Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 349

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 349

                                               

Owner-operator

An owner-operator is a small business owner who typically also runs the day-to-day operations of the company. Owner-operators are found in many business models and franchising companies in many different industries like restaurant chains, health ...

                                               

Pacific Drilling

The company was founded in 2006 by Idan Ofer, a billionaire Israeli business magnate. It was listed on the Norwegian stock exchange as PDSA until 2011, when it joined the New York Stock Exchange as PACD. It is headquartered in Luxembourg, with it ...

                                               

Palestine British Business Council

The Palestine British Business Council is a British private-sector body designed "to facilitate and promote investment opportunities in Palestine." It is composed of UK and Palestinian businesses.

                                               

Park In-chon

Park In-chon was a South Korean businessman. He was the founder and first head of Kumho Asiana Transportation Group and Korean Synthetic Rubbers company.

                                               

Party service

This article describes the service of organizing a celebration. For the multi-level marketing model, see party plan. A party service is an industry that furnishes supplies and personnel to meet the needs of party hosts. A party services business ...

                                               

Passenger market

A passenger market is a securities market where, due to regulation, securities are required to be held at the countrys central securities depository in a separate account in the name of the beneficial owner. Compare this to a market such as the U ...

                                               

Passive investor

A passive investor is one who does not participate in the day-to-day decisions of running a company. In partnerships, such investors may be deemed limited partners rather than general partners. According to Steve Penman, "The passive investor ass ...

                                               

Patara Restaurants

Patara is an international restaurant group of fine dining Thai restaurants in London, Geneva, Bangkok, Singapore, Beijing and Vienna. Pataras menu is based on blending eastern and western techniques.

                                               

The Pearl Source

                                               

Peñasquito Polymetallic Mine

The Peñasquito Polymetallic Mine is the fifth largest silver mine in the world and the second largest in Mexico. It is located in north-eastern corner of the State of Zacatecas and is wholly owned by Newmont Goldcorp. It is an open pit operation ...

                                               

Permanent interest bearing shares

In finance, permanent interest bearing shares, or PIBS, are fixed-interest securities issued by building societies. PIBS become perpetual subordinated bonds if their issuer demutualises. Building societies use them in the way public limited compa ...

                                               

Permit service

A permit service is a company that specializes in obtaining transportation permits. The permits that are sold would be Trip, and Fuel, and oversize.

                                               

Person specification

A person specification describes the personal attributes desired in a potential employee. It is similar to a job description, but more specific. These attributes include qualifications, skills, experience, and knowledge, and sometimes personal at ...

                                               

Personal service corporation

A personal service corporation is a company which, as the name suggests, provides personal services. These services span a wide variety of endeavors in many fields, and are specified for tax purposes in the United States by the Internal Revenue S ...

                                               

Phanes Press

Phanes Press is a New Age book publishing imprint of Red Wheel Weiser Conari. Phanes Press was founded by David Fideler in 1985 to publish Neoplatonic and other esoteric texts. One of its representative and more significant publications was The P ...

                                               

Phased implementation

Phased implementation is a method of System Changeover from an existing system to a new one that takes place in stages. As an example, think of a supermarket. In this supermarket the checkout system is being upgraded to a newer version. Imagine t ...

                                               

Photokina

Photokina is a trade fair held in Europe for the photographic and imaging industries. It is the worlds largest such trade fair. The first Photokina was held in Cologne, Germany, in 1950, and since 1966 it has been held biennially in September at ...

                                               

Pilot Software

Pilot Software, Inc. is a long-time United States business intelligence vendor that now focuses on operational performance management. SAP AG acquired Pilot Software in February 2007 and Pilot Softwares product, PilotWorks, has been rebranded SAP ...

                                               

Polmin

Polmin was a Polish state-owned enterprise, which controlled excavation, transport and distribution of natural gas. Founded in 1909, it was nationalized in 1927, with main office in Lwow. Polmin operated a large oil refinery in Drohobych, which i ...

                                               

Pop Train

Pop Train is a scheme of using Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program card benefits to purchase soda and then re-selling the soda to turn a profit.

                                               

Portland Farmers Market (Maine)

The Portland Farmers Market is a farmers market in Portland, Maine, U.S. Located in Deering Oaks, the market was named one of the ten best farmers markets in the United States by Travel + Leisure magazine in May 2010. It is known for organic agri ...

