Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 236

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 236

                                               

Donald Knuth

Donald Ervin Knuth is an American scientist, mathematician and Professor Emeritus at Stanford University. He is the recipient of the 1974 ACM Turing award, is unofficially considered the Nobel prize of computer science. He is the author of a mult ...

                                               

Fernando J. Corbato

Fernando josé "Corby" Corbato was the famous American scientist known as a pioneer in the development of time-sharing operating systems.

                                               

Nils Alwall

Nils Alwall, a Swedish Professor, was a pioneer in hemodialysis and the inventor of one of the first practical dialysis. Alwall first by ultrafiltration and introduced the principle of hemofiltration. Alwall called the "father of extracorporeal b ...

                                               

Vladimir Arnold

Vladimir Igorevich Arnold is a Soviet and Russian mathematician. While he is best known for the Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem on the stability of integrable systems, he made important contributions in a number of areas including dynamical syste ...

                                               

Seymour Benzer

Seymour family-run hotel was an American physicist, molecular biologist and geneticist behavior. His career began in the molecular biological revolution of the 1950s years, and in the end he gained fame in the fields of molecular and behavioral g ...

                                               

Roger Blandford

Blandford is known in the Astrophysical community on the process of Blandford of Znayka, which is a model for extracting energy from a black hole. In April 2005, he wrote a letter to the astronomy community showing his concern about the administr ...

                                               

Wallace Smith Broecker

Wallace "Wally" Smith Broecker was an American geochemist. He was Newberry Professor of Earth and environmental Sciences at Columbia University, scientist Columbias lamonday geophysical Observatory and sustainability fellow of the University of A ...

                                               

James Van Allen

James Alfred van Allen was an American space scientist at the University of Iowa. He played an important role in establishing the field of magnetospheric research in space. Radiation belts van Allen was named in his honor, after their discovery o ...

                                               

Carl Woese

Carl Richard Woese is an American microbiologist and biophysicist. Woese is famous for defining archebacteria in 1977 by phylogenetic taxonomy of 16S RNA, a technique he first time that a revolution in Microbiology. He also originated the RNA wor ...

                                               

W. D. Hamilton

William Donald Hamilton, FRS was an English evolutionary biologist, widely recognised as one of the greatest evolutionary theorists of the 20th century. Hamilton became famous through his theoretical work expounding a rigorous genetic basis for t ...

                                               

James Gunn (astronomer)

James Edward Gunn is the Eugene Higgins Professor of astronomy at Princeton University. The Huns of the early theoretical work in astronomy has helped establish the current understanding of how galaxies form and properties of the space between ga ...

                                               

Andrea M. Ghez

Andrea MIA Ghez is an American astronomer and Professor of physics and astronomy at UCLA. In 2004, magazine, discover, listed Ghez as one of the top 20 scientists in the US, which showed a high degree of understanding in their fields.

                                               

Reinhard Genzel

Hansel studied physics at the University of Freiburg and the University of Bonn where he did his doctorate in 1978 and in the same year, a PhD thesis on radio astronomy max Planck Institute for radio astronomy. He then worked at the Harvard-Smith ...

                                               

Daniel H. Janzen

Daniel hunt Janzen is an American evolutionary ecologist, and conservationist. He divides his time between his biology Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, where he is DiMaura Professor of biology conservation, and his research and work i ...

                                               

Charles A. Dinarello

Charles A. Dinarello is a Professor of medicine currently at the University of Colorado in Denver. He is an expert on inflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin-1. Dinarello received his doctor of medicine in 1969 at Yale University and sin ...

                                               

Adolf Seilacher

Adolf "Dolf" Seilacher was a German paleontologist who worked in the field of evolutionary and environmental palaeobiology for more than 60 years. He is best known for his contribution to the study of traces, constructional morphology and structu ...

