Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 344

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 344

                                               

Golden hello

In the field of accounting and contract law, the Golden Hello is a term used for several different procedures: 1. payment to induce the employee to work from a specific employer in a welcome package or payment from a competitor of the employer to ...

                                               

Golden parachute

A Golden parachute is an agreement between the company and the employee indicates that the employee will receive certain significant benefits if employment relationship is terminated. This can include severance pay, cash bonuses, stock options or ...

                                               

Golden umbrella

Golden umbrella is a clause in the contract of entrepreneurs with their company, usually the CEO or Executive Director, which guarantees a certain payout for the risk they bear in starting the company. The flip side of a Golden umbrella is that a ...

                                               

Good standing

The person or organization with a good reputation, considered to have fulfilled all its obligations without any form of punishment, suspension, or disciplinary censure. A legal entity that is in a good position and weakens the authority to carry ...

                                               

Granularity

The granularity condition existing in the form of granules or grains, refers to the extent to which a material or system is composed of distinguishable parts. It can refer to the extent to which larger companies, subdivided, or the extent to whic ...

                                               

Greed and fear

Greed and fear are two opposite emotional States the theory as a contributing factor to the unpredictability and volatility of the stock market and the irrational behavior of the market contradicts the hypothesis of market efficiency. Greed and f ...

                                               

Green Monday

Green Monday is an online retail term similar to Cyber Monday. This term was coined by eBay in 2007 to describe the best sales day in December, usually the second Monday of December. Green Monday is defined more specifically by business research ...

                                               

Gross-up clause

Gross-up point is a provision in the contract that provides that all payments must be made in full, without any deductions without a realization of the right of set-off. This position usually indicate that if there is a mandatory withholding or d ...

                                               

Growth capital

Growth capital is a type of investment private equity, as a rule, investments in the minority, in relatively Mature companies that are looking for capital to expand or restructure operations, enter new markets or Finance a major transaction witho ...

                                               

Guaranteed investment contract

Guaranteed investment contract is a contract that guarantees repayment of principal and fixed or variable interest rate for a specified period of time. Guaranteed investment contracts generally issued by insurance companies life qualified for tax ...

                                               

Harvey balls

Harvey balls are round ideograms used for visual representation of quality information. They are commonly used in comparison tables to indicate the degree to which a specific product meets certain criteria. For example, when comparing the product ...

                                               

Henry Hub

Henry hub is a distribution center in the system of natural gas pipeline in Erath, Louisiana, owned by Sabine OOO pipe Line, a subsidiary of Enlink midstream partners LP, who acquired the assets of Chevron Corporation in 2014. Because of its impo ...

                                               

Hold-up problem

In the economy, hinders problem occupies a Central place in the theory of incomplete contracts, and shows the difficulties in writing complete contracts. The delay problem occurs when there are two factors: The specific form of the optimal transa ...

                                               

Honorarium

The fee is a voluntary payment, i.e. payment, not the giver recognizing themselves as having any liability or legal obligation to employees for their services as volunteers or services for which fees are not traditionally required. It is a common ...

                                               

Horizontal integration

Horizontal integration-process of the company, increase of production of goods or services in this part of the supply chain. The company can do this through internal expansion, acquisition or merger. The process can lead to a monopoly if the comp ...

                                               

Implementation maturity model assessment

Maturity model implementation is a tool to help organizations evaluate and assess the maturity of its implementation processes. This model consists of two important components, namely: Implementation maturity matrix, which is the adjusted version ...

                                               

Incentive system

In organizational psychology, Economics, and business the incentive system refers to the structure of motivation of the people within the organization, to act in the interests of the organization. The main condition for the creation of a system o ...

                                               

Independent business

An independent business is a business that is free from external control. This usually means private enterprises, unlike joint stock companies, the latest of which belongs to the investment units traded on the stock market. In many cases, indepen ...

                                               

Index (economics)

In the field of Economics and Finance, an index is a statistical measure of changes in a representative group of individual data points. This information can be obtained from any number of sources, including company performance, prices, productiv ...

