Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 312

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 312

                                               

Ecclesiastical crime

Church crime is a crime related to the clergy where the crime is against Canon law. Compare civil law. The crime of simony is the ecclesiastical crime of paying for positions in the hierarchy of the Church. The crime of schism and heresy the Chur ...

                                               

Evil

Evil, in a General sense, is the opposite or absence of good. This can be an extremely broad concept, although in everyday life is often used in a narrower sense to refer to the deepest wickedness. Is generally considered several possible forms s ...

                                               

Facial composite

Identikit is a graphical representation of one or more of the memory of the witnesses of the person as recorded by the artist. Sketches are mainly used by police officers in the investigation of crimes. These images are used to restore the suspec ...

                                               

False lien

About the pledge is a document that purports to describe the arrest, but which has no legal basis or on the basis of false, fictitious or fraudulent statements or representations. The filing of false liens used as a tool of persecution for "paper ...

                                               

Fear of crime

Fear of crime refers to the fear of becoming a victim of crime, in contrast to the actual probability of becoming a victim of crime. Fear of crime, along with fear on the streets, and fear of youth, is said to have been in Western culture "time i ...

                                               

Fingersmith (slang)

Fingersmith or finger-Smith is slang for a midwife or pickpocket. Used in a 1977 Short story, "hitchhiker" by Roald Dahl and as the title of the novel Sarah Waterss 2002: "Fingersmith".

                                               

Fire marshal

For a firefighter or the fire Commissioner, in the United States and Canada, is often a member of the state provincial or territorial authorities, and may be part of a building Department or a separate Department. Firefighters duties vary but usu ...

                                               

Forgery

Fraud is white-collar crime, which usually refers to false or substantial change of the legal instrument with the specific intention to mislead anyone. Manipulation with a particular legal document may be prohibited by law in some jurisdictions, ...

                                               

Four Horsemen of the Infocalypse

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, it refers to types of criminals who use the Internet to facilitate crime and, consequently, to infringe on the rights of honest Internet users. There does not appear to be the exact definition of who the horse ...

                                               

Gang

A gang is a group or society of like-minded friends or family members with defined leadership and internal organization, which determines or approves control of territory in society, and engages, individually or collectively, in illegal and perha ...

                                               

Gang population

Los Angeles held the nickname "gang capital of America" since 1930, because approximately 120.000 gang members living in the city, and tens of thousands more on the outskirts of Los Angeles.

                                               

Gene theft

In bioethics and law, the theft or the theft of a DNA gene is the act of acquiring genetic material from another person, usually of public places without his or her permission. DNA can be extracted from a variety of common objects such as discard ...

                                               

Grade (crime)

Rank of crime is it a ranking or classification according to the degree of seriousness or severity. The crime is more serious than misconduct that is more serious than a violation. The first degree crime is more serious than a crime of the second ...

                                               

Gun violence

Gun-related violence-violence committed with a deadly weapon. Violence with use of firearms may or may not be considered criminal. Criminal violence includes murder, assault with a deadly weapon and suicide, or attempted suicide, depending on jur ...

                                               

Gun Violence Archive

Archive armed violence is a non-profit research group, with accompanying website and social delivery platforms of media which catalogs each case of the use of firearms in the United States. It was founded in 2013 by Michael Klein and mark Bryant. ...

                                               

Tamar Nais Hodel

NAIS Tamar Hodel is the daughter to Dr. George Hodel was sexually abused and raped for many years by her father, who is widely known for his participation in the Black Dahlia murder. Then she will go to court, detention, juvenile, and again to en ...

                                               

Illegal sports

An illegal sport is any sport that is illegal in one or more jurisdictions in connection with the violent or dangerous nature of the sport. Known illegal activities such as cock and dog fights are prohibited on the basis of animal cruelty. Illega ...

                                               

Illegalism

Illegalism tendency of anarchism that developed primarily in France, Italy, Belgium and Switzerland in the early 1900s as an offshoot of anarcho-individualism. Illegalists the arms of criminals, overtly or covertly, as a way of life. Illegalism n ...

