Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 358

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game 🡒
                                               

Horse theft

Horse theft-the crime of stealing horses. A person involved in the theft of the horse known as the horse thief. Horse theft was very common throughout the world to the motorization. Punishments were often severe for stealing horses, several crops ...

                                               

Illegal construction

The illegal construction or building Construction work without a valid building permit. In addition to possible technical hazards of uncontrolled construction sites and finished houses, illegal construction activities can be a major environmental ...

                                               

Illegal logging

Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale timber in violation of the laws. The procedure of collection may be illegal, including using dishonest means to gain access to forests, extraction without permission or from a prote ...

                                               

Illegal mining

Illegal mining is the extraction that is carried out without the permission of the state bodies, in particular, in the absence of land rights, mining license and exploration or mineral transportation permits. Illegal mining can be a subsistence e ...

                                               

Illegal taxicab operation

Illegal taxicabs, sometimes known as pirate taxis or other taxi, there are taxis and other for-hire vehicles not licensed or permitted the jurisdiction in which they work. Most major cities around the world require a taxi must be licensed, securi ...

                                               

Ivory trade

The ivory trade is the commercial, often illegal trade in the ivory tusks of the hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal, mammoth, and most of all, African and Asian elephants. The cat has been traded for hundreds of years people in Africa and Asia, as a r ...

                                               

Mochilero (drug courier)

Mochileros several drug dealers in the Latin American cocaine trade. They move the cocaine on foot from the area where it is produced, such as Valle de Los ríos Apurímac, ene y mantaro in Peru, in a place from which it can be assembled by the nex ...

                                               

Money mule

Money mule, sometimes referred to as a "smurfer," is a person who transfers money acquired illegally in person, through a courier service or electronically, on behalf of others. As a rule, the mule paid for services with a small part of the amoun ...

                                               

Mule (smuggling)

A mule or courier is someone who smuggles contraband across the border for smuggling organizations. The organizers employ mules to reduce the risk of being caught themselves. Methods of smuggling include hiding the goods in a vehicle or carried o ...

                                               

Organized crime

Organized crime is a category of international, national or local groups of highly centralized enterprises that are managed by criminals involved in illegal activities, most often for profit. Some criminal organizations such as terrorist groups a ...

                                               

Overfishing

Overfishing is removing fish species from a reservoir in the size that the species can not be replenished in time, the result of those species are either depleted or very low population density in the area. According to the controversial 2006 art ...

                                               

Parcel mule scam

Parcel mule Scam, also known as the reshipping Scam, involves scammers and unsuspecting victims handling goods to other countries. In a sense it is similar to the money mule Scam. Scammers use fake advertising to hire mules. Goods bought with sto ...

                                               

Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties. Those who engage in acts of piracy are called ...

                                               

Prostitution

Prostitution is the business or practice of sexual relations in exchange for payment. Prostitution is sometimes described as sexual services, sex, or, in common parlance, hooking. It is sometimes referred to metaphorically as the "worlds oldest p ...

                                               

Sturdy beggar

In old English law, a sturdy beggar was a man who was healthy and able to work, but begged and instead wandered around the living room. The Statute of Cambridge 1388 was an early law which differentiated between sturdy beggars and the infirm poor ...

                                               

Thuggee

Thuggee refers to the acts of thugs, an organized gang of professional robbers and murderers. English word thug has its roots in Hindi ठग, meaning a fraud or a Liar. Related words are the verb thugna, from the Sanskrit स्थग and स्थगति. This term, ...

                                               

Ticket tout

                                               

Tout

A dealer is any person who solicits business or employment in a persistent and annoying way. According to the American bar Association, touting occurs when a person advertises, promotes, or otherwise describes a security for sale without disclosi ...

                                               

Train robbery

Train robberies were more common in the past, when trains were slower and occurred frequently in the Wild West. Trains carrying goods salaries were the main target. These supplies will be protected by the expressman, whose duty it was to protect ...

                                               

Wetwork

Wet work is a euphemism for murder or assassination, alluding to spilling blood. The expression of such cold blood, a novel damp or wet work - All calques of Russian terms for such activities - can be attributed to thieves jargon, at least in the ...

