Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 324

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 324

                                               

Silver Gavel Award

The Silver Gavel Award is an annual award the American Bar Association gives to honor outstanding work by those who help improve comprehension of jurisprudence in the United States.

                                               

Sociology of law

The sociology of law is often described as a sub-discipline of sociology or an interdisciplinary approach within legal studies. Some see sociology of law as belonging "necessarily" to the field of sociology, but others tend to consider it a field ...

                                               

South African jurisprudence

South African jurisprudence refers to the study and theory of South African law. Jurisprudence has been defined as "the study of general theoretical questions about the nature of laws and legal systems."

                                               

Tadhkirat al-Fuqahā

Tadhkirat al-Fuqahā is a book on Shiite jurisprudence written by Allameh Al-Hilli. The book is counted as one of the greatest reasonable books on Shiite jurisprudence.

                                               

Liberal arts education

Liberal arts education is the traditional program of education in Western higher education. Liberal arts today consists of four areas: the natural sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities. Its central academic disciplines include physics, ...

                                               

American Academy for Liberal Education

The American Academy for Liberal Education is a United States-based educational accreditation organization with a focus on fostering liberal arts education, both in higher education and in earlier schooling. AALE does not currently have U.S. Depa ...

                                               

Association for Core Texts and Courses

The Association for Core Texts and Courses is a global association of colleges and universities supporting the use of classic texts and core curricula in undergraduate education. It is headquartered at Saint Marys College of California. It is bro ...

                                               

Bachelor of Arts

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelors degree awarded for an undergraduate program in the arts and sciences. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three or four years depending on the country and institution. They are contrasted with Bachelor of Sc ...

                                               

Great books

Great books are books that constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture. Specified sets of great books typically range from 100 to 150, though they differ according to purpose and context. For instance, some lists are b ...

                                               

Harrison Middleton University

Harrison Middleton University is a not-for-profit private distance-learning university offering Master of Arts, Doctor of Arts, and Doctor of Education programs in the humanities. Like a handful of traditional, bricks and mortar liberal arts coll ...

                                               

Lady Literate in Arts

A Lady Literate in Arts qualification was offered by the University of St Andrews in Scotland for more than a decade before women were allowed to graduate in the same way as men, and it became popular as a kind of external degree for women who ha ...

                                               

Liberal education

A liberal education is a system or course of education suitable for the cultivation of a free human being. It is based on the medieval concept of the liberal arts or, more commonly now, the liberalism of the Age of Enlightenment. It has been desc ...

                                               

McDaniel College Budapest

McDaniel College Budapest is the European Campus of McDaniel College, an accredited, private selective College of the Liberal Arts and Sciences, located in Westminster, Maryland, United States. It offers a standard American four-year undergraduat ...

                                               

National Michael Chekhov Association

The National Michael Chekhov Association is an accredited actor training and teacher certification program in the Michael Chekhov Acting Technique.

                                               

Philip Merrill Award for Outstanding Contributions to Liberal Arts Education

The Philip Merrill Award for Outstanding Contributions to Liberal Arts Education is an annual prize given by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni to an individual who has" made an extraordinary contribution to the advancement of liberal ar ...

                                               

Project Pericles

Project Pericles Inc. is a non-profit organization composed of liberal arts colleges and universities geared towards the ideas that social responsibility and participatory citizenship are essential parts of an undergraduate curriculum, in the cla ...

                                               

Quadrivium

In liberal arts education, the quadrivium consists of the four subjects or arts, taught after teaching the trivium. The word is Latin, meaning four ways, and its use for the four subjects has been attributed to Boethius or Cassiodorus in the 6th ...

                                               

Trivium

The trivium is the lower division of the seven liberal arts and comprises grammar, logic, and rhetoric. The trivium is implicit in De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii "On the Marriage of Philology and Mercury" by Martianus Capella, but the term wa ...

                                               

Musicology

Musicology for music and λογος for domain of study) is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music. Musicology departments traditionally belong to the humanities, although music research is often more scientific in focus. A scholar w ...

                                               

American Musicological Society

The American Musicological Society is a musicological organization founded in 1934 to advance scholarly research in the various fields of music as a branch of learning and scholarship. It grew out of a small contingent of the Music Teachers Natio ...

                                               

Anhemitonic scale

Musicology commonly classifies scales as either hemitonic or anhemitonic. Hemitonic scales contain one or more semitones, while anhemitonic scales do not contain semitones. For example, in traditional Japanese music, the anhemitonic yo scale is c ...