                                               

Immigration and crime

Immigration and crime refers to perceived or actual relationships between crime and immigration. In scientific literature there are mixed results for the relationship between immigration and crime in the world, but finds for the US that immigrati ...

                                               

Incident book

The book accident is a book for recording injuries, crimes and other incidents, they are included in British police boxes, hospitals, and other places, in which the incident occurred should be represented or treated.

                                               

Individual reclamation

Individual reclamation is a form of direct action, characterized by the individual theft of resources from rich to poor. Individual reclamation gained attention in the early 20th century as a result of the exploits of anarchists and outsiders suc ...

                                               

Intimate partner violence

Violence intimate partner violence in current or former spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. IPV can take a number of forms including physical, verbal, emotional, economic and sexual violence. The wor ...

                                               

Justice Network

The justice network is an American digital multicast television network that is operated by justice network, LLC, a limited liability Company, which belongs to Tegna ink. Network specializiruetsya on real crime investigation and forensic science ...

                                               

Juvenile delinquency

Juvenile delinquency, also known "juvenile delinquency" is the fact of participation in illegal activity of minors. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as detention centres and juvenile courts, it is ...

                                               

Lonely hearts killer

A lonely hearts killer-a criminal who commits murder by contacting a victim or placed advertisements or answered not through newspaper ads and personal or lonely hearts ads.

                                               

Lookout

On the lookout, or is the person responsible for compliance with hazards. The term hails from a naval background where lookouts will watch for other ships, land, and various dangers. The term has now passed into wide use.

                                               

Lovers' lane

Lovers Lane is a secluded area where people kiss, kissing, and even sometimes participate in sexual activity. These areas range from Parking lots in secluded rural areas, in places with extraordinary views of the city or another function. "Paths ...

                                               

Malice aforethought

Premeditated is the "premeditation" or "predetermination" that are required as elements of a crime in some countries and a unique element for first-degree or aggravated murder in a few. Since this term is still used, it has a technical meaning, w ...

                                               

Maria Duval scam

Maria Duval psychic Scam is one of the most successful mail fraud in history, millions of deceived people at least 0 million in twenty years. Targeting the sick and elderly through the combination of personalized emails and personal information d ...

                                               

Midnight basketball

Midnight basketball is an initiative that has developed in the 1990-ies to deter urban crime in the United States, keeping urban youth off the streets and engaging them with alternatives to drugs and crime. It was founded by G. van Standifer in t ...

                                               

Mischief Night

Mischief night is an informal holiday on which children and Teens engage in pranks and vandalism. There are many names, including devils night gate night, Goosey, moving night, cabbage night and the night of the APU.

                                               

National Crime Scene Cleanup Association

National crime scene cleanup Association is a U.S. company, which is owned by prestige worldwide group, which provides crime scene Cleanup, hoarding Cleanup, trauma cleanup, automatic cleanup death, as well as various types of restoration service ...

                                               

No-go area

In the "exclusion zone" or "exclusion zone" is an area in the city or region barricaded from the civil or military government, such as paramilitary, or area closed to certain individuals or groups. The term is also used to denote areas: Is the re ...

                                               

Online Abuse Prevention Initiative

OAPI was established in 2015 Randy Lee Harper, with crash override networks Zoe Quinn and Alex Lifschitz said serving on the first Board of Directors. In March 2015, Quinn announced the formal partnership between the two organizations.

                                               

Outline of domestic violence

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to domestic violence: Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior by one or both partners in an intimate relationship such as marriage, Dating, family or cohabitation. I ...

                                               

Pin prick attack

A pin prick attack is a hypothetical assault on another person with a needle or syringe tainted with the blood of somebody carrying a blood diseases such as HIV. Although there have been numerous cases where people are being attacked with needles ...

                                               

Predicate crime

In the criminal law of the United States, a predicate offence or a crime, is a crime which is part of a larger crime. Major crimes can be racketeering, money laundering, terrorist financing, etc. For example, to break under the racketeering influ ...

                                               

Preemptive arrest

Preventive arrest is one in which people are arrested before committing a crime. Preventive arrest is often viewed with suspicion, as it contradicts the principles of democracy. This practice differs from an arrest on charges of conspiracy to com ...