                                               

Indirect procurement

Indirect procurement is the procurement of goods and services for business, allowing him to maintain and develop their activities. Goods and services classified within indirect procurement usually sold for consumption on internal stakeholders rat ...

                                               

Induction programme

Induction is the process used within many businesses to welcome new employees to the company and to prepare them for new roles.It helps to integrate employees into the organization. Induction training should, according to TPI-theory, include deve ...

                                               

Industrial market segmentation

Segmentation of the industrial market is a scheme for categorizing industrial and business customers to guide strategic and tactical decisions. Government agencies and industry associations to use the standard segmentation schemes for statistical ...

                                               

Infopreneur

In infopreneur is an entrepreneur who identifies opportunities for entrepreneurial creation of information database of the enterprise by identifying knowledge deficit situations and selling target-based information products and services, mainly t ...

                                               

Information market

Although information has been bought and sold since ancient times, the idea of an information marketplace is relatively recent. The nature of these markets is still evolving, which complicates development of sustainable business models. However, ...

                                               

Intelligent customer

Smart function support, or a smart client is the ability to the host organization, which is responsible for ownership, management and delivery of a particular service or range of services from name or organization to this organization. Examples o ...

                                               

Interlocking directorate

Centralization of management refers to the practice of the members of the Board of Directors, serving on the boards of several corporations. The person who sits on multiple boards is known as a multiple Director. The two firms have a direct inter ...

                                               

Intermediate product

The intermediate product is a product, which may require additional treatment prior to its sale to the final consumer. This subsequent processing may be performed by the manufacturer or by another processor. Thus, the intermediate product may be ...

                                               

Internal customer

                                               

Internal entrepreneur

The internal entrepreneur is known as the intrapreneur makes a part of intrapreneurship and is defined as "a person in a large Corporation who takes direct responsibility for turning ideas into profitable finished product through stringent risk a ...

                                               

Inverse floating rate note

Inverse floating rate, or simply the inverse floater is a type of bond or other type of debt instrument used in Finance whose coupon rate has an inverse relationship to short-term interest rates. With a reverse floater, as interest rates rise the ...

                                               

Invoice

See also Voucher: an invoice is within the European union primarily legally defined by the EU VAT directive as an accounting voucher to verify tax and VAT reporting and secondly as a Civil law common law document. The invoice tab of the invoice o ...

                                               

January barometer

The January barometer is the hypothesis that the development of the stock market in January predicts its performance for the rest of the year. So if stock market rises in January, it is likely to continue to rise by the end of December. The Janua ...

                                               

Job hunting

Job search Looking for work or looking for work is the act of seeking employment, due to unemployment, underemployment, dissatisfaction with the current position or the desire for a better position. As of 2010, less than 10% of U.S. jobs are fill ...

                                               

Jobber (merchandising)

The marking of the "commodity" may be synonymous with "wholesaler", "distributor", "broker" and "intermediary." A business that buys goods and bulk products from importers, other wholesalers or manufacturers and then sells to retailers, historica ...

                                               

Kanban

Kanban is a scheduling system for lean production and time of production. Taiichi Ohno, the industrial engineer at Toyota, developed the Kanban to improve production efficiency. Kanban is one of the ways to achieve with JIT. The system takes its ...

                                               

Knowledge broker

Knowledge broker is an intermediary that aims to develop links and networks, including between producers and users of knowledge by providing linkages, knowledge sources, and in some cases knowledge itself, to organize its network. While the exact ...

                                               

Knowledge economy

Knowledge economy is the use of knowledge to create goods and services. In particular, this applies to a high proportion of skilled workers in the economy of the settlement of the country, or the world, and the idea that most jobs require special ...

                                               

Knowledge ecosystem

The idea of a knowledge ecosystem is an approach to knowledge management which claims to stimulate the dynamic development of cooperation between the objects of knowledge to improve decision-making and innovation through improved evolutionary net ...

                                               

Knowledge management

Knowledge management is the process of creation, dissemination, use and management of knowledge and information in the organization. It relates to a multidisciplinary approach to achieving organisational objectives by making the best use of knowl ...

                                               

Knowledge policy

Policy knowledge provide an institutional framework for the creation, management and use of organizational knowledge, and social framework for balancing global competitiveness with social order and cultural values. Policy knowledge can be conside ...