                                               

Roy Kerr

Roy Patrick Kerr a New Zealand mathematician who discovered the Kerr geometry, the exact solution to the field equations of Einsteins General theory of relativity. His solution models the gravitational field outside a rotating uncharged massive o ...

                                               

Tadamitsu Kishimoto

Tadamitsu Kishimoto is a Japanese immunologist known for research on IgM and cytokines, most famous, interleukin-6. He did his doctoral work under Ejiro discovered IgE, the discoverer of IGE at Johns Hopkins University. He is listed by the Instit ...

                                               

Richard Lewontin

Richard Charles "dick" Lewontin is an American evolutionary biologist, mathematician, geneticist, and social commentator. A leader in the development of the mathematical basis of population genetics and evolutionary theory, he pioneered the appli ...

                                               

Edward Norton Lorenz

Edward Norton Lorenz is an American mathematician and meteorologist, who created the theoretical basis of weather and climate predictability, as well as the basis for computing atmospheric physics and meteorology. He is known as the founder of mo ...

                                               

Ernst Mayr

Not to be confused with Ernst Mayr computer scientist, Ernst Mayer, Ernst Meyer, Ernest Mayer or Ernest May. Ernst Walter Mayr was one of the 20th centuries leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical Explorer, or ...

                                               

Dan McKenzie (geophysicist)

Dan Peter McKenzie, a Professor of Geophysics at the University of Cambridge, and one time head of the Bullard laboratories of the Cambridge Department of Earth Sciences. He wrote the first document that defines the mathematical principles of pla ...

                                               

Syukuro Manabe

Syukuro "Suki" Manabe is a meteorologist and climatologist, who began to use computers for modeling global climate change and natural climate variations.

                                               

Walter Munk

Walter Heinrich Munk was an American physical oceanographer. He was a Professor of Geophysics at the SCRIPPS institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego in La JOLLA. Was born a prominent Austrian family in 1932, Munch w ...

                                               

Robert May, Baron May of Oxford

Robert McCredie may, Baron may of Oxford, HonFAIB is an Australian scientist who was previously chief scientific Advisor to the UK government, President of the Royal society, Professor of the University of Sydney and Princeton University. He now ...

                                               

Louis Nirenberg

Louis Nirenberg was a canadian-American mathematician, considered one of the most outstanding mathematicians of the 20th century. He has made fundamental contributions to linear and nonlinear differential equations and their application to comple ...

                                               

Eugene Odum

Presents Eugene Odum was an American biologist at the University of Georgia known for his pioneering work on the ecology of the ecosystem. He and his brother Howard T. Odum wrote the popular textbook on ecology, fundamentals of ecology. In the Od ...

                                               

Jim Peebles

Philip James Edwin Peebles is a canadian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, cosmologist and theoretical, which is currently the albert Einstein Professor Emeritus of science at Princeton University. He is considered one of the worlds leading th ...

                                               

Martin Rees

Martin John Rees, Baron Rice, of Ludlow, a British cosmologist and astrophysicist. He was the astronomer Royal since 1995 and was master of Trinity College, Cambridge from 2004 to 2012 and President of the Royal society between 2005 and 2010.

                                               

Alexander Rudensky

Alexander Rudensky is an immunologist at the cancer center memorial Sloan-Kettering is known for his research on regulatory T cells and the transcription factor Foxp3.

                                               

Susan Solomon

Susan Solomon is an atmospheric chemist, working for most of his career in the National oceanic and atmospheric administration. In 2011, Solomon joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she serves as the Ellen swallow Richards Prof ...

                                               

Edwin Ernest Salpeter

Born in Vienna into a Jewish family, Salpeter emigrated from Austria to Australia In his Teens, escaping from the Nazis. He attended Sydney boys high school 1939-40 and Sydney University, where he received his bachelors degree in 1944 and a maste ...

                                               

Lyman Spitzer

Strong Lyman Spitzer Jr., an American physicist, astronomer and mountaineer. As a scientist, he conducted research in the field of star formation, plasma physics, and in 1946, he conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. Spitzer ...

