Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 352

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 352




                                               

Negative sign (astrology)

In astrology, a negative, receptive, dispassive, Yin, nocturnal or feminine sign refers to any of the six even-numbered signs of the zodiac: Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn or Pisces. There are no value judgments attached to the terms n ...

                                               

Negative space

Negative space, in art, the space around and between the subject of the image. Negative space may be most evident when the space around the object, not the subject itself, forms an interesting and artistically relevant shape, and such space is oc ...

                                               

Negative stain

Negative staining is an established method, often used in diagnostic microscopy, for contrasting a thin samples with an optically opaque fluid. In this technique, the background is stained, leaving the actual untouched, and so it is visible. This ...

                                               

Negative temperature

Some systems can achieve negative temperature, i.e. their temperature can be expressed as a negative quantity on the Kelvin or Rankine scales. Absolute temperature the Kelvin scale can be roughly understood as a measure of the average kinetic ene ...

                                               

Negative thermal expansion

Negative thermal expansion is unusual physicochemical process in which some materials contract on heating and not expand like most other materials. The most well-known material with NO water at 0~4 C. materials°, which undergo NTE there are a num ...

                                               

Negative utilitarianism

Negative utilitarianism is a form of negative consequentialism, which can be characterized as the view that we should reduce the total amount of aggregate suffering, or that we should minimize suffering and then, secondly, to increase the total a ...

                                               

Negative volume index

Nearly 78 years have passed since Paul L. Dysart, Jr. invented the negative volume index and positive index of the physical volume. The indicators remain useful to identify primary market trends and reversals. In 1936, Paul L. Dysart, Jr. began a ...

                                               

Negative-dimensional space

In topology, a discipline within mathematics, a negative-dimensional space is an extension of the usual concept of space, which allows for negative dimensions. The concept of negative-dimensional space applies for example, for the analysis of lin ...

                                               

Negentropy

In information theory and statistics, negentropy is used as a measure of distance to normality. The concept and phrase "negative entropy" were introduced by Erwin schrödinger in a 1944 popular science book What is life? Later, Leon Brillouin shor ...

                                               

Policy debate

Political debate is a form of debate competition in which teams of two advocate for and against a resolution that typically requires a change in the policy of the Federal government of the United States. It is also called cross-examination debate ...

                                               

Positive and Negative Affect Schedule

Positive and negative affect schedule is a self-report questionnaire, which consists of two 10-item scales for measuring the positive and negative impacts. Each item is rated on a 5-point scale from 1 to 5. This measure was used mainly as a resea ...

                                               

Signed measure

There are two slightly different concepts of a signed measure, depending on whether or not allows it to take infinite values. In scientific works and modern books, signed measures to take finite values, while textbooks often allow them to take in ...

                                               

Signed zero

Signed zero is zero with appropriate sign. In ordinary arithmetic, the number 0 has no sign, so that -0 and 0 are the same. However, in computing, some number representations allow for the existence of two zeros, often denoted by -0 and 0 are con ...

                                               

List of eponymous laws

This list of eponymous laws provides links to articles of laws, principles, Proverbs and other brief observations or predictions named person. In some cases the person named and invented by the law – for example, Parkinsons law. In others, work o ...

                                               

Anna Karenina principle

The principle of "Anna Karenina" States that a deficiency in any one of a number of factors dooms the attempt to failure. Therefore, a good practice is when every possible deficiency has been avoided. The name of the principle derives from Leo th ...

                                               

Anthropic principle

The anthropic principle is the philosophical consideration that any data we collect about the Universe is filtered by the fact that in order to be observable, first and foremost, it must be compatible with conscious and intelligent life, what he ...

                                               

Basic limiting principle

The basic limiting principle is a General principle that limits our explanations metaphysically or epistemologically, and which, as a rule, to protest or even unnoticed in our everyday or scientific thinking. This term was coined by philosopher C ...

                                               

Bateman's principle

Batemans principle in evolutionary biology is that in most species variability in reproductive success more in males than in females. He first proposed Angus John Bateman, an English geneticist. Bateman believes that because males are capable of ...

                                               

Canon (basic principle)

The notion of the Canon is very wide, in a General sense, it means a single or group official, authentic or approved rules or laws, especially of a Church or group official, authentic, or approved literary or artistic works such as literature of ...

                                               

Church–Turing–Deutsch principle

In computer science and quantum physics, the Church–Turing–Deutsch principle is a stronger, physical form of the thesis of Church–Turing formulated by David Deutsch in 1985. This principle States that a universal computing device can simulate eve ...

                                               

Clarke's three laws

British science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke formulated three sayings, which are known as clarkes three laws, of which the Third law is the best known and most commonly used. They were part of his ideas in his extensive writings about the futu ...

                                               

Concision

Conciseness is using only the words needed to Express ideas. It aims to strengthen the connection by eliminating redundancy, without losing essential information. Concision has been described as one of the fundamental principles of writing. Corre ...

                                               

Cooperative principle

In the social Sciences in General and linguistics in particular, the cooperative principle describes how people achieve effective spoken communication in the shared social situation is, how listeners and speakers to work together and accept each ...

                                               

Copernican principle

In physical cosmology, the Copernican principle States that humans, on Earth or in the Solar system are not privileged observers of the Universe. Named after the heliocentrism of Copernicus, is a working assumption that arises from a modified cos ...

                                               

Correspondence principle

In physics, the correspondence principle States that the behavior of the system is described by the theory of quantum mechanics reproduces classical physics in the limit of large quantum numbers. In other words, it says that for large orbits and ...