                                               

Knowledge spillover

Dissemination of knowledge is the exchange of ideas between people. In the management of economy knowledge, the dissemination of knowledge are unbeatable knowledge of the market costs incurred by a party does not agree to assume such costs, has t ...

                                               

Knowledge worker

Knowledge workers are workers whose main capital is knowledge. Examples include programmers, doctors, pharmacists, architects, engineers, scientists, thinkers, design, accountants, lawyers, and scientists, and any other white collar, whose line o ...

                                               

Language localisation

Language localization is the process of adapting the translation product in a particular country or region. This is the second stage of the larger process of translation products and cultural adaptation to account for differences in different cou ...

                                               

Learning economy

A learning economy is a society values skills as assets where learning and employment information can be freely exchanged from institution to institution, and controlled by a student and an employee.

                                               

Legal case management

Conditions of legal regulation of case management or the question relates to a subset of law practice management and cover a wide range of approaches and technologies used by law firms and courts to leverage knowledge and methodologies for lifecy ...

                                               

Lemonade stand

Lemonade stand is a business that is usually owned and operated by a child or children, to sell lemonade. The concept became famous youthful summertime Americana to the degree that parodies and variations on the concept exist in the media. The te ...

                                               

Leverage (negotiation)

In the course of negotiations, arm strength that one of the parties to the negotiations has no impact on the other side, to get closer to his position in the negotiations. At parties leverage based on its ability to provide benefits or impose cos ...

                                               

Leveraged recapitalization

Such recapitalization carried out through the issuance of bonds to raise money and using the proceeds to purchase company stock or pay dividends. Such a maneuver is called a ransom at the expense of borrowed funds, when triggered by an external c ...

                                               

Line management

Line management refers to the management staff who are directly involved in the production or supply of products, goods and / or services. As the interface between the organization and its staff, the office line represents the lowest management l ...

                                               

Line of business

Business is a General term that refers to a product or set of related products that serve a particular customer transaction or business need. In some industries such as insurance, the "business" also has a regulatory and accounting definition to ...

                                               

Linear scheduling method

LSM is used mainly in the construction industry for scheduling resources in repetitive activities commonly found in highway, pipeline, high-rise building and rail construction. These projects are called repetitive or linear projects. The main adv ...

                                               

Liquidity event

Corporate Finance, a liquidity event is a merger, purchase or sale of a Corporation or an initial public offering of the shares. The liquidity event is a typical exit strategy of the company, since the liquidity event typically converts the owner ...

                                               

List of marketing terms

Many of the terms used in the field of marketing. Business-to-consumer. (Бизнес-потребитель) Marketing communications. (Маркетинговые коммуникации) Marketing experiments. (Маркетинговые эксперименты) The marketers say. (Маркетологи говорят) Marke ...

                                               

Logistics

Logistics is generally a complete organization and conduct of complex operations. In a General sense from the business point of view, logistics is the management of flows of items between supplier and customer to meet the requirements of customer ...

                                               

Long squeeze

A long squeeze is a situation in which investors who hold long positions feel the need to sell in a falling market to cut their losses. This pressure to sell usually leads to further reduction of prices on the market. This situation is less commo ...

                                               

Loss run

Loss of work is a document that describes the history of claims against commercial insurance policy. Its like a credit report. Mileage loss report will contain information including the date of the filing of the claim, amount paid, and descriptio ...

                                               

The Loyalty Effect (book)

The effect of loyalty-a book 1996 Fred Reicheld consulting firm Bain & company, and the books title is also sometimes used to refer to a broader business model loyalty in General. Book Reichhelds was extremely popular among marketing professional ...

                                               

Lump sum turnkey

Turnkey lump sum is a combination of business-the concept of contract lump-sum and turnkey. A lump sum is a noun which means a complete payment consisting of a single sum of money, and the key is the adjective of the product or service that signi ...

                                               

Managed decline

Managed decline is a phrase that refers to the management phase of recession at the end of the life cycle, with the purpose of minimizing costs or other damages. The concept originated in the business, where she appealed to the leadership of comp ...