                                               

Psychopathy

Psychopathy is traditionally personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, violation of empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, and selfish traits. Sometimes considered to be synonymous with sociopathy. Various concep ...

                                               

Public security

Public safety is function of government, which guarantees the protection of citizens, persons in their territories of organizations and institutions against threats to their well-being and for the prosperity of their communities. To meet the grow ...

                                               

Race and crime

The race is one of the correlates of crime are paid attention to in academic research, government surveys, media coverage and public interest. Studies show that police practices such as racial profiling by the police in areas inhabited by minorit ...

                                               

School violence

School violence includes physical violence, including between pupils of fighting and corporal punishment, psychological violence, including verbal abuse, sexual violence, including rape and sexual harassment, different forms of violence, includin ...

                                               

Seduction (crime)

Seduction, in criminal law, making false promises of marriage as a way to lure a previously chaste unmarried female in sex. In some jurisdictions, the element of crime is that the woman should be younger than a certain age, for example, the law o ...

                                               

Sequential Intercept Model

The sequential Intercept model explained five points where the standard treatment of crimes can be interfered with community action, so that people with mental and psychiatric disorders, would not have further penetration into the criminal justic ...

                                               

Serial killer

A serial killer usually people, killing three or more people, usually in service of the abnormal psychological satisfaction, with the murders occurring over more than a month and including a significant period of time between them. Different auth ...

                                               

Slashing (crime)

Slashing is a crime intended to cause bodily injury to the victim. A slashing is typically performed with knife or other blade or sharp object.

                                               

Smash and grab

A smash and grab is a particular form of burglary, which involves smashing a barrier, usually window shopping in a store or a showcase, grabbing valuables, and then makes a quick escape, not caring about the offset of the signal or creating noise ...

                                               

Smuggling tunnel

Smuggling tunnels, secret passages used for smuggling of goods and people. The term is also used where the tunnels are built in response to siege.

                                               

Squatting

Squatting actions of the occupying abandoned unoccupied area of land or building, usually residential that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use. Author Robert Neuwirth suggested in 2004 that there were one bi ...

                                               

Strain theory (sociology)

In sociology and criminology, strain theory States that social structures in society may pressure citizens to commit crime. After the work of Emile Durkheim, strain theories put forward by Robert king Merton, albert K. Cohen, Richard Cloward, Llo ...

                                               

Stranger danger

"Stranger danger" is an idea or warning about the fact that all strangers can be dangerous. This is an example of a moral panic that people experience in relation to someone that is unfamiliar with them in the community. This phrase is intended t ...

                                               

Terroristic threat

The terrorist threat is a threat of committing a crime of violence, or threats to cause bodily injury to another person and terrorizing the result of the prohibited conduct. In a number of States enacted statutes that impose criminal liability fo ...

                                               

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The United Nations Office on drugs and crime office of the United Nations, which was established in 1997 as the Office for drug control and crime prevention by combining the United Nations international drug control programme and programme in the ...

                                               

Unreported employment

Unrecorded labor, working under the table, unofficially, for cash, illegal work, or a combination, is illegal employment, which are not reported to the government. The employer or the employee often does so for tax evasion or avoidance or violati ...

                                               

Vice

Vice is a practice behavior or habit generally considered immoral, sinful, criminal, rude, taboo, depraved, or degrading in the society concerned. In more minor usage, Vice can refer to a fault, a negative character trait, a defect, an infirmity, ...

                                               

Victimless crime

A crime is an illegal act, which, as a rule, either directly involved or the offender is consensual between adults, because it is consensual in nature, there is probably no true victim, i.e. the injured party. The definition of "crimes without vi ...

                                               

Violence

Violence is "the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage or destroy." Less conventional definitions are also used, such as the world health organization definition of violence as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threa ...

                                               

Welfare fraud

Welfare fraud is the act of illegal use of public social security systems through the deliberate concealment or the providing of information to obtain more funds than would otherwise would be allocated. Obtaining credible evidence of welfare frau ...

                                               

White-collar crime

White collar crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by businesses and government specialists. It was first formulated by sociologist Edwin Sutherland in 1939 as "crime committed by a person of respectability and high soc ...

