Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 229

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 229


1644 in science


1645 in science

First published a map of the moon produced by Michael Florent van Langren. In edition of the law of gravitation was suggested by Ismael Bullialdus in his philolaica was called. The solar cycle goes to the 70-year Maunder minimum.


1647 in science

March 20 – Jean-de-du Delta, a French inventor died 1724. April 2 – Maria Sibylla MERIAN, a German lepidopterist, died 1717. January 17 – Elizabeth Hevelius, the Danzig astronomer, died 1693. August 22 – Denis Papin, French physicist, died C. 171 ...


1648 in science

September 19 – Blaise Pascals brother-in-law, Florin Perier, demonstrates how to climb the mountains of the Puy de dôme atmospheric pressure changes with altitude.


1651 in science

William Harvey describes the formation of the organs of the developing embryo in De Generatione. Jean Pecquet publishes Anatomica exp Nova, which includes his findings on the lymphatic system.


1652 in science

Gerard Boates natural history of Ireland was published posthumously. Nicholas Culpeper published his herbal, the English Physitian, or, astrologo-physical discourse on the vulgar herbs of this country, as an efficient healing method, in accordanc ...


1653 in science

Blaise Pascal publishes his Traite du triangle arithmetique, in which he describes a convenient tabular format for binomial coefficients, now called Pascals triangle.


1655 in science

Thomas Muffets health improvement, or Rules comprising and opening on the nature, method, and the method of cooking all sorts of food used in this country were published posthumously in England, containing, in particular, describe a wide range of ...


1656 in science

The publication in Vienna Michal Boyms flora sinensis, the first book that uses the name "flora" in this meaning, a book covering the plant world of the region.


1658 in science

Unknown date – Nicolas Pierre, French physician, died 1742. March 5 – Antoine Loma de La Motte, the Sieur de Cadillac, French Explorer, died in 1730. April 2 Pierre Pomet, a French chemist, died 1699.


1659 in science

The first known use of the term abscissa, Stefano degli Angeli. The Swiss mathematician Johann RAS publishes Teutsche Algebra, containing the first printed use of mathematical symbols for division obelus, ÷ and "therefore" ∴.


1661 in science

May 3 – Antonio Vallisneri, Italian physician and naturalist, died in 1730. Approx. date – Alida Withoos, Dutch Botanical artist died in 1730. December 18 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor died 1751. Guillaume françois Antoine, ...


1663 in science

March 4 – Islands Prince Edward in the subantarctic zone of the Indian ocean discovered Barentszoon of Barentu Maerseveen Lam of the Dutch ship and the name Dina Prince Edward and Marion Maerseveen.


1666 in science

Isaac Newton develops differential calculus. Samuel Morland produces several designs of pocket calculating machine, and also publishes a new method of cryptography.


1668 in science

Francesco Redi publishes Generazione glass Intorno Alla deglInsetti "experiments on the generation of insects", refuting the theory of spontaneous generation of worms in rotting matter.


1672 in science

John Flamsteed determines the solar parallax from observations of Mars. Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn. Sir Isaac Newton reads his first optics paper before the Royal society of London.


1673 in science

Samuel Morland publishes a Perpetual calendar, and several useful tables. John Kersey begins publication of the elements of mathematical art commonly called Algebra.


1674 in science


1676 in science

Completed in the summer of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, designed by Christopher Wren, is. December 7 – the Danish astronomer OLE Roemer measures the speed of light by observing the eclipses of satellites of Jupiter, getting a speed of 140.000 ...


1677 in science

Publication cockers Arithmetick: become a simple and familiar method suitable to the meanest capacity for the full understanding of that incomparable art, as it is now taught by able School-masters in city and country, attributed to Edward Cocker ...


1678 in science

Robert Hooke opens the fundamental law of elasticity, when it detects that the exerted force is the force proportional to the deformation of the elongation produced. Christian Huygens published Traite de La Lumiere / the Treatise of Light, which ...


1682 in science

British naval surgeon James young 1646-1721 publishes wounds of the brain proved curable, probably the first monograph in English on surgery of the head.


