Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 235

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 235

                                               

Daniel C. Tsui

Daniel Chee Tsui is a Chinese American physicist whose field of study electrical properties of thin films and microstructures of semiconductors and solid state physics. In 1998, along with Horst L. Stormer and Robert B. Laughlin, Tsui was awarded ...

                                               

Martin Chalfie

Shelter Martin Chalfie is an American scientist. He is a Professor at Columbia University. He shared the Nobel prize 2008 in chemistry along with Osamu Shimomura and Roger Y. Tsien "for the discovery and development of green fluorescent protein, ...

                                               

James Chadwick

Sir James Chadwick, English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel prize in physics for the discovery of the neutron in 1932. In 1941 he wrote the final draft of the Maud report, which inspired the U.S. government to begin serious research work ...

                                               

Ernst Chain

Sir Ernst Boris chain, FRS was a German-born British biochemist, and a 1945 co-recipient of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for his work on penicillin.

                                               

Pavel Cherenkov

Pavel Cherenkov, a Soviet physicist who shared the Nobel prize in physics in 1958 with Ilya Frank and Igor Tamm for the discovery of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation, made in 1934.

                                               

Aaron Ciechanover

Aaron Ciechanover Ah-hə - Ron-Chee - Hah -NOH-vair, Hebrew: אהרן צחנובר, born October 1, 1947) is an Israeli biologist, Nobel prize in chemistry for characterizing the method that cells use to degrade and recycle proteins using ubiquitin.

                                               

Andrew Schally

Andrzej Viktor "Andrew" schally is an American endocrinologist of Polish origin, who was corecipient, with Roger Guillemin and Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, Nobel prize winner in physiology and medicine.

                                               

Georges Charpak

Georges Charpak was a Polish-born French physicist from a Jewish family who was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1992.

                                               

Karl Barry Sharpless

Carl Barry Sharpless-American chemist, Nobel prize laureate, known for his work on stereoselective reactions and click chemistry.

                                               

Melvin Schwartz

Melvin Schwartz, American physicist. He shared the Nobel prize in 1988 in physics with Leon M. Lederman and Jack Steinberger for their development of the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of leptons through disco ...

                                               

ETH Zurich

ETH Zurich is a science, technology, engineering and mathematics at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, and one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Like his sister, the EPFL institution, it is an integral part of the Swiss Feder ...

                                               

Randy Schekman

Randy Wayne Schekman is an American cell biologist at the University of California, Berkeley and former editor of the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In 2011, he was announced as the editor of eLife, a new high-profile open acces ...

                                               

Thomas Schelling

Thomas Crombie Schelling was an American economist and Professor of foreign policy, national security, nuclear strategy and arms control in the school of public policy University of Maryland, College Park. He was also co-faculty at New England In ...

                                               

Lloyd Shapley

Lloyd Stowell Shapley is an American mathematician and Nobel laureate in Economics. He has contributed to mathematical Economics and especially game theory. Shapley is considered one of the most important contributions to the development of game ...

                                               

Charles Scott Sherrington

Sir Charles Scott Sherrington was an English neurophysiologist, histologist, bacteriologist, and a pathologist, Nobel laureate and President of the Royal society in the early 1920-ies. He received the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine with Ed ...

                                               

Dan Shechtman

Dan Shechtman is the Philip Tobias Professor of materials science at the Technion – Israel Institute of technology, associate Professor of the Department of the Ames laboratory of the us energy and Professor of materials science at the University ...

                                               

Wislawa Szymborska

Maria Wisława Anna Szymborska-Polish poet, essayist, interpreter, Nobel prize winner 1996 in the field of literature. Born in Prowent, which has since become a part of Kornik, she later resided in kraków until the end of his life. In Poland, Szym ...

                                               

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Johns Hopkins University school of medicine, located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States academic medical teaching and research arm of Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876. School of medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins hospital ...

                                               

Brian Schmidt

Brian Paul Schmidt-Vice-Chancellor of the Australian national University. Previously, he was a distinguished Professor, Australian research Council awards astrophysicist and colleagues in universities in Mount Stromlo Observatory and research sch ...

                                               

Yves Chauvin

Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel prize laureate. He was honorary research Director at the Institut français du kings of oil and a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He was known for his work on the decoding process metathesis, for which ...

                                               

Jack W. Szostak

Jack William Szostak is a canadian American biologist of Polish British descent, Nobel laureate, Professor of genetics at Harvard Medical school and Alexander rich distinguished researchers at Massachusetts General hospital in Boston. Shostak mad ...

