Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 363

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 363

                                               

Panama Papers (Europe)

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

                                               

Panama Papers (North America)

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

                                               

Panama Papers (South America)

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

                                               

Paradise Papers

The Paradise Papers are a set of 13.4 million confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investments that were leaked to the German reporters Frederik Obermaier and Bastian Obermayer, from the newspaper Suddeutsche Zeitung. The newspa ...

                                               

The Ridenhour Prizes

The Ridenhour Prizes are awards in four categories given annually in recognition of those "who persevere in acts of truth-telling that protect the public interest, promote social justice or illuminate a more just vision of society". The awards ar ...

                                               

Savukku

Savukku is an anonymous, non-profit, whistle blowing website. The website has been called the Tamils WikiLeaks. The site publishes articles in Tamil and English. It is known for leaking sensational 2G spectrum case taped conversation and publishi ...

                                               

SecureDrop

SecureDrop is a free software platform for secure communication between journalists and sources. It was originally designed and developed by Aaron Swartz and Kevin Poulsen under the name DeadDrop. James Dolan also co-created the software.

                                               

WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes news leaks and classified media provided by anonymous sources. Its website, initiated in 2006 in Iceland by the organisation Sunshine Press, claimed in 2016 to have released onl ...

                                               

WildLeaks

                                               

Herman Norton Barnum

Herman Norton Barnum was a Christian missionary stationed in Kharpert. In his 1910 obituary by the Andover Theological Seminary, Barnum was called "one of the most competent missionaries sent out from America." During the Hamidian massacres, Barn ...

                                               

Theophile Bidard

Theophile Bidard was a well-known law professor in Rennes, France during the 1840s and 1850s. He was one of the principal witnesses for the prosecution in the Helene Jegado trial in 1851. Employed as a cook, Jegado had killed two of Bidards serva ...

                                               

Ahmed Imtiaz Bulbul

Ahmed Imtiaz Bulbul was a Bangladeshi lyricist, composer and music director, active since the late 1970s. He was a freedom fighter who joined the Bangladesh Liberation War at the age of 15. He won Ekushey Padak and Bangladesh National Film Award ...

                                               

Sarah Chadwick (activist)

On the day of the shooting, she described how she saw dozens of police cars arriving at the scene, while some of her friends were texting her from classrooms near the gunshots. In a televised interview, she stated that "never again should a child ...

                                               

David Duncan (accountant)

David B. Duncan was a former partner of Arthur Andersen, and was the United States governments star witness in the Arthur Andersen trial. He has said fears over interpretation prompted him to order the shredding of documents relating to Enron. He ...

                                               

David Moses Dyte

David Moses ben Meir Dyte was an English Jewish quill merchant who distinguished himself by preventing the assassination attempt on George III by James Hadfield on 15 May 1800. Dyte was attending Colley Cibbers play She Would and She Would Not at ...

                                               

William Fitzstephen

William Fitzstephen, was a cleric and administrator in the service of Thomas Becket. In the 1170s he wrote a long biography of Thomas Becket - the Vita Sancti Thomae. Fitzstephen had been Beckets personal household clerk for ten years and, when B ...

                                               

James Greenwood (journalist)

James Greenwood was an English social explorer, journalist and writer, who published a series of articles which drew attention to the plight of Londons working poor. He was one of the first journalists to cover stories incognito, and is regarded ...

                                               

David Hogg (activist)

David Miles Hogg is an American gun control activist and student who survived the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in 2018. He is a founding member of Never Again MSD, an advocacy group led by Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School students. H ...

                                               

Linda Kasabian

Linda Darlene Kasabian is a former member of the Manson Family. She was the key witness in District Attorney Vincent Bugliosis prosecution of Charles Manson and his followers for the 1969 Tate–LaBianca murders.

                                               

Kyle Kashuv

Kyle Kashuv is an American conservative activist. He survived the 2018 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting and subsequently advocated for gun rights, notably in opposition to his fellow survivors March for Our Lives movement. Kashuvs admission ...

