Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 350

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 350

                                               

Streetcar Railway Post Office

Streetcar Railway Post Office routes operated in several major USA cities between the 1890s and 1920s. The final route was in Baltimore, Maryland. The Mobile Post Office Society, Affiliate 64 of the American Philatelic Society, has published mono ...

                                               

Supermercados Super Selectos

Supermercados Super Selectos is a Salvadoran supermarket chain. The company includes Supermercados De Todo and Selectos Market. Supermercados Super Selectos operates 80 stores in 14 Salvadoran departments. The company is not related to Puerto Ric ...

                                               

Superior Council for Private Enterprise

The Superior Council for Private Enterprise is a leading business chamber in Nicaragua. As of April 2018, its president is Jose Adan Aguerri. COSEP was influential in the proposed 2018 reforms to social security in Nicaragua and in the resulting ...

                                               

Supply-Chain Council

Supply-Chain Council is an independent non-profit organization. As the cross-industry standard for supply chain management, SCC has developed and endorsed the Supply-Chain Operations Reference -model, a process reference model for supply chain ma ...

                                               

Sweatworking

Sweatworking is business networking while taking physical exercise and so working up a sweat. This way of working originated in the USA and started to be promoted in London in 2012, where gyms offered facilities and sessions of this kind. Journal ...

                                               

Synthetic replication

Synthetic replication was first introduced in Europe in 2001. Synthetic replication is done through a type of exchange traded fund. An important attribute of this specific type of fund is that it does not hold any underlying securities featured o ...

                                               

System sales

System sales is a business term used in the franchising industry. Franchisors provide supplies, marketing and administration services to franchisees in return for a part of the franchisees revenues. Some franchisors also operate some outlets dire ...

                                               

SZSE 100 Index

SZSE 100 Index are indice of Shenzhen Stock Exchange. It consists of SZSE 100 Price Index and SZSE 100 Return Index, using the same constituents but different methodology. Despite it was intended as the blue-chip index of Shenzhen Stock Exchange, ...

                                               

SZSE 200 Index

SZSE 200 Index are indice of Shenzhen Stock Exchange. It consists of SZSE 200 Price Index and SZSE 200 Return Index, using the same constituents but different methodology. It was a sub-index of SZSE 300 Index, which consists of all constituents o ...

                                               

SZSE 300 Index

SZSE 300 Price Index and its sub-indexes SZSE 100 Price Index and SZSE 200 Price Index were the stock market indices of Shenzhen Stock Exchange, representing top 300 companies by free float adjusted market capitalization. The sub-indices represen ...

                                               

SZSE Component Index

SZSE 100 Index - top 100 companies SZSE 200 Index 101st to 300th companies SZSE 300 Index - top 300 companies SZSE 700 Index 301st to 1000th companies SZSE 1000 Index - top 1000 companies SZSE Composite Index - index for all shares from all compa ...

                                               

T-shaped skills

The concept of T-shaped skills, or T-shaped persons is a metaphor used in job recruitment to describe the abilities of persons in the workforce. The vertical bar on the letter T represents the depth of related skills and expertise in a single fie ...

                                               

Takahashi method

The Takahashi method is a technique deploying extremely simple and distilled visual slides for presentations. It is similar to the Lessig method, created by Harvard professor and former presidential candidate Lawrence Lessig. It is named for its ...

                                               

Techno-economic assessment

Techno-economic assessment or Techno-economic analysis is a methodology framework to analyze the technical and economic performance of a process, product or service. TEA normally combines process modeling, engineering design and economic evaluati ...

                                               

Technographic segmentation

Technographic segmentation is a market research analysis tool used to identify and profile the characteristics and behaviors of consumers through the process of market segmentation. Traditionally market researchers focused on various demographic, ...

                                               

Technology Centre of New Jersey

The Technology Centre of New Jersey is a science park in North Brunswick Township, New Jersey, United States, established by the New Jersey Economic Development Authority as a high technology business incubator. It can accommodate individual rese ...

                                               

Technology company

A technology company is a type of business entity that focuses mainly on the development and manufacturing of technology products or providing technology as a service. "Technology", in this context, has come to mean primarily electronics-based te ...

