Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 370

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 370

                                               

Dodoth Morning

Dodoth morning is a film in 1976 ethnographic filmmaker Tim ash. A documentary that follows a morning in the life of the family Dodoth in North-Eastern Uganda in 1961. In this film, the moment when too much rain threatened to rot the millet, whic ...

                                               

Dual inheritance theory

Dual inheritance theory, also known as gene culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s to the early 1980s, to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic e ...

                                               

Effective group decision-making

Created in 1990-ies John G. Oetzel it focuses on decision making in groups integration theory and the constant interaction Hirokawa and growth, and of negotiation theory face ting-Toomey. It takes the influence of culture on group processes as ba ...

                                               

Environmental anthropology

Environmental anthropology is a sub-specialty in the field of anthropology that takes an active role in the study of the relationship between people and their environment in space and time.

                                               

Ethnography

Ethnography is defined as illuminative account of social life and culture in a particular social system based on several observations of what people actually in the social environment observed. Ethnography can be described in both qualitative and ...

                                               

Ethnology

Ethnology is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them.

                                               

"Holy."

"Holy! "is an exclamation of surprise used mostly in English speaking countries. Robin TV series Batman is known for its numerous phrase "Holy Ghost." cheers. The line in the series 1960-ies were uttered by Burt ward who played Robin, who deliver ...

                                               

Fieldwork Under Fire

Fieldwork under fire: contemporary studies of violence and survival is a book length collection of recorded experiences, each of which was provided by the anthropologist, which was to develop a strategy and innovations, while directly experiencin ...

                                               

Folk process

In the study of folklore, the folk process is the way folk material, especially stories, music and other art, is transformed and reconstructed in the process of its transmission from person to person and from generation to generation. Folk proces ...

                                               

For Want of a Nail

"There was a nail" is a proverb with many variations over several centuries, Recalling that seemingly unimportant actions or omissions can have serious and unpredictable consequences.

                                               

Gavari

Every year, bopha shamans a petition Mewars Bhil communities of the goddess to allow their villages to spend the Gavari ritual and accompany them on a week-long tour. The average time of waiting for her consent is about 4-5 years, and when the ri ...

                                               

Geophagia

Geoghagan y, Also known as geophagy, the practice of eating earth or soil-like substrates like clay or chalk. This happens in non-human animals where it may be normal or abnormal behavior, as well as in people, often in rural or preindustrial soc ...

                                               

Global nomad

Global nomad glomad or, is a person who lives in mobile and international life. Global nomads aims to live location-independently, seeking isolation from specific geographic places and ideas of territorial belonging.

                                               

Guilt-Shame-Fear spectrum of cultures

In cultural anthropology, the distinction between society, guilt, shame of society and fear of society were used to classify different cultures. The differences may relate to how the behavior is carried out in respect of state laws, business rule ...

                                               

Matrilocal residence

In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality is a social system in which married couple resides with the wife or parents. Thus, offspring a female, a mother left to live at his mothers house, thereby forming large clan-families, ...

                                               

Hayandose

Hayandose is a cultural category used to Express membership and belonging among Zapotec migrants, describes a cultural anthropologist Lourdes Gutierrez-Najera. Hayandose entails a process of creating ethnically-marked spaces among migrants in ord ...

                                               

Hellenic studies

Hellenic studies is an interdisciplinary scientific field that focuses on language, literature, history and politics of post-classical Greece. At the University, a wide range of courses, introducing students to points of view that help them to un ...

                                               

Hospitality

Hospitality is the relationship between the guest and the owner, while the owner receives the assessment of the goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Louis, Chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospital ...

                                               

Human placentophagy

Human placentophagy, or consumption of the placenta, is defined as "receiving postpartum human placenta, at any time, to any person, either in raw or processed form". Numerous historical cases of placentophagy have been recorded around the world, ...

                                               

Hussaini Brahmin

Hussaini brahmin is a community Mohyal one as Hinduism and Islam. The Mohyal community but Hindu identity, in accordance with Hindu tradition, they were adopted by non-Indian traditions. This led to a small sub-set of the community Moyhal paying ...

                                               

Intangible cultural heritage

Intangible cultural heritage is the practice, representation, expression, knowledge, and skills considered by UNESCO as part of cultural heritage, it consists of "intangible intellectual property, such as, folklore, customs, beliefs, traditions, ...

                                               

Intercultural competence

Intercultural competence is a complex cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills that lead to effective and appropriate communication with people of other cultures. Effective intercultural communication refers to the behavior that will culminate ...

                                               

Kapu

Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct, laws and regulations. The Kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. The crime for which the Kapu was often punishable by death, but also often denoted a threat to sp ...

