, designed by Christopher Wren, is. December 7 – the Danish astronomer OLE Roemer measures the speed of light by observing the eclipses of satellites of Jupiter, getting a speed of 140.000 ...

                                               

1677 in science

Publication cockers Arithmetick: become a simple and familiar method suitable to the meanest capacity for the full understanding of that incomparable art, as it is now taught by able School-masters in city and country, attributed to Edward Cocker ...

                                               

1678 in science

Robert Hooke opens the fundamental law of elasticity, when it detects that the exerted force is the force proportional to the deformation of the elongation produced. Christian Huygens published Traite de La Lumiere / the Treatise of Light, which ...

                                               

1682 in science

British naval surgeon James young 1646-1721 publishes wounds of the brain proved curable, probably the first monograph in English on surgery of the head.

                                               

1684 in science

December 10 – Edmond Halley presented in the paper de motu corporum in gyrum, containing the Isaac Newton conclusion of Keplers laws of planetary motion enable inverse square forces from his theory of gravitation, the Royal society in London.

                                               

1686 in science

John ray publishes his the history of the largest among the tree, including the first biological definition of the species, its edition Francis Willughbys history Piscum.

                                               

1687 in science

Dutch physician Willem ten Rhijne publishes Verhandelinge van de Asiatise Melaatsheid on the EMP naaukeuriger ondersoek ten Dienste van het gemeen in Amsterdam, explaining, Asian leprosy in the West.

                                               

1691 in science

Anton soap Adenographia curiosa is this foeminei uteri anatome Nova is published at Leiden, including a description of the canal of nuck, and the demonstration that the embryo is removed from the ovary and not the sperm.

                                               

1692 in science

In tractrix, sometimes called a tractory or equitangential curve, first studying Christiaan Huygens, which gives it its name. John Arbuthnot publishes the laws of chance translated from the Huygens de ratiociniis in Ludo aleae, the first works on ...

                                               

1693 in science

Edmond Halley publishes articles in the philosophical transactions of the Royal society on life insurance in the life tables constructed on the basis of statistics from Breslau, provided by Caspar Neumann.

                                               

1696 in science

Guillaume de lHopital publishes analysis de Infiniment Petit pour lIntelligence des lines Courbes, the first textbook on differential calculus, including the statement of a rule to compute certain limits. Jakob Bernoulli and Johann Bernoulli solv ...

                                               

1699 in science

English physician Edward Tyson publishes orang-SIV Homo vulgaris, or the Anatomy of a Pygmie compared with a monkey and Man, the first work on comparative anatomy.

                                               

1700 in science

On January 26 around 9 p.m., the Cascadia earthquake occurred with an estimated moment magnitude of 8.7–9.2. This megathrust earthquake ruptured about 1000 kilometers 620 miles from the Cascadia subduction zone and caused a tsunami that struck th ...

                                               

1701 in science

Edmond Halleys General chart of the variation of the compass was first published, the first to show the magnetic declination in the Atlantic ocean and the first on which isogonic, or Halleyan, lines appear.

                                               

1703 in science

Charles Plumiers Nova large arborescent Americanarum genera begins publication in Paris. This includes descriptions of fuchsia, discovered on Hispaniola, and the naming of the genus Magnolia, applied for kinds of Martinique.

                                               

1704 in science

Isaac Newton releases a record of experiments and deductions from them in Opticks, a great contribution to the study of optics and the refraction of light. The Pierre Varignon invents a U-tube manometer, a device that can measure the vacuum in gases.

                                               

1707 in science

Georg Ernst Stahl publishes Theoria Medica Vera: physiologiam & pathologiam. John Floyer, in the Physicians pulse watch, introduces counting the pulse for one minute. Giovanni Maria Lancisi publishes Subitaneis de Mortibus about the sudden death, ...

                                               

1708 in science

Calcareous hard-paste porcelain produced in Dresden, Saxony, Germany from Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and developed after his death in October, Johann Friedrich böttger.

                                               

1709 in science

Francis Hauksbee publishes physico-mechanical experiments on various subjects, the results of numerous experiments with electricity and other topics.

                                               

1710 in science

Stephen Hales makes the first experimental measurement of the capacity of the mammalian heart. Alexis, in his treatise Diverses observations anatomiques, is the first physician to suggest the possibility of performing a lumbar colostomy for obstr ...

                                               

1712 in science

John Flamsteeds Historia coelestis is first published, against his will and with no credit Isaac Newton and Edmond Halley with the influence of John Arbuthnot.

                                               

1713 in science

Jacob Bernoullis most famous work, Ars Conjectandi, the art of conjecture, published posthumously by his nephew. It contains a mathematical proof of the law of large numbers, Bernoulli numbers and other important research in the theory of probabi ...

                                               

1714 in science

Gottfried Leibniz is discussing the harmonic triangle. March – Roger Cotes publishes Logometrica in the philosophical transactions of the Royal society. It provides the first proof of what is now known as Eulers formula and constructs the logarit ...

                                               

1715 in science

Edmond Halley suggests that the nebula is a cloud of interstellar gas. May 3 – a total solar Eclipse in southern England, Sweden and Finland, the last total Eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years. The publication in London of David, the e ...

                                               

1716 in science

Johann von Lowenstern-Kunckel published his Handbook of experimental chemistry, Collegium physico-chymicum experimentale, Oder, Laboratorium chymicum, in Germany.

                                               

1717 in science

James Petiver publishes Papilionum Brittaniae icons, the first book devoted exclusively to British butterflies, give the English name of a number of types. Thomas Fairchild and the owner of a nursery in Hoxton, East London, will become the first ...

                                               

1718 in science

Abraham de Moivre publishes the theory of random events: the method of calculating the probabilities of events in the game in English, which passes through several editions.

                                               

1719 in science

September 27 – Abraham G. I. Kastner, German mathematician died 1800. 20 October – Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician died 1772. January 23 – John Landen, English mathematician, died 1790. November 17 – Marie Marguerite Biheron, French anat ...

                                               

1721 in science

Thomas guy founded guys hospital in London for treatment of "incurable" discharged from St Thomas. The use of ether is developed as a painkiller. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu represents the Ottoman method of inoculation against smallpox – variolatio ...

                                               

1722 in science

René Antoine Ferchault de réaumur publishes his work on metallurgy, LArte de convertir Le fer forge EN issue year that describes how to convert iron into steel.

                                               

1724 in science

Daniel Bernoulli expresses the numbers of the Fibonacci sequence in terms of a Golden section. Isaac watts publishes logic or the right use of reason in the inquiry of truth with different rules for protection against error in the Affairs of reli ...

                                               

1725 in science

John Flamsteeds Historia coelestis "Britannica" was published posthumously in the edition containing Flamsteeds change, largely through the efforts of his widow, Margaret, and the former assistant Abraham sharp and Joseph Crosthwaite. James Bradl ...

                                               

1727 in science

Reverend Stephen Hales publishes vegetable Staticks, containing an account of the key experiments in the field of plant physiology, and makes the first measurement of blood pressure.

                                               

1728 in science

James Bradley notes, the nutation of the earths axis. James Bradley uses stellar aberration was first observed in 1725 to calculate the speed of light, will be about 301.000 km / s.

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