                                               

Joanne Lees

Joanne Rachael Lees is best known for her ordeal in central Australia when, in 2001, as a young British tourist travelling with her partner Peter Falconio, she was attacked and subjected to an attempted abduction by a man later identified as Brad ...

                                               

Margaret of Louvain

Margaret was a servant from Louvain, Duchy of Brabant now Belgium. As a teenager, she worked at the inn belonging to her relatives, a certain Aubert and his wife, until they sold the establishment. The couple had planned to enter the religious li ...

                                               

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis was First Lady of the United States during the presidency of John F. Kennedy and was regarded as an international icon of style and culture. Bouvier was born in 1929 in Southampton, New York, to Wall Street stockbro ...

                                               

Israel Schwartz

Israel Schwartz was a Hungarian, apparently of Jewish descent, who in 1888 claimed to have witnessed an assault on a London woman that is believed to be tied to the Jack the Ripper slayings. Schwartz told police that, shortly after midnight on Se ...

                                               

Ruud de Wild

Rudolf Alexander de Wild is a Dutch radio host. He is also a former DJ, VJ and was one of the faces of the now-defunct television network Talpa. On 6 May 2002, when he worked for radio station 3FM, he interviewed Pim Fortuyn. After the interview ...

                                               

List of thriller writers

                                               

Alex Auswaks

Alex Auswaks was a Jerusalem-based writer of crime fiction. He was born in Tientsin, China on 6 February 1934. Though his work is primarily in shorter crime fiction, his novel "A Trick of Diamonds" was featured by Collins Crime Club in 1981. The ...

                                               

Bob Biderman

Bob Biderman was a British-American novelist and publisher known for his coming-of-age novels, Red Dreams – an obverse view of 50s America – and Letters to Nanette, about a young man drafted into the army at the start of the Vietnam War. Biderman ...

                                               

Felix Francis

Felix Francis is a British crime writer. He is Dick Francis’ younger son. Felix studied physics and electronics at London University, and then embarked upon a 17-year career teaching Advanced Level physics at three schools, the last seven as head ...

                                               

Anura Horatious

Anura Horatious is a popular Sri Lankan author of crime fiction, best known for the bestselling novel Gini Avi Saha Gini Keli. The novel was later adapted into an award-winning film by Udayakantha Warnasuriya in 1988. In 2003, he directed his fir ...

                                               

Alper Kaya

Alper Kaya was born in 1990 in Ankara. He loved Ankara even he had never lived there. He wrote sports articles for BirGun and SoL. He is currently writing soccer articles on saturdays for Evrensel. In 2010, he was awarded with "Praise Award of Sp ...

                                               

Vilmos Kondor

Vilmos Kondor is the name of a successful Hungarian author. His five crime novels, known as the Budapest Noir series, depict the adventures of a journalist, Zsigmond Gordon, in Budapest from the 1930s to the 1950s. They have become very popular i ...

                                               

Lora Lazar

The author graduated from the National School of Plastic Arts and the Dechko Uzunov Academy in Kazanlak before attending Sofia University, where she received a Masters degree in History and Philosophy and a Postgraduate degree in Cultural Studies ...

                                               

Alexis Lecaye

Alexis Lecaye is French author and script writer. He publishes under the pen name Alexandre Terrel as well and is probably best known for the creation of the long running TV crime series Julie Lescaut. Lecaye grew up in Lebanon and France. After ...

                                               

Angela Makholwa

Born in Johannesburg, Makholwa graduated in journalism from Rhodes University. She worked as a magazine journalist and public relations consultant for several agencies before establishing her own public relations firm, Britespark Communications, ...

                                               

Petros Markaris

Petros Markaris is a Greek-Armenian writer of detective novels starring the grumpy Athenian police investigator Costas Haritos.