                                               

Telephone interview

Telephone interviews are often conducted by employers in the initial interview round of the hiring process, this type of interview allows an employer to screen candidates on the candidates experience, qualifications, and salary expectations perta ...

                                               

Ten-year occupational employment projections

The ten-year occupational employment projection is a projection produced by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections. The occupational employment projections, along with other information abou ...

                                               

Tender board

A Tender board is a committee or institution involved in the Government procurement procedure. It formulates requirements for the intended purchase of goods or services, compiles these formulations in a tender document, and hands these documents ...

                                               

Time spent listening

Time spent listening is one of the measurements surveyed by Nielsen Audio in determining ratings for radio stations in the United States. It is the equivalent of Average Time Exposed, Daily or Weekly. TSL is defined as the amount of time the aver ...

                                               

TL 9000

TL 9000 is a quality management practice designed by the QuEST Forum in 1998. It was created to focus on supply chain directives throughout the international telecommunications industry, including the USA. As with ISO/TS 16949 for the automotive ...

                                               

Total Intelligence Solutions

Total Intelligence Solutions, LLC, is a risk management and consulting company headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. The company delivers threat and vulnerability assessments, data acquisition capabilities, physical and information security servi ...

                                               

Total revenue share

The total revenue share is the percentage of direct cost associated with revenue. Direct cost consists of both product cost and marketing cost. It is a ratio of costs required to fulfill an order. The remainder is considered gross margin.

                                               

Trade journalism

Trade journalism reports on the movements and developments of the business world by way of articles or analysis. Trade journalism also refers to industry-specific news, such as exclusive focus on commodities or sectors. Due to its business nature ...

                                               

Trade Mart

The term Trade Mart can be a generic English reference to any sizable commercial establishment. Well known individual Trade Marts include: International Trade Mart Dallas Trade Mart

                                               

Treasury services

Treasury services is a function of an investment bank which provides transaction, investment, and information services for chief financial officers or treasurers. Treasury services concentrates and invests client money, and provides trade finance ...

                                               

Trigger agreement

The term trigger agreement refers to a tactic utilized by the Service Employees International Union during their Justice for Janitors campaign. If employers agree not to interfere with the SEIUs organizing efforts, then the SEIU promises not to c ...

                                               

Trough (economics)

In economics, a trough is a low turning point or a local minimum of a business cycle. The time evolution of many variables of economics exhibit a wave like behaviour with local maxima followed by local minima. A business cycle may be defined as t ...

                                               

Trunk show

A trunk show is an event in which vendors present merchandise directly to store personnel or customers at a retail location or another venue such as a hotel room. In many cases it allows store personnel to preview and/or purchase merchandise befo ...

                                               

Tullett Brown

Tullett Brown Limited was a land banking and carbon credit fraud that was wound-up by the British Official Receiver in March 2012. After the company was wound-up, the fraud continued through associated company Foxstone Carr Ltd. Tullett Brown had ...

                                               

Tumbhi

Tumbhi is a leading online community for artists and art lovers. Tumbhi provides a platform to discover, nurture and leverage talent.

                                               

Turnkey supplier

Turnkey supplier is a term referring to a company that manufactures parts or complete products that are then rebranded and sold to consumers under a better known brand. Brand name companies focus on product innovation, design and sales, while the ...

                                               

Uccel

UCCEL Corp, previously called University Computing Company, was a data processing service bureau on the campus of Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. It was founded by the Wyly brothers in 1963. The name change in the mid-1980s was br ...

                                               

Unissued stock

Unissued stock is stock that has been authorized in a companys charter, but has never been sold. It differs from Treasury stock, in that treasury stock has been issued, and bought back by the company, whereas unissued stock has never been issued.

                                               

Unwins

Unwins was a Kent-based chain of 381 off-licences selling alcoholic beverages, with outlets focused on London and the South East. Unwins was founded in 1843, and went insolvent on 19 December 2005. 200 of the former Unwin stores were subsequently ...

                                               

V-business

v-Business is the sale of real or virtual products from a virtual world. v-Business or virtual business is a term was first mentioned in "E-Commerce and V-Business: Business Models for Global Success" by Stuart Barnes, Brian Hunt, et al. IBM stra ...