                                               

Wireless identity theft

Wireless identity theft also known as contactless theft or RFID identity theft, is a form of identity theft described as "the act of compromising the personal information of a person using a wireless mechanic". Numerous articles have been written ...

                                               

Women's fear of crime

Womens fear of crime refers to womens fear of becoming a victim of crime, irrespective of actual victimisation. Although fear of crime is a problem for people of all genders, studies consistently find that women all over the world, tend to have m ...

                                               

Work-at-home scheme

Work at home scheme "how to get rich quick" Scam in which a victim is lured by an offer to work at home, very often doing some simple task in a minimal amount of time with a large amount of income that far exceeds the market rate for this type of ...

                                               

Culture

Culture is a General term that covers social behavior and norms of human societies, and knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, customs, capabilities and habits of individuals in these groups. People acquire culture through the learning processes of incu ...

                                               

Outline of culture

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to culture: Culture – set of patterns of activities of people in a community or social group and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. Customs, laws, dr ...

                                               

Cultural appropriation

Cultural appropriation, sometimes also the formulation of cultural appropriation, the adoption of elements of one culture by members of another culture. This may be controversial when members of the dominant culture, it is advisable from disadvan ...

                                               

Artificiality

Artificiality is the state of being the product of intentional human manufacture, and does not occur naturally due to processes not related to or requiring human activity.

                                               

Assessment culture

The culture of evaluation is a subset of organizational culture determines values, beliefs and assumptions held by its members. In the field of higher education, a positive culture of evaluation characteristic of a trust relationship, data-inform ...

                                               

Cultural assimilation

Cultural assimilation is a process in which there is any minority group or culture to remind the dominant group or assume, values, behavior and beliefs of another group. The conceptualization describes the cultural assimilation similar to that of ...

                                               

Authenticity in art

Authenticity in art is the different ways in which a work of art or artistic performance, can be considered reliable.Denis Duttons distinction between nominal authenticity and expressive authenticity. The first relates to the correct identificati ...

                                               

Aversion to happiness

Aversion to happiness, also called cherophobia fear or happiness is an attitude towards happiness in which individuals may deliberately avoid experiences that invoke positive emotions or happiness. One of several reasons why cherophobia may devel ...

                                               

Ceremonial pole

The ceremonial pole symbolizes many concepts in different cultures. For example, in Miao culture in Yunnan province of China. In the evolution of the idea of God, Grant Allen notes that the Samoyeds of Siberia and the Damara in South Africa plant ...

                                               

Civilization

Civilization or civilization is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, imposed by the cultural elite, symbolic communication system, and perceive separation and domination over the natural environment. Civi ...

                                               

Classic

A classic is an outstanding example of a particular style, something of lasting worth or with a timeless quality, the first or highest quality, class or rank, then that confirms his class. The word can be a noun or an adjective. It denotes a part ...

                                               

Coffee in Japan

Japan has a very unique coffee culture that has changed with the needs of society for a long time. Today, coffeehouses serve a niche in its urban culture. While it was introduced earlier in history, in sixteen and seventeenth century Dutch and Po ...

                                               

Cognitive adequacy

Cognitive adequacy is a term proposed by Rhine Raud as a standard for evaluating cultural phenomena. Under this method, the cultural phenomenon of cognitive adequate if it provides a means of addressing a specific problem in a specific socio-cult ...

                                               

Cultural competency training

Cultural competence refers to the ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures. Cultural competence comprises four components: awareness of ones own cultural worldview, attitude b towards cultural differences, knowledge of di ...

                                               

Cultural consensus theory

The theory of cultural consensus is an approach to information combining, which supports the basis for measurement and evaluation of beliefs as cultural, to a certain extent, shared by groups of people. Model of cultural consensus guide the aggre ...

                                               

Counterculture

A counterculture is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from mainstream society, often in opposition to dominant cultural tradition. In a countercultural movement expresses the spirit and aspirations of a specific ...

                                               

Critical consumerism

Critical consumption is a conscious choice to buy or not to buy a particular product on ethical and political beliefs. Critical consumer recognizes the importance of considering some characteristics of the product and its implementation, such as ...

