Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 257

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 257



                                               

Moray eel

Moray eels, or Muraenidae, are a family of eels whose members are found worldwide. There are approximately 200 species in 15 genera which are almost exclusively marine, but several species are regularly seen in brackish water, and a few are found ...

                                               

Muraena

Muraena is a genus of twelve species of large eels in the family Muraenidae. This genus is common in the Mediterranean sea and is in abundance in tropical and subtropical seas, especially in rocky or coral reefs. For the most part, long fin from ...

                                               

Neopycnodonte

Neopycnodonte is a genus of marine bivalve molluscs belonging to the family Gryphaeidae. This genus is very well represented in the fossil record, however, the number of living beings is very small. We know that the fossils of the species Neopycn ...

                                               

Oplegnathus

Oplegnathus is currently the sole recognized genus in the knifejaw family of marine perciform fishes. The largest, the Cape knifejaw, can reach a maximum length around 90 cm. Knifejaws have teeth fused into a parrot-like beak in adulthood. They f ...

                                               

Peculator (gastropod)

Species within the genus Peculator include: Peculator baccatus Cernohorsky, 1980. Peculator obconicus Powell, 1952. Peculator porphyria Verco, 1896. Peculator hedleyi Murdoch, 1905. Peculator verconis Iredale, 1924.

                                               

Penion

Siphon whelks are large, benthic marine snails, or whelks. Penion usually called a siphon clams, because they have a very long siphon. Species usually have large, pointed Gill covers. Radulae have 3 or 4 folds on the lateral teeth and 3 cusps on ...

                                               

Physiculus

The 42 currently recognized species in this genus are: Physiculus sazonovi Paulin, 1991. Physiculus coheni Paulin, 1989. Physiculus kaupi Poey, 1865. Physiculus marisrubri Bruss, 1986. Physiculus karrerae Paulin, 1989. Physiculus normani Bruss, 1 ...

                                               

Pitheciinae

Pitheciinae is a subfamily of the New World monkey family Pitheciidae. It contains three genera and 14 species. Pitheciines are forest dwellers from northern and central South America, east of the Andes. They are small and medium-sized primates, ...

                                               

Planes (genus)

Planes is a genus of crabs in the family Grapsidae that currently comprises three extant species: Planes minutus, Planes marinus Rathbun, 1914, and Planes major. A further fossil species is known from the Middle Miocene of the Caucasus.

                                               

Pleioptygma

Pleioptygma is a genus of large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Muricoidea. Pleioptygma-a kind type of family Pleioptygmatidae and is the only genus in the family Pleioptygmatidae.

                                               

Schilderia

The shell size of these sea snails varies between 22 mm and 50 mm. The dorsum surface is usually brown, while the base is white. Species within this genus are widespread in the western Mediterranean sea and along the coasts of the western Africa.

                                               

Sigmoilina

Sigmoilina ia a miliolid genus, referring to the foraminiferal order Miliolida, characterized by an assymmetricall biconvex test formed by strongly overlapping chambers, one-half coil in length, that form a sigmoid curve in cross section. The str ...

                                               

Sigmoilinita

Sigmoilinita is a miliolid genus with an ovate to fusuform test that becomes flattened with growth. Chambers are tubular, one-half coil in length, at first added in a sigmoiline series starting at slightly more than 180° apart. the angle graduall ...

                                               

Sigmoilopsis

Sigmoilinopsis is a genus of miliolid Foraminifera, with an ovate test, chambers one-half coil in length, arranged in rapidly changing planes in the early stage resulting in two spiralling series that appear sigmoid in section, gradually becoming ...

                                               

Sinezona

The shell has turbinate or depressed turbinate form. The anal fissure is closed, forming a foramen in the outer wall of the aperture. The slit fasciole is shorter, not over 1½ whorls in length. Sinezona is Scissurella in which anal gap will be cl ...

                                               

Spalacidae

The Spalacidae, or spalacids, are a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. They are native to eastern Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and southeastern Europe. It includes the blind mole-rats, bamboo rats, mole ...

                                               

Stiff-tailed duck

The stiff-tailed ducks, Oxyura, are part of the Oxyurini tribe of ducks. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek oxus, "sharp", and oura, "tail". All are, as their name implies, long stiff tail feathers which are erected when the bird is res ...