                                               

Valmont Industries

Valmont Industries, Inc. is a large, publicly held American manufacturer of Valley center pivot and linear irrigation equipment, windmill support structures, lighting and traffic poles and steel utility poles. Their corporate office, main plant a ...

                                               

Vendor

In a supply chain, a vendor, or a seller, is an enterprise that contributes goods or services. Generally, a supply chain vendor manufactures inventory/stock items and sells them to the next link in the chain. Today, these terms refer to a supplie ...

                                               

Vendor on premises

A Vendor on Premises is defined as on site coordination of a customers temporary help services through an exclusive, long-term general contractor relationship with a temporary help company. The designated VOP may enter subcontracting relationship ...

                                               

Vertical restraints

Vertical restraints are competition restrictions in agreements between firms or individuals at different levels of the production and distribution process. Vertical restraints are to be distinguished from so-called "horizontal restraints", which ...

                                               

Volvo Deal

The Volvo Deal was a plan for industrial cooperation between Norway and Sweden whereby Norway would get 40% of the shares of the Volvo car manufacturing concern, while Volvo would get control over oil resources on the Norwegian continental shelf. ...

                                               

Western Bridge and Construction Company

The Western Bridge and Construction Company of Omaha, Nebraska was one of the foremost bridge engineering and manufacturing companies in the Midwestern United States. Several of their bridges are now listed on the National Register of Historic Pl ...

                                               

Whitfield & King

Whitfield & King was an architectural partnership between Henry Davis Whitfield and Beverly Sedgwick King. A number of the firms works are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Works include: Anne Wallace Branch-Carnegie Library of ...

                                               

Whole product

In marketing, a whole product is a generic product augmented by everything that is needed for the customer to have a compelling reason to buy. The core product is the tangible product that the customer experiences. The whole product typically aug ...

                                               

Wicked Weasel

Wicked Weasel is an Australian manufacturer of swimwear and lingerie for women. It is especially known for its microkinis. The company was founded in 1994 by Peter Gifford, formerly the bass player for Midnight Oil, and named after his girlfriend ...

                                               

William Watkins Ltd

William Watkins Ltd one of the first tugboat owning companies in the world, was founded by John Rogers Watkins in 1833. Already during the companies early years their paddle tugboats, often sail-assisted, were seen in ports all over the world. Th ...

                                               

Wisconsin Valley Improvement Company

The Wisconsin Valley Improvement Company is a private company chartered by Section 182.70 of the Wisconsin Statutes. The company is responsible for organizing the flow from most of the upper Wisconsin River tributaries, and this flow affects the ...

                                               

Work rule

                                               

Xometry

Xometry is an on-demand industrial parts marketplace founded in 2013. It is based in Gaithersburg, Maryland and has raised a total of 3 million in venture capital funding. Its CEO and co-founder is Randy Altschuler and some of its customers inclu ...

                                               

Xyleco

Xyleco is a privately held scientific research and manufacturing company in Wakefield, Massachusetts. Xyleco is developing a process to convert biomass into useful products, including cellulosic ethanol. The board of directors includes Steven Chu ...

                                               

ZbV

z. b. V. is an abbreviation for the German phrase zur besonderen Verwendung, or alternatively the synonomous phrase zur besonderen Verfugung.

                                               

Structural change

In economics, structural change is a shift or change in the basic ways a market or economy functions or operates. Such change can be caused by such factors as economic development, global shifts in capital and labor, changes in resource availabil ...

                                               

Chemical change

Chemical changes occur when a substance combines with another to form a new substance, called chemical synthesis or, alternatively, chemical decomposition into two or more different substances. These processes are called chemical reactions and, i ...

                                               

Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the chemical transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. Classically, chemical reactions encompass changes that only involve the positions of electrons in the forming and breaking of ...

                                               

Damage

Damage is any change in a thing, often a physical object, that degrades it away from its initial state. It can broadly be defined as "changes introduced into a system that adversely affect its current or future performance". Damage "does not nece ...

                                               

Instantaneous rate of change

The derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value with respect to a change in its argument. Derivatives are a fundamental tool of calculus. For example, the derivative of the position of a mo ...

                                               

Impermanence

Impermanence, also known as the philosophical problem of change, is a philosophical concept that is addressed in a variety of religions and philosophies.

