Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 329

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 329




                                               

Onomasticon (Eusebius)

In the Onomasticon by Eusebius of Caesarea compiled a catalogue of geographical names, or "Handbook", the main source that provides historical geographers with modern knowledge of the early 4th century in Palestine and Transjordan. It sits uneasi ...

                                               

Ostracon

The ostracon is a piece of pottery, usually broken from a vase or other earthenware vessel. In the archaeological and epigraphic context astrakhov see even shards or small pieces of stone with inscriptions scratched on them. It is usually assumed ...

                                               

Palaeography

Or paleography is the study of ancient and historical handwriting. Included in the discipline of practice decoding, reading, and Dating historical manuscripts and the cultural context of writing, including the methods with which writing and books ...

                                               

Palimpsest

In the textual palimpsest is a manuscript page, either from a scroll or book from which it was borrowed text or washed off so that the page can be reused for another document. Pergamene was made from lamb, calf, goat or kid leather and expensive ...

                                               

Panizzi Lectures

The Panizzi lectures are an annual series of lectures at the British library "outstanding academic books", named after the librarian Anthony Panizzi. They are considered one of the major British literary lectures along with the Sandars lectures a ...

                                               

Papal diplomatics

Papal diplomatics is the scientific and critical study of original documents of the papacy, largely to distinguish them from the false documents. The study appears in the Middle ages and was refined in the centuries since.

                                               

Papyrology

Papyrologie studying ancient literature, correspondence, legal archives, etc., as preserved in manuscripts written on papyrus, the most common form of writing material in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece and Rome. Papyrology includes bo ...

                                               

Papyrus

Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in antiquity as a writing surface. It was made from the pith of the papyrus plant, papyrus nutsedge, sedge in wetlands. Papyrus may also refer to a document written on sheets of such mate ...

                                               

Parchment

Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared and untanned skins of animals - primarily sheep, calves and goats. It was used as a writing medium for over two millennia. Vellum is high quality parchment made from the skins of young ...

                                               

Plica (sigillography)

Plica is a term used in sigillography and related archival conditions for strengthening the lower edge of a Charter or deed, produced by folding the bottom of the sheet of parchment to achieve double thickness. The purpose of fold is to provide m ...

                                               

Printing

Printing is process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template. The earliest room-paper products with the involvement of the press include cylinder seals and objects such as the Cyrus cylinder and the cylinder of Nabonidus. T ...

                                               

Printing press

The printing press is a mechanical device for applying pressure to the painted surface abuts the seal, thereby transferring ink. There is a significant improvement on earlier methods of printing in which fabric, paper or other media were repeated ...

                                               

Prosopographia Imperii Romani

In Prosopographia Imperii Roma, abbreviated as PIR, is a collective historic work to create prosopographia high-ranking people from the Roman Empire. In the time period extends from the battle of Actium in 31 BC during the reign of Diocletian. Th ...

                                               

Recension

Recension is the practice of editing or revising a text based on critical analysis. When referring to manuscripts, this may be a revision by another author. The term comes from the Latin recensio. In textual criticism, particularly biblical schol ...

                                               

Reception of Enoch in antiquity

The book of Enoch is an ancient Jewish religious work, ascribed by tradition and internal certification in Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. Enoch has a unique material, such as the origin of supernatural demons and giants, why some angels fe ...

                                               

Revision (writing)

Editorial: in this step, focus on your ideas and organization. When revising your work, you can rearrange paragraphs and sentences. You can add or remove information. You make sure that your ideas clear to your audience.A review of the contents p ...

                                               

Roman graffiti

In archaeological terms, graffiti is a sign, image or lettering scratched or engraved on the surface. There have been numerous examples found on sites of the Roman Empire, including taverns and homes, as well as on ceramics of the time. In many c ...

                                               

Rubrication

Rubrication was one of several steps in the medieval process of manuscript making. Practitioners of rubrication, so-called rubricators or rubrishers, special scribes who received text from the manuscript of the original scribe, by attaching addit ...

                                               

Sandars Lectures

The Sandars readership in Bibliography of a series of annual lectures given in Cambridge University. Established in 1895 by the will of Mr Samuel Sandars of Trinity College, who left £2000 the will of the University, the series continues up to th ...

                                               

Scribal abbreviation

Scribal abbreviations or sigla are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in different languages, including Latin, Greek, old English and old Norse. In the modern editing of the manuscript sigla are symbols used to refer t ...

                                               

Scribe

A scribe is a person who acts as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of the automatic press. The profession formerly widespread in different cultures, has lost much of its importance and stat ...

                                               

Scriptorium

The scriptorium), literally "place for writing", is commonly used to refer to a room in medieval European monasteries devoted to the writing, copying and illuminating of manuscripts a rule, is processed by monastic scribes. However, lay scribes a ...

                                               

Scroll

The scroll is usually divided into several pages, which are sometimes separate sheets of papyrus or parchment glued together at the edges, or may be marked divisions of a continuous writing material. The scroll is usually unrolled so that one pag ...

                                               

Shakespeare's editors

Editors of Shakespeare have been important in the development of modern practice in the production of printed books and the development of textual criticism. 17th-century Folio collections of the plays of William Shakespeare were not editors in t ...

                                               

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum

Supplier Epigraphicum Graecum is an annual survey, collection and study of Greek inscriptions, published in the same year. New inscriptions have full Greek text and critical apparatus, and studies of older inscriptions have a short description. T ...