                                               

Myron Scholes

Myron Samuel Scholes is a canadian-American financial economist. Scholes is the Frank doctor of Economics, Professor buck Finance, Emeritus, at the Stanford graduate school of business, Nobel laureate in economic Sciences, and co-Creator of the b ...

                                               

Hans Spemann

Hans Spemann was a German embryologist who was awarded the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1935 for his discovery of the effect now known as embryonic induction, the influence of the various parts of the embryo that directs the developme ...

                                               

John Robert Schrieffer

John Robert Shiffer was an American physicist who, together with John Bardeen and Leon Cooper, was winner of the Nobel prize in 1972 in physics for developing the BCS theory, the first successful quantum theory of superconductivity. In 2005, snif ...

                                               

Richard R. Schrock

Richard Royce Schrock is an American chemist and Nobel laureate recognized for his contributions in the reaction of metathesis olefins used in organic chemistry.

                                               

Otto Stern

Otto Stern was also the pen name of German womens rights activist Louise Otto-Peters 1819–1895. Otto stern was a German-American physicist, Nobel prize in physics. He was the second nominee for the Nobel prize with 82 nominations in the years 192 ...

                                               

Horst Ludwig Stormer

Horst Ludwig Stormer is a German physicist, Nobel laureate and Professor Emeritus at Columbia University. He was awarded the 1998 Nobel prize in physics jointly with Daniel Tsui and Robert Laughlin "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fl ...

                                               

Shirin Ebadi

Shirin Ebadi-Iranian politician, lawyer, former judge and human rights activist and founder of the Center for defenders of human rights in Iran. 10 October 2003 Shirin Ebadi was the Nobel peace prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for ...

                                               

Martin Evans

Sir Martin John Evans is a British biologist, who, with Matthew Kaufman, was the first to culture mice embryonic stem cells and cultivate them in the laboratory in 1981. It is also known, along with Mario Capecchi and Oliver smithies, for his wor ...

                                               

Antonio Egas Moniz

António Caetano de Abreu Freire EGAS Moniz, who is known as EGAS Moniz, was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography. He is considered one of the founders of modern psychosurgery, having developed the surgical procedure ...

                                               

Gerald Edelman

Gerald Maurice Edelman is an American biologist who shared the Nobel prize in 1972 in physiology or medicine for work with Rodney Robert porter on the immune system. Nobel laureate Edelmans research concerned the discovery of the structure of the ...

                                               

Manfred Eigen

Manfred eigen is a German biophysical chemist who won the Nobel prize in 1967 in chemistry for work on measuring fast chemical reactions. Eigens research helped to solve the main problems in the field of physical chemistry and helps in understand ...

                                               

Ulf von Euler

Ulf Svante von Euler was a Swedish physiologist and pharmacologist. He shared the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1970 for his work on neurotransmitters.

                                               

Robert F. Engle

Robert fry Engle III is an American statistician and winner of the 2003 Nobel prize in economic Sciences, sharing the award Clive Granger, "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility ".

                                               

Norman Angell

Sir Ralph Norman Angell-English winner of the Nobel peace prize. He was a teacher, journalist, author and member of Parliament from the labour party. Angell was one of the principal founders of the Union of democratic control. He was a member of ...

                                               

Edward Victor Appleton

Sir Edward Victor Appleton-English physicist, Nobel prize winner and pioneer in radio-physics. He studied and worked as a laboratory assistant at Bradford College from 1909 to 1911. He received the Nobel prize for physics in 1947 for his seminal ...

                                               

Joseph Erlanger

Joseph Erlanger was an American physiologist who is best known for his contribution in the field of neurology. Together with Herbert Spencer Gasser, he identified several varieties of nerve fiber and established the relationship between action po ...

                                               

Richard R. Ernst

Richard Robert Ernst is a Swiss physical chemist who won the Nobel prize. Born in Winterthur, Switzerland, Ernst was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1991 for his contribution to the development of Fourier NMR spectroscopy and Varian assoc ...

                                               

Gerhard Ertl

Gerhard Ertl is a German physicist and Professor of physical chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut Der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. Research Ertls laid the Foundation of modern surface chemistry, which has helped explain how fuel cells p ...

                                               

Leo Esaki

Esaki of Reon, also known as Leo Esaki is a Japanese physicist who shared the Nobel prize in physics in 1973 with Ivar Giaever and Brian David Josephson for his work in electron tunneling in semiconducting materials, which eventually led to his i ...