                                               

Portland Farmers Market (Oregon)

Portland Farmers Market is a nonprofit organization operating six farmers markets in Portland, Oregon, United States. The markets provide a direct connection to more than 200 vendors with deep roots in Oregon and Southwest Washington, including f ...

                                               

Positive recall

Positive recall is a term used in quality systems, most notably ISO9000. It defines the concept that if a producer or manufacturer has a product or process that requires inspection and it wishes to postpone the inspection process, it must have a ...

                                               

Potomac Associates

Potomac Associates is an American consortium of four independent non-partisan consulting firms engaged in research and policy consulting on substantive economic and legal issues in international trade, foreign investment, and economic development ...

                                               

Poverty penalty

The poverty penalty describes the phenomenon that poor people tend to pay more to eat, buy, and borrow than the rich. The term became widely known through a 2005 book by C. K. Prahalad, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid. An earlier explora ...

                                               

Praenumeration

Praenumeration was an early form of the subscription business model. It was a common business practice in the 18th century book trade in Germany. The publisher offered to sell a book that was planned but had not yet been printed, usually at a dis ...

                                               

Pre-mortem

A pre-mortem, or premortem, is a managerial strategy in which a project team imagines that a project or organization has failed, and then works backward to determine what potentially could lead to the failure of the project or organization. The t ...

                                               

Premium business model

The premium business model is the concept of offering high end products and services appealing to discriminating consumers. Brand image is an important factor in the premium business model, as quality is often a subjective matter. This business m ...

                                               

Presstalis

Presstalis, known until December 2009 as Nouvelles Messageries de la Presse Parisienne, is a French media distribution corporation. More than 100 newspapers and 3.500 French and foreign magazines are distributed by Presstalis. The company distrib ...

                                               

Process hazard analysis

A process hazard analysis is a set of organized and systematic assessments of the potential hazards associated with an industrial process. A PHA provides information intended to assist managers and employees in making decisions for improving safe ...

                                               

Process Specification Language

The Process Specification Language is a set of logic terms used to describe processes. The logic terms are specified in an ontology that provides a formal description of the components and their relationships that make up a process. The ontology ...

                                               

Product classification

Product classification or product taxonomy is a type of economic taxonomy which organizes products for a variety of purposes. However, not only products can be referred to in a standardized way but also sales practices in form of the" Incoterms” ...

                                               

Product fit analysis

A Product fit analysis is a form of requirements analysis of the gap between an IT products functionality and required functions. It is a document which consists of all the business requirements which are mapped to the product or application. Req ...

                                               

Product literature

Product literature is a primary subset of business publishing geared toward the selection, purchase and use of a business products. Typically this includes product promotional literature, product datasheets, product operating manuals and product ...

                                               

Production order

A production order is an order issued within a company to produce a specific quantity of material within a certain timeframe. A production order may be issued pursuant to a sales order, and its issuance triggers a number of events. If components ...

                                               

Productionisation

Productionisation or productionization is the process of turning a prototype of a design into a version that can be more easily mass-produced. It is almost always a necessary step in the development of any product, since it is rare that the initi ...

                                               

Professional Basketball Club

Professional Basketball Club LLC is an investment group headed by Clay Bennett that owns the National Basketball Association s Oklahoma City Thunder franchise and the Thunders NBA G League affiliate Oklahoma City Blue. The group also owned the Wo ...

                                               

Progressive discipline

Progressive discipline is a system of discipline where the penalties increase upon repeat occurrences. This term is often used in an employment or human resources context where rather than terminating employees for first or minor infractions, the ...

                                               

Project slippage

In project planning, a slippage is the act of missing a deadline. It can be an arbitrary milestone put in place to help track progress. To avoid slippage, one must plan their projects especially research carefully to avoid delays in schedule. Usi ...

                                               

Project sponsorship

Project sponsorship is the ownership of projects on behalf of the client organization. There are two main differences between project sponsorship and project management. Firstly project sponsorship includes the identification and definition of th ...

                                               

Pulp and paper industry in Japan

Japan is the third country in the world in production of paper. The leading Japanese company in the field is Oji Paper, with three other Japanese companies – Sumitomo Forestry, Nippon Paper Group, and Unicharm – also in the world top 20.