                                               

G. Thomas Tanselle

G. Thomas Tanselle-American textual critic, bibliographer and bibliophile, especially known for his work on Herman Melville. He was Vice-President, John Simon Guggenheim, 1978-2006.

                                               

Targum Onkelos

The Targum Onkelos, תרגום אונקלוס in the Jewish Aramaic Targum of the Torah, accepted as the authoritative translation of the text of the five books of Moses and thought it was written in the early 2nd century ad.

                                               

Text Creation Partnership

Text generation partnership is a non-profit organization based in the library of the University of Michigan since 2000. Its purpose is to produce large-scale full-text electronic resources on behalf of both organizations and scholarly publishers, ...

                                               

Text Encoding Initiative

Text encoding initiative the text-centric community of practice in the academic field of digital Humanities, operating continuously since the 1980-ies. The community currently runs a mailing list, meetings and conferences, and is the technical st ...

                                               

Textual criticism

Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, Philology and literary criticism related to the identification of text variants, or different versions, either manuscript or printed books. Such texts can vary in time from a first writing cun ...

                                               

Constantin von Tischendorf

Lobegott Friedrich Constantin Tischendorf was one of the worlds leading biblical scholar at his time. In 1844 he discovered the worlds oldest and most complete Bible starting with 325, with a complete New Testament earlier. This Bible is called C ...

                                               

Typesetting

Typesetting is the composition of text through organization of the physical types or digital equivalents. Stored letters and other symbols are retrieved and ordered according to the spelling of languages for visual display. Layout requires one or ...

                                               

Urtext edition

In the urtext edition of the works of classical music is a printed version intended to reproduce the original intention of the composer as accurately as possible, without any additional or changed materials. Other types of materials different fro ...

                                               

Variorum

In the variorum, abbreviated as cum NOTIS variorum is a work that collects all known variants of a text. This is the work of textual criticism whereby all changes and amendments are placed side by side in such a way that the reader can track how ...

                                               

Petros Vassiliadis

Petros Vassiliadis-Greek theologian and Professor of theology of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, President of the Center of Ecumenical, and therefore environmental studies" Metropolitan Panteleimon Papageorgiou”, and of the world confer ...

                                               

Voyant Tools

Seeing the tools open source, web application for the analysis of the text. It supports scientific reading and interpretation of texts, or corpus, especially scientists in the field of digital Humanities, students and the General public. It can b ...

                                               

Johann Jakob Wettstein

Wettstein, the services provided in textual criticism by his collection of various readings and his methodical account of the manuscripts and other sources. Through his painstaking study of the Alexandrian Codex, he found discrepancies or calcula ...

                                               

Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff

Enno Friedrich Pichardo Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff-German classical philologist. Wilamowitz, as he is known in scientific circles, was a renowned authority in Ancient Greece and its literature.

                                               

Wilbour Papyrus

In the Wilbour papyrus is a papyrus purchased by new York journalist Charles Edwin Wilbour from the farmer when he visited the island of elephantine near Aswan in 1893. There he bought seventeen papyri from a local farmer. He doesnt understand ho ...

                                               

Woodblock printing

Woodblock printing is a method of printing text, images or patterns used widely in East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. As a method of printing on cloth, the earliest surviving examp ...

                                               

Writing material

Writing material refers to materials that provide the surfaces on which humans use writing instruments to inscribe writings. The same materials can also be used for symbolic or representational drawings. Building material on which writings or dra ...

                                               

William Zeitlin

William Zeitlin was a Russian scholar and bibliographer born at Homel, government of Moghilef, about the middle of the 19th century. He is especially known as the author of Kiryat Sefer, or the library of Hebrew after Mendelssohniana, bibliograph ...

                                               

Zenodotus

Zenodotus was a Greek grammarian, literary critic, and Homeric scholar, and the first librarian of the library of Alexandria. A native of Ephesus and a pupil of Philitas because he lived during the reign of the first two Ptolemies, and was at the ...

                                               

List of schools for quantitative psychology

This is a nonexhaustive list of schools that offer degrees in quantitative psychology, or related fields, such as psychometrics or research methodology. The program is usually offered in departments of psychology, educational psychology, or human ...

                                               

Heavy industry

Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products, Large and heavy equipment and services, complex or multiple processes. Because of these factors, heavy industry includes a higher capital inten ...

                                               

Light industry

Light industry is industry, which, as a rule, are less capital intensive than heavy industry and is more consumer-oriented than business-oriented, as it usually produces less consumer goods. Most light industry products are produced for end users ...

                                               

Agricultural machinery industry

Agricultural engineering and agricultural engineering industry is the part of the industry that produces and maintain tractors, agricultural machinery and agricultural implements. This branch is part of the engineering industry.

                                               

Arms industry

The industry of arms, also known as the defence industry or the arms trade is a global industry that manufactures and sells weapons and military technology. It consists of commercial enterprises involved in research and development, engineering, ...

                                               

Celebrity–industrial complex

Celebrity-industrial complex as a socio-economic structure, which involves a symbiotic relationship between celebrities and business corporations. First proposed by vanity Fair columnist Maureen Orth in her book How important it is to be known, i ...

                                               

Chemical industry

The chemical industry includes companies that produce industrial chemicals. Central to modern world economy, it converts raw materials into over 70.000 different products. The polymeric materials contain some overlap, as most chemical companies, ...

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