                                               

Tarantula

Tarantulas comprise a group of large and often hairy spiders belonging to the family Theraphosidae. Currently, about 1.000 species have been identified. The term tarantula is usually used to describe members of the family Theraphosidae, although ...

                                               

Tern

Terns are seabirds in the family Laridae that have a worldwide distribution and are normally found near the sea, rivers, or wetlands. Terns are treated as a subgroup of the family Laridae which includes gulls and skimmers and consist of eleven ge ...

                                               

Tragelaphini

The tribe Tragelaphini, or the spiral-horned antelopes, are bovines that are endemic to sub-Sahara Africa. These include the bushbuck, kudus, and the elands. The scientific name is in reference to the mythical creature the tragelaph, a Chimera wi ...

                                               

Triloculinoides

Triloculinoides is a genus of Miocene to recent forams, included in the miliolid family Haurinidae, resembling Triloculina except for the aperture, which in the adult stage the forks of the bifid tooth join to form a ring. Triloculinoides has bee ...

                                               

Tripterygion

Tripterygion is a genus of fish in the family Tripterygiidae, the threefin blennies, the species of which are found in the north eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.

                                               

Tyto

Tyto is a genus of birds consisting of true barn owls, grass owls and masked owls that collectively make up all the species within the subfamily Tytoninae of the barn owl family, Tytonidae.

                                               

Uberella

Species within the genus Uberella include: Uberella vitrea Hutton, 1873. † Uberella keyesi Marwick, 1965. † Uberella maesta Marwick, 1924. Uberella barrierensis Marwick, 1924. † Uberella pseudovitrea Finlay, 1924. Uberella denticulifera Marwick, ...

                                               

Ventrifossa

There are currently 23 recognized species in this genus Ventrifossa longibarbata Okamura, 1982. Ventrifossa nasuta J. L. B. Smith, 1935 Conesnout grenadier. Ventrifossa saikaiensis Okamura, 1984. Ventrifossa teres Sazonov & Iwamoto, 1992. Ventrif ...

                                               

Vulpes

Vulpes is a genus of the Canidae. The members of this genus are colloquially referred to as true foxes, meaning they form a proper clade. The word "fox" occurs on the common names of species. True foxes are distinguished from members of the genus ...

                                               

Wombat

Wombats are short-legged, muscular quadrupedal marsupials that are native to Australia. They are about 1 m in length with small, stubby tails and weigh between 20 and 35 kg. There are three extant species and they are all members of the family Vo ...

                                               

Argyropeza

Argyropeza is a genus of small deep-sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Procerithiidae. The name of this genus comes from the Greek word arguropeza "silver feet", the epithet given by Homer in the sea nymph Thetis.

                                               

Bigfin squid

Bigfin squids are a group of rarely seen cephalopods with a distinctive morphology. They are placed in the genus Magnapinna and family Magnapinnidae. Although the family is known only from larval, paralarval, and juvenile specimens, some authorit ...

                                               

Blancocamelus

Blancocamelus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore the family Camelidae, endemic to North America during the Pliocene through Pleistocene - 4.9 million years ago until 300.000 years ago, existing for approximately 4.6 million years.

                                               

Cruciloculina

Cruciloculina is a genus of foraminifers included in the Miliolidae from the Neogene, closely resembling Triloculina Test free, chambers one-half coil in length, added in planes 120 degrees. in addition, as in Triloculina. Tests rounded to triang ...

                                               

Cubiceps

There are currently 10 recognized species in this genus: Cubiceps whiteleggii Waite, 1894 Shadow driftfish. Cubiceps pauciradiatus Gunther, 1872 Longfin fathead. Cubiceps gracilis R. T. Lowe, 1843 Driftfish. Cubiceps capensis A. Smith, 1845 Cape ...

                                               

Papionini

The Papionini are a tribe of Old World monkeys that includes several large monkey species, which include the macaques of North Africa and Asia, as well as the baboons, geladas, mangabeys, kipunji, drills, and mandrills, which are essentially from ...

                                               

Zenion

There are currently four recognized recent species in this genus: Zenion longipinnis Kotthaus, 1970. Zenion leptolepis Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924 elongate dory. Zenion hololepis Goode & T. H. Bean, 1896. Zenion japonicum Kamohara, 1934 Japanese ...

