Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 326

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 326




                                               

The Mars Generation

Generation Mars is an American internationally active non-governmental non-profit organization involved in public outreach and advocacy for person, space and science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The mission of the generation of Mars- ...

                                               

Mutual shaping

Mutual processing assumes that society and technology are not mutually exclusive to each other and, Vice versa, influence and shape each other. This process is a combination of social and determinism, technological determinism. The term mutual sh ...

                                               

New media

New media are media, which are computational and rely on computers for redistribution. Some examples of new media are computer animation, computer games, human-machine interfaces, interactive computer devices, web sites, and virtual worlds. New m ...

                                               

Normal science

Normal science, defined and designed by Thomas Samuel Kuhn in his structure of scientific revolutions is the ongoing work of scholars theorizing, observation and experimentation within a settled paradigm or explanatory framework. Regard science a ...

                                               

Normalization process theory

The theory of the normalization process is a sociological theory in science and technological research. The theory concerns the adoption of technological and organizational innovations, initially in the health system. She was the model of the nor ...

                                               

Performativity

Performativity is a complex concept, which can be seen as a language which functions as a form of social action and effect change. The concept has several applications in various fields, such as anthropology, social and cultural geography, Econom ...

                                               

Philosophy of technology

Philosophy of technology is a sub-field of philosophy that studies the nature of technologies and their social consequences. Philosophical discussion of issues related to the technology or its Greek date techne ancestor at the very beginning of t ...

                                               

Political Economy of Research and Innovation

The political economy of research and innovation is a new academic field at the intersection of science and technology studies and political economy. It focuses on the production, distribution and consumption of knowledge, and how these shape and ...

                                               

Post-normal science

Post-normal science represents a new approach to the use of science in matters in which "facts are uncertain, values in dispute, high stakes and urgent decisions." The PNS was developed in the 1990-ies Silvio Funtowicz and Jerome R. Ravetz. This ...

                                               

Postnormal times

Postnormal times-a concept developed Ziauddin Sardar as the development of post-normal science. Sardar describes as "postnormal times", "between where the Orthodox are dying, the new not yet born, and very few things seem to make sense."

                                               

Private-collective model of innovation

The term private-collective model of innovation was coined by Eric von Hippel and Georg von Krogh in their 2003 publication in organization science. This innovative model is a combination model of private investment and collective action models o ...

                                               

Privileged positions of business and science

The privileged position of business and science belong to a unique authority that persons in these areas to pursue in the economic, political, and Affairs of the technosocial. Enterprises have strong ability of decision making in society, in fact ...

                                               

Rachel Carson Prize (academic book prize)

Rachel Carson award is presented annually by the Society for social studies of science, international scientific Association based in the United States. It is given in the book "socio-political relevance" in the field of science and technology st ...

                                               

Reverse salient

Reverse notable relates to a component of the technological system, because of its insufficient development, prevents the system as a whole to achieve its objectives in the field of development. This term was coined by Thomas P. Hughes in his wor ...

                                               

Technological revolution

The technological revolution is a period in which one or more technologies is replaced by other equipment in a short time. This is the era of accelerated technological progress characterized by the emergence of new innovation, rapid implementatio ...

                                               

Social construction of technology

Social construction of technology is a theory in the field of science and technology studies. Defenders Scot is, social constructivists argue that technology does not determine human action, but rather, human action shapes technology. They also c ...

                                               

Social shaping of technology

According to Robin Williams and David edge, "Central to social shaping of technology is the concept that there is a choice, as inherent to the design of individual artifacts and systems, and in the direction or trajectory of innovation programs." ...

                                               

Social studies of finance

Social studies of Finance is an interdisciplinary field of research that combines perspectives from anthropology, economic sociology, studies of science and technology, international political economy, behavioral Finance, cultural studies and / o ...

                                               

Socio-scientific issues

Socioscientific issues are controversial social issues which relate to science. They are ill-structured, open problems that have multiple solutions. SKU used in science education to promote scientific literacy, which emphasizes the ability to app ...

                                               

Sociotechnology

Sociotechnology is the study of processes at the interface of society and technology. Vojinovic and Abbott to define it as "the study of processes in which the social and the technical are inseparably United". Sociotechnology is an important part ...

                                               

Software studies

The introduction and use of software have been studied in recent fields such as cyberculture, Internet research new media and digital culture, to the analysis software, the software was rarely considered as a separate object of study. Research so ...

                                               

Sokal affair

The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax, was a scholarly edition of sting perpetrated by Alan Sokal, a physics Professor at new York University and University College London. In 1996, Sokal submitted an article to social text, academic journ ...

                                               

STEPS Centre

The centre is an interdisciplinary global research and policy interaction center at the University of Sussex. It is funded by the economic and social research Council. The centre brings together research, development of science and technology stu ...

                                               

Strong programme

The strong programme or strong sociology is a variety of the sociology of scientific knowledge particularly associated with David Bloor, Barry Barnes, Harry Collins, Donald A. Mackenzie, and John Henry. A strong influence on the research program ...

                                               

Science studies

Science studies is an interdisciplinary field of research that seeks to place scientific knowledge in a broad social, historical, and philosophical contexts. It uses different methods to analyze the production, representation and reception of sci ...

