Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 322

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 322




                                               

Formalism (art)

In art history, formalism is the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style. The discussion also includes objects and their purely visual or material aspects. In painting formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line ...

                                               

Greek mythology in western art and literature

With the revival of classical antiquity in Renaissance, the poetry of Ovid became a major influence on the imagination of poets and artists, and remains a major influence on the diffusion and perception of Greek mythology through subsequent centu ...

                                               

Grotto

The grotto is a natural or artificial cave used by humans in modern times and antiquity, and historically or prehistorically. Natural caves often a small cave near the water that are usually flooded and are not subject to flooding during high tid ...

                                               

Guild of Saint Luke

The Guild of Saint Luke was the most common name for a city Guild for painters and other artists in early modern Europe, especially in countries with a low level. They were named in honor of the Evangelist Luke, the patron Saint of artists, who w ...

                                               

Gurlitt Collection

Collection Gurlitt was a collection of about 1.500 works of art collected by the late German art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt, who was adopted by his first wife Helen, and on her death to their son Cornelius Gurlitt, who died in 2014. The collection ...

                                               

Hamburg School of Art History

The so-called Hamburg school of art history was an art school historians, primarily teaching at the University of Hamburg who was closely associated with the Kulturwissenschaftliche the library of the Warburg in the Warburg house, Hamburg. Its ma ...

                                               

History of heraldry

Heraldry is a system of visual identification of rank and lineage, which developed in the European High middle Ages, closely linked to the court culture of chivalry and Latin Christianity, the Crusades, the feudal aristocracy and the monarchy at ...

                                               

Heritage science

Heritage science is an interdisciplinary direction of scientific heritage. Science heritage is based on various Humanities, Sciences and technical disciplines. It is aimed at strengthening mutual understanding, care and sustainable use of heritag ...

                                               

Hexagram

A hexagram or sexagram is a six-pointed geometric star figure with the Schlafli symbol {6 / 2}, 2{3}, or. Since there is no regular hexagrams, this term is used to designate a composite figure of two equilateral triangles, shown on the right. The ...

                                               

Hierarchy of genres

Hierarchy of genres is any formalization which ranks different genres in an art form from the point of view of their prestige and cultural value. In the literature, the epic was considered the highest form, for the reason expressed by Samuel John ...

                                               

Hierotopy

Hierotopy is the creation considered as a special form of human creativity and is also associated with the academic field, studying specific examples of such art are sacred places. The concept and term was developed in 2002 in the Russian art his ...

                                               

Hindu art

Hindu art encompasses the artistic traditions and styles culturally linked to Hinduism and have a long history of religious associations with the Hindu Scriptures, rituals and worship.

                                               

History of erotic depictions

The history erotic depictions includes paintings, sculpture, photography, theatre arts, music and writings that show scenes of a sexual nature throughout time. They were created by almost every civilization, ancient and modern. Early cultures oft ...

                                               

History of printing in East Asia

Printing in East Asia came from the fading paint on paper or fabric from the texts on stone tablets in China during the reign of the Han dynasty. Mechanical engraving print on paper began in China during the Tang dynasty until the 8th century ad. ...

                                               

Hockney–Falco thesis

On the Hockney–Falco thesis is a theory of art history, advanced by artist David Hockney and physicist Charles M. Falco. Both claimed to achieve realism and authenticity in the history of Western art since the Renaissance were primarily optical d ...

                                               

Horror vacui

In visual art, horror vacui, also kenophobia, filling the entire surface of the room or work detail. In physics,"horror vacui" refers to the idea of Aristotle, that "nature abhors an empty space."

                                               

Iconography

Iconography, as a branch art history studies identification, description and interpretation content images: subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used for this, and other elements, which are distinct from artistic style. The ...

                                               

Iconology

Iconology is a method of interpretation in the history of the culture and history of fine art used on abi Warburg, Erwin Panofsky and their followers, which reveals the cultural, social and historical background of topics and subjects in the visu ...

                                               

Idealism (arts)

In art idealism stimulates the imagination and attempts to realize a mental conception of beauty, a standard of perfection, combining the aesthetic of naturalism and realism.

                                               

Illusionism (art)

Illusionism in art history or artistic tradition in which artists create a work of art that has a physical space with the viewer or more broadly the attempt to represent the appearance, namely the so-called mimicry. The term realist may be used i ...

                                               

Shigemi Inaga

Inaga studied master of arts in comparative literature and 19th century French art history at University in Tokyo before appointed in 1988 Ph. D. 博士 hakushi at the University of Paris Diderot.

                                               

Institut national d'histoire de l'art

Institut national dHistoire de Lart, often denoted Inha, French research Institute, created and regulated by decree No. 2001-621, and is located in Paris. The Institute develops research activities and promotes international cooperation in most a ...

                                               

Instituto de Investigaciones Esteticas

The Institute of aesthetic research, National Autonomous University of Mexico, since its Foundation in 1936, research was conducted at facilities in a variety of forms of artistic expression in Mexico, the variety of studies conducted on the rese ...

                                               

International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Art

International Association of research institutes in art history promotes education and research in the field of art history and related disciplines. It was founded in 1998 in Paris to strengthen cooperation between art historical institutions by ...

                                               

Iraqi art

Iraqi art, throughout its history, was influenced by war, revolution, and frequent political change. For centuries, the capital, Baghdad was the center of medieval literature and art of the Arab world, but their artistic traditions suffered at th ...

