Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 236

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 236



                                               

Lemanea

Lemanea is a genus of freshwater red algae, in the order Batrachospermales. Both species are considered to be widespread in the northern hemisphere. Although placed in the Rhodophyta it in fact is green in colour.

                                               

Lithophyllum

This genus is known in the fossil record from the Silurian to the Quaternary from about 418.7 to 0.0 million years ago. Fossils of species within this genus have been found in Europe, United States, South America, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, India, Japan ...

                                               

Meristotheca

Meristotheca is a widely distributed genus of red algae some of whose species are eaten as edible seaweed. In particular, the type species, M. papulosa is a popular vegetable in Taiwan and Japan.

                                               

Mesophyllum

Patterson, D. 2001. Platypus checklist of Protoctista. Hamel, G. & Lemoine, P. 1953. Corallinacees de France et dAfrique du Nord. Archs Mus. nat. Hist. nat. Paris VII Ser. 7, 1: 15-136. Lemoine, M. 1928. Un nouveau genre de Melobesiees: Mesophyll ...

                                               

Peyssonnelia

Peyssonnelia is a genus of thalloid red alga comprising approximately 63 species. It includes the algae commonly known as rumoi-iwanokawa, mayoi-iwanokawa and akase-iwanokawa. Specimens can reach around 20 cm in size. Peyssonnelia produces tetras ...

                                               

Phyllophora

As of August 2017, the World Register of Marine Species included the following species in the genus Phyllophora: Phyllophora herediae Clemente J.Agardh, 1842. Phyllophora pseudoceranoides S.G.Gmelin Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor, 1971. Phyllophora peruv ...

                                               

Phymatolithon

Phymatolithon is a genus of non geniculate coralline red algae, known from the UK, and Australia. It is encrusting, flat, and unbranched, it has tetrasporangia and bisporangia borne in multiporate conceptacles. Some of its cells bear small holes ...

                                               

Plocamium

Plocamium is a genus of red algae in the family Plocamiaceae. It contains around 40 species and has a cosmopolitan distribution in temperate seas. Plocamium has erect elliptical thalli that grow up to 50 cm in length. They are bright red in color ...

                                               

Polysiphonia

Polysiphonia is a genus of filamentous red algae with about 19 species on the coasts of the British Isles and about 200 species worldwide, including Crete in Greece, Antarctica and Greenland. Its members are known by a number of common names. It ...

                                               

Porolithon

Porolithon is a genus of red algae comprising 24 species. The Porolithon are the primary reef building algae. When coral reefs reach sea level, the corals break under the high energy impact of the waves, while the coralline red algae, primarily P ...

                                               

Rhodochorton

Rhodochorton is a genus of filamentous red alga adapted to low light levels. It may form tufts or a thin purple "turf" up to 5 millimetres high. The filaments branch infrequently, usually at the tips.

                                               

Sirodotia

Sirodotia Kylin is a genus of freshwater red alga which was described by Kylin in 1912. The family Batrachospermaceae belongs to the order Batrachospermales and has six well known genera namely Batrachospermum, Kumanoa, Sirodotia, Nothocladus, Tu ...

                                               

Sporolithon

the World Register of Marine Species includes the following species in the genus:- Sporolithon durum Foslie R.A.Townsend & Woelkerling, 1995. Sporolithon timorense Foslie P.C.Silva, 1987. Sporolithon episporum M.A.Howe E.Y.Dawson, 1960. Sporolith ...

                                               

Synarthrophyton

Synarthrophyton is a genus of thalloid red algae comprising eight species. The monomerous, crustose thalli are composed of a single system of filaments which grow close to the underlying surface. Synarthrophyton reproduces by means of flask-shape ...

                                               

Thorea

Thorea is a genus of freshwater algae in the Phylum Rhodophyta. Thorea is a small alga with filaments up to 200 cm long, dark green in colour and not red as are marine Rhodophyta. The filaments have only as few secondary branches. Thorea is distr ...

                                               

Vidalia (alga)

Vidalia kuetzingioides Harvey J.Agardh P. Vidalia melvillii J.Agardh F.Schmitz S. Vidalia colensoi J.D.Hooker & Harvey J.Agardh P. Vidalia intermedia J.Agardh S. Vidalia spiralis Lamouroux ex J.Agardh C - type. Vidalia pumila Sonder S. Vidalia fi ...