                                               

Cultural intelligence

Cultural intelligence or cultural factor is a term used in business, education, government, and academic research. Cultural intelligence can be understood as the ability to relate to and work effectively in different cultures. Originally, the ter ...

                                               

Cultural lag

The concept of cultural lag refers to the fact that culture takes time to catch up with technological innovations, and related social problems caused by this delay. In other words, cultural lag occurs when unequal rate of change between the diffe ...

                                               

Cultural manager

The cultural Manager is a person who is motivated to improve the art, working independently and professionally, with knowledge of the subject and develops the work as a mediator between the public and / or private institutions of culture with the ...

                                               

Cultural mediation

Cultural mediation describes a profession that studies the cultural differences between people, using data in decision problems. This is one of the fundamental mechanisms of distinctly human development according to cultural–historical psychologi ...

                                               

Cultural movement

Cultural movement is a change in how different disciplines approach their work. This embodies all art, science and philosophy. Historically, various peoples and regions of the world have gone through their own independent sequence of movements in ...

                                               

Cultural narcissism

                                               

Cultural policy

Cultural policy is the governments actions, laws and programs to regulate, protect, promote and provide financial support for activities related to the arts and creative fields such as painting, sculpture, music, dance, literature, and cinema in ...

                                               

Cultural practice

Cultural practices is a manifestation of a culture or subculture, especially in relation to the traditions and customs of a particular ethnic or cultural groups. The term is gaining in importance in connection with the increase in disputes over " ...

                                               

Cultural radicalism

The cultural radicalism of the movement in the first Danish and later Norwegian culture. He was especially strong in the interwar period, but his philosophy has its origins in the 1870s and a large number of modern social commentary still refer t ...

                                               

Cultural retention

Cultural preservation law to preserve the culture of a particular ethnic group, especially when there is reason to believe that the culture, through inaction, may be lost. Many African-American, European and Asian organizing programs of cultural ...

                                               

Cultural universal

Cultural universals as described by Emile Durkheim, George Murdock, Levi-Strauss, Donald brown and others, an element, pattern, trait or institution that is common to all human cultures worldwide. Taken together, the whole body of cultural univer ...

                                               

Culture change

Culture change is a term used in public policy making that emphasizes the influence of cultural capital on individual and community behavior. He was sometimes referred to as the repositioning of culture, which means that the reconstruction of the ...

                                               

Culture hero

A culture hero is a mythological hero specific to any group who changes the world through invention or discovery. Although many culture heroes help with the creation of the world, the culture of most of the characters are important because of the ...

                                               

Cultural deprivation

Cultural deprivation is a theory in sociology, where people are inferior to the norms, values, skills and knowledge. The theory is that people from working class experience cultural deprivation and this puts them at a disadvantage, with the resul ...

                                               

Design culture

Design culture is an organizational culture focused on approaches to improve the customer experience through design. In each firm, the design is important because it allows the company to understand users and their needs. Integration of project m ...

                                               

Design theory

Theory of design is subarea research related to various theoretical approaches to the understanding and definition of design principles, knowledge of design and design practice.

                                               

Cultural diversity

Cultural diversity is the quality different or various cultures, in contrast to the monoculture, global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay. The phrase cultural diversity can also refer to different cultures to re ...

                                               

Cultural ecology

Cultural ecology is the study of human adaptation to social and physical environment. Human adaptation refers to both biological and cultural processes that allow a population to survive and reproduce within a given or changing environment. It ca ...

                                               

Cultural emphasis

The cultural focus is an important aspect of culture which is often reflected though language and, more specifically, vocabulary. This means that the vocabulary people use in a culture indicates what is important to this group of people. If there ...

                                               

Empowerment

Initiation is a complex of measures aimed at greater autonomy and self-determination in people and communities, to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and an independent party acting at your own risk. This process is becomin ...

                                               

Ethnoscience

Ethnoscience has been defined as the attempt "to reconstitute what serves as science for others, their practices of self-care and their bodies, their Botanical knowledge, but also their forms of classification, connection, design, etc."

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