                                               

Criminal justice

The criminal justice administration of justice for those who committed crimes. The criminal justice system is the number of state agencies and institutions. Purposes include the correction of convicts, prevent the Commission of other crimes and m ...

                                               

Bachelor of Criminal Justice

A bachelors degree in criminal justice is a student academic degree in the field of criminal justice. The universities offering vest: University of Colorado Denver, Florida Institute of Technology, New England College, Loyola University New Orlea ...

                                               

Alphonse Bertillon

Alphonse Bertillon, a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements. Anthropometry was the first scie ...

                                               

Campbell Collaboration

The Campbell collaboration is a nonprofit organization that promotes informed decision-making and policy management of the production of systematic reviews and synthesis of evidence. Campbell consists of coordinating groups, which coordinate the ...

                                               

Capital Jury Project

The project jury capital is a consortium of universities, research studies on decision-making of jurors in death penalty cases in the United States. It was founded in 1991 and is supported by the National science Foundation. The legal purpose of ...

                                               

Carlos Albizu University

Albizu University is a private, nonprofit University offering undergraduate and graduate degree programs in psychology, education, speech and language, criminal justice, ESOL, and social services. With a main campus in San Juan, Puerto Rico, bran ...

                                               

Centre for Crime and Justice Studies

Center for the study of crime and justice is a charitable organization based in the United Kingdom focusing on crime and the criminal justice system. It seeks to unite people involved in criminal justice through various means, including publicati ...

                                               

Children First Offenders Second

Children first, offenders Second is progressive and positive youth justice model, which consists of eight principles. The model is structured to make the child the object of any measures taken in view of their undesirable behavior.

                                               

Community court

In the United States and several other countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, and South Africa, a community court is a neighborhood-focused problem-solving court that applies the approach to the solution of problems with local crime and ...

                                               

Comparative contextual analysis

Comparative contextual analysis is a methodology for comparative research where contextual interrogation precedes the analysis of similarities and differences. It is a thematic process directed and designed to explore the relationship of Agency r ...

                                               

Comparative criminal justice

Comparative criminal justice in the subfield of the study of criminal justice that compares justice systems worldwide. Such a study can take a descriptive, historical, or political approach. It examines the similarities and differences in the str ...

                                               

Consensual crime

Consensual crime is a public order crime that involves more than one participant, all of whom give their consent as willing participants in an activity that is illegal. Legislative bodies and interest groups sometimes rationalize the criminalizat ...

                                               

Coram nobis

The writ of coram nobis is a legal order allowing a court to correct its original judgment upon discovery of a fundamental error that did not appear in the records of the original judgments proceedings and would have prevented the judgment from b ...

                                               

Crime Information Center

Information center crime is the data warehouse and search engine operated by a staff of detectives that assists in providing relevant and timely information to officers conducting an investigation. The computer network stores facts about convicte ...

                                               

Outline of criminal justice

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to criminal justice: Criminal justice – system of practices and institutions of governments to uphold social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or the punishment of those ...

                                               

Criminal punishment in Edo-period Japan

In A. D. 757, Chinese-influenced legal system 養老律令 Yoro Ritsuryo was enacted and introduced five court fines 五刑. Two of the five judicial penalties involved flogging. Easy whipping of 10 to 50 lashes, while heavy whipping stipulated 60 to 1 ...

                                               

Dallas DNA

DNA Dallas is an American television program that was held on 28 April 2009, to investigate the cable channel discovery. Documents on cooperation in the area of Dallas, Texas the district attorneys office with several law programs of the School o ...

                                               

Decarcerate PA

Decarcerate PA is a grassroots, all-volunteer coalition seeking to challenge mass incarceration in Pennsylvania. Platform Decarcerate PA was endorsed by almost 100 organizations. Decarcerate PA is an intentionally democratic organization that cor ...

                                               

Ding zui

Ding Zui is the Chinese practice of hiring impostors and doubles to stand trial and receive punishment in those places. The term translates as "substitute criminal" and is reportedly a relatively common practice among Chinas rich elite. Charges D ...

                                               

Doctor of Criminal Justice

Doctor of criminal justice doctoral degree in criminal justice. As a terminal degree, prepares the holder for administrative, research, teaching or professional positions in the field of criminal justice in both the public and private institutions.