                                               

Management by wandering around

Guide to wander, also management by walking around, refers to the style of management which involves managers wandering, in an unstructured form, in the workplace, at random, to check with employees, equipment, or status of ongoing work. The emph ...

                                               

Manufacturing resource planning

Manufacturing resource planning is defined as a method for the effective planning of all resources of a manufacturing company. Ideally, she decides operational planning in units, financial planning, and has the ability of modeling to answer "what ...

                                               

Market cannibalism

The cannibalization, market cannibalism, or corporate cannibalism is the practice of reducing the price of a product or introduction of a new product into the market of established product categories. If a company is practicing market cannibaliza ...

                                               

Market capitalization

Market capitalization, commonly called market capitalization, market value of publicly traded shares of the company. Market capitalization equals the stock price multiplied by the number of shares outstanding. Because of outstanding bought and so ...

                                               

Market entry strategy

Strategy to market plan allocation and method of delivery of the products or services to new target market. In the import and export of services, it refers to creating, establishing and managing contracts in a foreign country.

                                               

Master production schedule

The calendar plan the production is a plan for individual commodities produced in each time period such as production, personnel, inventory, etc. It is usually linked to manufacturing where the plan indicates when and how much of each product wil ...

                                               

Material requirements planning

Planning of material requirements production planning, scheduling and inventory control is used to control production processes. Most MRP systems are software-based, but it is possible to conduct MRP manually as well. The MRP system is designed t ...

                                               

McKinsey 7S Framework

In the framework McKinsey 7S is a management model developed by business consultants Robert H. Waterman Jr. and Tom Peters in the 1980-ies. It was the strategic vision of the group, including enterprises, departments and teams. 7 SS structure, st ...

                                               

Menu cost

In Economics, the cost of menu cost due to a change in its price. The name is derived from the cost of restaurants literally printing new menus, but economists use it to refer to costs of changing nominal prices in General. In this broad definiti ...

                                               

Merge in transit

Merge-in-transit is a distribution method in which several shipments from suppliers originating in different places, combined into a single final delivery to the customer. This eliminates the need for distribution warehouses in the supply chain, ...

                                               

Micro job

A micro job is a temporary, task-type job of all types, often ordered via the Internet. Work can, online or in person, jobs such as writing blogs, virtual assistant, handyman nanny, website design, dog boarding or errands, etc. the Income varies ...

                                               

Microwork

Microwork is a series of small tasks which together comprise a large unified project, and many people on the Internet. Microwork is the smallest unit of work in a virtual Assembly line. It is most frequently used to describe tasks for which no ef ...

                                               

Midstream

The oil and gas industry is usually divided into three main components: production, processing and transportation. The middle sector includes transportation, storage and wholesale of crude oil and petroleum products. Pipelines and other transport ...

                                               

Mind share

Share of mind refers to the development of consumer awareness or popularity, and is one of the main objectives of advertising and promotion. When people think of examples of the type of product or category, they usually think of a limited number ...

                                               

Mission statement

The mission statement is a brief statement about why the organization exists, what its main purpose is to identify the purpose of its functioning: what product or service it offers, its major customers and the market, as well as its geographical ...

                                               

Mobile enterprise

Mobile Enterprise is a Corporation or large organization that supports critical business functions and use of business applications via wireless mobile devices. In a Mobile enterprise, employees use mobile devices to any or all of the following: ...

                                               

Month-to-date

Month-a period starting at the beginning of the current calendar month and ending on the current date. Month-to-date is used in many contexts, mainly for recording results of activities in time between the date and the beginning of this month. In ...

                                               

Multisourcing

The link is the opposite of "one neck". Large buyers such as the US Federal government, want to be sure that there is more than one supplier for the item. On the contrary it is called sole source. Intel is a large Corporation, was not "enough" fo ...

                                               

NewCo

Practice or practice-is a generic name for proposed corporate spin-off, startup, or subsidiary companies before they are assigned a final name, or offer combined with to distinguish formed a joint company with an existing company involved in the ...

                                               

NIMU

NIMU, or Nimu, is a pejorative characterization of opposition by unit members to a proposal for a new development because the customer is not assigned to their unit, often with the connotation that such members believe that the developments are n ...