1684 in science

December 10 – Edmond Halley presented in the paper de motu corporum in gyrum, containing the Isaac Newton conclusion of Keplers laws of planetary motion enable inverse square forces from his theory of gravitation, the Royal society in London.


1686 in science

John ray publishes his the history of the largest among the tree, including the first biological definition of the species, its edition Francis Willughbys history Piscum.


1687 in science

Dutch physician Willem ten Rhijne publishes Verhandelinge van de Asiatise Melaatsheid on the EMP naaukeuriger ondersoek ten Dienste van het gemeen in Amsterdam, explaining, Asian leprosy in the West.


1691 in science

Anton soap Adenographia curiosa is this foeminei uteri anatome Nova is published at Leiden, including a description of the canal of nuck, and the demonstration that the embryo is removed from the ovary and not the sperm.


1692 in science

In tractrix, sometimes called a tractory or equitangential curve, first studying Christiaan Huygens, which gives it its name. John Arbuthnot publishes the laws of chance translated from the Huygens de ratiociniis in Ludo aleae, the first works on ...


1693 in science

Edmond Halley publishes articles in the philosophical transactions of the Royal society on life insurance in the life tables constructed on the basis of statistics from Breslau, provided by Caspar Neumann.


1696 in science

Guillaume de lHopital publishes analysis de Infiniment Petit pour lIntelligence des lines Courbes, the first textbook on differential calculus, including the statement of a rule to compute certain limits. Jakob Bernoulli and Johann Bernoulli solv ...


1699 in science

English physician Edward Tyson publishes orang-SIV Homo vulgaris, or the Anatomy of a Pygmie compared with a monkey and Man, the first work on comparative anatomy.


1700 in science

On January 26 around 9 p.m., the Cascadia earthquake occurred with an estimated moment magnitude of 8.7–9.2. This megathrust earthquake ruptured about 1000 kilometers 620 miles from the Cascadia subduction zone and caused a tsunami that struck th ...


1701 in science

Edmond Halleys General chart of the variation of the compass was first published, the first to show the magnetic declination in the Atlantic ocean and the first on which isogonic, or Halleyan, lines appear.


1703 in science

Charles Plumiers Nova large arborescent Americanarum genera begins publication in Paris. This includes descriptions of fuchsia, discovered on Hispaniola, and the naming of the genus Magnolia, applied for kinds of Martinique.


1704 in science

Isaac Newton releases a record of experiments and deductions from them in Opticks, a great contribution to the study of optics and the refraction of light. The Pierre Varignon invents a U-tube manometer, a device that can measure the vacuum in gases.


1707 in science

Georg Ernst Stahl publishes Theoria Medica Vera: physiologiam & pathologiam. John Floyer, in the Physicians pulse watch, introduces counting the pulse for one minute. Giovanni Maria Lancisi publishes Subitaneis de Mortibus about the sudden death, ...


1708 in science

Calcareous hard-paste porcelain produced in Dresden, Saxony, Germany from Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and developed after his death in October, Johann Friedrich böttger.


1709 in science

Francis Hauksbee publishes physico-mechanical experiments on various subjects, the results of numerous experiments with electricity and other topics.


1710 in science

Stephen Hales makes the first experimental measurement of the capacity of the mammalian heart. Alexis, in his treatise Diverses observations anatomiques, is the first physician to suggest the possibility of performing a lumbar colostomy for obstr ...


1712 in science

John Flamsteeds Historia coelestis is first published, against his will and with no credit Isaac Newton and Edmond Halley with the influence of John Arbuthnot.


1713 in science

Jacob Bernoullis most famous work, Ars Conjectandi, the art of conjecture, published posthumously by his nephew. It contains a mathematical proof of the law of large numbers, Bernoulli numbers and other important research in the theory of probabi ...


1714 in science

Gottfried Leibniz is discussing the harmonic triangle. March – Roger Cotes publishes Logometrica in the philosophical transactions of the Royal society. It provides the first proof of what is now known as Eulers formula and constructs the logarit ...


1715 in science

Edmond Halley suggests that the nebula is a cloud of interstellar gas. May 3 – a total solar Eclipse in southern England, Sweden and Finland, the last total Eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years. The publication in London of David, the e ...