                                               

Henry Stommel

Henry "Hank" Melson Stommel makes a significant contribution to the field of physical Oceanography. Since the 1940s, he advanced theories about global ocean circulation and behavior of the Gulf stream, which form the basis of todays physical Ocea ...

                                               

Allan Sandage

Allan Sandage Rex is an American astronomer. He was Honorary fellow of the Carnegie Observatories in Pasadena, California. He determined the first accurate values of the Hubble constant and the age of the Universe.

                                               

Rashid Sunyaev

Sunyaev Rashid Alievich-the Soviet and Russian astrophysicist Tatar origin. He was educated at the Moscow Institute of physics and technology. He became a Professor at MIPT in 1974. Sunyaev was the head of the Department of high energies of the R ...

                                               

Terence Tao

Terence Chi-Shen Tao is an Australian-American mathematician, who worked in various areas of mathematics. He currently focuses on harmonic analysis, differential equations, algebraic combinatorics, arithmetic combinatorics, geometric combinatoric ...

                                               

Robert Trivers

Robert Ludlow "Bob" Trivers is an American evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist. Trivers proposed the theory of reciprocal altruism, parental investment, facultative sex ratio determination, parents and offspring conflict. He has also contri ...

                                               

E. O. Wilson

Edward Osborne Wilson is generally referred to as E. O. Wilson, American biologist, naturalist and writer. His biological specialty is myrmecology, the study of ants, on which he was named the worlds leading expert. Wilson was named the "father o ...

                                               

Marc Feldmann

Feldman was born 2 December 1944 in Lviv to a Jewish family who managed to get to France immediately postwar. He emigrated from France to Australia at the age of eight years. After graduating with a masters degree from the University of Melbourne ...

                                               

Ilkka Hanski

Ilkka Aulis Hanski was a Finnish ecologist at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Research center Metapopulation led by Hanski, until his death, was nominated as a centre of excellence by the Academy of Finland. Group analysis of species living ...

                                               

Fred Hoyle

Sir Fred Hoyle FRS was an English astronomer who formulated the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis. He has also taken controversial stances on other scientific matters - in particular his rejection of the "Big Bang" Theory, a term coined by them t ...

                                               

Yakov Eliashberg

Yakov Eliashberg is an American mathematician who was born in Leningrad, USSR. He received the degree of doctor of philosophy at the Leningrad University in 1972 under the leadership of Vladimir Rokhlin. From 1972 to 1979 he taught at the Syktyvk ...

                                               

Paul R. Ehrlich

Paul Ralph Ehrlich is an American biologist, best known for his warnings about the consequences of population growth and limited resources. He is Bing Professor of population studies in the Department of biology at Stanford University and Preside ...

                                               

Grigori Perelman

Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman, born 13 June 1966) is a Russian mathematician. He made contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology. In 1994, Perelman proved the soul conjecture. In 2003, he proved Thurstons geometrization conjecture ...

                                               

Ruslan Medzhitov

Ruslan M. Medzhitov, Professor of Immunobiology at the Yale school of medicine, member, Yale cancer center, and medical Institute Howard Hughes investigator. His research focuses on the analysis of the immune system, inflammatory response, innate ...

                                               

Bonnie Bassler

Bonnie Lynn Bassler is an American molecular biologist, who was studying chemical communication between bacteria, known as quorum sensing, and contributed to the idea that the destruction of chemical signals can be used as antibacterial therapy. ...

                                               

Charles L. Bennett

Charles L. Bennett is an American observational astrophysicist. He is the Bloomberg distinguished Professor of the centennial graduates of physics and astronomy and a Gilman scholar at Johns Hopkins University. He is principal investigator of NAS ...

                                               

Michael Berridge

Sir Michael John Berridge, British physiologist and biochemist. Born and raised in southern Rhodesia, he is best known for his work on cellular transmembrane signalling, in particular the discovery that Inositol triphosphate acts as a secondary m ...