                                               

Purchasing process

Purchasing is the formal process of buying goods and services. The purchasing process can vary from one organization to another, but there are some common key elements. The process usually starts with a demand or requirements – this could be for ...

                                               

Qualified prospect

A prospect is an organization or potential client who resembles the sellers ideal customer profile but has not yet expressed interest in their products or services. A qualified lead is an organization or potential client which has expressed inter ...

                                               

Quarterly finance report

In the private sector, a quarterly finance report is a financial report that covers three months of the year, which is required by numbers of stock exchanges around the world to provide information to investors on the state of a company. "Private ...

                                               

Regular way contracts

Regular way is a finance term describing a trade that is settled through the regular settlement cycle for that particular investment. The settlement cycle starts the day the trade is made and ends when it is paid for. The length is two days for f ...

                                               

Representative office

A representative office is an office established by a company or a legal entity to conduct marketing and other non-transactional operations, generally in a foreign country where a branch office or subsidiary is not warranted. Representative offic ...

                                               

Request for waiver

In a manufacturing environment, a request for waiver is a request for authorization to accept an item which, during manufacture or after inspection, is found to depart from specified requirements, but nevertheless is considered suitable for use a ...

                                               

Reuters Digital Vision Program

Reuters Digital Vision Program is an academic program. It was funded by the Reuters Foundation and encouraged innovative applications of computing and communications in the developing world. Located at Stanford Universitys Center for the Study of ...

                                               

Ripmax

The company was founded in 1949 as a toy and model shop in Camden Town, with a focus on model boats. The shop later expanded into distribution, adding warehousing and additional staff to the company, eventually employing about 70 people. As Ripma ...

                                               

RiseUp Summit

RiseUp Summit is an annual entrepreneurship and innovation event that takes place in Downtown Cairo, Egypt. It has been described as "one of the largest gatherings of entrepreneurs in the region". It started in 2013 to bring the MENA regions entr ...

                                               

Risk transformation

Risk transformation is about how to mitigate risk and in parallel develop competitive advantages. The goals of risk transformation are first to combat risk and secondly to differentiate and create solutions for the benefits of clients/users. Risk ...

                                               

Risk-based auditing

Risk-based auditing is a style of auditing which focuses upon the analysis and management of risk. In the UK, the 1999 Turnbull Report on corporate governance required directors to provide a statement to shareholders of the significant risks to t ...

                                               

Gemma Romanyà i Valls

Gemma Romanyà i Valls, was a Spanish Catalan businesswoman and graphic arts patron. Married with Miquel Pujol i Palol, she was originally from Capellades, Anoia, and since 1973 she directed the printing press Romanyà Valls SA, based in Capellades ...

                                               

Royal Warrant of Appointment (Spain)

Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to those who supplied goods or services to the King of Spain. The warrant enables the company to advertise the royal approval of distinction with the display of the royal coat of arms, ...

                                               

Russian Accounting Standards

Russian Accounting Standards, also called Russian Accounting Principles or Russian GAAP, refer to the body of regulatory documents concerning financial accounting and reporting standards in the Russian Federation. For historical reasons, the Russ ...

                                               

Safety statement

Safety statement is the name given to the document that outlines how a company manages their health and safety in the Republic of Ireland, based upon the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 2005. The requirement to have a written safety state ...

                                               

Sample grade

The term sample grade, in commodities exchange, refers to the lowest quality of a commodity, too low to be acceptable for delivery in satisfaction of futures contracts.

                                               

Scali, McCabe, Sloves

Scali, McCabe, Sloves was an American advertising agency founded in 1967 by Sam Scali, Ed McCabe, Marvin Sloves, Alan Pesky and Len Hultgren Their ads for Perdue Farms "It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken" made Frank Perdue a household ...

                                               

Scarecrow Video

Scarecrow Video is an independently owned, non-profit video sales and rental store. It is one of just two video rental stores still operating in the Seattle city limits after the closure of the 32-year-old Video Isle store in January 2019. The ot ...

                                               

Schedule (workplace)

A schedule, often called a rota or roster, is a list of employees, and associated information e.g. location, working times, responsibilities for a given time period e.g. week, month or sports season. A schedule is necessary for the day-to-day ope ...

                                               

Scope statement

Scope statements can take many forms depending on the type of project being implemented and the nature of the organization. The scope statement details the project deliverables and describes the major objectives. The objectives should include mea ...