                                               

Sam Millar

The Dark Place: A Karl Kane Book Dark Souls Brothers In Arms Stage play The Redemption Factory The Darkness of Bones Small Town Killing On The Brinks The Dead of Winter: A Karl Kane Book Bloodstorm: A Karl Kane Book

                                               

Gregg Olsen

Gregg Olsen is a New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal bestselling author of nonfiction books and novels, most of which are crime-related. The subjects of his true crime books include convicted child rapist and school teacher Mary ...

                                               

Exoneration

Exoneration occurs when the conviction for a crime is reversed, either through demonstration of innocence, a flaw in the conviction, or otherwise. Attempts to exonerate convicts are particularly controversial in death penalty cases, especially wh ...

                                               

Miscarriage of justice

A miscarriage of justice, also known as a failure of justice, occurs when a person is convicted and punished for a crime that he or she did not commit. It is seldom used as a legal defense in criminal and deportation proceedings. The term also ap ...

                                               

Wrongful execution

Wrongful execution is a miscarriage of justice occurring when an innocent person is put to death by capital punishment. Cases of wrongful execution are cited as an argument by opponents of capital punishment, while proponents suggest that the arg ...

                                               

List of miscarriage of justice cases

This is a list of miscarriage of justice cases. This list includes cases where a convicted individual was later cleared of the crime and either has received an official exoneration, or a consensus exists that the individual was unjustly punished ...

                                               

List of wrongful convictions in the United States

This is a list of wrongful convictions in the United States. This list includes people who have been legally exonerated, including people whose convictions have been overturned or vacated, and who have not been retried because the charges were di ...

                                               

After Innocence

After Innocence is a 2005 American documentary film about men who were exonerated from death row by DNA evidence. Directed by Jessica Sanders, the film took the Special Jury Prize at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival. The featured exonerees are Den ...

                                               

Gerald Amirault

Gerald A. "Tooky" Amirault is an American convicted in 1986 of child sexual abuse of eight children at the Fells Acres Day Care Center in Malden, Massachusetts, run by his family. He and his family deny the charges, which supporters regard as a c ...

                                               

Joe Arridy

Joseph Arridy was a young American man known for having been falsely accused, wrongfully convicted, and wrongfully executed for the 1936 rape and murder of Dorothy Drain, a 15-year-old girl in Pueblo, Colorado. He is believed to have made a false ...

                                               

Lena Baker

Lena Baker was an African American maid in Cuthbert, Georgia, United States, who was convicted of capital murder of her white employer, Ernest Knight. She was executed by the state of Georgia in 1945. Baker was the only woman in Georgia to be exe ...

                                               

Bernard Baran

Bernard F. Baran Jr. was wrongfully convicted in the day care sex abuse hysteria of the 1980s and 1990s that was spawned by the McMartin preschool trial. Unlike other day care cases, the Baran case garnered little national press coverage. The Bar ...

                                               

Darryl Beamish

Darryl Beamish is a Western Australian man who was wrongfully convicted of wilful murder in 1961 and sentenced to death by hanging. The death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and he served 15 years. After six appeals his conviction was ...

                                               

Adolf Beck case

The Adolf Beck case was a notorious incident of wrongful conviction by mistaken identity, brought about by unreliable methods of identification, erroneous eyewitness testimony, and a rush to convict the accused. As one of the best known causes ce ...

                                               

Lucia de Berk

Lucia de Berk, often called Lucia de B., is a Dutch licensed paediatric nurse, who was the subject of a miscarriage of justice. In 2003, she was sentenced to life imprisonment for which no parole is possible under Dutch law for four murders and t ...

                                               

Birmingham Six

The Birmingham Six were six Irishmen: Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Joseph Hill, Gerard Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power and John Walker, who, in 1975, were each sentenced to life imprisonment following their false convictions for the Birmingha ...

                                               

Paul Blackburn (overturned conviction)

Paul Blackburn was an English prisoner who was convicted at the age of 15 of attempted murder, served a life sentence, and was later found to have been wrongly convicted. He served nearly 25 years in prison.