                                               

Non-commercial

Non-profit activity is an activity which is not, in some sense, involve Commerce, at least relative to similar activities that have a commercial objective or emphasis. For example, advertising-free community radio stations, as a rule, are non-pro ...

                                               

Nonrecourse debt

Nonrecourse debt or a nonrecourse loan is a secured loan that is secured by a pledge of collateral, typically real estate, but the borrower is not personally liable. If the borrower defaults, the lender can seize and sell collateral, but if colla ...

                                               

Occupational welfare

Professional social welfare distributed by industry in the framework of employment. First characterized by British social scientist and teacher Richard Titmuss in 1956, labor, social welfare includes perks, salary, benefits, measures aimed at imp ...

                                               

Office broker

An office broker is a more General term for a serviced office broker. The office broker company / individual arranges transactions between a company or an individual interested in renting office space and business centre / office space owner. Off ...

                                               

Office sharing

Joint management is a concept that allows companies who own or manage office, that have redundant office space to share or rent workstations or self-contained units for small companies looking for a flexible work schedule. This creates revenue fo ...

                                               

OKR

Objectives and key results, is the basis for defining and tracking objectives and their outcomes. The development of OKRs is usually attributed to Andy grove, the "father of OKRs," which presented the approach of Intel, during his stay there, and ...

                                               

On-demand outsourcing

On-demand outsourcing is a trend in outsourcing, in which the basic internal business processes of the company is transferred to the provider, which is paid by the number of related transactions. Business transfer services to pay for the quality, ...

                                               

One for one (business model)

One-on-one social business model of entrepreneurship, according to the General opinion developed by Blake Mycoskie of Toms shoes, which is one essential item for each purchased item.

                                               

Open business

Open business is an approach to enterprise that draws on ideas from openness movements like free software, open source, open content and open tools and standards. This approach places value on transparency, stakeholder involvement and responsibil ...

                                               

Open coopetition

In R&amp D management and development systems, open efficient or effective neologism to describe collaboration between competitors in the open source arena. This term was first coined by scientists josé Teixeira and ting-ting Lin, to describe how ...

                                               

Business process overhead

Operating expenses are expenses that are related to the business or operation of the device, component, piece of equipment or companies. They are the cost of resources used by an organization just to maintain its existence.

                                               

Operating model

Operating model both abstract and visual representation of how the organization provides value to its clients and beneficiaries, as well as how the organization actually works by itself.

                                               

Operational due diligence

Operational auditing is the process by which a potential buyer examines the practical aspects of the target company during mergers and acquisitions. Most often, the chance to be in the industrial sector.

                                               

Operational efficiency

In a business context, operational efficiency can be defined as the ratio of the output gained from the business and contribution to the implementation of the business transaction. When improving operational efficiency, output ratio of the input ...

                                               

Operations management

Operations management is the field of management, describes the process of designing and monitoring the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services. It involves the responsibility of ensuring b ...

                                               

Operations readiness and assurance

Operational readiness and assurance is the process used for the execution, primarily oil, gas and energy projects, to assess progress towards achieving the state of "readiness to work". This process also includes a component of confidence that gi ...

                                               

Orchestration (computing)

An automated coordination of configuration, coordination and management of computer systems and software. There are a number of tools to automate server configuration and management, including Ansible, puppet, salt, terraform, and AWS CloudFormation.

                                               

Order book

Ordering books Business listings of open, unshipped, customer orders, as a rule, time-phased and valued at actual individual order prices, that may include margin and profitability analysis. This term may also refer to the book of order used in t ...

                                               

Organic growth

Organic business growth is associated with the growth of natural systems and organisms, societies and economies as a dynamic organizational process that business expansion is characterized by increasing production volumes, expanding the client ba ...

                                               

Organic volume

Organic volume, similar to organic growth is a term used in business to describe the volume of a product produced because of the specific business process and not due to external circumstances such as acquisition from a separate source. For examp ...

                                               

Organizational capital

Organizational capital is an asset for the company, which is derived from the philosophy of organizations and systems that use the capabilities of the organization in the sale of goods or services.

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