                                               

Art music

Art music is music considered to be of high aesthetic value. It typically implies advanced structural and theoretical considerations or a written musical tradition. In this context, the terms "serious" or "cultivated" are frequently used to prese ...

                                               

The Berkeley Treatise

The Berkeley Treatise is an anonymous 14th Century compilation of musicological writings. The treatise is in five sections: concerning fundamentals and mode, discant, mensuration, musica speculativa and tuning. The third section on mensuration is ...

                                               

Bibliography of Music Literature

The Bibliography of Music Literature, also known as BMS or BMS online, is an international bibliography of literature on music. It considers all kind of music and includes both current and older literature. Since 1968, the BMS editorial staff has ...

                                               

Bisector (music)

In diatonic set theory, a bisector divides the octave approximately in half and may be used in place of a generator to derive collections for which structure implies multiplicity is not true such as the ascending melodic minor, harmonic minor, an ...

                                               

Campanology

Campanology is the study of bells. It encompasses the technology of bells – how they are cast, tuned, rung, and sounded – as well as the history, methods, and traditions of bell-ringing as an art. It is common to collect together a set of tuned b ...

                                               

Catchiness

Catchiness is how easy it is for one to remember a song, tune or phrase. It is often taken into account when writing songs, catchphrases, advertising slogans, jingles etc. Alternatively, it can be defined as how difficult it is for one to forget ...

                                               

Chinese musicology

Chinese musicology is the academic study of traditional Chinese music. This discipline has a very long history. The concept of music, called 樂, stands among the oldest categories of Chinese thought, however, in the known sources it does not rece ...

                                               

CHOMBEC

CHOMBEC stands for the Centre for the History of Music in Britain, the Empire and the Commonwealth. It was a part of the music department at the University of Bristol until the summer of 2017. It was founded in 2006 by Professor Stephen Banfield. ...

                                               

Chroma feature

In music, the term chroma feature or chromagram closely relates to the twelve different pitch classes. Chroma-based features, which are also referred to as "pitch class profiles", are a powerful tool for analyzing music whose pitches can be meani ...

                                               

Cognitive musicology

Cognitive musicology is a branch of cognitive science concerned with computationally modeling musical knowledge with the goal of understanding both music and cognition. Cognitive musicology can be differentiated from other branches of music psych ...

                                               

Computational musicology

Computational musicology is an interdisciplinary research area between musicology and computer science. Computational musicology includes any disciplines that use computers in order to study music. It includes sub-disciplines such as mathematical ...

                                               

Contemporary harpsichord

The harpsichord was largely obsolete, and seldom played, during a period lasting from the late 18th century to the early 20th. The instrument was successfully revived during the 20th century, first in an ahistorical form strongly influenced by th ...

                                               

Department of Musicology (Palacky University, Faculty of Philosophy)

The Department of Musicology is an institute of Palacky University Faculty of Philosophy, which conducts research and provides education in the fields of musicology and fine art. While the Faculty of Philosophy dates back to 1576 and has provided ...

                                               

Derek Allen Prize

The Derek Allen Prize is awarded by the British Academy. It was founded in 1976 to honour Derek Allen, FBA, who was secretary and treasurer of the British Academy. It was established by his widow and sons to recognise outstanding scholarly achiev ...

                                               

Diatonic set theory

Diatonic set theory is a subdivision or application of musical set theory which applies the techniques and insights of discrete mathematics to properties of the diatonic collection such as maximal evenness, Myhills property, well formedness, the ...

                                               

Dickinson classification

The Dickinson classification is a library classification scheme used to catalogue and classify musical compositions. It was developed by George Sherman Dickinson, and is used by many music libraries, primarily those at University at Buffalo, Vass ...

                                               

Doctor of Musical Arts

The Doctor of Musical Arts is a doctoral academic degree in music. The DMA combines advanced studies in an applied area of specialization with graduate-level academic study in subjects such as music history, music theory, or music pedagogy. The D ...

                                               

Documentation Centre for Music

The Documentation Centre for Music forms part of the Special Collections Division of the Music Library within the Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service and is located in the Music Department. Collections acquired through acquisi ...

                                               

Ecomusicology

Ecomusicology is an academic discipline concerned with the study of music, culture, and nature, and considers musical and sonic issues, both textual and performative, related to ecology and the natural environment. It is in essence a mixture of e ...