                                               

Italian Renaissance painting

Italian Renaissance painting period beginning late 13th century flourishing early 15th to the late 16th century, occurring in the Italian Peninsula, which was at that time divided into many States, independent, but controlled by external forces. ...

                                               

Italian Renaissance

Italian Renaissance period in Italys history, which spanned the 15th and 16th centuries, spreading across Europe and marks the transition from the middle Ages to the present. Supporters of the "long Renaissance" argue that it began in the 14th ce ...

                                               

History of knotting

Knots and knotting have been used and studied throughout history. For example, tying Chinese decorative arts, which began in the form of Chinese folk art in the Tang and song dynasties in China, and later popularized in the Ming. Knot theory is a ...

                                               

Lesbian Art Project

Project Art lesbian was in the art of participation founded by Terry Wolverton and Arlene Raven at the womans house in Los Angeles. An innovative project aimed at providing a platform for lesbian and feminist perspectives of the participants thro ...

                                               

Libri Carolini

Libri Carolini to the opus Caroli Regis contra synodum, also called Charlemagnes books or simply the Carolines, are the work in four books composed on the orders of Charlemagne, around 790, to refute the supposed conclusions of the Byzantine seco ...

                                               

Line of beauty

The line of beauty is a term and theory of art and aesthetics used to describe an S-shaped curved line appearing within an object, as the boundary of the object, or as a virtual boundary formed by the arrangement of several objects. This theory o ...

                                               

List of dates in the history of conservation and restoration

Some key dates in the history of conservation in Europe and the United States include: 1997, rap regional Alliance for preservation of the rap began in February 1997 as a pilot project of the Commission on preservation and access Washington, D.C. ...

                                               

Looted art

Looted art has been a consequence of looting during war natural disaster and riot for centuries. Looting of art, archaeology and other cultural property may be the Criminal law of opportunistic or may be a more organized case of unlawful or uneth ...

                                               

Marburg Picture Index

In the Bildindex der Kunst UND architecture is an open online database of 2.2 million 1.7 million photographs of works and architectural objects. The owner / operator of this database is the German documentation Center for art history formally kn ...

                                               

Media art history

Media art history is an interdisciplinary field of study that explores current events and the history and genealogy of New Media art, digital art and electronic art. On the one hand, media art history examines the combination of art, technology a ...

                                               

Mise en abyme

In the history of Western art, directing abyme is the formal method of placing the image in itself, often in a way that assumes an infinitely repeating sequence. In film theory and literary theory, this relates to introducing the story. The term ...

                                               

Modello

In modello, from Italy, is a preparatory study or model usually at a smaller scale, a work of art or architecture, especially one produced for the approval of into service of a patron. The term gained currency in art circles in Tuscany in the fou ...

                                               

Modern European ink painting

At the end of the 20th century and early 21st century and continues to move modern ink painting is a new style that goes beyond the traditional Asian ink painting in scope and treatment of minimalist art. Contemporary painting ink develops and cr ...

                                               

Monumental sculpture

The concept of monumental sculpture is often used in art history and criticism, but not always consistently. It combines two concepts, one of the functions, and one of the sizes, and could include an element of a third more subjective concept. It ...

                                               

National Committee for the History of Art

The national Committee for art history is a branch of the American Committee of the International dHistoire de Lart. It was founded in 1980 by Irving Lavin. Both committees aim to facilitate intellectual exchange between scholars and students int ...

                                               

Netherlands Institute for Art History

The Netherlands Institute for art history, or RKD Dutch: RKD-in: Nederlands Instituut Voor Kunstgeschiedenis, and is located in the Hague and is home to the largest center for the history of art in the world. Center specializiruetsya on documenta ...

                                               

Neuroarthistory

Neuroarthistory is a term coined by Professor John Onians, art historian at the University of East Anglia in 2005. Neuroarthistory is an approach that concerns the neurological study of artists, living and dead. In 2004 Onians taught module of th ...

                                               

Nimmatnama-i-Nasiruddin-Shahi

In Nimmatnama-I-nasiruddin Shah-a medieval Indian cookbook, written in Naskh script, gourmet food and recipes, and some accompanying pictures to illustrate the recipes. It was running for Ghiyath al-DIN Khalji, the ruler of the Sultanate of Malwa ...

                                               

Oil sketch

An oil sketch or oil study is an artwork made primarily in oil paint in preparation for a larger, finished work. Initially they were created as preparatory studies or sketches, especially in order to obtain approval for the development of more-to ...

                                               

Old Master

In the history of art, "Old master" refers to any painter of skill who worked in Europe before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. "Old master print" is an original print made by the artist in the same period. The term "old master drawin ...

                                               

Open form

Open form is a term, coined after Henry in 1915, to describe the characteristic of Baroque art opposed to the "closed form" of the Renaissance. That is why it is so important previously proposed several alternative pairs of terms, in particular " ...

                                               

Orientalism

In the history of art, literature and cultural studies, Orientalism is the imitation or depiction of aspects in the Eastern world. These images are usually produced by writers, designers and artists from the West. In particular, orientalist paint ...

                                               

20th-century Western painting

20th-century Western painting begins with the heritage of late 19th century artists Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec and others, which are important for the development of modern art. At the beg ...

                                               

Western painting

In the history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition from antiquity until the present time. Until the mid-19th century it was primarily concerned with representational and classical modes of production, after wh ...

                                               

Pathosformel

Pathosformel, or "Formula of pathos" - the term suggested by the German art historian Abby Warburg and cultural theorist in his studies of the afterlife in antiquity. It is described as "primitive words are a passionate sign language" and "emotio ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation