Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 337

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 337

                                               

Types of legal entities in Russia

Russian businesses may have one of several types of legal status. A business may operate as a limited liability company, or as a public or private joint-stock company, or may be run by a sole proprietor. Other types of commercial and non-commerci ...

                                               

List of women company founders

Laura Ashley Linda Avey Salwa Idrissi Akhannouch Janine Allis Folorunsho Alakija Jessica Alba Olajumoke Adenowo Bolanle Austen-Peters Mo Abudu Cheryl Arrowsmith Mother Angelica

                                               

Outline of working time and conditions

Employment discrimination Legal aspects of workplace bullying Workplace bullying Workplace incivility Unpaid work Work accident Workplace deviance Occupational stress Job lock Work–family conflict Hostile work environment Occupational apartheid O ...

                                               

Management

Management is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its em ...

                                               

Abusive supervision

Abusive supervision is most commonly studied in the context of the workplace, although can arise in other areas such as in the household and at school. "Abusive supervision has been investigated as an antecedent to negative subordinate workplace ...

                                               

Action item

In management, an action item is a documented event, task, activity, or action that needs to take place. Action items are discrete units that can be handled by a single person.

                                               

Association management company

An association management company, or AMC, provides management and specialized administrative services to non-profit trade associations and professional associations using a for-profit approach. Many AMCs serve as an organizations headquarters, m ...

                                               

Cognitive inertia

Cognitive inertia is the tendency for a particular orientation in how an individual thinks about an issue, belief or strategy to endure or resist change. The physics term inertia is to emphasize the rigidity and resistance to change in the method ...

                                               

Communities of innovation

Communities that support innovation have been referred to as communities of innovation, communities for innovation, innovation communities, open innovation communities, and communities of creation.

                                               

Completed staff work

Completed staff work is a principle of management which states that subordinates are responsible for submitting written recommendations to superiors in such a manner that the superior need do nothing further in the process than review the submitt ...

                                               

Contingency approach

Contingency approach, also known as situational approach, is a concept in management stating that there is no one universally applicable set of management principles to organizations. Organizations are individually different, face different situa ...

                                               

Control (management)

Control is a function of management which helps to check errors in order to take corrective actions. This is done to minimize deviation from standards and ensure that the stated goals of the organization are achieved in a desired manner. Accordin ...

                                               

Corporate governance

Corporate governance is the collection of mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and operated. Governance structures and principles identify the distribution of rights and responsibilities among different partici ...

                                               

Court of assistants

A Court of Assistants is a council of members belonging to professional, trade, craft or livery organisations. The term originated among the London Livery companies, as certain senior members who manage the affairs of the City of London Companies ...

                                               

Critical management studies

Critical management studies is a loose but extensive grouping of theoretically informed critiques of management, business and organisation, grounded originally in a critical theory perspective. Today it encompasses a wide range of perspectives th ...

                                               

Customer benefit package

A customer benefit package forms part of the operations management toolkit. It involves a clearly defined set of tangible and intangible features that the customer recognizes, purchase or use. This can be the real or perceived value that a custom ...

                                               

Decentralized decision-making

Decentralized decision-making is any process where the decision-making authority is distributed throughout a larger group. It also connotes a higher authority given to lower level functionaries, executives, and workers. This can be in any organiz ...

                                               

Delaying tactic

Delaying tactic is a deliberate action to guide decisions to achieve beneficial outcomes, by delaying a decision, or an occurrence. or by slowing it down to win an advantage. Many governments, and organizations are accused of applying such tactic ...

                                               

Delegation

Delegation is the assignment of any authority to another person to carry out specific activities. It is one of the core concepts of management leadership. However, the person who delegated the work remains accountable for the outcome of the deleg ...

                                               

Design leadership

Design leadership is a concept complementary to design management. In practice, design managers within companies often operate in the field of design leadership and design leaders in the field of design management. However, the two terms are not ...

                                               

Diagnostic Enterprise Method

The diagnostic enterprise method is a management theory whose methods were created based on Frederick Winslow Taylors principles to develop new ways in which companies can change their internal structure without outside help. Some of the techniqu ...

                                               

Disagree and commit

Disagree and commit is a management principle which states that individuals are allowed to disagree while a decision is being made, but that once a decision has been made, everybody must commit to it. The principle can also be understood as a sta ...

                                               

Dynamic capabilities

In organizational theory, dynamic capability is the capability of an organization to purposefully adapt an organizations resource base. The concept was defined by David Teece, Gary Pisano and Amy Shuen, in their 1997 paper Dynamic Capabilities an ...

                                               

Dynamic enterprise modeling

Dynamic enterprise modeling is an enterprise modeling approach developed by the Baan company, and used for the Baan enterprise resource planning system which aims "to align and implement it in the organizational architecture of the end-using comp ...

                                               

Dynaxity

Dynaxity is a compound word of dynamics and complexity. The term describes the combination of dynamics and complexity. It was invented in the late 1980s and was initially published and used by Rieckmann. The term was used by many authors, i.a. by ...

                                               

Exit criteria

Exit criteria are the criteria or requirements which must be met to complete a specific task or process as used in some fields of business or science, such as software engineering.

                                               

F-Law

Management f -Laws are subversive epigrams about common management practices. Based on observation and experience, they are used to draw attention to entrenched ways of thinking about management and business that are often at odds with common sen ...

                                               

Feedforward (management)

Feed forward in management theory is an application of the cybernetic concept of feedforward first articulated by I. A. Richards in 1951. It reflects the impact of Management cybernetics in the general area of management studies. It refers to the ...

                                               

Feminine style of management

The feminine style of management is a management style generally characterized by more feminine quality soft skills and behaviors such as empathy, effective communication, and a generally more democratic or team-styled work environment. The style ...

                                               

Foresight (psychology)

Foresight is the ability to predict, or the action of predicting, what will happen or what is needed in the future. Studies suggest that much of human daily thought is directed towards potential future events. Because of this and its role in huma ...

                                               

Full Range Leadership Model

The Full Range of Leadership Model is a general leadership theory focusing on the behavior of leaders towards the workforce in different work situations. The FRLM relates transactional and transformational leadership styles with laissez-faire lea ...

                                               

Goal

A goal is an idea of the future or desired result that a person or a group of people envision, plan and commit to achieve. People endeavour to reach goals within a finite time by setting deadlines. A goal is roughly similar to a purpose or aim, t ...

                                               

Incremental profit

Incremental profit is the profit gain or loss associated with a given managerial decision. Total profit increases so long as incremental profit is positive. When incremental profit is negative, total profit declines. Similarly, incremental profit ...

                                               

Indian Ethos in Management

Indian Ethos in Management refers to the values and practices that the culture of India can contribute to service, leadership and management. These values and practices are rooted in Sanathana Dharma, and have been influenced by various strands o ...

                                               

Innovation leadership

Innovation leadership is a philosophy and technique that combines different leadership styles to influence employees to produce creative ideas, products, and services. The key role in the practice of innovation leadership is the innovation leader ...

                                               

Instruction creep

Instruction creep occurs when instructions increase in number and size over time until they are unmanageable. It can be insidious and damaging to the success of large groups such as corporations, originating from ignorance of the KISS principle a ...

                                               

Japanese management culture

Japanese management culture refers to working philosophies or methods in Japan. It included concepts and philosophies such as just in time, kaizen and total quality management.

                                               

Joy's law (management)

In management, Joys law is the principle that "no matter who you are, most of the smartest people work for someone else,” attributed to Sun Microsystems co-founder Bill Joy. Joy was prompted to state this observation through his dislike of Bill G ...

                                               

Kick the cat

Kick the cat is a metaphor used to describe how a relatively high-ranking person in an organization or family displaces their frustrations by abusing a lower-ranking person, who may in turn take it out on their own subordinate.

                                               

Kiss up kick down

Kiss up kick down is a neologism used to describe the situation where middle level employees in an organization are polite and flattering to superiors but abusive to subordinates. It is believed to have originated in the US, with the first docume ...

                                               

Lean thinking

Lean thinking is a business methodology that aims to provide a new way to think about how to organize human activities to deliver more benefits to society and value to individuals while eliminating waste. The term" lean thinking” was coined by Ja ...

                                               

Likert's management systems

Likert’s management systems are management styles developed by Rensis Likert in the 1960s. He outlined four systems of management to describe the relationship, involvement, and roles of managers and subordinates in industrial settings. He based t ...

                                               

Machiavellianism in the workplace

Machiavellianism in the workplace is a concept studied by many organizational psychologists. Conceptualized originally by Richard Christie and Florence Geis, Machiavellianism refers to a psychological trait concept where individuals behave in a c ...

                                               

Macromanagement

Macromanagement is a management theory with two different approaches to the definition that both share a common idea; management from afar. Contrary to micromanagement where managers closely observe and control the works of their employees, macro ...

                                               

Management buy-in

A management buy-in occurs when a manager or a management team from outside the company raises the necessary finance, buys it, and becomes the companys new management. A management buy-in team often competes with other purchasers in the search fo ...

                                               

Management buyout

A management buyout is a form of acquisition in which a companys existing managers acquire a large part, or all, of the company, whether from a parent company or non-artificial person. Management-, and/or leverage d buyout became noted phenomena ...

                                               

Management due diligence

Management due diligence is the process of appraising a companys senior management - evaluating each individuals effectiveness in contributing to the organizations strategic objectives. Assessing company management is crucial when closing busines ...

                                               

Management entrenchment

Management is a type of labor but with a special role-coordinating the activities of inputs and carrying out the contracts agreed among inputs, all of which can be characterized as "decision making". Managers usually face disciplinary forces by m ...

                                               

Management process

Management process is a process of setting goals, planning and/or controlling the organizing and leading the execution of any type of activity, such as: a project management process or a process management process, sometimes referred to as the pr ...

                                               

Management science

Management science is the broad interdisciplinary study of problem solving and decision making in human organizations, with strong links to management, economics, business, engineering, management consulting, and other fields. It uses various sci ...

                                               

Management style

Management consists of the planning, prioritizing, and organizing work efforts to accomplish objectives within a business organization. A management style is the particular way managers go about accomplishing these objectives. It encompasses the ...

                                               

Managerial hubris

Managerial hubris is the unrealistic belief held by managers in bidding firms that they can manage the assets of a target firm more efficiently than the target firms current management. Managerial hubris is one reason a manager may choose to inve ...

                                               

Managerial prerogative

Managerial prerogatives are considered natural rights that allow employers to manage their employees. They are the discretionary powers left at any moment in the hands of managers. Every act which a manager or his subordinates can lawfully do, wi ...

                                               

Managerial psychology

Managerial psychology is a sub-discipline of industrial and organizational psychology, which focuses on the efficacy of individuals, groups and organizations in the workplace. Its purpose is to specifically aid managers in gaining a better unders ...

                                               

Managerialism

Managerialism, on one level, involves belief in the value of professional managers and of the concepts and methods they use. Contemporary writers on management such as Thomas Diefenbach associate managerialism with hierarchy. But scholars have al ...

                                               

Managing by wire

Managing by wire is a management strategy in which managers rely on their companys "information representation" generated by computers such as databases and software instead of on detailed commands. It was presented by Stephan H. Haeckel and Rich ...

                                               

Managing up and managing down

Managing up and managing down is studied as part of management studies, and details how a middle manager should effectively deal with his or her manager and with his or her subordinates. Additionally, managing up on its own may be a useful skill ...

                                               

MECE principle

The MECE principle, pronounced "ME-see", is a grouping principle for separating a set of items into subsets that are mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive. It was developed in the late 1960s by Barbara Minto at McKinsey & Company and und ...

                                               

Micromanagement

In business management, micromanagement is a management style whereby a manager closely observes and/or controls and/or reminds the work of his/her subordinates or employees. Micromanagement is generally considered to have a negative connotation, ...