                                               

Desmarestiales

Desmarestiales is an order in the brown algae. Members of this order have terete or ligulate pinnately branched thalli attached by discoid holdfasts. They have a sporphytic thallus usually aggregated to form a pseudo-parenchyma. The order gets it ...

                                               

Dictyotales

Dictyotales is a large order in the brown algae. Members of this order generally prefer warmer waters than other brown algae. One genus in this order is calcareous, Padina, the only calcareous member of this phylum. Dictyota dominates 70% of the ...

                                               

Ectocarpales

Ectocarpales is a very large order in the brown algae. The order includes families with pseudoparenchymatous or true parenchymatous tissue. Pseudoparenchymatous refers to a filamentous alga with cells packed very close together to give an appeara ...

                                               

Fucales

The Fucales are an order in the brown algae. The list of families in the Fucales, as well as additional taxonomic information on algae, is publicly accessible at Algaebase. In the Phaeophyceae class is part of the division Heterokontophyta. This ...

                                               

Desmarestia aculeata

Desmarestia ligulata is a species of brown algae found worldwide. Its common names include color changer, Desmarests flattened weed, and sea sorrel, though the last name can refer to other species of Desmarestia.

                                               

Desmarestia herbacea

Desmarestia herbacea is a species of brown algae found worldwide. Its common names include color changer, Desmarests flattened weed, and sea sorrel, though the last name can also refer to other species of Desmarestia.

                                               

Desmarestia viridis

Desmarestia viridis is a species of brown algae found worldwide. Its common names include stringy acid kelp, green acid kelp, Desmarests green weed, and sea sorrel, though the last name can refer to other species of Desmarestia. The light brown t ...

                                               

Scytosiphon lomentaria

Scytosiphon lomentaria is a littoral brown seaweed with an irregularly lobed many filamentous form. It is a member of the Phaeophyta in the order Dictyosiphonales and grows attached to shells and stones in rock-pools and in near-shore waters. The ...

                                               

Ectocarpus siliculosus

Ectocarpus siliculosus is a filamentous brown alga. Its genome was the first brown macroalgal genome to be sequenced, with the expectation that E. siliculosus will serve as a genetic and genomic model for brown macroalgae. Algae is filamentous an ...

                                               

Bifurcaria

Bifurcaria is a genus of brown algae seaweeds found on rocky North American and European shores and tidepools of the Atlantic Ocean. One species is also found on the shores of the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

                                               

Cystophora (alga)

According to AlgaeBASE: Cystophora platylobium Mertens J.Agardh. Cystophora grevillei C.Agardh ex Sonder J.Agardh. Cystophora polycystidea Areschoug ex J.Agardh. Cystophora pectinata Greville & C.Agardh ex Sonder J.Agardh. Cystophora monilifera J ...

                                               

Cystoseira

Cystoseira is characterized by highly differentiated basal and apical regions and the presence of catenate pneumatocysts air-vesicles. In Cystoseira old plants have an elongated main axis, and in time the primary laterals become proportionally el ...

                                               

Cystoseira baccata

Cystoseira baccata is a species of brown seaweed in the family Fucaceae. It is found in the north east Atlantic, the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The species name baccata means "berry-like" and refers to the small air bladders.

                                               

Durvillaea

Durvillaea is a genus of brown algae in the monotypic family Durvillaeaceae. All members of the genus are found in the southern hemisphere, particularly New Zealand, South America, Australia and various subantarctic islands. The common name for D ...

                                               

Fucus

The thallus is perennial with an irregular or disc-shaped holdfast or with haptera. The erect portion of the thallus is dichotomous or subpinnately branched, flattened and with a distinct midrib. Gas-filled pneumatocysts air-vesicles are present ...

                                               

Fucus gardneri

Fucus gardneri is a species of seaweed, a brown alga living on the littoral shore of the Pacific coasts of North America. It has the common names of rockweed and bladderwrack.

                                               

Fucus guiryi

Fucus guiryi is a brown alga in the family Fucaceae. It is known from numerous locations along the east coast of the North Atlantic Ocean, from Ireland to the Canary Islands. The species is named after the Irish botanist Michael D. Guiry.