                                               

Embodied music cognition

Embodied music cognition is a direction within systematic musicology interested in studying the role of the human body in relation to all musical activities. It considers the human body as the natural mediator between mind and physical environmen ...

                                               

Evolutionary musicology

Evolutionary musicology is a subfield of biomusicology that grounds the cognitive mechanisms of music appreciation and music creation in evolutionary theory. It covers vocal communication in other animals, theories of the evolution of human music ...

                                               

Fanfare (magazine)

Fanfare is an American bimonthly magazine devoted to reviewing recorded music in all playback formats. It mainly covers classical music, but since inception, has also featured a jazz column in every issue.

                                               

Forschungsinstitut fur Musiktheater

The Forschungsinstitut fur Musiktheater is a research institute for the study of opera and musical theatre. It is located in the Thurnau Castle, Thurnau, near Bayreuth, Bavaria. FIMT is associated with the University of Bayreuth. The head of FIMT ...

                                               

Gebrauchsmusik

Gebrauchsmusik is a German term, meaning "utility music", for music that exists not only for its own sake, but which was composed for some specific, identifiable purpose. This purpose can be a particular historical event, like a political rally o ...

                                               

Gesellschaft der Freunde alter Musikinstrumente

The Gesellschaft der Freunde alter Musikinstrumente was founded in 1951 in Zurich, Switzerland, by a number of music lovers and collectors of historical musical instruments. It is still the only society in the German speaking part of Europe that ...

                                               

Le Guide musical

Le Guide musical was a weekly French-language Belgian and French classical music periodical founded 1 March 1855 in Brussels by Peter Bernhard Schott, of the Brussels music publishing house Schott freres.

                                               

Harshness

Harshness, in music information retrieval, is a Non-Contextual Low-Level Audio Descriptors that represents one dimension of the multi-dimensional psychoacoustic feature called as musical timbre. Classical timbre’ NLDs are roughness, spectral cent ...

                                               

Head music

The idea of head music versus body music is an aesthetic idea in musicology. The distinction has been illustrated by comparing rock n roll with progressive rock, where the intention turned to innovation and experimentation, and "to offer head mus ...

                                               

Hip-hop in academia

Hip hop studies is a multidisciplinary field of study that encompasses sociology, anthropology, communication and rhetoric studies, religious studies, cultural studies, critical race theory, missiological studies, art history, dance, musicology, ...

                                               

IAJRC Journal

The IAJRC Journal is an American quarterly magazine published by the International Association of Jazz Record Collectors. The journal was established in 1968, 4 years after the association was founded in Pittsburgh. The first issue was published ...

                                               

Institute for History of Musical Reception and Interpretation

The institute was founded in June 2006 by Joachim Brugge, Wolfgang Gratzer, and Thomas Hochradner and is concerned with selected topics on the interpretation and reception of music in a project-related way. This should account for a self-concept ...

                                               

International Association for the Study of Popular Music

The International Association for the Study of Popular Music is an international learned society dedicated to the scholarly study of popular music. It was established in September 1981, with Charles Hamm and Simon Frith as two of its founding mem ...

                                               

International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres

The International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres, also known as Association Internationale des Bibliotheques, Archives et Centres de Documentation Musicaux and Internationale Vereinigung der Musikbibliotheken, ...

                                               

International Musicological Society

The International Musicological Society is a membership-based learned society for musicology at the international level, with headquarters in Basel, Switzerland. It seeks the advancement of musicological research through international cooperation.

                                               

International Research Center for Traditional Polyphony

The International Research Center for Traditional Polyphony is an academic organization focused on the study of the phenomenon of traditional vocal polyphony. It is a part of Tbilisi Vano Sarajishvili State Conservatory. Establishment of IRCTP wa ...

                                               

Jazz collections at the University Library of Southern Denmark

The Music Department at the University Library of Southern Denmark in Odense has through donations and acquisitions since 1997 achieved the status of research archive of specialised jazz studies. The Danish Jazz Center closed on 1 July 1997. Much ...

                                               

Kievan chant

Kievan chant, or chant in Kyivan style, is one of the liturgical chants common to the Russian Orthodox Church, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church and those churches that have their roots in the Moscow Patriarchate, such as the Orthodox Church in America.

                                               

List of musicology topics

This is a list of musicology topics. Musicology is the scholarly study of music. A person who studies music is a musicologist. The word is used in narrow, intermediate and broad senses. In the narrow sense, musicology is confined to the music his ...

