Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 345

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 345




                                               

Organizational memory

Organizational memory is the accumulated volume of data, information and knowledge created in the process of individual organizations existence. Organizational memory includes components of knowledge acquisition, knowledge information processing, ...

                                               

Original equipment manufacturer

Original equipment manufacturer is a company which manufactures parts and equipment which can be implemented at a different manufacturer. For example, Foxconn is a Taiwanese electronics company, manufactures parts and equipment for manufacturers ...

                                               

Overhead (business)

In business, overhead or overhead costs are permanent costs of doing business. Overhead costs are costs that cannot be easily traced or identified with any particular unit costs, unlike operating costs, such as raw materials and labor. Therefore, ...

                                               

Overtrading

Overtrading is a term in financial statement analysis. Overtrading often occurs when companies expand too fast for their own operations.Finance Wales: "a practical guide to managing cash flows", page 28. SIMA, 2004 verified 2010-11-10 Overtraded ...

                                               

Owner earnings

Owner earnings is a valuation method in detail Warren Buffett in the annual report of Berkshire Hathaway in 1986. He said that the companys value is the sum of net cash flows expected to occur within the life business, net of reinvestment of inco ...

                                               

Owner-controlled insurance program

Owner controlled insurance program insurance policy held by the property owner during the construction or repair of real estate, typically designed to cover virtually all liability and losses resulting from the construction project. Although OCIP ...

                                               

Pac-Man defense

PAC-man defense is a defensive business strategy used to prevent a hostile takeover in which a company threatened by a hostile takeover "turns the tables" by trying to purchase it the buyer. The name refers to the PAC-man video game in which the ...

                                               

Parent company

The parent company is a company that owns enough voting shares in another company to control and operate, influencing or electing its Board of Directors. Companies that operate within this control are subsidiaries of the parent company.

                                               

Pareto priority index

The priority of the Pareto index, named so because of its connection with the Pareto principle, which, in turn, named after economist Vilfredo Pareto, can be used to determine the priority of various projects. It is especially used in the environ ...

                                               

Patent holding company

Patent holding company exists for patents on behalf of one or more other companies but does not necessarily manufacture products or services based on held patents. Patent holding companies may exist for tax reasons. Patent holding companies can a ...

                                               

Patent map

A patent map is a graphical model of patent visualization. This practice "enables companies to identify patents in a particular technology space, verify the characteristics of these patents as well. to determine the relationship between them, to ...

                                               

Patent pool

In patent law, a patent pool is a consortium, at least two companies agreed to cross-licensing of patents related to a particular technology. The creation of a patent pool can save patentees and licensees time and money, and, in the case of block ...

                                               

Pay to fly

To pay to fly or pay to work is a practice in the aviation industry, in which a professional pilot flies a plane for a profitable commercial operation paying for it. Typical clients include, but are not limited to inexperienced pilots and low hou ...

                                               

Payment

Payment trade value from one party to another for goods or services, or to meet legal obligations. Payment can take a large variety of shapes. Barter, the exchange of one product or service to another, is a form of payment. The most common means ...

                                               

PDX (IPC-257X)

PDX is a standard product data exchange for manufacturing. PDX is a multi-part standard, represented by the IPC 2570 series of specifications. PDX files are text files in XML format XML. PDX files can be used to describe: Approved lists manufactu ...

                                               

Pension parachute

Pension parachute is a form of poison pill that prevents the raiding firm of a hostile takeover with use of pension assets to Finance the acquisition. When the target firm is threatened by the acquirer, the pension plan assets available only in t ...

                                               

Perpetual succession

In law firms, succession is a continuation of a corporations or other organizations existence despite the death, bankruptcy, insanity, change in membership or going out of business any owner or member, or any transfer of shares etc. Succession, a ...

                                               

Personal selling

Personal selling occurs when a sales representative meets with a potential client to commit a sale. Many sales representatives rely on a consistent sales process, which typically involves nine steps. Some representatives to develop scripts for al ...

                                               

Physical restructuring

Manufacturers often refer to their plant transfer, consolidation and closure activities as physical restructuring. This can be done by moving products or services abroad, a process known as offshoring. Such projects began in the United States dur ...

                                               

PIGS (economics)

Pigs is a ridiculous acronym used in the UK economy, and Finance. Pigs initially means a reduction, often pejorative, for the economy of the southern European countries Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain. During the European debt crisis of the PII ...

                                               

Pink money

Pink money describes the purchasing power of the LGBT community, often, especially in relation to political donations. With the rise of the gay rights movement, pink money is spent from the fringe or marginalized market to a thriving industry in ...

                                               

Planned change

One of the fundamental definitions in the field of organizational development is planned change: According Beckard determines that" the development of the organization is a planned effort, organization, and control from above, to improve the effi ...

                                               

Planning horizon

The planning horizon is the period during which the organization will look like in the future when preparing a strategic plan. Many commercial companies use a five year planning horizon, however, the total planning horizon of approximately one ye ...

                                               

Point-of-value

Point-the value of the division or specialist area of the company, which includes production, savings and reinvestment. It can be replacement quality or lack of it, in the product, service, or organization. All that cash has a high productive val ...

