Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 306

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 306



                                               

Panniculus

Panniculus, often incorrectly referred to as pannus, is a medical term describing a dense layer of fatty tissue, consisting of excess subcutaneous fat within the lower abdominal region. Panniculi can form after rapid weight loss, as seen with str ...

                                               

Panniculus adiposus

The panniculus adiposus is the fatty layer of the subcutaneous tissues, superficial to a deeper vestigial layer of muscle, the panniculus carnosus. It includes structures that are considered fascia by some sources but not others. Some examples in ...

                                               

Panniculus carnosus

The panniculus carnosus is a part of the subcutaneous tissues in vertebrates. It is a layer of striated muscle deep to the panniculus adiposus. In humans the platysma muscle of the neck, palmaris brevis in the hand, and the dartos muscle in the s ...

                                               

Subcutaneous tissue

The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates. The types of cells found in the hypodermis are fibroblasts, adipose cells, and macr ...

                                               

Total body surface area

Total body surface area is an assessment of injury to or disease of the skin, such as burns or psoriasis. In adults, the Wallace rule of nines can be used to determine the total percentage of area burned for each major body part. In burn cases wh ...

                                               

Cauda equina

The cauda equina is a bundle of spinal nerves and spinal nerve rootlets, consisting of the second through fifth lumbar nerve pairs, the first through fifth sacral nerve pairs, and the coccygeal nerve, all of which arise from the lumbar enlargemen ...

                                               

Scheuermanns disease

Scheuermanns disease is a self-limiting skeletal disorder of childhood. Scheuermanns disease describes a condition where the vertebrae grow unevenly with respect to the sagittal plane, that is, the posterior angle is often greater than the anteri ...

                                               

Spinal cavity

The spinal cavity is the cavity that contains the spinal cord within the vertebral column, formed by the vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes. It is a process of the dorsal body cavity. This canal is enclosed within the vertebral forame ...

                                               

Tessys method

The Tessys method is a minimally-invasive, endoscopic spinal procedure for the treatment of a herniated disc. It was a further development of the YESS method by the Dutch Dr Thomas Hoogland in the Alpha Klinik in Munich in 1989 and was first call ...

                                               

Transverse ligament of atlas

The transverse ligament of the atlas is a thick, strong band, which arches across the ring of the atlas, and retains the odontoid process in contact with the atlas.

                                               

Vertebral augmentation

Vertebral augmentation, which includes vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, are similar spinal procedures in which bone cement is injected through a small hole in the skin into a fractured vertebra to try to relieve back pain caused by a vertebral com ...

                                               

Anterior cerebral artery

The anterior cerebral artery is one of a pair of arteries on the brain that supplies oxygenated blood to most midline portions of the frontal lobes and superior medial parietal lobes. The two anterior cerebral arteries arise from the internal car ...

                                               

Anterior choroidal artery

The anterior choroidal artery serves structures in the prosencephalon, diencephalon, and mesencephalon: Globus pallidus. (Внутренний глобус) Choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle and third ventricle. Tail of the caudate nucleus. Hippocampus. (Г ...

                                               

Anterior ethmoidal artery

Once it branches from the ophthalmic artery, it accompanies the nasociliary nerve through the anterior ethmoidal canal to supply the anterior and middle ethmoidal cells, frontal sinus, and anterosuperior aspect of the lateral nasal wall.

                                               

Basilar artery

The basilar artery is one of the arteries that supplies the brain with oxygen-rich blood. Two vertebral arteries and the basilar artery are sometimes together called the vertebrobasilar system, which supplies blood to the back of willisau circle ...

                                               

Carotid sinus

In human anatomy, the carotid sinus is a dilated area at the base of the internal carotid artery just superior to the bifurcation of the internal carotid and external carotid at the level of the superior border of thyroid cartilage. The carotid s ...

                                               

Central retinal artery

The central retinal artery branches off the ophthalmic artery, running inferior to the optic nerve within its dural sheath to the eyeball.

                                               

Cerebral arteries

The cerebral arteries describe three main pairs of arteries and their branches, which perfuse the cerebrum of the brain. The three main arteries are the: Posterior cerebral artery PCA. Anterior cerebral artery ACA. Middle cerebral artery MCA. Bot ...

                                               

Circle of Willis

The circle of Willis is a circulatory anastomosis that supplies blood to the brain and surrounding structures. It is named after Thomas Willis, an English physician.

                                               

Collicular artery

The collicular artery or quadrigeminal artery arises from the posterior cerebral artery. This small artery supplies portions of the midbrain, especially the superior colliculus, inferior colliculus, and tectum.

                                               

Common carotid artery

In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood, they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries.

                                               

Medial striate artery

                                               

Middle cerebral artery

The middle cerebral artery is one of the three major paired arteries that supply blood to the cerebrum. The MCA arises from the internal carotid and continues into the lateral sulcus where it then branches and projects to many parts of the latera ...

                                               

Ophthalmic artery

The ophthalmic artery is the first branch of the internal carotid artery distal to the cavernous sinus. Branches of the OA supply all the structures in the orbit as well as some structures in the nose, face and meninges. Occlusion of the OA or it ...