                                               

Actinidia

Actinidia is a genus of woody and, with a few exceptions, dioecious plants native to temperate eastern Asia, occurring throughout most of China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan, and extending north to southern areas of Russian Far East and south into In ...

                                               

Amphistegina

Amphistegina is a genus of foraminiferal protists included in the Rotaliida with a stritigraphic range extending from the Eocene to recent and a cosmopolitan distribution. The test is an asymmetrically biconvex trochospiral that may be bi-involut ...

                                               

Anomaluromorpha

Anomaluromorpha is a clade that unites the anomalures with the springhares. It has alternately been designated as either a suborder or infraorder. Most recently, Carleton & Musser 2005 recognized it as one of five suborders of rodents.

                                               

Anseranatidae

Anseranatidae, the magpie-geese, is a biological family of waterbirds. The only living species, the magpie goose, is a resident breeder in northern Australia and in southern New Guinea.

                                               

Araliaceae

The Araliaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of 55 genera and 1500 species consisting of primarily woody plants and some herbaceous plants. The morphology of Araliaceae varies widely, but it is predominantly distinguishable based on it ...

                                               

Arctoidea

Arctoidea is an infraorder of mostly carnivorous mammals which include the extinct Hemicyonidae, and the extant Musteloidea, Pinnipedia, and Ursidae, found in all continents from the Eocene, 46 million years ago, to the present. Arctoids are cani ...

                                               

Astrononion

Astrononion is a genus of foraminifera in the family Nonionidae, characterized by an evolute planispiral test with radially stellate structures partly covering the sutures on either side. The test is free, bilaterally symmetrical, periphery broad ...

                                               

Atlanta (gastropod)

All of the nineteen species but one, Atlanta californiensis, dwell in tropical and subtropical waters. The majority of species ten are cosmopolitan and, among the remaining nine species, five are Indo-Pacific, two are restricted to the Pacific Oc ...

                                               

Bathygadus

There are currently 13 recognized species in this genus: Bathygadus bowersi Gilbert, 1905. Bathygadus favosus Goode & Bean, 1886. Bathygadus furvescens Alcock, 1894 Blackfin rattail. Bathygadus dubiosus Weber, 1913. Bathygadus garretti Gilbert & ...

                                               

Bolma

The genus is known from the Eocene to the Recent periods age range: from 33.9 to 0.0 million years ago. Fossils shells have been found in France, Greece, Japan, Morocco, Spain, Vanuatu, Guam, Cyprus, Greece, South Africa, Spain, Austria, Italy, S ...

                                               

Camelini

Camelini is a tribe of terrestrial herbivores in the family Camelidae, endemic to Asia, North America, and Africa from the Late Eocene to the present. It includes the living genus Camelus as the type genus. At least one genus, Eulamaops, reached ...

                                               

Caproidae

Boarfishes are a small family, Caproidae, of marine fishes comprising two genera and 12 species. They were formerly placed in the order Zeiformes with the dories, but are now placed with the Perciformes since they have many perciform characterist ...

                                               

Castorimorpha

† indicates extinct taxa. Genus † Meliakrouniomys. (Род † Meliakrouniomys) Genus † Floresomys. (Род † Floresomys) Genus † Griphomys. (Род † Griphomys) Genus † Schizodontomys. (Род † Schizodontomys) Genus † Jimomys. (Род † Jimomys) Genus † Diplolo ...

                                               

Catarrhini

The Catarrhini or catarrhine monkeys or Old World anthropoids are the sister group to the New World monkeys, the Platyrrhini. The Platyrrhini emerged within "monkeys" by migration to South America from Afro-Arabia, likely by ocean. With respect t ...

                                               

Cheiragonidae

Cheiragonidae is a small family of crabs, sometimes called helmet crabs, placed in its own superfamily, Cheriagonoidea. It comprises three extant species, Erimacrus isenbeckii, Telmessus acutidens and Telmessus cheiragonus, there are no yet evide ...

                                               

Cladonychiidae

Members of this family range from less than two to about four millimeters in body length, with robust, spined pedipalps and rather short legs, although the second pair can be as long as two centimeter. Most Cladonychiidae are reddish brown to dar ...

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