                                               

Herbert Boyer

Herbert Wayne "herb" Boyer is a researcher and entrepreneur in biotechnology. Along with N. Stanley Cohen and Paul Berg he found a way to persuade bacteria to produce foreign proteins, thereby starting the engine in the field of genetic engineeri ...

                                               

Adrian Bird

Sir Adrian Peter bird, a British geneticist and Buchanan Professor of genetics at the University of Edinburgh. The bird spent most of his academic career in Edinburgh, from receiving his doctorate in 1970 to work on the installation of the MRC ma ...

                                               

Rainer Weiss

Rainer Rai Weiss-American physicist, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. He is an Emeritus Professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of technology and adjunct Professor in LSU. He is best known for the ...

                                               

Claire Voisin

Claire Voisin was a French mathematician, known for his work in algebraic geometry. She is a member of the French Academy of Sciences and holds the chair of algebraic geometry at the Collège de France.

                                               

Richard S. Hamilton

He received his B. A in 1963 from Yale University and a Ph. D. in 1966 from Princeton University. Robert gunning supervised his dissertation. Hamilton taught at the University of California, Irvine, University of California, San Diego, Cornell Un ...

                                               

Peter Goldreich

Peter Goldreich is an American astrophysicist whose research focuses on celestial mechanics, planetary rings, helioseismology and neutron stars. Currently, he is Professor Lee DuBridge of astrophysics and planetary physics, California Institute o ...

                                               

Everett Peter Greenberg

Everett Peter Greenberg-an American microbiologist. He was Professor of Microbiology at Department of Microbiology, University of Washington in Seattle since 2005. In 2015 he was Co-recipient of the Shaw prize in life science and medicine for his ...

                                               

David C. Jewitt

David Clifford Jewitt-British-American astronomer studying Solar system, especially the small bodies. It is based at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is a member of the Institute of Geophysics and planetary physics, Director of ...

                                               

David Julius

David Julius George. - American physiologist, known for his work on the molecular mechanisms underlying the definition of the thermal stimuli and natural products. He is a Professor at the University of California, San Francisco, and received the ...

                                               

Richard Doll

Sir William Richard doll Shaboe was a British physician who became an epidemiologist in the mid-20th century and made an important contribution in this discipline. He was a pioneer in research linking Smoking to health problems. With Ernst Wynder ...

                                               

Huda Zoghbi

The zoghbi Huda Yahya, was born Huda al-Hibri, is a Lebanese-American geneticist and Professor of molecular genetics and human genetics, Baylor College of medicine. Her work has helped to clarify the mechanisms of rett syndrome and spinocerebella ...

                                               

Indochine (film)

Indochine is a 1992 French drama film set in colonial French Indochina during the 1930s to 1950s years. This is the story of Eliane DeVries, a French plantation owner and her adopted Vietnamese daughter, Camille, with the growth of the Vietnamese ...

                                               

Luis Caffarelli

Luis ángel Caffarelli is an Argentinian mathematician and specialist in the field of differential equations and their applications.

                                               

Mary-Claire King

Mary-Claire king American cancer society Professor of genome Sciences and medical genetics in the Department of medicine at the University of Washington. She is studying human genetics and is particularly interested in the genetic heterogeneity a ...

                                               

Janos Kollar

Kollar began his studies at the Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest and later received his doctorate at Brandeis University in 1984 under the leadership Teruhisa Matsusaka with the thesis of the canonical three-dimensional manifolds. He was a re ...

                                               

Douglas L. Coleman

Douglas L. Coleman was a scientist and Professor at the Jackson Laboratory in bar Harbor, Maine. His work predicted that the Association of genes that encoded the hormone leptin, later opened in 1994, Jeffrey Friedman, Rudolph Leibel and their re ...