                                               

Multidimensional organization

A multidimensional organization is an organization that pursues its objectives simultaneously through multiple dimensions. The multidimensional organization was discussed as early as the 1970s. It required the combination of the fall of costs of ...

                                               

Mushroom management

Mushroom management, also known as Pseudo-Analysis or Blind Development, is the running of a company where the communication channels between the managers and the employees do not work properly. The term mushroom management alludes to the stereot ...

                                               

Operational excellence

Operational Excellence is the execution of the business strategy more consistently and reliably than the competition. Operational Excellence is evidenced by results. Given two companies with the same strategy, the Operationally Excellent company ...

                                               

Organizational conflict

Organizational conflict, or workplace conflict, is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together. Conflict takes many forms in organizations. There is the inevitable ...

                                               

Organizing (management)

Organizing or organising is the establishment of effective authority relationships among selected work, persons and work places in order for the group to work together efficiently. Or the process of dividing work into sections and departments.

                                               

Plan

A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an objective to do something. It is commonly understood as a temporal set of intended actions through which one expects to achieve a goal. For ...

                                               

Power to the edge (management technique)

Power to the edge refers to the ability of an organization to dynamically synchronize its actions; achieve command and control agility; and increase the speed of command over a robust, networked grid. The term is most commonly used in relation to ...

                                               

Seagull manager

Seagull management is a management style wherein a manager only interacts with employees when they deem a problem has arisen. The perception is that such a management style involves hasty decisions about things of which they have little understan ...

                                               

Sense and respond

Sense and respond has been used in control theory for several decades, primarily in closed systems such as refineries where comparisons are made between measurements and desired values, and system settings are adjusted to narrow the gap between t ...

                                               

Smiling curve

In business management theory, the smiling curve is a graphical depiction of how value added varies across the different stages of bringing a product on to the market in an IT-related manufacturing industry. The concept was first proposed around ...

                                               

Stakeholder approach

In management, a stakeholder approach is the practice that managers formulate and implement processes that satisfy stakeholders needs to ensure long-term success. According to the degree of participation of the different groups, the company can t ...

                                               

Stewardship theory

Stewardship theory is a theory that managers, left on their own, will act as responsible stewards of the assets they control. Stewardship theorists assume that given a choice between self-serving behavior and pro-organizational behavior, a stewar ...

                                               

Supervision

Supervision is the act or function of overseeing something or somebody. A person who performs supervision is a "supervisor", but does not always have the formal title of supervisor. A person who is getting supervision is the "supervisee".

                                               

Target culture

Target culture is a pejorative term used to refer to the perceived negative effects of rigid adherence to performance targets by businesses and organisations. The term is primarily used to refer to this kind of behaviour within the provision of p ...

                                               

Technostructure

Technostructure is the group of technicians, analysts within an organisation with considerable influence and control on its economy. The term was coined by the economist John Kenneth Galbraith in The New Industrial State. It usually refers to man ...

                                               

Turnaround management

Turnaround management is a process dedicated to corporate renewal. It uses analysis and planning to save troubled companies and returns them to solvency, and to identify the reasons for failing performance in the market, and rectify them. Turnaro ...

                                               

Upper echelons theory

The upper echelons theory is a management theory published by Donald C. Hambrick and P. Mason in 1984. It states that organizational outcomes are partially predicted by managerial background characteristics of the top level management team.

                                               

Workers' control

Workers control is participation in the management of factories and other commercial enterprises by the people who work there. It has been variously advocated by anarchists, socialists, communists, social democrats, Distributionists and Christian ...

                                               

Matt Zemlin

Matthias Matt Zemlin is a German manager and sales expert, former film distributor, producer, director and actor. During the last years Matthias Zemlin was sales director at Mediflow where he was involved in the significant increase of Mediflow’s ...

                                               

Account manager

An account manager is a person who works for a company and is responsible for the management of sales and relationships with particular customers. An account manager maintains the companys existing relationships with a client or group of clients, ...