1716 in science

Johann von Lowenstern-Kunckel published his Handbook of experimental chemistry, Collegium physico-chymicum experimentale, Oder, Laboratorium chymicum, in Germany.


1717 in science

James Petiver publishes Papilionum Brittaniae icons, the first book devoted exclusively to British butterflies, give the English name of a number of types. Thomas Fairchild and the owner of a nursery in Hoxton, East London, will become the first ...


1718 in science

Abraham de Moivre publishes the theory of random events: the method of calculating the probabilities of events in the game in English, which passes through several editions.


1719 in science

September 27 – Abraham G. I. Kastner, German mathematician died 1800. 20 October – Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician died 1772. January 23 – John Landen, English mathematician, died 1790. November 17 – Marie Marguerite Biheron, French anat ...


1721 in science

Thomas guy founded guys hospital in London for treatment of "incurable" discharged from St Thomas. The use of ether is developed as a painkiller. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu represents the Ottoman method of inoculation against smallpox – variolatio ...


1722 in science

René Antoine Ferchault de réaumur publishes his work on metallurgy, LArte de convertir Le fer forge EN issue year that describes how to convert iron into steel.


1724 in science

Daniel Bernoulli expresses the numbers of the Fibonacci sequence in terms of a Golden section. Isaac watts publishes logic or the right use of reason in the inquiry of truth with different rules for protection against error in the Affairs of reli ...


1725 in science

John Flamsteeds Historia coelestis "Britannica" was published posthumously in the edition containing Flamsteeds change, largely through the efforts of his widow, Margaret, and the former assistant Abraham sharp and Joseph Crosthwaite. James Bradl ...


1727 in science

Reverend Stephen Hales publishes vegetable Staticks, containing an account of the key experiments in the field of plant physiology, and makes the first measurement of blood pressure.


1728 in science

James Bradley notes, the nutation of the earths axis. James Bradley uses stellar aberration was first observed in 1725 to calculate the speed of light, will be about 301.000 km / s.


1729 in science

1703-1771 English optician Chester moor Hall develops an achromatic lens or commonly used as small refracting telescopes. January 9 & 16 – James Bradley, in a letter to Edmund Halley, and read before the Royal society, describes his discovery of ...


1730 in science

The réaumur scale is developed by French naturalist rené Antoine Ferchault de réaumur, with 0° = freezing point of water and 80° = boiling temperature.


1731 in science

Jethro Tull publishes the new horse-Houghing husbandry, or an essay on the principles of tillage and vegetation, London. Philip Miller publishes the gardeners dictionary containing the methods of cultivating and improving the kitchen fruit and fl ...


1732 in science

August – Mikhail Gvozdev with Navigator Ivan Fedorov in Saint Gabriel makes the first known crossing of the Bering Strait from Cape Dezhnev to Cape Prince of Wales, and to explore the coast of Alaska.


1735 in science

Can – French geodesic mission to Ecuador.


1737 in science

May 28 – the planet Venus passes in front of mercury. The event is witnessed during the evening, the Amateur astronomer John Bevis at the Royal Greenwich Observatory in England.


1738 in science

Pierre Louis Maupertuis publishes sur La figure de La Terre, which confirms the Newtonian view that the Earth is an oblate spheroid slightly flattened at the poles.


1739 in science

Euler invented the tonnetz German "signal network" a conceptual lattice diagram that shows a two-dimensional tone pitch space created by the network of relationships between musical fields in just intonation. Leonhard Euler solves the General hom ...


1740 in science

Jean Paul de Gua de Malves publishes their work, analytic geometry, usages de lanalyse de Descartes pour decouvrir, without Sekur Le du calcul differentiel hotel Les proprietes Oh attachment principals of des lines geometriques de Tous Les ordres.


1741 in science

Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin published his first paper on the satellites of Jupiter, in Acta of the Royal society of Sciences in Uppsala. August 29 – Pluto were not known at the time reached perihelion closest approach to the Sun. Anders Celsius sets t ...