                                               

Stanley Norman Cohen

Stanley Norman Cohen is an American geneticist and Kwoh-ting Li Professor at Stanford University School of medicine. Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer were the first scientists to transplant genes from one living organism to another fundamental dis ...

                                               

Jane Luu

Dr. Jane X. Luu is a Vietnamese American astronomer and engineer defense systems. She was awarded Kavli for 2012 "for the discovery and characterizing the Kuiper belt and its largest members, work that led to a major breakthrough in the understan ...

                                               

Geoffrey Marcy

Jeffrey William Marcy, an American astronomer. He is one of the pioneers and leaders in the field of detection and characterization of exoplanets. Marcy, Professor of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley and adjunct Professor of ph ...

                                               

Kazutoshi Mori

Kazutoshi Mori is a Japanese molecular biologist known for research on a detailed response protein. He is a Professor of Biophysics in the graduate school of science, Kyoto University, and shares the 2014 albert Lasker basic medical research awar ...

                                               

Jules A. Hoffmann

Jules A. Hoffmann is a Luxembourg-born French biologist. As a youth growing up in Luxembourg, he developed a great interest in insects under the influence of his father, Jos Hoffmann. In the end, its brought the young Hoffman dedication in the fi ...

                                               

Lyman Page

Lyman Alexander page, Jr., James S. McDonnell distinguished Professor of physics at Princeton University. He is an expert in the field of observational cosmology and one of the original co-investigators for the WMAP probe, which made accurate obs ...

                                               

Saul Perlmutter

Saul Perlmutter is an astrophysicist at the U.S. National laboratory Lawrence Berkeley and Professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a member of the American Academy of arts and Sciences, and was elected man of the Ame ...

                                               

Let the Bullets Fly

Let the bullets fly is a 2010 action Comedy film written and directed by Jiang Wen, based on the story by MA Shitu, a famous Sichuanese writer. The film is set in Sichuan during the 1920s when the bandit Zhang descends on the town posing as its n ...

                                               

Five Shaolin Masters

Five Shaolin masters.to.and. 5 masters of death is a 1974 Shaw brothers kung fu film directed by Zhang Che with action choreography by Lau Kar Leung and Lau Kar Wing. The film is dedicated Shaolins historic rivalries with the Qing dynasty.

                                               

Adam Riess

Adam guy Riess is an American astrophysicist and Bloomberg Professor Emeritus at Johns Hopkins University and research Institute space telescope and known for his research in using supernovae as cosmological probes. Riess shared the 2006 award sh ...

                                               

David Spergel

David Nathaniel spergel website, American theoretical astrophysicist and Princeton University Professor, known for his work on the WMAP mission. The website spergel is a MacArthur. He is a member of the Advisory Board of NASA, and Chairman of the ...

                                               

Edward C. Stone

Edward Carroll stone-American space scientist, Professor of physics at the California Institute of technology and former Director of the jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA.

                                               

Michel Talagrand

Michel Pierre Talagrand-French mathematician. Dr. es Sciences since 1977, he has been, since 1985, Director of research at CNRS and a member of the functional analysis of the Institute Mathematique Paris. Talagrand was elected as correspondent of ...

                                               

Richard Taylor (mathematician)

Richard Lawrence Taylor is a British mathematician working in the field of number theory. Currently, he is Professor of mathematics at Stanford University and the Institute for advanced study. Taylor received the 2014 breakthrough prize in mathem ...

                                               

Kip Thorne

Kip Stephen Thorne is an American theoretical physicist, Nobel prize laureate, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. Longtime friend and colleague of Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan, he was the Feynman Professor of ...

                                               

Andrew Wiles

Sir Andrew John wiles is a British mathematician and a Royal society Professor at Oxford University, specializing in number theory. It is most famous for proving Fermats Last Theorem, for which he was awarded the Abel 2016 and 2017, the Copley me ...

                                               

Simon White

Simon David Manton White, FRS is a British astrophysicist. He was one of the Directors of the max Planck Institute for astrophysics until his retirement at the end of 2019.