                                               

Errors of impunity

Errors of impunity is a term used in Brian Forsts book errors of justice and Robert Bohms introduction to a special issue of the journal of criminal justice on miscarriages of justice. They are defined as lapses that result in criminals either re ...

                                               

Eyewitness identification

The identity of the witness, in criminal law, evidence received from a witness "who saw an event and can so testify in court". The innocence project States that "the identification of the witness is the sole cause of wrongful convictions nationwi ...

                                               

Fundamental error

Fundamental error is a legal term which is provided by the state courts describe the error that occurs when the decision violates fundamental rights. In the constitutional law of the United States, fundamental rights have special significance und ...

                                               

Gender responsive approach for girls in the juvenile justice system

The gender approach for girls in the juvenile justice system represents an emerging trend in communities and courts throughout the United States, Australia and Latin America, as a growing number of girls entering the juvenile justice system. Gend ...

                                               

Girl's court

Girls court is the gender approach for girls in the juvenile justice system that one is young "at risk" women in social services agencies, providing informal sessions on the whole body image, education and counseling with a team of adults to ensu ...

                                               

Impartiality

Objectivity is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be made on the basis of objective criteria, and not based on bias, prejudice, or preferring the benefit to one person over another for the wrong reasons.

                                               

Incarceration of women

This article discusses the detention of women in correctional institutions. According to a study reported in the September 2014 International centre for prison studies, as of August 2014, worldwide, 625.000 women and children are held in penal in ...

                                               

Innocence Project New Orleans

The innocence project of New Orleans is a nonprofit legal organization that represents innocent prisoners sentenced to life imprisonment in Louisiana and southern Mississippi. This is the first organization in the network of innocence to be estab ...

                                               

Innocence Project of Texas

The innocence project of Texas was founded in 2006 as a nonprofit organization to provide free Investigative and legal services to low-income citizens of Texas who were convicted of crimes they did not commit. PC controlled with staff members, la ...

                                               

Justice Research and Statistics Association

The study of justice and statistics Association is a national nonprofit organization of state statistical analysis centers, researchers, and practitioners throughout government, academia, and organizations of justice. The study of statistics of j ...

                                               

Magistrates' Association

The magistrates Association is a membership organization for judges in England and Wales. Because of their education, training functions, it is a charitable organization and is funded by its members to promote graduate programs.

                                               

Mass arrest

There is a mass arrest when the police apprehend large numbers of suspects at once. Sometimes this happens on protests. Some mass arrests are also used in combating gang activity. This is sometimes controversial, and lawsuits sometimes result. Th ...

                                               

Master of Criminal Justice

Master of criminal justice is a postgraduate professional masters degree that is designed as a terminal degree for professionals in criminal justice, criminology, or as preparation for doctoral studies. Destinations include probation and court se ...

                                               

Mi-Case

Mi-case is a set of web-based management interface, case and software for operational management provided CASMACO Ltd. Mi-case is used in public and commercial organizations, including criminal justice and behavioral health agencies to strengthen ...

                                               

Nacro

Nacro is a national social justice charity operating in England and Wales. It is not formally associated with the sacral NIACRO in Scotland or in Northern Ireland. Nacros cover services in the field of education, housing, treatment for substance ...

                                               

National Bureau of Investigation (Finland)

The national Bureau of investigation, Swedish: Centralkriminalpolisen, lit. Central criminal police) is the national law enforcement and the police main criminal investigation Department and criminal investigation organizations of Finland. The ma ...

                                               

National Center for Victims of Crime

National center for victims of crime is an American 501 non-profit organization dedicated to providing information, resources and advocacy for victims of all types of crimes and people who serve them. The staff oversees a variety of programs, inc ...

                                               

National Criminal Justice Association

The national Association of criminal justice is the organization in Washington, D.C., which represents a variety of local, state, and tribal governments on crime prevention and management. The organization is mainly working as a liaison for state ...

                                               

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

National criminal reference justice service programs funded by the Federal government of the United States that shares publications and other information including grants and funding opportunities and upcoming trainings and conferences from the D ...

                                               

National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center

National law enforcement and corrections technology Center recently completed a reorganization that will allow the system to fulfill its critical mission to assist state, city and County, rural, tribal and border, as well as Federal law enforceme ...

