Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 369

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 369

                                               

Nine sons of the dragon

The nine sons of the dragon are Chinese dragons who are the mythological sons of the Dragon King. There are many variations in the different descriptions of the nine sons, including in basic facts like their names, but all versions state that the ...

                                               

Ten plagues of Egypt

                                               

The Ten Promised Paradise

                                               

Twelve Tribes of Israel

In the Hebrew Bible, the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Tribes of Israel descended from the 12 sons of the patriarch Jacob and his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and two concubines, Zilpah and Bilhah.

                                               

Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry

The Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry are a group of Japanese poets of the Asuka, Nara, and Heian periods selected by Fujiwara no Kintō as exemplars of Japanese poetic ability. The oldest surviving collection of the 36 poets works is Nishi Honganji ...

                                               

Ninety-Two Resolutions

The Ninety-Two Resolutions were drafted by Louis-Joseph Papineau and other members of the Parti patriote of Lower Canada in 1834. The resolutions were a long series of demands for political reforms in the British-governed colony. Papineau had bee ...

                                               

Chinese zodiac

The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme based on the lunar calendar that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle. The 12-year cycle is an approximation to the 11.85-year orbital period of Jupit ...

                                               

List of commencement addresses given by Helen Prejean

                                               

List of culture heroes

A culture hero is a mythological hero specific to some group who changes the world through invention or discovery. A typical culture hero might be credited as the discoverer of fire, or agriculture, songs, tradition, law or religion, and is usual ...

                                               

List of destroyed heritage

This is a list of cultural-heritage sites that have been damaged or destroyed accidentally, deliberately, or by a natural disaster, sorted by country. Cultural heritage can be subdivided into two main types - tangible and intangible heritage. The ...

                                               

Dii Consentes

The Dii Consentes, also as Di or Dei Consentes, was a list of twelve major deities, six gods and six goddesses, in the pantheon of Ancient Rome. Their gilt statues stood in the Forum, later apparently in the Porticus Deorum Consentium. The gods w ...

                                               

Ennead

The Ennead or Great Ennead was a group of nine deities in Egyptian mythology worshiped at Heliopolis: the sun god Atum; his children Shu and Tefnut; their children Geb and Nut; and their children Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. The Ennead somet ...

                                               

European Years

Every year, the European Union chooses to address a subject in order to encourage debate and dialogue within and between member states raising the awareness of European citizens to a specific problem.

                                               

List of the Fifteen Shrines of the Kenmu Restoration

The Fifteen Shrines of the Kenmu Restoration are a group of Shinto shrines dedicated to individuals and events of the Kenmu Restoration.

                                               

Five elements (Japanese philosophy)

The five elements philosophy in Japanese Buddhism, godai, is derived from Buddhist beliefs. It is perhaps best known in the Western world for its use in Miyamoto Musashis famous text Gorin-no-sho, in which he explains different aspects of swordsm ...

                                               

Four Great Men of Kokugaku

The Four Great Men of Kokugaku are a group of Edo-period Japanese scholars recognized as the most significant figures in the Kokugaku tradition of Japanese philology, religious studies, and philosophy. They are traditionally enumerated as: Hirata ...

                                               

Cultural Heritage of Andorra

The Cultural Heritage of Andorra is an organization in Andorra which protects national buildings and monuments considered of cultural and historical value.

                                               

List of kigo

This is a list of kigo, which are words or phrases that are associated with a particular season in Japanese poetry. They provide an economy of expression that is especially valuable in the very short haiku, as well as the longer linked-verse form ...

                                               

List of multimedia franchises

A multimedia franchise is a media franchise for which installments exist in multiple forms of media, such as books, comics, films, television series, and video games. Multimedia franchises usually develop due to the popularization of an original ...

                                               

List of monuments damaged by conflict in the Middle East during the 21st century

The Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo is home to one of the worlds most impressive collections of Islamic art. It includes over 100.000 pieces that cover the entirety of Islamic history. The Cairo site was first built in 1881 and underwent a multi-m ...

                                               

New7Wonders Cities

New7Wonders Cities is the third in a series of Internet-based polls operated by the New7Wonders Foundation. Founder-President, Bernard Weber, is a Swiss-born Canadian filmmaker, museum curator, aviator, and explorer. Based in San Francisco, Unite ...