                                               

Peter Walter

Peter Walter is a German-American molecular biologist and biochemist, Professor of University of California, San Francisco.

                                               

Ludvig Faddeev

Ludwig Dmitriyevich Faddeev-Soviet and Russian physicist and mathematician. He is known for the discovery of Faddeev equations in the theory of quantum-mechanical three-body problem and for the development of path integral methods in the quantiza ...

                                               

Jeffrey M. Friedman

Jeffrey M. Friedman is a molecular geneticist at new York University, the Rockefeller Center and medical Institute investigator Howard Hughes. His discovery of the hormone leptin and its role in the regulation of body weight and plays an importan ...

                                               

Franz-Ulrich Hartl

Franz-Ulrich Hartl is a German biochemist and Director of the max Planck Institute of biochemistry. He is known for his pioneering work in the field of protein-mediated protein folding and is a recipient of the Lasker award 2011, together with Ar ...

                                               

Nigel Hitchin

Nigel Hitchin FRS James is a British mathematician working in the field of differential geometry, algebraic geometry and mathematical physics. He is an honorary Professor of mathematics at Oxford University.

                                               

Arthur L. Horwich

Arthur L. Horwich, an American biologist and sterling Professor of genetics and Pediatrics at Yale school of medicine. Horwich also medical Institute investigator Howard Hughes in 1990. His study of protein folding revealed actions chaperonin, pr ...

                                               

Shiing-Shen Chern

Shiing-Shen Chern, Chinese-American mathematician and poet. He made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology. It has been called "the father of modern differential geometry" and is considered a leader in geometry and one of ...

                                               

Black hole

A black hole is region in space-time exhibiting the gravitational acceleration is so strong that nothing, no particles or even electromagnetic radiation such as light can escape from it. General relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mas ...

                                               

Frank Shu

Frank H. Shu is an American astrophysicist, astronomer and author. Currently he is a Professor of the University Emeritus Professor of astronomy at the University of California at Berkeley and the University of California, San Diego.

                                               

Shinya Yamanaka

Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese Nobel prize-winning stem-cell researcher. He serves as Director of the Center for research and application of stem cells, Professor, Institute for frontier medical Sciences at Kyoto University, senior investigator at the ...

                                               

Turing test

The Turing test developed by Alan Turing in 1950, is a test of machine ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from humans. Turing proposed that a person evaluator will judge natural language communication betw ...

                                               

Leonard Adleman

Leonard Adleman is an American computer scientist. It is one of the authors of the RSA encryption algorithm, for which he received the 2002 Turing award, often called the Nobel prize of computer science. It is also known to create in the field of ...

                                               

Kenneth E. Iverson

Kenneth Eugene Iverson was a canadian scientist noted for the development of the programming language APL. He was awarded the Turing award in 1979 "for his pioneering effort in programming languages and mathematical notation resulting in the comp ...

                                               

Frances E. Allen

Frances Elizabeth "Fran" Allen is an American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of optimizing compilers. Allen was the first female IBM fellow and in 2006 became the first female winner of the Turing award. Her achievements include fund ...

                                               

Association for Computing Machinery

The Association for computing machinery is an international scientific society for computing. It was founded in 1947 and is the worlds largest scientific and educational computing society. ASM is a non-profit professional group membership, claimi ...

                                               

Charles Bachman

Charles William Bachman III was an American computer scientist who spent his entire career as an industrial researcher, developer, and Manager, not at the Academy. He was especially known for his work in the early development of database manageme ...

                                               

Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and scientist in the field of computer science known as the inventor of the world wide web. He is a Professor of computer science at the University of Oxford and Professor a ...

                                               

Fred Brooks

Frederick Phillips "Fred" Brooks, Jr. is an American computer architect, engineer and scientist, best known for managing the development of complex system / 360 family of computers and OS / 360 software package, then write openly about the proces ...

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