                                               

Office for Victims of Crime

Office for victims of crime is part of the Department of justice, U.S. Department of justice. The mission of children is to assist and promote justice for victims of crime. The office was established in 1988 as an amendment to the law on victims ...

                                               

Office of Justice Programs

The office of justice programs is an Agency of the Ministry of justice of the United States of America, which focuses on crime prevention through research and development, assistance to state, local, and tribal criminal justice, including law enf ...

                                               

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Office of juvenile justice and crime prevention is a Department of the Ministry of justice of the United States and a component of the Department of justice. In OJJDP publishes JRFC collection On even numbered years to obtain information about mi ...

                                               

Una Padel

UNA padel OBE was a British criminal justice reformer, known for his work in prison reform. She was the Director of the Center for studies of crime and justice from 1999 until his death in 2006, after which the centre established a prize padel una.

                                               

Participatory justice

Justice broad, roughly speaking, refers to the direct participation of those suffering from one or another decision in the decision-making process itself: it can refer to decisions taken in court or politicians. Popular participation has been cal ...

                                               

Donna Payant

Donna no pay Collins was an employee of the new York penal colony, who was killed in the line of duty in a correctional facility green haven. She was one of 50 women working as security guards in a correctional facility green haven. Donna paid th ...

                                               

Penal welfarism

                                               

Periodic detention

Periodic detention or detention in a weekend is a form of imprisonment in which the offender spent in jail between Friday and Sunday evening every week-but in another time. Contributes to prison reformers as an alternative to imprisonment, period ...

                                               

First Judicial District of Pennsylvania

First judicial district-judicial body governing the County of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. It consists of a court of General jurisdiction in the County and the Philadelphia municipal court, Philadelphia. Although the name of the district assi ...

                                               

Justice Juanita Kidd Stout Center for Criminal Justice

Justice Juanita Kidd stout Center for criminal justice, is a court in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the main criminal court of the first judicial district of Pennsylvania, housing and the criminal section of the Philadelphia court of General ...

                                               

Police Tribunal (France)

The police Tribunal is a criminal jurisdiction, which judges all classes of offenses committed by adults. More serious offenses judging Tribunal correctionnel correctional Tribunal when they delits or misconduct, or dassises chickens.

                                               

Positive youth justice

Positive models of juvenile justice offers an alternative approach to working with children and youth in conflict with the law. PYJ as reactionary and progressive. It is a reaction against modern risk-based models of juvenile justice that does no ...

                                               

Post conviction

By law, after the sentence refers to a legal process that takes place after a trial results in conviction of the defendant. After conviction, the court will continue sentencing the guilty person. In the American criminal justice system where the ...

                                               

Posthumous trial

A posthumous trial or post-mortem trial is a trial held after the death of the defendants. Posthumous trials can be held for various reasons, including legal Declaration that the defendant was the one who committed the crime, to provide justice f ...

                                               

Public defender (Brazil)

Public defender offices in Brazil had its origin in the State of Rio de Janeiro, where on May 5, 1897, a decree established free legal assistance in the Federal District. With its constitutional mission of ensuring the constitutional principles o ...

                                               

Public defender (United States)

In the United States, a public defender is a lawyer appointed by the court and provided by the state or Federal government to represent and advise those who cannot afford to hire private counsel. Public defenders are attorneys employed by the sta ...

                                               

Public Defender Service for the District of Columbia

The public defender service for the district of Columbia provides legal protection of the persons appointed by the court the basis for excitation of criminal cases and delinquency among indigent adults and juveniles accused / respondents. Its div ...

                                               

Punishment

Punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, which body - in contexts ranging from child discipline criminal law - as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behavior that is consider ...

                                               

Race in the United States criminal justice system

Race in the criminal justice system of the United States refers to the unique experiences and inequality in the United States in relation to the police and prosecutors of different races. There were different results for different racial groups i ...

                                               

Restorative justice

Restorative justice is an approach to justice where one of the answers to a crime to organize a meeting between the victim and the offender, sometimes with the General public. The goal is for them to share their experiences of what happened, who ...