                                               

Political risk

Political risk is a type of risks can be faced by investors, corporations and governments, which are political decisions, events or circumstances significantly affect the profitability of the business actor or the expected value of a given econom ...

                                               

Postponement

Postponement is a business strategy that maximizes possible benefit and minimizes risk due to delay further investments in a product or service until the very last moment. An example of this strategy is the Dell computer in online store. One of t ...

                                               

Pre-determined overhead rate

Pre-determined overhead rate-the rate used to apply manufacturing overhead to work-in-process inventory. Pre-determined overhead factor is calculated before the period begins. The first step is to evaluate the amount of basic activities that will ...

                                               

Pre-qualification (lending)

Pre-qualification is the process by which the credit inspector receives from borrower and makes tentative assessment of how a credit institution willing to lend them.

                                               

Pre-start-up audit

Pre-audit or pre-inspection is part of the planning process for projects in which the safety and functionality of the process is checked to verify that all systems must work as expected, and the potential risks can be overcome. This process is ty ...

                                               

Preferred partnership

Preferred partner agreement normally refers to the agreement between the supplier and those who are allowed to sell their products. In accordance with this agreement there are normally some prerequisites that the partner must meet to become a pre ...

                                               

Preparation (principle)

Preparation is the principle of governance in which people be prepared to obtain a final product for a successful operation. Preparation means "a substance especially prepared". Production preparation and readiness for a future event as a goal an ...

                                               

President's Quality Award (US)

Presidential award For outstanding achievement of Management Presidents quality award is the highest honor awarded to Executive authorities to improve management efficiency. The award was established in 1988 for recognition of excellence in the f ...

                                               

Price analysis

In marketing, price analysis refers to the analysis of consumer reaction to prices in the theoretical study. In General business, price analysis is the process of studying and evaluating proposed price without evaluating separate cost elements an ...

                                               

Price umbrella

A Price umbrella, also known as the umbrella effect, pricing effect often created the dominant company, in which competing firms can find buyers as long as they set their prices at or below the level of the dominant. This may not apply if a compe ...

                                               

Price-weighted index

A price-weighted index is a stock market index where each component contributes only a small fraction of the index proportional to its components, the value will be Adjustment factor= index specific constant "z" / number of shares*adjusted market ...

                                               

Process risk

Process risk is considered a sub-component of operational risk. It exists when a process that supports business activity lacks efficiency and effectiveness, which can lead to financial support, and loss of reputation. This kind of risk may be pre ...

                                               

Procurement

Procurement is the process of finding and agree to the terms of use and the acquisition of goods, services or works from an external source, often via tenders or bidding. Procurement generally involves making buying decisions under conditions of ...

                                               

Product (business)

In marketing a product is an object or system for household use, is all that can be offered on the market to meet the desires or needs of the client. In retailing, products are often referred to as the goods, and in manufacturing, products are pu ...

                                               

Product churning

The whisking of the product is the business practice whereby more of the product than is advantageous to the consumer. An example is a stockbroker who buys and sells securities in the portfolio more often than is necessary, in order to receive co ...

                                               

Product life-cycle management (marketing)

Management of product lifecycle is the continuity strategy of business management as a product goes through its life cycle. The conditions in which the product is sold changes over time and must be managed as it moves through a sequence of stages.

                                               

Product strategy

Product strategy defines what your product needs to achieve and how that supports the organization, and brought to life through the product road map. This strategy describes end-to-end vision of the product, information about the implementation o ...

                                               

Product support

Product support is a service provided by many suppliers of various products, primarily electronics, that provides the end user with a resource for information about the product, and help in case of malfunction. Product and support information can ...

                                               

Professional network service

Professional network service-a type of social network that is focused solely on interactions and relationships of a business nature, but not including personal, interaction non-profit organizations. Professional network service used by business p ...

                                               

Profit pools

Profit pools model strategies that can be used to help managers or companies focus on profits, not on revenue growth. The method was conceived by Orit Gadiesh and James L. Gilbert, consultants at Bain & co. presents the following definition: "the ...

                                               

Profiteering (business)

Business owners may be accused of profiteering when they raise prices during emergencies, especially military. The term is also applied to businesses that play on political corruption for the purpose of receiving public contracts. Some types of i ...

                                               

Programmatic Commerce

Software manufacturing is the phenomenon when consumers and businesses allow purchasing decisions to be made on their behalf, connected devices based on programmed parameters and learned preferences. This was due to the advent of the Internet of ...

                                               

Programming station

Station programming terminal or computer that allows the operator to control the machine remotely and is not in the factory or in the shop. Station programming usually provides all of the functionality, including management and diagnostics, which ...

                                               

Project delivery assurance

The business term project delivery assurance describes a methodology employed in construction or development projects to monitor the project process to provide a clear indication of the status of that project at any given time. The purpose of a P ...

                                               

Projector (business)

The projector in a business context-is the person who promotes the project or scheme to combine public good and private benefit. This term came into use in the sixteenth century in England, and remained a popular language until the nineteenth cen ...

                                               

Promoter (entertainment)

Entertainment promoter works in the entertainment industry including music and sports, as individuals or organizations in the business of marketing and promotion video, or pay-per-view and similar events, such as concerts / gigs, sports events, f ...

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