                                               

Bridgewater Four

The Bridgewater Four is the collective name given to the four men who were tried and found guilty of killing 13-year-old paperboy Carl Bridgewater, who was shot in the head at close range near Stourbridge, England, in 1978. In February 1997, afte ...

                                               

Joyce Ann Brown

Joyce Ann Brown was wrongfully convicted of robbery and murder in 1980 and spent almost a decade in prison before her conviction was overturned. Her case was notable because it was one of the first convictions that was overturned after extensive ...

                                               

Robert Brown case

Robert Brown is a Scottish man who spent 25 years in jail for a crime he did not commit. In January 1977, Annie Walsh was beaten to death in her home in Manchester, England and Brown was first interrogated and beaten by the police officers invest ...

                                               

Claus von Bulow

Claus von Bulow was a Danish-British socialite. In 1979, he was convicted of, but later acquitted of both the attempted murder of his wife Sunny von Bulow, which had left her in a temporary coma, as well as alleged insulin overdose in 1980 which ...

                                               

John Button (campaigner)

John Button is a Western Australian man who was the victim of a significant miscarriage of justice. Button was wrongfully convicted of the manslaughter, by vehicle impact, of his girlfriend, Rosemary Anderson, in 1963.

                                               

Death of Caroline Byrne

Caroline Byrne, an Australian model, was found at the bottom of a cliff at The Gap in Sydney in the early hours of 8 June 1995. Her then boyfriend Gordon Eric Wood, who at the time of her death was chauffeur and personal assistant to businessman ...

                                               

Anthony Capozzi (wrongful conviction)

                                               

Arthur Paul Carmona

Arthur Paul Carmona served more than two years in prison after being wrongfully convicted of two armed robberies on the basis of eyewitness testimony. His case took on prominence in the ongoing debate in the legal community over the reliability o ...

                                               

Case of Irianna V.L.

The case of Irianna V.L. refers to the arrest, trial, conviction and reactions of PhD student Irianna V.L. for participating in the terrorist organization "Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei". Irianna V.L. was found innocent after she appealed. Because Ir ...

                                               

Michael Chamberlain

Michael Leigh Chamberlain was a New Zealand-Australian writer, teacher and pastor falsely implicated in the August 1980 death of his missing daughter Azaria, which was later demonstrated to be the result of a dingo attack while the family was cam ...

                                               

George Davis (robber)

George Davis is an armed robber, born in Bletchley, England and active in England. He became known through a successful campaign by friends and supporters to free him from prison after his wrongful conviction in March 1975, for an armed payroll r ...

                                               

Day-care sex-abuse hysteria

Day-care sex-abuse hysteria was a moral panic that occurred primarily in the 1980s and early 1990s featuring charges against day-care providers of several forms of child abuse, including Satanic ritual abuse. A prominent case in Kern County, Cali ...

                                               

Murder of Teresa De Simone

Teresa Elena De Simone was murdered in Southampton, England, in 1979. Her murder led to one of the longest proven cases of a miscarriage of justice in English legal history. The murder occurred outside the Tom Tackle pub and was the subject of a ...

                                               

Alfred Dreyfus

Alfred Dreyfus was a French artillery officer of Jewish faith and ancestry whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most controversial and polarizing political dramas in modern French history. The incident has go ...

                                               

Ralph Erdmann

Commander 829th. Station Hospital. Lubbock, Texas Schools attended: George Washington University, University of Texas, University of Michigan, National University of Mexico, Alexander von Humboldt. He received his Doctorate in Medicine, at the Na ...

                                               

Free Meek

Free Meek is a 2019 true-crime docuseries about American rapper Meek Mills ongoing battle with the U.S. justice system following a disputed conviction in 2007. The five-part series premiered August 9, 2019, on Prime Video, and is produced by his ...