                                               

New7Wonders of Nature

New7Wonders of Nature was an initiative started in 2007 to create a list of seven natural wonders chosen by people through a global poll. It was the second in a series of Internet-based polls led by Swiss-born Canadian Bernard Weber and organized ...

                                               

New7Wonders of the World

New7Wonders of the World was a campaign started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments. The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zu ...

                                               

Nine Worthies

The Nine Worthies are nine historical, scriptural, and legendary personages who personify the ideals of chivalry established in the Middle Ages, whose lives were deemed a valuable study for aspirants to chivalric status. All were commonly referre ...

                                               

List of clothing-free events

The following is a list of nude events where people can be naked in public: World Naked Gardening Day Nakukymppi World Naked Bike Ride Nude wedding Naked party Primal Scream, a semesterly tradition at Harvard College Naked Pumpkin Run

                                               

Sanpitsu

The term Sanpitsu or "three brushes" is used in Japanese to refer to a group of three famous Heian period calligraphers: Kūkai 空海, 774–835. Tachibana no Hayanari, 橘逸勢 c. 782-842. Emperor Saga 嵯峨天皇, 786–842. Later groups of calligraphers ...

                                               

Sanseki

The term Sanseki or "three traces" is used in Japanese to refer to a group of three famous Heian period calligraphers: Fujiwara no Yukinari, known as Gonseki from 権 in his court title. Ono no Michikaze, known as Yaseki from the character 野 in h ...

                                               

List of cultural references to the September 11 attacks

This list of cultural references to the September 11 attacks and to the post-9/11 sociopolitical climate, includes works of art, music, books, poetry, comics, theater, film, and television.

                                               

Seven hills of Rome

The seven hills of Rome east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome, within the walls of the city. The seven hills are: Aventine Hill Quirinal Hill Quirinalis, Quirinale Esquiline Hill Esquilinus, Esquilino Caelian Hill Cælius, Ce ...

                                               

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

                                               

Seven Natural Wonders of Romania

The Seven Natural Wonders of Romania are the seven natural wonders of Romania, which were chosen in the Seven Natural Wonders of Romania contest held in July, 2008. It was the second stage of the Seven Wonders of Romania program started in 2007. ...

                                               

Seven Social Sins

Seven Social Sins is a list that was first uttered in a sermon delivered in Westminster Abbey on March 20, 1925 by an Anglican priest named Frederick Lewis Donaldson. He originally referred to it as the "7 Deadly Social Evils". It is a common mis ...

                                               

Seven Wonders of Romania

Various lists of the Seven Wonders of Romania have been compiled from past to the present day, to catalogue Romanias most spectacular manmade structures.

                                               

List of Slavic cultures

This is a list of the cultures of Slavic Europe. Russian culture East Slavs Ukrainian culture Ruthenian culture Belarusian culture Macedonian culture Slavic South Slavs Croatian culture Serbian culture Bulgarian culture Slovenian culture Bosnian ...

                                               

List of storytelling events

Timpanogos Storytelling Festival National Storytelling Festival US Yukon International Storytelling Festival Southern Ohio Storytelling Festival

                                               

Ten Medieval Commentators

The Ten Medieval Commentators were a canonical group of Tamil scholars whose commentaries on the ancient Indian didactic work of the Kural are esteemed by later scholars as worthy of critical analysis. These poets lived in the Medieval era betwee ...

                                               

Three Ancient Springs

The Three Ancient Springs are a group of ancient onsen in Japan. According to the Nihon Shoki and Fudoki, both from the eighth century, they are: Arima Onsen, Hyōgo Prefecture Nanki-Shirahama Onsen, Wakayama Prefecture Dōgo Onsen, Ehime Prefectur ...

                                               

Three Great Shrines of Benzaiten

The Three Great Shrines of Benzaiten are a group of Japanese shrines dedicated to the worship of the goddess Benzaiten. During the Meiji Eras separation of Shinto and Buddhism the veneration of the Buddhist water-goddess Benzaiten was replaced by ...

                                               

Three Great Tenjin Shrines

The Three Great Tenjin Shrines are a group of three Shinto shrines dedicated to Tenjin, the deified form of the scholar-courtier Sugawara no Michizane. They are traditionally enumerated as: Kitano Tenman-gū, Kyoto Dazaifu Tenman-gū, Dazaifu, Fuku ...