                                               

Arthur Ashkin

Arthur further ashkin-American scientist, Nobel laureate, who worked at Bell laboratories and luminous technologies. Further ashkin is considered by many as the father of optical tweezers, for which he was awarded the Nobel prize for physics 2018 ...

                                               

Malala Yousafzai

Malala yousafzai, also known repeatedly received platinum status Malala is a Pakistani activist female education and the youngest Nobel prize winner. She is known for the protection of human rights, particularly the education of women and childre ...

                                               

Michael W. Young

Michael Warren young-American biologist and geneticist. He devoted more than three decades of research, consisting in the study of genetically controlled structure of sleep and wakefulness within Drosophila. At the Rockefeller University, his lab ...

                                               

Gerard 't Hooft

Gerard t Hooft-Dutch physicist and Professor at the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. He shared the Nobel prize in 1999 in physics with a supervisor by Martinus J. G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interaction ...

                                               

Fields Medal

The fields medal is awarded to two, three or four young mathematicians not older than 40 years at the International Congress of the International mathematical Union, which takes place every four years. The fields medal is considered one of the hi ...

                                               

Michael Atiyah

Sir Michael Francis Atiyah, British-Lebanese mathematician specializing in geometry. Atiyah grew up in Sudan and Egypt but spent most of his scientific life in the United Kingdom at Oxford University and Cambridge University, in the USA at the In ...

                                               

Enrico Bombieri

Enrico Bombieri, Italian mathematician, known for his work in analytic number theory, Diophantine geometry, complex analysis and group theory. He won the medal in 1974. Bombieri is currently an honorary Professor in the school of mathematics at t ...

                                               

Richard Borcherds

Richard Ewen borcherds of-British-American mathematician, currently working in the quantum field theory. He is known for his work in lattices, number theory, group theory, infinite-dimensional lie algebras, for which he was awarded the fields med ...

                                               

Jean Bourgain

Jean, Baron Bourgain 28 Feb 1954 – 22 December 2018) is a Belgian mathematician. He was awarded the fields medal in 1994 in recognition of his work on several main topics of mathematical analysis such as the geometry of Banach spaces, harmonic an ...

                                               

Akshay Venkatesh

Akshay Venkatesh is an Australian mathematician, Professor of mathematics at the Institute for advanced study. His research interests lie in the field of accounting, equidistribution problems in automorphic forms and number theory, in particular ...

                                               

Cedric Villani

Patrice Thierry cédric Villani is a French mathematician and politician, worked mainly on partial differential equations, Riemannian geometry and mathematical physics. He was awarded the medal of the region in 2010, he was Director of the Sorbonn ...

                                               

Edward Witten

Edward Witten is an American theoretical physicist and Professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for advanced study in Princeton, new Jersey. Witten is a researcher in string theory, quantum gravity, supersymmetric quantum field theory a ...

                                               

Pierre Deligne

Pierre rené, Viscount Deligne is a Belgian mathematician. He is best known for work on the Weil conjectures, leading to a complete proof in 1973. He is laureate of the Abel 2013, medal the prize, the Wolf 2008, crafoord prize in 1988, and fields, ...

                                               

Vaughan Jones

Sir Vaughan Frederick Randall Jones-the new Zealand mathematician, known for his work on algebras von Neumann polynomials and knot. He was awarded a fields medal in 1990, and famously wore a New Zealand Rugby Jersey when he gave his speech in Kyoto.

                                               

Simon Donaldson

Sir Simon Kirwan Donaldson, English mathematician, known for his work on topology of smooth four-manifolds and Donaldson–Thomas theory. Currently, he is a permanent member of the Simons center for geometry and physics at stony brook University an ...

                                               

Jesse Douglas

Jesse Douglas was an American mathematician and winner of the fields known General solution to the plateau problem.

                                               

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz is a French mathematician. He was awarded the fields medal in 1994 for his work on dynamical systems.

                                               

Alain Connes

Alain Connes-French mathematician, currently Professor at the Collège de France, universities, the Ohio state University and Vanderbilt University. He was a visiting Professor at the Conservatoire national de arts and crafts.

                                               

Maxim Kontsevich

Maxim Lvovich Kontsevich, who was born 25 August 1964) is a Russian and French mathematician. He is a Professor in the Institute for advanced study de Scientifiques and distinguished Professor at the University of Miami. He received the Henri poi ...

