Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 370

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 370




                                               

Dodoth Morning

Dodoth morning is a film in 1976 ethnographic filmmaker Tim ash. A documentary that follows a morning in the life of the family Dodoth in North-Eastern Uganda in 1961. In this film, the moment when too much rain threatened to rot the millet, whic ...

                                               

Dual inheritance theory

Dual inheritance theory, also known as gene culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s to the early 1980s, to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic e ...

                                               

Effective group decision-making

Created in 1990-ies John G. Oetzel it focuses on decision making in groups integration theory and the constant interaction Hirokawa and growth, and of negotiation theory face ting-Toomey. It takes the influence of culture on group processes as ba ...

                                               

Environmental anthropology

Environmental anthropology is a sub-specialty in the field of anthropology that takes an active role in the study of the relationship between people and their environment in space and time.

                                               

Ethnography

Ethnography is defined as illuminative account of social life and culture in a particular social system based on several observations of what people actually in the social environment observed. Ethnography can be described in both qualitative and ...

                                               

Ethnology

Ethnology is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them.

                                               

"Holy."

"Holy! "is an exclamation of surprise used mostly in English speaking countries. Robin TV series Batman is known for its numerous phrase "Holy Ghost." cheers. The line in the series 1960-ies were uttered by Burt ward who played Robin, who deliver ...

                                               

Fieldwork Under Fire

Fieldwork under fire: contemporary studies of violence and survival is a book length collection of recorded experiences, each of which was provided by the anthropologist, which was to develop a strategy and innovations, while directly experiencin ...

                                               

Folk process

In the study of folklore, the folk process is the way folk material, especially stories, music and other art, is transformed and reconstructed in the process of its transmission from person to person and from generation to generation. Folk proces ...

                                               

For Want of a Nail

"There was a nail" is a proverb with many variations over several centuries, Recalling that seemingly unimportant actions or omissions can have serious and unpredictable consequences.

                                               

Gavari

Every year, bopha shamans a petition Mewars Bhil communities of the goddess to allow their villages to spend the Gavari ritual and accompany them on a week-long tour. The average time of waiting for her consent is about 4-5 years, and when the ri ...

                                               

Geophagia

Geoghagan y, Also known as geophagy, the practice of eating earth or soil-like substrates like clay or chalk. This happens in non-human animals where it may be normal or abnormal behavior, as well as in people, often in rural or preindustrial soc ...

                                               

Global nomad

Global nomad glomad or, is a person who lives in mobile and international life. Global nomads aims to live location-independently, seeking isolation from specific geographic places and ideas of territorial belonging.

                                               

Guilt-Shame-Fear spectrum of cultures

In cultural anthropology, the distinction between society, guilt, shame of society and fear of society were used to classify different cultures. The differences may relate to how the behavior is carried out in respect of state laws, business rule ...

                                               

Matrilocal residence

In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality is a social system in which married couple resides with the wife or parents. Thus, offspring a female, a mother left to live at his mothers house, thereby forming large clan-families, ...

                                               

Hayandose

Hayandose is a cultural category used to Express membership and belonging among Zapotec migrants, describes a cultural anthropologist Lourdes Gutierrez-Najera. Hayandose entails a process of creating ethnically-marked spaces among migrants in ord ...

                                               

Hellenic studies

Hellenic studies is an interdisciplinary scientific field that focuses on language, literature, history and politics of post-classical Greece. At the University, a wide range of courses, introducing students to points of view that help them to un ...

                                               

Hospitality

Hospitality is the relationship between the guest and the owner, while the owner receives the assessment of the goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Louis, Chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospital ...

                                               

Human placentophagy

Human placentophagy, or consumption of the placenta, is defined as "receiving postpartum human placenta, at any time, to any person, either in raw or processed form". Numerous historical cases of placentophagy have been recorded around the world, ...

                                               

Hussaini Brahmin

Hussaini brahmin is a community Mohyal one as Hinduism and Islam. The Mohyal community but Hindu identity, in accordance with Hindu tradition, they were adopted by non-Indian traditions. This led to a small sub-set of the community Moyhal paying ...

                                               

Intangible cultural heritage

Intangible cultural heritage is the practice, representation, expression, knowledge, and skills considered by UNESCO as part of cultural heritage, it consists of "intangible intellectual property, such as, folklore, customs, beliefs, traditions, ...

                                               

Intercultural competence

Intercultural competence is a complex cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills that lead to effective and appropriate communication with people of other cultures. Effective intercultural communication refers to the behavior that will culminate ...

                                               

Kapu

Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct, laws and regulations. The Kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. The crime for which the Kapu was often punishable by death, but also often denoted a threat to sp ...

                                               

Kula ring

Kula, also known as the Kula exchange or Kularing, is a ceremonial exchange system conducted in the province of Milne Bay in Papua New Guinea. The Kula ring became famous the father of modern anthropology, Bronislaw Malinowski, who used this test ...

                                               

Leveling mechanism

In cultural anthropology, a leveling mechanism is a practice that acts to ensure social equality, usually, conviction and humility the members of the group who are trying to put themselves above other members. One of the frequently given example ...

                                               

Lifeway

In the field of sociology also accepted the Word lifestyle, with one sociologist saying that "the definition of status differences and the conceptualization of models of lifestyle. Central to reflect significant economic assistants," "each patter ...