1745 in science

Ruder bošković publishes de Viribus Vivis in which he tries to find a middle way between Newtons gravitational theory and Leibnizs of monadologie, develops the concept of "impenetrability" as a property of solid bodies, which explains their behav ...


1746 in science

German chemist Andreas Sigismund, 1709-1782 Marggraf is credited with the description of zinc as a separate metal. John Roebuck invented the lead chamber process for sulphuric acid production. Eva Ekeblad learns how to make flour and alcohol from ...


1747 in science

Albrecht von Haller publishes experiments in the anatomy of breathing. Bernhard Siegfried Albinus 1697-1770, with the help of artist Jan via AIS 1691-1759, produces accurate account of the bones and muscles of the human body in Tabulae Sceleti Et ...


1748 in science

Publication in Amsterdam of Neptunea theory of the French diplomat benoît de maillet died in 1738 Telliamed, OU entretiens d UN thinker, Indian AVEC UN missionnaire françois sur La reduction de La Mer, La formation de La Terre, l descent of man. ...


1749 in science

Pierre booger publishes La figure de La Terre in Paris, some of the results of working with Charles Marie de La Condamine to the French geodesic mission to Peru began in 1735 to measure a degree of the Meridian arc near the equator.


1750 in science

OK. date – Leonhard Euler and Daniel Bernoulli to develop the Euler–Bernoulli equation of beam. 17 January – John Canton reads a paper before the Royal society on a method of making artificial magnets.


1752 in science

Thomas Melville delivers a lecture entitled observations on light and colors to the medical society in Edinburgh, the harbinger of flame emission spectroscopy. Dmitry Vinogradov and Mikhail Lomonosov to advertise the first hard porcelain produced ...


1754 in science

Albert Brahms, Frisian Dijkgraaf, begins publication Anfangsgrunde der Deich UND Wasser-Baukunst "principles of dam and water engineering" promotes the scientific record of the tides.


1756 in science

Scottish physician Francis home publishes experiments on teeth whitening in Edinburgh. Mikhail Lomonosov flogistone refutes the theory of combustion and pioneers in the study of oxidation by converting the tin oxide to tin. Joseph black describes ...


1757 in science

Nicolas Louis de Lacaille publishes his Astronomiae Foundation Novissimus, containing a standard catalogue of 398 bright stars with positions corrected for aberration and nutation. Tobias Mayer presents accurate tables of the motion of the moon i ...


1758 in science

Scottish physician Francis home makes a first attempt to vaccinate against measles. Angélique du Coudray demonstrates the first obstetric mannequin.


1759 in science

Halleys comet returns, a team of three mathematicians, Alexis Clairaut, jérôme Lalande and Nicole Wren Ms. magnificent, was first predicted date.


1760 in science

Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt investigates inks based on cobalt salts and isolates cacodyl from cobalt mineral containing arsenic, pioneering work in the field of ORGANOMETALLIC chemistry.


1761 in science

Nathaniel bliss at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. Mikhail Lomonosov, who finds the first evidence that the planet has an atmosphere. John Winthrop in St. Johns, Newfoundland. Caesar Cassini de Thury in Vienna. June 6 – the first transit of Venu ...


1762 in science

Courses start the first veterinary school established by Claude Bourgelat in Lyon. Charles cap considerations sur Les corps organisees published in Amsterdam, summarizing current knowledge of cell biology and of presenting his theory of palingene ...


1763 in science

The posthumous publication of Nicolas Louis de Lacailles not Coelum Australe stelliferum, cataloguing all his data from the southern hemisphere and including about 10.000 stars and a number of brighter star clusters and nebulae. The publication o ...


1764 in science

Lagrange publishes on the libration of the moon, and an explanation of why the same face always facing the Earth, a problem that he treats with the help of virtual work, containing the germ of his idea of generalized equations of motion.


1767 in science

Arthur young publishes the farmers letters to the people of England, containing the feelings of a practical Husbandman. to which is added, Sylvæ, or, sometimes, the treatises on husbandry and rural oeconomics.