                                               

Cosmological principle

In modern physical cosmology, the cosmological principle is that the spatial distribution of matter in the Universe is homogeneous and isotropic if viewed on a large enough scale, since the forces must act uniformly throughout the Universe, and, ...

                                               

D'Alembert's principle

DAlemberts principle, also known as the Lagrange–dalembert principle, is a statement of the fundamental classical laws of motion. It is named after its discoverer, French physicist and mathematician Jean Le Rond dAlembert. This is the dynamic ana ...

                                               

Disquotational principle

The disquotational principle is a philosophical principle which says that a rational speaker will accept P if and only if he or she believes p. the Quotes indicate that the statement R is considered as a punishment, not as a suggestion. This prin ...

                                               

Dogma

Dogma is the official system of principles or doctrines of religion, such as Catholicism, or the position of a philosopher or philosophical school of stoicism. In the pejorative sense, "dogma" refers to violent solutions, such as those aggressive ...

                                               

Equivalence principle

In General relativity, the equivalence principle of equivalence of gravitational and inertial mass, and albert Einsteins observation that the gravitational "force" as experienced locally while standing on a massive body is the same as the pseudo- ...

                                               

Equivalence principle (geometric)

The equivalence principle is one of the cornerstones of the theory of gravity. Various formulations of the principle of equivalence is marked weak medium, strong and sturdy. All these preparations are based on the empirical equality of inertial m ...

                                               

Evidential existentiality

The principle of evidential existentiality in philosophy is a principle that explains and gives value to the existence of entities. This principle States that the reality of the existence of an entity, gives greater value to prove its existence t ...

                                               

Exclusion principle (philosophy)

The exclusion principle is a philosophical principle that States: If an event e causes event e*, then there is no event e# such that e# is non-supervenient on e and e# causes e*.

                                               

Fermat's principle

Fermats principle, also known as the principle of least time, is the link between x-ray optics and wave optics. In the original "strong" form, Fermats principle States that the path of the beam between the two points is the path that can be compl ...

                                               

First principle

The first principle is a basic statement or assumption that cannot be deduced from any other suggestions or assumptions. In philosophy, first principles are at the root of attitudes and teach Aristotelians, and the slim versions first principles ...

                                               

Godwin's law

Godwins law is an Internet adage asserting that "as an online discussion gets bigger, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches 1" - that is, if an online discussion goes on long enough, sooner or later someone will com ...

                                               

Hamilton's principle

In physics, the principle of Hamilton William Rowan Hamiltonian formulation of the principle of stationary action. It States that the dynamics of a physical system is determined by a variational problem for the functional on the basis of a single ...

                                               

Hanlon's razor

hanlons razor aphorism expressed in a variety of ways, including: Never ascribe to malice what can be adequately explained by stupidity. Probably named after Robert J. Hanlon, is a philosophical razor which suggests a way of eliminating unlikely ...

                                               

Hitchens's razor

Hitchenss razor is an epistemological razor was expressed by the writer Christopher Hitchens, arguing that the burden of proving the truth of the assertion lies on the person who makes the statement, if this burden is not met, the claim is unfoun ...

                                               

Hu–Washizu principle

In continuum mechanics and, in particular, finite element analysis, the Hu–Washizu principle is a variational principle which says that actions ∫ V e dV-\int _{S_{\sigma }^{e}}{\bar {T}}^{T}u\ dS} stationary, where c {\the style property display ...

                                               

Humanitarian principles

There are several meanings of the term humanitarian. Here humanitarian refers to the practice of saving lives and alleviating suffering. This is usually a response to an emergency, whether natural disaster or man-made disaster such as war or othe ...

                                               

Identity of indiscernibles

The identity of indiscernibles is an ontological principle, which States that there can be separate objects or entities that all their General properties. That is, entities X and y are identical if every predicate possessed by X is also possessed ...

                                               

Instantiation principle

The principle of creation or the creation principle or the principle of esemplificativo the concept in metaphysics and logic that cannot be confirmed or unexemplified properties. In other words, it is impossible for a property to exist which is n ...

                                               

KK thesis

The KK thesis or KK principle is a principle of epistemic logic which States that "if you know that P so, you know that you know that P is the case". This means that one cannot know that P if he does not know whether his knowledge of P is correct ...

                                               

LaSalle's invariance principle

The invariance principle lasells is also a criterion for asymptotic stability of Autonomous dynamical systems.

                                               

Landauer's principle

The Landauers principle is a physical principle pertaining to the lower theoretical limit of energy consumption calculation. He believes that "any logically irreversible manipulation of information, such as the Erasure of a bit or the merging of ...

                                               

Law (principle)

The law, a universal principle that describes the fundamental nature of something, to universal properties and relationships between things, or a description that purports to explain these principles and relationships.

                                               

Lexical entrainment

Lexical entrainment is the phenomenon in conversational linguistics of the process of subject-making powers of his companion. In practice, it acts as the mechanism of cooperative principle, in which both parties in the conversation use lexical en ...

                                               

Li (Confucianism)

Li is a classical Chinese word which is commonly used in Chinese philosophy, especially Confucianism. Do not include in the final object, some abstract idea and, thus, translates into a number of different ways. Wing-TsIT Chan explains that, if o ...

                                               

Locard's exchange principle

In criminology, the Locards principle believes that the person who committed the crime, can bring something to the crime scene and leave with something from it, and that both can be used as forensic evidence. Dr. Edmond Locard was a pioneer in fo ...

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