                                               

Pontine arteries

The pontine arteries are a number of small vessels which come off at right angles from either side of the basilar artery and supply the pons and adjacent parts of the brain.

                                               

Posterior auricular artery

The posterior auricular artery is a small artery that arises from the external carotid artery, above the digastric muscle and stylohyoid muscle, opposite the apex of the styloid process. It ascends posteriorly beneath the parotid gland, along sty ...

                                               

Posterior cerebral artery

The posterior cerebral artery is one of a pair of arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the occipital lobe, part of the back of the human brain. It begins near where the posterior communicating artery and the basilar artery join, and connects ...

                                               

Posterior communicating artery

In human anatomy, the left and right posterior communicating arteries are arteries at the base of the brain that form part of the circle of Willis. Each posterior communicating artery connects the three cerebral arteries of the same side. Anterio ...

                                               

Stapedial branch of posterior auricular artery

In human anatomy, the stapedial branch of posterior auricular artery, or stapedial artery for short, is a small artery supplying the stapedius muscle in the inner ear.

                                               

Trigeminal artery

The trigeminal artery is an artery that supplies the basilar artery with blood during human embryonic development. Normally, the trigeminal artery involutes after the formation of the posterior communicating artery. However, in some cases, the ar ...

                                               

Vertebral artery

The vertebral arteries are major arteries of the neck. Typically, the vertebral arteries originate from the subclavian arteries. Each vessel courses superiorly along each side of the neck, merging within the skull to form the single, midline basi ...

                                               

Body of sphenoid bone

The body of the sphenoid bone, more or less cubical in shape, is hollowed out in its interior to form two large cavities, the sphenoidal sinuses, which are separated from each other by a septum.

                                               

Frontal process of maxilla

The frontal process of maxilla is a strong plate, which projects upward, medialward, and backward from the maxilla, forming part of the lateral boundary of the nose. Its lateral surface is smooth, continuous with the front surface of the body, an ...

                                               

Koerners septum

Koerners septum is an anatomic boundary in the temporal bone formed by the petrosquamous suture between the petrous and squamosal portions of the mastoid air cells, at the anatomic level of the antrum. Along with the middle ear ossicles, it is us ...

                                               

Lacrimal bone

The lacrimal bone is a small and fragile bone of the facial skeleton, it is roughly the size of the little fingernail. It is situated at the front part of the medial wall of the orbit. It has two surfaces and four borders. Several bony landmarks ...

                                               

Lingual foramen

The lingual foramen is a small opening situated on the lingual side surface of the anterior mandible through which small blood vessels pass. The lingual foramen is usually situated in the midline of the internal surface of the mandible at the lev ...

                                               

Mandibular incisive canal

The mandibular incisive canal is a bony canal within the anterior mandible that runs bilaterally from the mental foramina usually to the region of the ipsilateral lateral incisor teeth. After branching into the mental nerve that exits the foramen ...

                                               

Maxillary sinus

The pyramid-shaped maxillary sinus is the largest of the paranasal sinuses, and drains into the middle meatus of the nose through the osteomeatal complex.

                                               

Mental spine

A mental spine is a small projection of bone on the posterior aspect of the mandible in the midline. The adjective mental in this instance is used in its "chin-related" sense rather than its more common "mind-related" sense. There are usually fou ...

                                               

Palatine process of maxilla

In human anatomy of the mouth, the palatine process of maxilla, is a thick, horizontal process of the maxilla. It forms the anterior three quarters of the hard palate, the horizontal plate of the palatine bone making up the rest.

                                               

Pterygopalatine fossa

In human anatomy, the pterygopalatine fossa is a fossa in the skull. A human skull contains two pterygopalatine fossae - one on the left side, and another on the right side. Each fossa is a cone-shaped paired depression deep to the infratemporal ...

                                               

Sella turcica

The sella turcica is a saddle-shaped depression in the body of the sphenoid bone of the human skull and of the skulls of other hominids including chimpanzees, orangutans and gorillas. It serves as a cephalometric landmark. The pituitary gland or ...

                                               

Zygomatic process of maxilla

                                               

Zygomatic process of temporal bone

                                               

Face

The face is the front of an animals head that features three of the heads sense organs, the eyes, nose, and mouth, and through which animals express many of their emotions. The face is crucial for human identity, and damage such as scarring or de ...

                                               

Jo-Jo The Dog-Faced Boy

                                               

Facial muscles

The facial muscles are a group of striated skeletal muscles supplied by the Supplier facial nerve that, among other things, control facial expression. These muscles are also called mimetic muscles.

                                               

Parapharyngeal space

The parapharyngeal space, is a potential space in the head and the neck. It has clinical importance in otolaryngology due to parapharyngeal space tumours and parapharyngeal abscess developing in this area. It is also a key anatomic landmark for l ...

                                               

Pharyngeal plexus of vagus nerve

The pharyngeal plexus is a network of nerve fibers innervating most of the palate and pharynx., is not included) It is located on the surface of the middle pharyngeal constrictor pharyngeal muscles.

                                               

Recurrent laryngeal nerve

The recurrent laryngeal nerve is a branch of the vagus nerve that supplies all the intrinsic muscles of the larynx, with the exception of the cricothyroid muscles. There are two recurrent laryngeal nerves, right and left. The right and left nerve ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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