                                               

Ludomusicology

Ludomusicology is a field of academic research and scholarly analysis focusing on video game music, understood as the music found in video games and in related contexts. It is closely related to the fields of musicology and interactive and games ...

                                               

Max-Reger-Institute

The Max-Reger-Institute is a musicological research institute and archive in Karlsruhe, Germany, dedicated to the work of the composer Max Reger, a representative of German music around the turn of the 20th century. An associated foundation, the ...

                                               

Melody type

"Melody type" is a fundamental notion for understanding a nature of Western and non-Western musical modes, according to Harold Powers seminal article "Mode" in the first edition of the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Powers 1980, 12:3 ...

                                               

Mensural notation

Mensural notation is the musical notation system used for European vocal polyphonic music from the later part of the 13th century until about 1600. The term "mensural" refers to the ability of this system to describe precisely measured rhythmic d ...

                                               

Music alignment

Music can be described and represented in many different ways including sheet music, symbolic representations, and audio recordings. For each of these representations, there may exist different versions that correspond to the same musical work. T ...

                                               

Music and politics

The connection between music and politics, particularly political expression in song, has been seen in many cultures. Although music influences political movements and rituals, it is not clear how or to what extent general audiences relate to mus ...

                                               

Music community

A music community is a group of people involved in a given type of music. Typically such a community has an informal, supportive structure. In the past such groups have typically developed within a town or school, where the members can meet physi ...

                                               

Music Encoding Initiative

The Music Encoding Initiative is an open-source effort to create a system for representation of musical documents in a machine-readable structure. MEI closely mirrors work done by text scholars in the Text Encoding Initiative and while the two en ...

                                               

Music history

Music history, sometimes called historical musicology, is a highly diverse subfield of the broader discipline of musicology that studies music from a historical point of view. In theory, "music history" could refer to the study of the history of ...

                                               

Music psychology

Music psychology, or the psychology of music, may be regarded as a branch of both psychology and musicology. It aims to explain and understand musical behaviour and experience, including the processes through which music is perceived, created, re ...

                                               

Music theory

Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music. The Oxford Companion to Music describes three interrelated uses of the term "music theory": The first is what is otherwise called "rudiments", currently taught as the elements ...

                                               

Musica poetica

Musica poetica was a term commonly applied to the art of composing music in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century German schools and universities. Its first known use was in the Rudimenta Musicae Planae of Nicolaus Listenius. Previously, music had b ...

                                               

Musical gesture

In music, gesture is any movement, either physical or mental. As such "gesture" includes both categories of movements required to produce sound and categories of perceptual moves associated with those gestures. The concept of musical gestures has ...

                                               

Musicology in Cuba

Throughout the years, the Cuban nation has developed a wealth of musicological material created by numerous investigators and experts on this subject.

                                               

Die Musik

Die Musik was a German music magazine established in 1901 by Bernhard Schuster. It was published semimonthly by Schuster & Loeffler from Berlin and Leipzig. Schuster was its editor-in-chief from inception until July 1933, when the publication was ...

                                               

Neuroscience of music

The neuroscience of music is the scientific study of brain-based mechanisms involved in the cognitive processes underlying music. These behaviours include music listening, performing, composing, reading, writing, and ancillary activities. It also ...

                                               

New musicology

New musicology is a wide body of musicology since the 1980s with a focus upon the cultural study, aesthetics, criticism, and hermeneutics of music. It began in part a reaction against the traditional positivist musicology of the early 20th centur ...

                                               

Oral History of American Music

Oral History of American Music, founded in 1969, is an oral history project and archive of audio and video recordings consisting mainly of interviews with American classical and jazz musicians. It is a special collection of the Irving S. Gilmore ...

                                               

Organology

Organology is the science of musical instruments and their classifications. It embraces study of instruments history, instruments used in different cultures, technical aspects of how instruments produce sound, and musical instrument classificatio ...

                                               

Psychoanalysis and music

The relationship between psychoanalysis and music is as old as the history of psychoanalysis itself. Psychoanalysts have examined musical phenomena, and the relationship has been reciprocal, as also musicologists have applied psychoanalysis to th ...

                                               

Rastrum

A rastrum is a five-pointed writing implement used in music manuscripts to draw parallel staff lines when drawn horizontally across a blank piece of sheet music. The word "raster" is derived from the Latin for "rake". Rastra were used to draw lin ...