                                               

Sussex Manifesto

In the late 1960-ies of the United Nations asked for recommendations on science and technology for development of the academic staff of the Institute for the development of IDS and spru science and technology political studies, formerly the resea ...

                                               

Techno-progressivism

Techno-progressivism, or tech-progressivism-a stance of active support for the convergence of technological change and social transformation. Techno-progressives argue that technological developments can be extremely effective and liberating when ...

                                               

Technological convergence

Technological convergence is a theory, which refers to the trend in technology, which initially was linked to closer cooperation and even a common as their development and promotion. The concept is roughly analogous to convergent evolution in bio ...

                                               

Technological determinism

Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that technology of a society determines the development of its social structure and cultural values. A term believed to have originated from Thorstein Veblen, the American sociologi ...

                                               

Technological somnambulism

Technological somnambulism is a concept used when talking about the philosophy of technology. The term was used by Langdon winner in his essay technology As forms of life. Winner puts forth the idea that we are simply in a state of sleepwalking i ...

                                               

Technological transitions

Technological innovations have occurred throughout history and rapidly increased over the modern age. New technologies have been developed and co-exist with the old before replacing them. Transport offers several examples, from sail to steam ship ...

                                               

Technology acceptance model

Model of adoption of technology theory of information systems, models how users come to accept and use technology. The actual use of the system the end point where we want everyone to be able to do with technology, so we have to shape behavioral ...

                                               

Technology adoption life cycle

Technology lifecycle adoption is a sociological model that describes the adoption or acceptance of a new product or innovation, according to the demographic and psychological characteristics of defined adopter groups. The process of adoption over ...

                                               

Technology life cycle

Technology life cycle describes the commercial goals of the product, which is due to the research and development phase and the financial return during its "life". Some technologies, such as steel, paper or cement manufacturing, have a long servi ...

                                               

Technology trajectory

Technology trajectory refers to one branch of the evolution of the technological design of a product / service, with nodes representing separate designs. Movement sweep technology-related research and development. Thanks to the institutionalisati ...

                                               

Technoscience

In common usage, technoscience refers to the entire old global human activities technology, coupled with the relatively recent scientific method, which occurred primarily in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. Technoscience is the study of how ...

                                               

Theories of technology

Theory, technology attempt to explain the factors which shape technological innovation, and the impact of technology on society and culture. Most contemporary theories of technology reject the previous two views: a linear model of technological i ...

                                               

Trading zones

The metaphor of the trading zone to apply to cooperation in science and technology. The basis of the metaphor is anthropological studies about how different cultures are able to exchange goods despite differences in language and culture.

                                               

UCL Department of Science and Technology Studies

The UCL Department of science and technology studies is a Department of the University College, London, England. It is part of the PD, the faculty of mathematics and physical Sciences. The Department offers academic training undergraduate and gra ...

                                               

User innovation

User innovation refers to innovation by intermediate users or consumers, not suppliers. This concept is closely linked to joint design, and has been proven to lead to more innovative solutions than traditional consultation methodology. Eric von H ...

                                               

Science wars

Science wars were a series of intellectual exchanges, between scientific realists and postmodernist critics, about the nature of scientific theory and intellectual inquiry. They occurred mainly in the United States in the 1990-ies in the scientif ...

                                               

Branches of science

Branches of science, also called science, "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines" which are generally divided into three main groups: Formal Sciences: the Study of logic, mathematics, which use a priori and not empirical, methodology. So ...

                                               

Formal science

Official science-the science that studies the formal language of the disciplines involved in formal systems such as logic, mathematics, statistics, theoretical computer science, artificial intelligence, information theory, game theory, systems Th ...

                                               

Sexology

Sexology is the science of human sexuality, including sexual interests of the person, behavior and functions. The term Sexology, as a rule, do not apply to non-scientific study of sexuality, for example, political science or social criticism. Sex ...

                                               

Anal sex

Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis in your anus, or anus and rectum for sexual pleasure. Other forms include anal sex, fingering, use of sex toys for anal penetration, oral sex performed on th ...

                                               

Analloeroticism

Analloeroticism ALLO - erotic -ISM) is the lack of sexual interests of other persons Anil Aggrawal considers It distinct from asexuality and defines the latter as a lack of libido. Analloerotics are unattracted to women or men, but not necessaril ...

                                               

Animal roleplay

Animal roleplay is a form of roleplay where at least one participant plays the role not of the human animal. As with most forms of roleplay, its uses include play and psychodrama. Animal roleplay may also be found in the context of BDSM, where pe ...

                                               

Aphanisis

In psychoanalytic theory, aphanisis is the disappearance of sexual desire. The etymology of the term relates to it, like the lack of sparkle in the astronomical sense, such as the extinction or the disappearance of the stars. The term was later a ...

                                               

Benjamin scale

Sex orientation scale Harry Benjamins attempt to classify and understand various forms and subtypes of transvestism and transsexualism in biological males, published in 1966. It was a seven-point scale, it was similar to the Kinsey scale as it re ...

                                               

Blanchard's transsexualism typology

Blanchards transsexualism typology is a psychological typology of gender dysphoria, transsexualism and fetishistic transvestism created by ray Blanchard through the 1980s and 1990-ies, building on work of previous researchers, including his colle ...

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