                                               

Scorched-earth defense

The scorched-earth defense is a form of risk arbitrage and anti-takeover strategy. When a target firm implements this provision, it will make an effort to make itself unattractive to the hostile bidder. For example, a company may agree to liquida ...

                                               

Second source

In the electronics industry, a second source is a company that is licensed to manufacture and sell components originally designed by another company. It is common for engineers and purchasers to avoid components that are only available from a sin ...

                                               

Second-tier sourcing

Second-tier sourcing is a procurement policy used by many Fortune 500 corporations. Second-tier sourcing is a practice of rewarding those suppliers that achieve or attempt to achieve the minority-owned business spending goals of their customer. T ...

                                               

Secretarial pool

A secretarial pool or typing pool is a group of secretaries working at a company available to assist any executive without a permanently assigned secretary. These groups have been reduced or eliminated where executives have been assigned responsi ...

                                               

Selskap med begrenset ansvar

Selskap med begrenset ansvar, with short form BA, is a Norwegian term for a corporation comparable to a limited liability company. Meaning literally Company with limited liability, it is a type of corporate structure used in Norway for limited co ...

                                               

Selskap med delt ansvar

Selskap med delt ansvar or DA, is a type of company in Norway that does not have limited liability. The company will have two or more participants, who hold a given percentile ownership of the company. DA is not based around stocks, like the aksj ...

                                               

Shakespeare Fishing Tackle

The Shakespeare Company is a subsidiary of Pure Fishing which manufactures fishing equipment. It was founded by William Shakespeare, Jr. in Kalamazoo, Michigan in 1897. It was moved to Columbia, South Carolina in 1970. In June 2005, approximately ...

                                               

Shared Check Authorization Network

Shared Check Authorization Network is a comprehensive database of bad check writers in the United States. The database is used by retailers in order to reduce the number of bad checks received. The database keeps track of those who have written o ...

                                               

Short swing

A short swing rule restricts officers and insiders of a company from making short-term profits at the expense of the firm. It is part of United States federal securities law, and is a prophylactic measure intended to guard against so-called insid ...

                                               

Siderius

The 7-veld was the designation of Krupp 7.5 cm Model 1903 field guns purchased by the Netherlands in 1905 for the Dutch Army. The Dutch purchased 204 guns and 408 caissons from Krupp and produced another 120 guns under license. These saw service ...

                                               

Silicon Mountain (Denver)

Silicon Mountain, also known as the "Silicon Flatirons" is a nickname given to the tech hub in the Denver, Colorado metropolitan area and Colorado Springs, Colorado metropolitan area. The name is analogous to Silicon Valley, but refers to the Roc ...

                                               

Simon Carter

Simon Carter Ltd. Is a British fashion design company specialising in mens accessories and menswear, founded in London in 1985 by its eponymous director. Whilst training as an immunologist in the early 1980s Simon Carter became inspired by the vi ...

                                               

Skill mix

Skill mix is the combination or grouping of different categories of workers that is employed in any field of work. In the context of health care provision it can be applied to broad macro level planning or micro level in the context of local serv ...

                                               

Small cap company

A small cap company typically has under $1 billion under control and are hence considered small companies. Small companies generally are not able to secure the best prime borrowing rates and wield reduced power, including a smaller market share. ...

                                               

Social Boston Sports

Social Boston Sports was created in January 2007 by four professionals, Justin Obey, Brian Shaw, John Sharry, and Frank Knippenberg. SBS is an organization that provides a way for young professionals to become involved in events, parties, and coe ...

                                               

Social decision making

Social decision making is a concept for making business decisions. Studies find that half of all business decisions fail because of poor management and lack of buy-in from employees. Due to the population in many countries decreasing, companies a ...

                                               

Sociedade Anonima Desportiva

Sociedade Anonima Desportiva is a special type of public limited company in Portugal. The new legal status was introduced in the early 1990s to improve financial management and transparency in sports clubs. Many Portuguese football and basketball ...

                                               

Societe par actions simplifiee

Societe par actions simplifiee is the first hybrid law enacted under French law and based on common law principles rather than civil. It is similar to a limited liability company under United States law, as the Delaware limited liability company ...