                                               

Twelve Apostles of Ireland

The Twelve Apostles of Ireland were twelve early Irish monastic saints of the sixth century who studied under St Finian at his famous monastic school Clonard Abbey at Cluain-Eraird, now Clonard in County Meath.

                                               

Twelve Knights of the Round Table

                                               

Twelve Olympians

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes, and either Hestia or ...

                                               

Twenty-Eight Mansions

The Twenty-Eight Mansions, hsiu, xiu or sieu are part of the Chinese constellations system. They can be considered as the equivalent to the zodiacal constellations in Western astronomy, though the Twenty-eight Mansions reflect the movement of the ...

                                               

List of State Dinners in the United States

A state dinner in the United States is a formal dinner held in honor of a foreign head of state, such as a king, queen, president, or any head of government. It is hosted by the President of the United States and is usually held in the State Dini ...

                                               

List of urban legends

This is a list of urban legends. An urban legend, myth, or tale is a modern genre of folklore. It often consists of fictional stories associated with the macabre, superstitions, cryptids, creepypasta, and other fear generating narrative elements. ...

                                               

List of vampire traits in folklore and fiction

The following tables compare traits given to vampires in folklore and fiction. Over time, some attributes now regarded as integral became incorporated into the vampires profile: fangs and vulnerability to sunlight appeared over the course of the ...

                                               

Wonders of the World

Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled from antiquity to the present day, to catalogue the worlds most spectacular natural wonders and manmade structures. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the ...

                                               

Cultural references to absinthe

The legacy of absinthe as a mysterious, addictive, and mind-altering drink continues to this day. Though its psychoactive effects and chemical makeup are contested, its cultural impact is not. Absinthe has played a notable role in the fine art mo ...

                                               

Cthulhu Mythos in popular culture

This article provides a list of cultural references to the work of author H. P. Lovecraft. These references are collectively known as the Cthulhu Mythos. For works that are stylistically Lovecraftian, including comics and film adaptations influen ...

                                               

Cuckoo clock in culture

The cuckoo clock, more than any other kind of timepiece, has often featured in literature, music, cinema, television, etc., in the Western culture, as a metaphor or allegory of innocence, childhood, old age, past, fun, mental disorder, etc. It ha ...

                                               

Human interactions with fungi

Human interactions with fungi include both beneficial uses, whether practical or symbolic, and harmful interactions such as when fungi damage crops, timber, or food. Yeasts have been used since ancient times to leaven bread and to ferment beer an ...

                                               

Human uses of living things

Human uses of living things, including animals plants, fungi, and microbes, take many forms, both practical, such as the production of food and clothing, and symbolic, as in art, mythology, and religion. The skills and practices involved are tran ...

                                               

Illegal drug trade in popular culture

The illegal drug trade has been represented in the media in different ways with different motivations and results. Some representations attempt to educate the public on the negative consequences while others serve to glamorize the activity. Drug ...

                                               

Cultural legacy of the Klondike Gold Rush

Amongst the many to take part in the gold rush was writer Jack London, whose books White Fang, The Call of the Wild, and To Build a Fire, a collection of short stories, were influenced by his northern experiences. London was inspired to write sto ...

                                               

Minced oaths in media

It is common to find minced oaths in literature and media. Writers often include minced oaths instead of profanity in their writing so that they do not offend audiences or incur censorship.

                                               

List of topics related to Barack Obama

Timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama 2013 Second inauguration of Barack Obama List of federal judges appointed by Barack Obama Timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama 2012 Barack Obama speech to joint session of Congress, 2009 First inau ...

                                               

List of literary accounts of the Pied Piper

This is a list of literary accounts of the Pied Piper, that is, of tellings or retellings of the full story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. For briefer allusions to the Pied Piper, in literature and other media, see Pied Piper of Hamelin in popular ...

                                               

Hierarchy of precious substances

In popular culture, sets of precious substances may form hierarchies which express conventional perceived relative value or merit. Precious metals appear prominently in such hierarchies, but as they grow, gems and semi-precious materials may be i ...

                                               

List of films and television series featuring Robin Hood

Also in 2014, Sony Pictures mooted the idea of building a shared universe based on various characters from the Robin Hood mythos, spinning off Merry Men like Will Scarlett and Little John into their own separate films. In 2010 Lana and Lilly Wach ...