                                               

Instantaneous rate of change

                                               

Meliorism

Meliorism is an idea in metaphysical thinking holding that progress is a real concept leading to an improvement of the world. It holds that humans can, through their interference with processes that would otherwise be natural, produce an outcome ...

                                               

Rate of change (mathematics)

                                               

Reversal test

The reversal test was introduced in the context of the bioethics of human enhancement by Nick Bostrom and Toby Ord. Given that humans might suffer from irrational status quo bias, how can one distinguish between valid criticisms of proposed incre ...

                                               

Sic transit gloria mundi

The phrase was used in the ritual of papal coronation ceremonies between 1409 when it was used at the coronation of Alexander V and 1963. As the newly-chosen pope proceeded from the sacristy of St. Peters Basilica in his sedia gestatoria, the pro ...

                                               

Social conflict theory

Social conflict theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups within society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus. Through various forms of conflict, groups will tend to attain differing amoun ...

                                               

Social gadfly

A gadfly is a person who interferes with the status quo of a society or community by posing novel, potentially upsetting questions, usually directed at authorities. The term is originally associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, in ...

                                               

Status quo

Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues. In the sociological sense, it generally applies to maintain or change existing social structure and values. With regard to ...

                                               

Status quo bias

Status quo bias is an emotional bias; a preference for the current state of affairs. The current baseline is taken as a reference point, and any change from that baseline is perceived as a loss. Status quo bias should be distinguished from a rati ...

                                               

Structural fix

A structural fix refers to solving a problem or resolving a conflict by bringing about structural changes that change the underlying structures that provoked or sustain these problems. According to Heberlein such changes modify human behavior by ...

                                               

Transformation in economics

Transformation in economics refers to a long-term change in dominant economic activity in terms of prevailing relative engagement or employment of able individuals. Human economic systems undergo a number of deviations and departures from the "no ...

                                               

Transformative learning

Transformative learning, as a theory, says that the process of "perspective transformation" has three dimensions: psychological, convictional, and behavioral. Transformative learning is the expansion of consciousness through the transformation of ...

                                               

Conceptualism

In metaphysics, conceptualism is a theory that explains universality of particulars as conceptualized frameworks situated within the thinking mind. Intermediate between nominalism and realism, the conceptualist view approaches the metaphysical co ...

                                               

Archiv fur Begriffsgeschichte

The Archiv fur Begriffsgeschichte is an annual peer-reviewed academic journal covering studies on concepts of the history of philosophy and science. It was established in 1955 by Erich Rothacker and the current editors-in-chief are Christian Berm ...

                                               

Conceptual art

Conceptual art, also referred to as conceptualism, is art in which the concept or idea involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns. Some works of conceptual art, sometimes called installations ...

                                               

Mental representation

A mental representation, in philosophy of mind, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive science, is a hypothetical internal cognitive symbol that represents external reality, or else a mental process that makes use of such a symbol: "a ...

                                               

A priori and a posteriori

The Latin phrases a priori and a posteriori are philosophical terms popularized by Immanuel Kants Critique of Pure Reason, one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. However, in their Latin forms they appear in Latin translat ...

                                               

Analytic–synthetic distinction

The analytic–synthetic distinction is a semantic distinction, used primarily in philosophy to distinguish propositions into two types: analytic propositions and synthetic propositions. Analytic propositions are true by virtue of their meaning, wh ...

                                               

Apollonian and Dionysian

The Apollonian and Dionysian is a philosophical and literary concept and dichotomy/dialectic, based on Apollo and Dionysus in Greek mythology. Some Western philosophical and literary figures have invoked this dichotomy in critical and creative wo ...

                                               

Argument-deduction-proof distinctions

An argument, more fully a premise-conclusion argument, is a two-part system composed of premises and conclusion. An argument is valid if and only if its conclusion is a consequence of its premises. Every premise set has infinitely many consequenc ...

                                               

Distinction (philosophy)

Distinction, the fundamental philosophical abstraction, involves the recognition of difference. In classical philosophy, there were various ways in which things could be distinguished. The merely logical or virtual distinction, such as the differ ...

                                               

Distinction without a difference

A distinction without a difference is a type of logical fallacy where an author or speaker attempts to describe a distinction between two things where no discernible difference exists. It is particularly used when a word or phrase has connotation ...