                                               

Sodanyaku

Sōdanyaku is a title given to senior members of Japanese companies and non-profit organizations. A sodanyaku is often a former president or chairman of the organization who has relinquished day-to-day control of the organization but continues to ...

                                               

Soft sell

In advertising, a soft sell is an advertisement or campaign that uses a more subtle, casual, or friendly sales message. This approach is the diametric counterpart of a hard sell. Theorists have examined the value of repetition for soft sell versu ...

                                               

Software manufacturing

Software manufacturing is the process of producing software in ways similar to the manufacturing of tangible goods. In this way of conducting business, each copy of the software is priced and sold as though it was a tangible product. The sales pr ...

                                               

Solid line reporting

In a business organization, especially in a matrix management structure, the relationship between an employee and his/her direct supervisor or leader can be classified as solid-line reporting or dotted-line reporting. The use of "solid-line" vers ...

                                               

Spare Change Payments

Spare Change Payments was an online payments company specifically designed for conducting micro-payments inside games and applications on Facebook and other social networking sites. The company was the first to offer a micro-payment solution for ...

                                               

Speaking fee

A speaking fee is a payment awarded to an individual for speaking at a public event. Motivational speakers, businesspersons, facilitators, and celebrities are able to garner significant earnings in speaking fees or honoraria. In 2013, $10.000 was ...

                                               

Special register body

In the United Kingdom, a Special register body is an organisation whose name appeared in the special register maintained under section 84 of the Industrial Relations Act 1971 immediately before 16 September 1974, and which is a company registered ...

                                               

Spoonflower

Spoonflower is an on-demand, digital printing company that prints custom fabric, wallpaper, and gift wrap. It was founded in May 2008 by Stephen Fraser and Gart Davis, both formerly from Lulu.com. In 2013, Allison Polish joined Spoonflowers manag ...

                                               

Staffing

Staffing refers to finding the right person for the right job having right qualification,at the right time. In management, the meaning of staffing is an operation of recruiting the employees by evaluating their skills, knowledge and then offering ...

                                               

Staffing models

Staffing models are related sets of reports, charts and graphs, that are used to precisely measure work activity, determine how many labor hours are needed, analyze how employee time is spent and calculate costs. Staffing models are used in the h ...

                                               

Standard General

Standard General L.P., headquartered in New York City, was founded in 2007 by Soohyung Kim and Nicholas Singer with seed capital from Reservoir Capital Group. Since 2013 Soohyung Kim has been the Managing Partner and Chief Investment Officer. In ...

                                               

Stapled security

A stapled security is a type of financial instrument. It consists of two or more securities that are contractually bound to form a single salable unit; they cannot be bought or sold separately. Stapled securities have especially been used in Aust ...

                                               

Stark and Fulton

Stark and Fulton was an engineering company in Glasgow, Scotland. Little is known about the company except that it built some of the first steam locomotives for the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway and the Midland Counties Railway aro ...

                                               

Start-Up Chile

Start-Up Chile is a seed accelerator created by the Chilean Government based in Santiago, Chile. It provides equity free investment for qualified startups.

                                               

Statement on Auditing Standards No. 55

Statement on Auditing Standards No. 55: Consideration of Internal Control in a Financial Statement Audit, commonly abbreviated SAS 55, is an auditing statement issued by the Auditing Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public A ...

                                               

Stock mix

Stock mix is the combination of products a company sells or manufactures. The stock mix is determined by the demand for certain products and the profitability of those products.

                                               

StockX

StockX is an online marketplace and clothing reseller, primarily of sneakers. The Detroit-based company was founded by Dan Gilbert, Josh Luber, Greg Schwartz, and Chris Kaufman in 2015–2016. StockX has more than 800 employees in Downtown Detroit. ...

                                               

Stop catching

Stop catching is a form of trading in which market participants attempt to set off the stops of other market participants for fun and profit. For example, suppose that there is a support level in a hypothetical market, as defined by technical ana ...

                                               

Storm Exchange

Storm Exchange, Inc. was a weather risk management company that existed from 2006-2009. The Company created weather-indexed derivative products and also published financial indexes with a primary focus on agriculture. The Company was headquartere ...

                                               

Stout Risius Ross

Stout Risius Ross, LLC. is a leading valuation advisory, investment banking, dispute consulting, and management consulting firm founded in 1991 and headquartered in Chicago.

                                               

Strategy visualization

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