                                               

Social effects of rock music

The popularity and worldwide scope of rock music resulted in a powerful impact on society. Rock and roll influenced daily life, fashion, attitudes and language in a way few other social developments have equalled. As the original generations of r ...

                                               

Star polygons in art and culture

Star polygons and polygonal compounds are the basis for numerous figures of significance in arts and culture. The figure may be the border or interior of the polygon, or one or more closed polygonal paths that include all of the border and also h ...

                                               

Wikipedia in culture

References to Wikipedia in western culture have increased as more people learn about and use the online encyclopedia project. Many parody Wikipedias openness, with individuals vandalizing or modifying articles in nonconstructive ways. Still, othe ...

                                               

Zombie

A zombie is a fictional undead being created through the reanimation of a corpse. Zombies are most commonly found in horror and fantasy genre works. The term comes from Haitian folklore, in which a zombie is a dead body reanimated through various ...

                                               

Cultural anthropology

Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology, which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant. Cultural anthropo ...

                                               

Boasian anthropology

Boasian anthropology was based on the four-field model of anthropology uniting the fields of cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, physical anthropology, and archeology under the umbrella of anthropology. It was based on an understandin ...

                                               

Afo-A-Kom

The Afo-A-Kom is a wooden sculpture, the foremost symbol of the Kom people of the North West Region of Cameroon. In 1966 it was stolen from Koms royal compound. Seven years later it was recognized in a U.S. art gallery, and after some dispute, it ...

                                               

Age-area hypothesis

The age-area hypothesis is a concept in cultural anthropology that cultural traits tend to expand outward from their origin with time. Thus, the larger an area that a trait is found in, the older it is. The age-area hypothesis is controversial, a ...

                                               

Ambilocal residence

Ambilocal residence, also called bilocal residence is the societal postmarital residence in which couples, upon marriage, choose to live with or near either spouses parents. This is contrasted with matrilocality and patrilocality, where the newly ...

                                               

American anthropology

American anthropology has culture as its central and unifying concept. This most commonly refers to the universal human capacity to classify and encode human experiences symbolically, and to communicate symbolically encoded experiences socially. ...

                                               

Anarcho-primitivism

Anarcho-primitivism is an anarchist critique of the origins and progress of civilization. According to anarcho-primitivism, the shift from hunter-gatherer to agricultural subsistence gave rise to social stratification, coercion, alienation, and o ...

                                               

Digital anthropology

Digital anthropology is the anthropological study of the relationship between humans and digital-era technology. The field is new, and thus has a variety of names with a variety of emphases. These include techno-anthropology, digital ethnography, ...

                                               

Anthropology of media

Anthropology of media is an area of study within social or cultural anthropology that emphasizes ethnographic studies as a means of understanding producers, audiences, and other cultural and social aspects of mass media.

                                               

Associative group analysis

Associative group analysis is an inferential approach to analyze peoples mental representations, focusing on subjective meanings and images to assess similarities and differences across cultures and belief systems. Culture can be regarded as "a g ...

                                               

Avunculate

The avunculate, sometimes called avunculism or avuncularism, is any social institution where a special relationship exists between an uncle and his sisters children. This relationship can be formal or informal, depending on the society. Early ant ...

                                               

Bennett scale

The Bennett scale, also called the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, was developed by Milton Bennett. The framework describes the different ways in which people can react to cultural differences. Organized into six" stages” of inc ...

                                               

Bratachari movement

The Bratachari movement was a movement for spiritual and social improvement in India initiated by Gurusaday Dutt in 1932. The movement aimed to raise the self-esteem and national awareness of people of undivided India regardless of their religion ...

                                               

British school of diffusionism

The British school of diffusionism was an archaeological and anthropological movement which believed ancient Egypt was the source of all human culture. According to this school of thought culture cannot have its origin in every parts of the world ...

                                               

Bundling (tradition)

Bundling, or tarrying, is the traditional practice of wrapping two people in a bed together, usually as a part of courting behavior. The tradition is thought to have originated either in the Netherlands or in the British Isles and later became co ...

                                               

Burung Petala Processions

The Burung Petala Processions referred to a series of imperial parade to commemorate the circumcision ceremony of the Kelantanese nobility. During the grand cavalcade, the prince and his royal entourage were celebrated around Kota Bharu via a lar ...