                                               

Revolving Doors Agency

The Agency is a revolving door, also known as revolving doors, is a charitable organization in the UK that operates in England and Wales. Based on research, policy and campaigning work, the organization aims to improve services for people with mu ...

                                               

The Shipman Inquiry

The Shipman inquiry was the report, prepared by a British governmental investigation into the activities of General practitioner and serial killer Harold Shipman. Shipman was arrested in September 1998 and soon the investigation began after he wa ...

                                               

Theory of criminal justice

The theory of criminal justice is the branch of philosophy of law, which deals with criminal justice and in particular punishment. The theory of criminal justice has deep connections with other fields of philosophy as political philosophy and eth ...

                                               

To Serve and Protect (book)

To serve and protect: privatization and community in criminal justice book, 1998 Bruce L. Benson about private police, private prosecution, and other market-based methods of providing criminal justice. Benson traces the history of the governments ...

                                               

United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The Congress of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice United Nations-sponsored Congress on the issues of crime prevention and criminal justice, held every five years. It is organized by the UN Office on drugs and crime. The par ...

                                               

United States v. Banki

United States V. banks 685 F. 3D 99-this case related to the transfer of large sums of money in size.4 million - from Iran to the United States. Banks accused of conspiracy violations of the Iranian transactions and without a licence and transfer ...

                                               

United States v. Morgan (1954)

United States V. Morgan, 346 U.S. 502, is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, which provides the writ of Coram Nobis as the corresponding application to request Federal post-conviction judicial review to those who have ...

                                               

August Vollmer

August Gus Vollmer was the first police chief of Berkeley, California and is a leading figure in the development of the field of criminal justice in the United States in the early 20th century.

                                               

Youth justice in England and Wales

The juvenile justice system in England and Wales comprises the organs and processes that are used to prosecute, convict and punish persons under 18 years of age who commits a criminal offence. The main goal of the juvenile justice system is crime ...

                                               

Beavis and Butt-Head

Beavis and butt-head is an American full-length animated sitcom created by Mike judge. The series originated from frog Baseball, a 1992 short film Judge originally aired on liquid television. After seeing the short, MTV signed judge to develop th ...

                                               

Cambridge Somerville Youth Study

The Cambridge-Somerville youth study was the first large-scale randomized experiment in the history of criminology. He was commissioned in 1936, Dr. Richard Cabot, a Boston physician who suggested an experiment to assess the effect of early inter ...

                                               

Juvenile court

The juvenile court is a Tribunal having special authority to try offences which are committed by children or adolescents under the age of majority. In most modern legal systems, children or teenagers who commit crimes are treated differently from ...

                                               

Gorky Colony

A colony of them. Gorky was a reform school for juvenile offenders in the 1920-ies. The colony is the basis of the classic Russian book the Road to life written by the Director of the colonys, Anton Makarenko.

                                               

Rugby boy

The Rugby players collective term for gangs of street children found in the Philippines. They are one of the most famous suffering from poverty found in the slums of the Philippines. They are known for using and being addicted to a contact cement ...

                                               

School-to-prison pipeline

In the United States, school-to-prison pipeline, also known as the School-Prison link or the school in prison is disproportionate to the trend of minors and adolescents from disadvantaged families to be in prison, because more and more severe sch ...

                                               

Status offense

Violation of status is an action that is prohibited only to a certain class of people, and most often applied only to offenses committed by minors. In the United States, the term status offense refers to the violation such as a traffic violation ...

                                               

Young offender

Juvenile offender is a young man who was convicted and cautioned for a criminal offence. Criminal justice systems often deal with young offenders differently from adult offenders, but different countries apply the term "minor" in different age gr ...

                                               

Criminal law

Criminal law is the body of law that is associated with the crime. It prohibits conduct perceived as threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety and moral well-being of people, including myself. Most criminal la ...

                                               

Abandonment (legal)

By law, the failure is a failure, refusal or Renunciation of an interest, claim, civil proceedings, appeal, honor, possession or right, especially with the intent never to resume or confirm it. Such deliberate actions can take the form of failure ...

                                               

Abettor

The abettor is the legal term, implying one who instigates, encourages or assists another to commit a crime. An accomplice differs from an accessory in that he must be present at the Commission of a crime, in addition, they are equally guilty as ...

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