                                               

Repertoire International des Sources Musicales

The Repertoire International des Sources Musicales is an international non-profit organization, founded in Paris in 1952, with the aim of comprehensively documenting extant historical sources of music all over the world. It is the largest organiz ...

                                               

Royal Musical Association

The Royal Musical Association is a British scholarly society and charity. Founded in 1874, the Association claims to be the second oldest musicological society in the world, after that of the Netherlands. Activities include organizing and sponsor ...

                                               

Russian Orthodox bell ringing

Russian Orthodox bell ringing has a history starting from the baptism of Rus in 988 and plays an important role in the traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church.

                                               

Sarajevo Music Academy

The Sarajevo Music Academy or Music Academy | University of Sarajevo is a Faculty of Music of University of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

                                               

Sarangadeva

Sārngadeva, also spelled Sharngadeva or Sarnga Deva, was the 13th-century Indian musicologist who authored Sangita Ratnakara – the classical Sanskrit text on music and drama. It is considered to be the authoritative treatise in Indian classical m ...

                                               

Schizophonia

Schizophonia is a term coined by R. Murray Schafer to describe the splitting of an original sound and its electroacoustic reproduction. This concept comes from the invention of electroacoustic equipment for the transmission of sound, which meant ...

                                               

Schola Gregoriana Pragensis

Schola Gregoriana Pragensis is an a cappella male voice choir from the Czech Republic, founded in 1987 by David Eben. Their core repertoire consists of Gregorian chant, Bohemian plainchant, and early polyphony, but they also perform modern works ...

                                               

Single affect principle

The single affect principle is a musicological term describing the idea that contrasting affects cannot belong in the one and the same musical movement, the harmonic structure of which would thus be limited by enharmonic modulations. It was one o ...

                                               

Sociomusicology

Sociomusicology, also called music sociology or the sociology of music, refers to both an academic subfield of sociology that is concerned with music, as well as a subfield of musicology that focuses on social aspects of musical behavior and the ...

                                               

Sonus (journal)

Sonus: Journal of Investigation Into Global Musical Possibilities is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers musicology, music education, composition, theory, journalism, ethnomusicology, and other areas of the music and performing arts. It ...

                                               

Sound studies

Sound studies is an interdisciplinary field that to date has focused largely on the emergence of the concept of "sound" in Western modernity, with an emphasis on the development of sound reproduction technologies. The field first emerged in venue ...

                                               

Spectromorphology

Spectromorphology is the perceived sonic footprint of a sound spectrum as it manifests in time. A descriptive spectromorphological analysis of sound is sometimes used in the analysis of electroacoustic music, especially acousmatic music. The term ...

                                               

State Institute for Music Research

The State Institute for Music Research is a musicological research facility in Berlin, Germany for the study of Musical Instruments, Music History, Music Theory and Music technology. It is an agency of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation an ...

                                               

Systematic musicology

Systematic musicology is an umbrella term, used mainly in Central Europe, for several subdisciplines and paradigms of musicology. "Systematic musicology has traditionally been conceived of as an interdisciplinary science, whose aim it is to explo ...

                                               

Tanabe Hisao Prize

The Tanabe Hisao Prize was created in 1983 by the Tōyō Ongaku Gakkai, the oldest musicological society of Japan. The prize is named after the musicologist Tanabe Hisao, one of the founding members of the society. The prize is awarded annually to ...

                                               

Theosophy and music

According to some musicology and religious studies scholars, after the foundation of the Theosophical Society, some professional musicians became interested in Theosophy, and many Theosophists often engaged in music. Several composers like Alexan ...

                                               

Timbral listening

In timbral listening, pitch is subordinate to timbre. Instead, the specific quality of a musical tone is determined by considering the presence, distribution and relative amplitude of overtones. When using this listening technique/ method of perc ...

                                               

Tonkunst

Tonkunst, literally "The Art of Tone", is an obsolete term in the German language applied for art music of the 19th century, and often used in music history and musical aesthetic representations. It probably originated from the need to give the m ...

                                               

Treatise on Instrumentation

Grand traite d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, abbreviated in English as the Treatise on Instrumentation is a technical study of Western musical instruments written by Hector Berlioz. It was first published in 1844 after being serial ...

                                               

Tune-family

In folk music a tune-family is, "a seeming multiplicity of melodies," reducible, "to a small number of models or sets." One can think of the models or sets as deep structures. Often, "different tunes are the same," and, "the same tune is differen ...

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