                                               

Fact–value distinction

The fact–value distinction is a fundamental epistemological distinction described between: Statements of fact positive or descriptive statements, based upon reason and physical observation, and which are examined via the empirical method. Stateme ...

                                               

Formal distinction

In scholastic metaphysics, a formal distinction is a distinction intermediate between what is merely conceptual, and what is fully real or mind-independent. It was made by some realist philosophers of the Scholastic period in the thirteenth centu ...

                                               

Hume's fork

Humes fork is an explanation, developed by later philosophers, of David Humes 1730s division of "relations of ideas" from "matters of fact and real existence". A distinction is made between necessary versus contingent, a priori versus a posterior ...

                                               

Infinite qualitative distinction

The infinite qualitative distinction, sometimes translated as infinite qualitative difference, is a concept coined by the Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard. The distinction emphasizes the very different attributes of finite and temporal men an ...

                                               

Literal and figurative language

Literal and figurative language is a distinction within some fields of language analysis, in particular stylistics, rhetoric, and semantics. Figurative or non-literal language uses words in a way that deviates from their conventionally accepted d ...

                                               

Master–slave morality

Master–slave morality is a central theme of Friedrich Nietzsches works, particularly in the first essay of his book, On the Genealogy of Morality. Nietzsche argued that there were two fundamental types of morality: "master morality" and "slave mo ...

                                               

Paired opposites

Paired opposites are an ancient, pre-Socratic method of establishing thesis, antithesis and synthesis in terms of a standard for what is right and proper in natural philosophy.

                                               

Primary/secondary quality distinction

The primary/secondary quality distinction is a conceptual distinction in epistemology and metaphysics, concerning the nature of reality. It is most explicitly articulated by John Locke in his Essay concerning Human Understanding, but earlier thin ...

                                               

Product/process distinction

The product/process distinction is the distinction between the product information and the process information of a consumer good. Product information is information that pertains to a consumer good, namely to its price, quality, and safety. Proc ...

                                               

Sense and reference

In the philosophy of language, the distinction between sense and reference was an innovation of the German philosopher and mathematician Gottlob Frege in 1892, reflecting the two ways he believed a singular term may have meaning. The reference or ...

                                               

Sex and gender distinction

The distinction between sex and gender differentiates a persons biological sex from that persons gender, which can refer to either social roles based on the sex of the person or personal identification of ones own gender based on an internal awar ...

                                               

Type–token distinction

The type–token distinction is the difference between naming a class of objects and naming the individual instances of that class. Since each type may be represented by multiple tokens, there are generally more tokens than types of an object. For ...

                                               

Use–mention distinction

The use–mention distinction is a foundational concept of analytic philosophy, according to which it is necessary to make a distinction between using a word and mentioning it, and many philosophical works have been "vitiated by a failure to distin ...

                                               

Gossen's laws

Gossens laws, named for Hermann Heinrich Gossen, are three laws of economics: Gossens First Law is the "law" of diminishing marginal utility: that marginal utilities are diminishing across the ranges relevant to decision-making. Gossens Second La ...

                                               

Gossen's second law

Gossens Second" Law”, named for Hermann Heinrich Gossen, is the assertion that an economic agent will allocate his or her expenditures such that the ratio of the marginal utility of each good or service to its price is equal to that for every oth ...

                                               

Marginal abatement cost

Abatement cost is the cost of reducing environmental negatives such as pollution. Marginal cost is an economic concept that measures the cost of an additional unit. The marginal abatement cost, in general, measures the cost of reducing one more u ...

                                               

Marginal concepts

In economics, marginal concepts are associated with a specific change in the quantity used of a good or service, as opposed to some notion of the over-all significance of that class of good or service, or of some total quantity thereof.

                                               

Marginal cost

In economics, marginal cost is the change in the total cost that arises when the quantity produced is incremented by one unit; that is, it is the cost of producing one more unit of a good. Intuitively, marginal cost at each level of production in ...

                                               

Marginal cost of capital schedule

                                               

Marginal demand

Marginal demand in economics is the change in demand for a product or service in response to a specific change in its price. Normally, as prices for goods or service rise, demand falls, and conversely, as prices for goods or services fall, demand ...

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