                                               

Liminality

In anthropology, Liminality is the quality of ambiguity or disorientation that occurs in the middle stage of the ritual, when the participants not to hold their pre-ritual status but have not yet begun the transition to the status they will hold ...

                                               

List of matrilineal or matrilocal societies

The following list includes companies that have been identified as matriarchal or matrilocal in the ethnographic literature. "Matrilineal" means that property passed through the maternal line on the death of his mother, not the father. In the Aka ...

                                               

Makapansgat pebble

In the Makapansgat pebble 260 gram reddish-brown jasperite cobble with natural chipping and wear patterns that make it look like a crude image of a human face. The pebble is interesting in that it was found at some distance from any possible natu ...

                                               

Mana

Mana is a spiritual life force energy and healing power that permeates the Universe, in the culture of the Melanesians and the Polynesians. Any person or object can have Mana. It is the cultivation or storage of energy and power, not to be a sour ...

                                               

Meme

A meme is an idea behavior or style that spreads by imitation from person to person in a culture - often with the aim of transferring specific phenomenon, subject, or the meme. A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols, and pract ...

                                               

Mentifact

Mentifact is a term coined by Julian Huxley, used together with the terms "sociofact" and "artifact" to describe how cultural characteristics such as "beliefs, values, ideas," take on a life of their own spanning over generations, conceivable as ...

                                               

Microculture

Microculture refers to the specialised subgroups, marked with their own languages, ethics, rules and expectations that permeate differentiated industrial societies. Microculture depends on the smallest unit of the organisation – dyads, groups, or ...

                                               

Multimodal anthropology

Multimodal anthropology is a new subfield of socio-cultural anthropology, which covers anthropological research and disseminate knowledge in several traditional and new media platforms and technologies, including film, video, photography, theatre ...

                                               

Muringa vila

Muringa Vila international development project in Kovalam, Kerala, India, for sustainable building and revenue structure for local participants. A structured framework for creative participation Muringa Vila integrates the vital interests of his ...

                                               

Muted group theory

Muted group theory, created by Edwin Ardener and Shirley Ardener 1975, is a communication theory that focuses on how marginalized groups and disabled through the use of language. The main idea of MHT is that "language serves its creators better t ...

                                               

Myth

Myth is a genre of folklore consisting of stories or stories that play a fundamental role in society, such as founding stories or myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods and supernatural people. Short stories about everyday ...

                                               

Nacirema

Nacirema is a term used in anthropology and sociology in relation to aspects of behavior and society of citizens of the United States of America. Neologism attempts to create a conscious feeling of self-distancing that American anthropologists ma ...

                                               

National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology

The national centre for research in social and cultural anthropology is the Algerian state-owned research organization in the field of social Sciences was established in 1992 by the decree of may 23, 92-215. The center operates under the auspices ...

                                               

National psychology

National psychology refers to the distinctive psychological make-up of particular Nations, ethnic groups or peoples, and comparative study of those characteristics in social psychology, sociology, political science and anthropology. The assumptio ...

                                               

Naturalistic disease theories

In medical anthropology, naturalistic disease theories are those theories that are present in the culture, which explain diseases and illnesses in impersonal terms. One example of a naturalistic disease theory is the theory expressed in Western m ...

                                               

Nature–culture divide

The nature–culture divide refers to the theoretical foundations of modern anthropology. Early anthropologists sought theoretical understanding in connection with recognition of the contradictions between nature and culture. Later, this argument w ...

                                               

Nature, Culture and Gender

Nature, culture and gender is a book length social studies a collection of essays, which examines the views that describe "nature" as inferior to "culture". Consequently, the authors relied on the anthropology and history of criticism of ideologi ...

                                               

Neolocal residence

Neolocal Residence is a type of post-family house where the couple live separately from their husbands, Natal family and wife Natalia of household. Neolocal residence is the basis of most of the developed countries, especially in the West and amo ...

                                               

Nocebo

The nocebo effect-this occurs when negative expectations of the patient regarding treatment, causes treatment to have a more negative impact than it otherwise would be. For example, when the patient expects a side effect of a medication, they can ...

                                               

Nomad

A nomad is a member of the community of people without fixed habitation, which regularly shifts from one area. These groups include hunter-gatherers, nomads, and Tinker or trader nomads. In 1995 there were an estimated 30-40 million nomads in the ...

                                               

Nomadic pastoralism

Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism in which livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze. True nomads follow an incorrect path of motion, unlike the transhumance where seasonal pastures are fixed. However, this ...

                                               

Nomads of the Longbow

Nomads is a book by Allan R Holmberg, an anthropologist who has studied Peru and other South American indigenous peoples. The book is devoted to indigenous Bolivians, in Siriono people, whom he identified quite backward and undeveloped, in terms ...

                                               

Oikofobie. De angst voor het eigene

Oikofobie. The de angst Voor het eigene-Dutch 2013 book written by Thierry Bode. In the book Borderies way Roger Scrutons criticism of cultural relativism and multiculturalism. Baudets comes up with the word Oikophobia and explains this term that ...

                                               

Orality

Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy are unfamiliar to most people. The study astnosti closely connected with the study of oral tradition. Term" orality” was used in a variety of ways, often to ...

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