                                               

Juan Gabriel

Alberto Aguilera Valadez, known professionally as Juan Gabriel), was a Mexican singer, songwriter and actor. Colloquially nicknamed as Juanga and El Divo de Juarez, Gabriel was known for his flamboyant style, which broke barriers within the Latin ...

                                               

Clarence Earl Gideon

Clarence Earl Gideon was a poor drifter accused in a Florida state court of felony theft. His case resulted in the landmark 1963 U.S. Supreme Court decision Gideon v. Wainwright, holding that a criminal defendant who cannot afford to hire a lawye ...

                                               

Gudmundur and Geirfinnur case

The Gudmundur and Geirfinnur case, also known as the Reykjavik Confessions, is a case concerning the disappearances of Gudmundur Einarsson and Geirfinnur Einarsson in 1974 in Iceland. Six people were convicted of their alleged murders on the basi ...

                                               

Guildford Four and Maguire Seven

The Guildford Four and the Maguire Seven were the collective names of two groups whose convictions in English courts in 1975 and 1976 for the Guildford pub bombings of 5 October 1974 were eventually quashed after long campaigns for justice. The G ...

                                               

Gun Alley Murder

The Gun Alley Murder was the rape and murder of 12-year-old Alma Tirtschke in Melbourne, Australia, in 1921. She was a schoolgirl who attended Hawthorn West High School and had last been seen alive close to a drinking establishment, the Australia ...

                                               

Clarence Harrison

Clarence Harrison was wrongly convicted in 1987 for the kidnapping, rape and robbery of a 25-year-old-woman in Decatur, Georgia. He is the first person exonerated through the work of the Georgia Innocence Project. In the pre-dawn hours of October ...

                                               

Rejean Hinse

Rejean Hinse was wrongly convicted of taking part in the armed robbery on 14 December 1961 of a general store in Mont-Laurier, Quebec. In 1964 he was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for aggravated robbery. In April 2011, after a legal battle ...

                                               

In the Name of the Father (film)

In the Name of the Father is a 1993 biographical courtroom drama film co-written and directed by Jim Sheridan. It is based on the true story of the Guildford Four, four people falsely convicted of the 1974 Guildford pub bombings, which killed fou ...

                                               

The Innocence Project

The Innocence Project is a television drama series created by BBC Northern Ireland and first broadcast on BBC One on 9 November 2006. The series follows the work of Professor Jon Ford, who sets up The Innocence Project, peopled entirely by a hand ...

                                               

Innocence Protection Act

In United States federal criminal law, the Innocence Protection Act is the first federal death penalty reform to be enacted. The Act seeks to ensure the fair administration of the death penalty and minimize the risk of executing innocent people. ...

                                               

The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in a Small Town

The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in a Small Town is a 2006 true crime book by John Grisham, his only nonfiction title as of 2020. The book tells the story of Ronald Ron Keith Williamson of Ada, Oklahoma, a former minor league baseball playe ...

                                               

Innocent prisoner's dilemma

The innocent prisoners dilemma, or parole deal, is a detrimental effect of a legal system in which admission of guilt can result in reduced sentences or early parole. When an innocent person is wrongly convicted of a crime, legal systems which ne ...

                                               

Kern County child abuse cases

The Kern County child abuse cases started the day care sexual abuse hysteria of the 1980s in Kern County, California. The cases involved claims of paedophile-sex-ring-performed Satanic ritual abuse, with as many as 60 children testifying they had ...

                                               

Chol Soo Lee

Chol Soo Lee was a Korean American immigrant who was wrongfully convicted for the 1973 murder of Yip Yee Tak, a San Francisco Chinatown gang leader, and sentenced to life in prison. While in prison, he was sentenced to death for the killing of an ...

                                               

Liland affair

The Liland affair was a Norwegian murder trial which gave rise to a miscarriage of justice. The affair became a grave embarrassment to the Norwegian criminal justice system.