                                               

Pierre-Louis Lions

His parents were Jacques-Louis lions, a mathematician and at that time Professor at the University of Nancy, who became President of the International mathematical Union, and Andrew Olivier, his wife. He graduated from the école Normale supérieur ...

                                               

Curtis T. McMullen

Tracy Curtis McMullen-American mathematician, Professor Cabot of mathematics at Harvard University. He was awarded the fields medal in 1998 for his work in complex dynamics, hyperbolic geometry and Teichmuller theory.

                                               

Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses extensive knowledge of mathematics in their work, typically to solve mathematical problems. Mathematics connected with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models and change.

                                               

Mathematics

Mathematics includes the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. It has no generally accepted definition. Mathematicians look for and use models for the development of new conjectures, they decide the truth or falsity of h ...

                                               

Maryam Mirzakhani

Maryam Mirzakhani Iranian mathematician and Professor of mathematics at Stanford University. Her areas of research include Teichmuller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry. In 2005, the result of their research, sh ...

                                               

Shigefumi Mori

Heat Mori is a Japanese mathematician, known for his work in algebraic geometry, in particular, in connection with the classification three times.

                                               

Science and technology in the United States

Science and technology in the United States has a long history, producing many important figures and events in the area. United States of America came to light about the age of Enlightenment the era in Western philosophy in which writers and thin ...

                                               

Ngo Bảo Chau

NGO Bao Chau, Vietnamese-French mathematician from the University of Chicago, known for proving the fundamental Lemma for automorphic forms proposed by Robert Langlands and Diana Shelstad. He is the first Vietnamese national received the fields m ...

                                               

Sergei Novikov (mathematician)

Sergei Petrovich Novikov is a Soviet and Russian mathematician, working in algebraic topology and the theory of solitons. In 1970 he won a fields medal.

                                               

Percolation

In physics, chemistry and materials science, percolation concerns the movement and filtering of fluids through porous materials. He is described by the law Darcys. More widespread use has since been developed that cover the connection of many sys ...

                                               

Jean-Pierre Serre

Jean-Pierre Serre is a French mathematician who made contributions to algebraic topology, algebraic geometry and algebraic number theory. He was awarded the fields medal in 1954 and the first Abel prize in 2003.

                                               

Gerd Faltings

In 1981 he received habilitation Venia lectures in mathematics, both from the University of münster. During this time he was an assistant Professor at the University of münster. From 1982 to 1984 he was a Professor at the University of Wuppertal. ...

                                               

Alessio Figalli

Alessio Figalli-Italian mathematician, working primarily on the calculus of variations and differential equations. He was awarded the Grand Prix and Cours Peccot in 2012, the medal of the EMS prize in 2012, the Stampacchia medal in 2015, the Felt ...

                                               

John Charles Fields

John Charles fields, FRS, FRSC is a canadian mathematician and the founder of the fields medal for outstanding achievement in mathematics.

                                               

Peter Scholze

Peter Chalice-German mathematician, known for his work in algebraic geometry. He was a Professor at the University of Bonn since 2012, and Director of the max Planck Institute for mathematics in 2018. He was named as one of the leading mathematic ...

                                               

Nevanlinna Prize

Prize Rolf Nevanlinna, the famous with 2022 as the medal scores are awarded every four years at the International Congress of mathematicians, for outstanding contributions in mathematical aspects of Informatics, including: Scientific computing an ...

                                               

Avi Wigderson

AVI Wigderson-Israeli mathematician and computer scientist. He is a Professor of mathematics at the Institute for advanced study at Princeton. His research interests include complexity theory, parallel algorithms, graph theory, cryptography, dist ...

                                               

Leslie Valiant

Leslie Gabriel Valiant is a British computer scientist and computational theorist. Currently, he is the T. Jefferson Coolidge Professor of computer science and applied mathematics at Harvard University.

                                               

Constantinos Daskalakis

Daskalakis Konstantinos-Greek theoretical computer science. He is a Professor of MITS electrical engineering and faculty of computer Sciences and member of computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of technology artificial intelligence lab. ...

                                               

Jon Kleinberg

John Michael Kleinberg is an American computer scientist and the Tisch University Professor of computer science at Cornell University known for his work in algorithms and networks. He is the winner of the Nevanlinna prize of the International mat ...

                                               

International Congress of Mathematicians

International Congress of mathematicians, the largest conference on the subject of Mathematics. It meets once every four years under the auspices of the International mathematical Union. Fields medals, the Nevanlinna prize, the Gauss prize and th ...