                                               

Fucus radicans

Fucus radicans is a species of brown algae in the family Fucaceae, endemic to and recently evolved within the Baltic Sea. The species was first described by Lena Bergstrom and Lena Kautsky in 2005 from a location in Ångermanland, Sweden. The spec ...

                                               

Halidrys siliquosa

Halidrys siliquosa is a large brown alga growing to a length of 120 centimetres 47 in. The fronds are somewhat flattened, tough and leathery. They and less than 1 cm broad. The branches occur alternately arranged in one plane. Air bladders occur ...

                                               

Himanthalia

Himanthalia is a genus of brown algae. It is the only genus in the family Himanthaliaceae in the order Fucales. It includes two species: Himanthalia durvillei and Himanthalia elongata.

                                               

Hormosira

Hormosira banksii, also known as Neptunes necklace, Neptunes pearls, sea grapes, or bubbleweed) is a species of seaweed native to Australia and New Zealand. It is abundant on low-energy rocky reefs at midtide levels, where it outcompetes other al ...

                                               

Notheia anomala

Notheia anomala is a macroalgae in the family Notheiceae and the order Fucales. It is native to New Zealand and Australia. It is an obligate epiphyte that is commonly found growing on Hormosira. Hormosira is also from the order Fucales - and it i ...

                                               

Phyllospora comosa

Phyllospora comosa, known as crayweed, is a species of brown algae in the Seirococcaceae family that is a type of temperate seaweed forest important as habitat for many marine species and also for producing oxygen and capturing atmospheric carbon ...

                                               

Sargassum horneri

Sargassum horneri is a species of brown macroalgae that is common along the coast of Japan and Korea. It is an annual algae which has a varying fertile season along the coast. In Wakasa Bay it began to grow in early autumn through winter, becomin ...

                                               

Sargassum linearifolium

Sargassum linearifolium is a species of brown macroalgae that is common along the coast of southern Australia, though probably excluding Tasmania. The most widely distributed southern Australian species of Sargassum. Often common in rock pools or ...

                                               

Sargassum miyabei

Sargassum miyabei is a species of seaweed native to East Asia and Southeast Asia, from eastern Russia and Japan to Vietnam and the Philippines. It belongs to the subgenus Bactrophycus, section Teretia of the genus Sargassum.

                                               

Sargassum pallidum

Sargassum pallidum is a species of seaweed native to East Asia and Southeast Asia. It belongs to the subgenus Bactrophycus, section Teretia of the genus Sargassum. Along with Sargassum fusiforme, S. pallidum is often dried and processed into a tr ...

                                               

Silvetia

Silvetia is a genus of brown algae, commonly known as rockweed, found in the intertidal zone of rocky seashores of the Pacific Ocean. These were originally classified as members of the genus Pelvetia. In 1999, Silvetia sp. was created as a separa ...

                                               

Turbinaria (alga)

Turbinaria is a genus of brown algae found primarily in tropical marine waters. It generally grows on rocky substrates. In tropical Turbinaria species that are often preferentially consumed by herbivorous fishes and echinoids, there is a relative ...

                                               

Turbinaria ornata

Turbinaria ornata is a tropical brown algae of the order Fucales native to coral reef ecosystems of the South Pacific. It can quickly colonize these ecosystems due in part to its method of dispersing by detaching older and more buoyant fronds tha ...

                                               

Chorda

Chorda is a genus of thalloid brown algae including two species. It is the only genus in the family Chordaceae. Its members are known by a number of common names including: mermaids fishing line, tsurumo, rualach, doruithe briain, sea laces, merm ...

                                               

Ralfsia verrucosa

Ralfsia verrucosa is a species of crustose brown seaweed in the family Ralfsiaceae. It grows intertidally in temperate waters around the world. In South Africa it is part of a mutualistic relationship with a limpet.

                                               

Saccorhiza polyschides

Saccorhiza polyschides is a large and bulky seaweed growing to 2-2.5 metres long. The holdfast is a large, bulbous hollow, knobbly structure. The stipe is long, tough, leathery and rigid and is several centimetres wide. Near the base the margin f ...

                                               

Arthrothamnus

Arthrothamnus is a genus of brown alga comprising approximately 2 species. It includes the algae commonly known as nekoashi-kombu, oarweed and chishima-nekoashi-kombu. Bifurcariopsis reproduces by means of conceptacles, it produces tetraspores an ...

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