1768 in science

Josephus Nicholas Laurenti becomes the auctor of the class of reptiles through his clinic "Medicum" model, Exhibens Synopsin Reptilium Emendatam diploma Experimentis circa Venena on the poisonous function of reptiles and amphibians. It also publi ...


1770 in science

July 1 – Lexells of the comet closer to Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.015 AU. He notes Charles Messier between June 14 and October 3.


1771 in science

Lagrange published his second article about the General process for solving an algebraic equation of any degree with the help of the resolvent of Lagrange, and the theorem is proved Wilson that if N is Prime, then N − 1! 1 is always a multiple of N.


1772 in science

Johann Heinrich Lambert publishes seven new map projections, including the Lambert conformal conic transverse Mercator and Lambert azimuthal equal area.


1774 in science

The Abbot of the Italian physicist Bonaventura Corti publishes comments microscopiche sulla tremella mask e sulla circulazione del fluido in una pianta acquajuola in Lucca, including his discovery of cyclosis in plant cells. French physician Anto ...


1775 in science

25 may – the Joseph Priestleys account of its isolation from the oxygen in a gas "dephlogisticated air" read to the Royal society of London. Torbern Rabinovich de attractionibus electivis "a Dissertation on elective attractions" was published, co ...


1776 in science

William withering publishes Botanical arrangement of all vegetables naturally growing in great Britain, the first flora in the English language based on the taxonomy of Linnaeus.


1777 in science

August 14 – Oersted Hans Christian, Danish physicist died 1851. May 4, Louis Jacques thenard, a French chemist, died in 1857. February 12 – Bernard Courtois, French chemist died 1838. April 30 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, a German mathematician died i ...


1778 in science

Antoine Lavoisier, considered "the father of modern chemistry", recognizes and names oxygen, and recognizes its importance and role in combustion processes. Molybdenum discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele.


1779 in science

March 23 – Edward Pigott discovered the black-eye Galaxy M64. May 5 – in spiral galaxy M61 in the constellation Virgo from Barnabas of Oriani.


1781 in science

March 20 – Pierre Mechain discovers dwarf galaxy NGC 5195. Published by Charles Messiers final catalog of Messier objects is. March 13 – William Herschel observes Uranus, although the entry is initially like a comet. Published by Christian Myers ...


1782 in science

The Jesuit father Juan Ignacio Molina, Saggio sulla publishes natural history del Chile in Spain, the first story of the natural history of his native Chile, with descriptions of many types of science for the first time, for example, Araucaria ar ...


1783 in science

February 26 – Caroline Herschel discovers NGC 2360 yourself. November 27 – John Michell suggests the existence of black holes, "dark star". May – John Goodricke reports its findings that the variable star ALGOL-thats what comes to be known as a D ...


1784 in science

September 10 – Edward Piggott defines the variable star ETA eagle of York, England. 19 Oct – John Goodricke begins his observations of the variable star Delta cephei from new York.


1785 in science

19 January – Richard Crosbie successfully fly in a balloon across Dublin, the first ascent in Ireland. January 7 – Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from the English city of Dover to Calais, France in a gas balloon ...


1786 in science

2 Feb – in a speech before the Asia society in Calcutta, sir William Jones notes the formal similarity between Latin, Greek and Sanskrit, laying the Foundation for comparative linguistics and Indo-European studies.


1788 in science

Utamaro, published ehon Mushi erami "picture book critters" in Japan, with color illustrations. Gilbert white publishes the natural history and antiquities of Selborne, in the County of Southampton, in 1789, a pioneering observational study of th ...


1789 in science

August 28 and September 17 – William Herschel opens up the moons of Saturn, Enceladus and Mimas, which he describes to the Royal society of London on 12 November. Maximilian hell sets the constellations of the tube Hershelli large and small in ho ...


1790 in science

English ornithologist John Latham publishes his index Ornithologicus, including a scientific description of "Black Swan". English Botanical Illustrator James Sowerby begins the publication of his English botany, with the text of James E. Smith.


1791 in science

Jean Baptiste françois Pierre Bulliard begins publishing the history of DES champignons de La France, a significant text in Mycology. Luigi Galvani publishes his discoveries in "animal electricity" of galvanism.

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