                                               

Calabash chalk

Calabash chalk is a geophagic material popularly consumed in West African countries for pleasure, and by pregnant women as a cure for nausea. Geophagia is the practice of eating the earth, including soil and chalk. This practice is neither new no ...

                                               

Cargo system

The cargo system is a collection of secular and religious positions held by men or households in rural indigenous communities throughout central and southern Mexico and Central America. These revolving offices, or cargos, become the unpaid respon ...

                                               

Chinese patriarchy

Chinese patriarchy refers to the history and prevalence of male dominance in Chinese society and culture, although patriarchy is not exclusive to Chinese culture and exists all over the world.

                                               

Christian Bromberger

Christian Bromberger is a French professor of anthropology and an expert of Iranian studies at the University of Provence in France. He is a specialist in studying the culture of Gilan in the Northern side of Iran and also the head of the French ...

                                               

Circumscription theory

The circumscription theory is a theory of the role of warfare in state formation in political anthropology, created by anthropologist Robert Carneiro. The theory has been summarized in one sentence by Schacht:" In areas of circumscribed agricultu ...

                                               

Clown society

Clown society is a term used in anthropology and sociology for an organization of comedic entertainers who have a formalized role in a culture or society.

                                               

Colonial mentality

A colonial mentality is the internalized attitude of ethnic or cultural inferiority felt by people as a result of colonization, i.e. them being colonized by another group. It corresponds with the belief that the cultural values of the colonizer a ...

                                               

Crab mentality

Crab mentality, also known as crabs in a bucket mentality, is a way of thinking best described by the phrase "if I cant have it, neither can you". The metaphor is derived from a pattern of behavior noted in crabs when they are trapped in a bucket ...

                                               

Creative participation

Creative Participation is a term used in social sciences to describe the position of the observer towards the observed. Creative Participation - originally a Lucien Levy-Bruhl term from the 1920s for analysing social relations of cultural groupin ...

                                               

Cross-cultural differences in decision-making

Decision-making is a mental activity which is an integral part of planning and action taking in a variety of contexts and at a vast range of levels, including, but not limited to, budget planning, education planning, policy making, and climbing t ...

                                               

Cultural analysis

As a discipline, cultural analysis is based on using qualitative research methods of the arts, humanities, social sciences, in particular ethnography and anthropology, to collect data on cultural phenomena and to interpret cultural representation ...

                                               

Cultural area

In anthropology and geography, a cultural region, cultural sphere, cultural area or culture area refers to a geography with one relatively homogeneous human activity or complex of activities. These are often associated with an ethnolinguistic gro ...

                                               

Cultural behavior

Cultural behavior is behavior exhibited by humans that is extrasomatic or extragenetic - in other words, learned.

                                               

Cultural bias

Cultural bias is the phenomenon of interpreting and judging phenomena by standards inherent to ones own culture. The phenomenon is sometimes considered a problem central to social and human sciences, such as economics, psychology, anthropology, a ...

                                               

Cultural determinism

Cultural determinism is the belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at emotional and behavioral levels. It contrasts with genetic determinism, the theory that biologically inherited traits and the environmental influe ...

                                               

Cultural group selection

Cultural group selection is an explanatory model within cultural evolution of how cultural traits evolve according to the competitive advantage they bestow upon a group. This multidisciplinary approach to the question of human culture engages res ...

                                               

Potential cultural impact of extraterrestrial contact

The cultural impact of extraterrestrial contact is the corpus of changes to terrestrial science, technology, religion, politics, and ecosystems resulting from contact with an extraterrestrial civilization. This concept is closely related to the s ...

                                               

Cultural relativism

Cultural relativism is the idea that a persons beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that persons own culture, rather than be judged against the criteria of another. It was established as axiomatic in anthropological resear ...

                                               

Culture theory

Culture theory is the branch of comparative anthropology and semiotics that seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms.

                                               

Dentalium shell

The word dentalium, as commonly used by Native American artists and anthropologists, refers to tooth shells or tusk shells used in indigenous jewelry, adornment, and commerce in western Canada and the United States. These tusk shells are a kind o ...

                                               

Digital media use and mental health

The relationships between digital media use and mental health have been investigated by various researchers - predominantly psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, and medical experts - especially since the mid-1990s, after the growth of th ...

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