                                               

Rolf Nevanlinna

Rolf Herman Nevanlinna-the Finnish mathematician who made significant contributions to complex analysis.

                                               

Daniel Spielman

Daniel Alan spielman was Professor of applied mathematics and computer science at Yale University since 2006. In 2018, he is the sterling Professor of computer science at Yale University. He is also co-Director of the Yale Institute for network s ...

                                               

Madhu Sudan

Madhu Sudan is an Indian-American computer scientist. He was the Gordon McKay Professor of computer science at the Harvard school John A. Paulson of engineering and applied science, starting in 2015.

                                               

Robert Tarjan

Robert Tarján Endre-American computer scientist and mathematician. He was the discoverer of several graph algorithms, including the algorithm Tarjans off-line lowest common ancestors, as well as co-author of both sloping trees and Fibonacci heaps ...

                                               

Subhash Khot

Subhash Khot, FRS is an Indian-American mathematician and theoretical computer science, which is the Julius silver Professor of computer science in Courant Institute of mathematical Sciences at new York University. Hotz unexpected and original ma ...

                                               

Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize

Prize Carl Friedrich Gauss to applying mathematics is mathematics, given jointly by the international mathematical Union and the German mathematical society for "outstanding mathematical contributions that have found significant applications outs ...

                                               

W. Wallace McDowell Award

Award W. Wallace McDowell award the IEEE computer society for outstanding scientific, design, educational, practical, or other similar innovative contributions that fall within the scope of computer society interest. This is the highest technical ...

                                               

Chern Medal

The Chern medal is an international prize for outstanding achievements throughout the life of higher level in mathematics. The prize is awarded at the International Congress of mathematicians, held every four years.

                                               

Crafoord Prize

The crafoord prize is an annual science prize established in 1980 by Holger hostel, a Swedish industrialist, and his wife Anna-Greta hostel. The prize is awarded in partnership between the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Foundation of a ...

                                               

Shaw Prize

The Shaw prize is an annual award first presented at the prize pool of the show in 2004. Established in 2002 in Hong Kong, how it is done "persons who are currently active in their fields and which have recently achieved distinguished and signifi ...

                                               

Turing Award

ASM prize of A. M. Turing-is an annual prize awarded by the Association of computing machinery for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field". The Turing award is considered the highest award in computer scien ...

                                               

Descartes Prize

The Descartes prize is an annual prize in science of the European Union, named in honor of the French mathematician and philosopher rené Descartes. The award recognizes outstanding scientific and technological achievements as a result of joint Eu ...

                                               

Lomonosov Gold Medal

The gold medal named after M. V. Lomonosov, named after the Russian scientist-scientist M. V. Lomonosov is awarded annually since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the field of natural Sciences and Humanities in the Academy of Sciences of the ...

                                               

Walter Burkert

Walter Burkert was a German scholar of Greek mythology and cult. Professor of classics at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, has taught in the UK and the USA. He has influenced several generations of students of religion since 1960-ies, combi ...

                                               

David Donoho

David Donoho Professor of statistics at Stanford University, where he is also the Anne T. and Robert M. bass Professor in the Humanities and Sciences. His work includes the development of efficient methods for constructing low-dimensional represe ...

                                               

Kiyosi Ito

Ito, a pioneer in the theory of stochastic integration and stochastic differential equations, now known as ito calculus. Its basic concept is the itō Integral, and among the most important results is the change of variable formula, known as ItOs ...

                                               

Edmond Laguerre

Edmond Nicolas Laguerre was a French mathematician, member of the French Academy. Major work in geometry and complex analysis. He also investigated orthogonal polynomials. Laguerres method root-search algorithm given polynomials. He laid the foun ...

                                               

Yves Meyer

Yves F. Meyer is a French mathematician. It is one of the progenitors of the theory of wavelets with proposed wavelet Meyer. Meyer was awarded the Abel in 2017.

                                               

Stanley Osher

Stanley Osher is an American mathematician, known for his enormous contribution in capturing the shock, the level-set methods, and PDE based methods in computer vision and image processing. Osher is Professor at the University of California, Los ...

                                               

Laszlo Fejes Toth

Faesa Laszlo Toth was a Hungarian mathematician who specializiruetsya in geometry. He proved that a lattice pattern is the most effective method for packing of centrally symmetric convex sets in the Euclidean plane. He also investigated problems ...

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