                                               

Judith Ward

The M62 coach bombing occurred on 4 February 1974 on the M62 motorway in northern England, when a Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb exploded in a coach carrying off-duty British Armed Forces personnel and their family members. Twelve people ...

                                               

Making a Murderer

Making a Murderer is an American true crime documentary television series written and directed by Laura Ricciardi and Moira Demos. The show tells the story of Steven Avery, a man from Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, who served 18 years in prison for ...

                                               

DeWayne McKinney

McKinney was released in January 2000 when new evidence was revealed that exonerated him. Two other men admitted their guilt for the crime and two of the eyewitnesses that identified him as the gunman recanted their testimonies. Leaving prison af ...

                                               

Alexander McLeod-Lindsay

Alexander McLeod-Lindsay was a Scots-born Australian who is noted for having served nine years in jail for attempting to murder his wife, but who was later exonerated.

                                               

Roy Meadow

Sir Samuel Roy Meadow is a retired British paediatrician. He was awarded the Donald Paterson prize of the British Paediatric Association in 1968 for a study of the effects on parents of having a child in hospital. In 1977, he published an academi ...

                                               

Debra Milke

Debra Jean Milke is a German-American woman who spent over 25 years in prison in the state of Arizona. She was one of three people sentenced to death for the December 2, 1989 shooting death of her four-year-old son, Christopher Conan Milke. Her a ...

                                               

Thomas Mooney

Thomas Joseph "Tom" Mooney was an American political activist and labor leader, who was convicted with Warren K. Billings of the San Francisco Preparedness Day Bombing of 1916. Believed by many to have been wrongly convicted of a crime he did not ...

                                               

Michael Morton (criminal justice)

For other people named Michael Morton, see Michael Morton. Michael Morton is an American who was wrongfully convicted in 1987 in a Williamson County, Texas court of the 1986 murder of his wife Christine Morton. He spent nearly 25 years in prison ...

                                               

Wrongful imprisonment of Victor Nealon

The wrongful imprisonment of Victor Nealon occurred in 1996 when the British postman Victor Nealon was mistakenly convicted of attempted rape. He was released in 2013 after spending 17 years in jail, 10 years more than his recommended tariff, bec ...

                                               

Jeanine Nicarico murder case

The Jeanine Nicarico murder case was a complex and influential homicide investigation and prosecution in which two men, Rolando Cruz and Anthony Hernandez, were wrongfully convicted of abduction, rape and murder in 1985 in DuPage County, Illinois ...

                                               

Outreau trial

The Outreau trial was a 2004 criminal trial in northern France on various counts of sexual abuse against children. The trial and the appeal trial revealed that the main witness for the prosecution, convicted for the abuse, had lied about the invo ...

                                               

John Preston (dog handler)

John Melvin Preston was an American dog handler and former state trooper from Pennsylvania who testified for the prosecution in criminal cases across the US in the early 1980s. Preston claimed that his dog could perform feats of forensic detectio ...

                                               

Jason Puracal

Jason Puracal is an American who was wrongly sentenced to serve 22 years in prison in Nicaragua on charges of drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime. Puracals case went before the Appeals Court on August 16, 2012, nearly one year ...

                                               

Recommendation for Mercy

Recommendation for Mercy is a 1975 Canadian film fictionalizing the murder trial of Steven Truscott. Directed by Murray Markowitz, it starred Andrew Skidd, Robb Judd, and Mike Upmalis.

                                               

Sallins Train robbery

The Sallins Train robbery occurred on 31 March 1976 when the Cork to Dublin mail train was robbed near Sallins in County Kildare, Ireland. Approximately £200.000 was stolen. Five members of the Irish Republican Socialist Party, Osgur Breatnach, N ...

                                               

Joe Salvati

Joe Salvati, wrongfully convicted of a mob-related murder, was ultimately cleared by evidence found by Boston journalist Dan Rea. Sentenced to life in May 1968, he was released in 1997. As a result, the House Committee on Government Reform invest ...

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