                                               

Appraiser

An appraiser, is a person that estimates the market value of a product, most notably real estate. The current definition of "appraiser" according to the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice USPAP: Uniform Standards of Professional ...

                                               

Auto transport broker

An auto transport broker is a type of cargo broker that specializes in the shipping and transportation of vehicles. Most vehicles shipped in the U.S. are cars and trucks, but many brokers handle boats, RVs, motorcycles and other types of vehicles ...

                                               

Bursar

A bursar is a professional financial administrator in a school or university. In the United States, bursars usually exist only at the level of higher education or at private secondary schools. In Australia, Great Britain, and other countries, bur ...

                                               

Business analyst

A business analyst is someone who analyzes an organization or business domain and documents its business or processes or systems, assessing the business model or its integration with technology. Business Analyst helps in guiding businesses in imp ...

                                               

Business consultant

A business consultant is a professional who provides professional or expert advice in a particular area such as security, management, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing, finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fie ...

                                               

Business executive

A business executive is a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization. Executives run companies or government agencies. They create plans to help their organizations g ...

                                               

Businessperson

A businessman or businesswoman is a person involved in the business sector – in particular someone undertaking activities for the purpose of generating cash flow, sales, and revenue by utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and ...

                                               

Buyer

For a name, see Bayer or Beyer or Beyers. For the occupation in the fashion industry, see Buyer fashion. Amirkhan A buyer is any person who pay to acquire an courier or service in return for some form of business. When someone acts as a regular b ...

                                               

Change management analyst

A change management analyst is responsible for auditing and evaluating the change management process in the context of Systems engineering. Change management within systems engineering is aimed at helping system users to adopt the new system and ...

                                               

Chief analytics officer

Chief analytics officer is a job title for the senior manager responsible for the analysis of data within an organization, such as a listed company or an educational institution. The CAO often reports to the chief executive officer. Not many comp ...

                                               

Chief brand officer

A chief brand officer is a relatively new executive-level position at a corporation, company, organization, or agency, which typically reports to the CEO or board of directors and is responsible for a brands image, experience, and promise. The br ...

                                               

Chief economist

Chief economist is a single-position job class having primary responsibility for the development, coordination, and production of economic and financial analysis. It is distinguished from the other economist positions by the broader scope of resp ...

                                               

Chief gaming officer

A chief gaming officer is an executive position whose holder is focused on research and technical issues within a computer game company. The first two video game companies that have employed this executive position are Bigpoint and Golden Worlds ...

                                               

Chief Happiness Officer

The Chief Happiness Officer in a company is the manager of workers happiness. Probably originating in North America, CHO posts are being created in European and UK companies to ensure workers welfare needs are met.

                                               

Chief human resources officer

A chief human resources officer or chief people officer is a corporate officer who oversees all aspects of human resource management and industrial relations policies, practices and operations for an organization. Similar job titles include: chie ...

                                               

Chief information officer

Chief information officer, chief digital information officer or information technology director, is a job title commonly given to the most senior executive in an enterprise who works with information technology and computer systems, in order to s ...

                                               

Chief innovation officer

A chief innovation officer or chief technology innovation officer is a person in a company who is primarily responsible for managing the process of innovation and change management in an organization, as well as being in some cases the person who ...

                                               

Chief operating officer

The chief operating officer, also called the chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, comprising part of the "C-Suite". The COO is usually the second-in-command at the firm, especially if the ...

                                               

Chief privacy officer

The Chief Privacy Officer is a senior level executive within a growing number of global corporations, public agencies and other organizations, responsible for managing risks related to information privacy laws and regulations. Variations on the r ...

                                               

Chief scientific officer

A chief science officer is a position at the head of scientific research operations at organizations or companies performing significant scientific research projects.

                                               

Chief solutions officer

A chief solutions officer is a corporate title referring to an executive responsible for the identification, development and delivery of business solutions and services. The primary focus of a chief solutions officer and general manager is to dri ...

This website uses cookies. Cookies remember you so we can give you a better online experience.
preloader close
preloader