                                               

Kula ring

Kula, also known as the Kula exchange or Kularing, is a ceremonial exchange system conducted in the province of Milne Bay in Papua New Guinea. The Kula ring became famous the father of modern anthropology, Bronislaw Malinowski, who used this test ...

                                               

Leveling mechanism

In cultural anthropology, a leveling mechanism is a practice that acts to ensure social equality, usually, conviction and humility the members of the group who are trying to put themselves above other members. One of the frequently given example ...

                                               

Lifeway

In the field of sociology also accepted the Word lifestyle, with one sociologist saying that "the definition of status differences and the conceptualization of models of lifestyle. Central to reflect significant economic assistants," "each patter ...

                                               

Liminality

In anthropology, Liminality is the quality of ambiguity or disorientation that occurs in the middle stage of the ritual, when the participants not to hold their pre-ritual status but have not yet begun the transition to the status they will hold ...

                                               

List of matrilineal or matrilocal societies

The following list includes companies that have been identified as matriarchal or matrilocal in the ethnographic literature. "Matrilineal" means that property passed through the maternal line on the death of his mother, not the father. In the Aka ...

                                               

Makapansgat pebble

In the Makapansgat pebble 260 gram reddish-brown jasperite cobble with natural chipping and wear patterns that make it look like a crude image of a human face. The pebble is interesting in that it was found at some distance from any possible natu ...

                                               

Mana

Mana is a spiritual life force energy and healing power that permeates the Universe, in the culture of the Melanesians and the Polynesians. Any person or object can have Mana. It is the cultivation or storage of energy and power, not to be a sour ...

                                               

Meme

A meme is an idea behavior or style that spreads by imitation from person to person in a culture - often with the aim of transferring specific phenomenon, subject, or the meme. A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols, and pract ...

                                               

Mentifact

Mentifact is a term coined by Julian Huxley, used together with the terms "sociofact" and "artifact" to describe how cultural characteristics such as "beliefs, values, ideas," take on a life of their own spanning over generations, conceivable as ...

                                               

Microculture

Microculture refers to the specialised subgroups, marked with their own languages, ethics, rules and expectations that permeate differentiated industrial societies. Microculture depends on the smallest unit of the organisation – dyads, groups, or ...

                                               

Multimodal anthropology

Multimodal anthropology is a new subfield of socio-cultural anthropology, which covers anthropological research and disseminate knowledge in several traditional and new media platforms and technologies, including film, video, photography, theatre ...

                                               

Muringa vila

Muringa Vila international development project in Kovalam, Kerala, India, for sustainable building and revenue structure for local participants. A structured framework for creative participation Muringa Vila integrates the vital interests of his ...

                                               

Muted group theory

Muted group theory, created by Edwin Ardener and Shirley Ardener 1975, is a communication theory that focuses on how marginalized groups and disabled through the use of language. The main idea of MHT is that "language serves its creators better t ...

                                               

Myth

Myth is a genre of folklore consisting of stories or stories that play a fundamental role in society, such as founding stories or myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods and supernatural people. Short stories about everyday ...

                                               

Nacirema

Nacirema is a term used in anthropology and sociology in relation to aspects of behavior and society of citizens of the United States of America. Neologism attempts to create a conscious feeling of self-distancing that American anthropologists ma ...

                                               

National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology

The national centre for research in social and cultural anthropology is the Algerian state-owned research organization in the field of social Sciences was established in 1992 by the decree of may 23, 92-215. The center operates under the auspices ...

                                               

National psychology

National psychology refers to the distinctive psychological make-up of particular Nations, ethnic groups or peoples, and comparative study of those characteristics in social psychology, sociology, political science and anthropology. The assumptio ...

                                               

Naturalistic disease theories

In medical anthropology, naturalistic disease theories are those theories that are present in the culture, which explain diseases and illnesses in impersonal terms. One example of a naturalistic disease theory is the theory expressed in Western m ...

                                               

Nature–culture divide

The nature–culture divide refers to the theoretical foundations of modern anthropology. Early anthropologists sought theoretical understanding in connection with recognition of the contradictions between nature and culture. Later, this argument w ...

                                               

Nature, Culture and Gender

Nature, culture and gender is a book length social studies a collection of essays, which examines the views that describe "nature" as inferior to "culture". Consequently, the authors relied on the anthropology and history of criticism of ideologi ...

                                               

Neolocal residence

Neolocal Residence is a type of post-family house where the couple live separately from their husbands, Natal family and wife Natalia of household. Neolocal residence is the basis of most of the developed countries, especially in the West and amo ...

                                               

Nocebo

The nocebo effect-this occurs when negative expectations of the patient regarding treatment, causes treatment to have a more negative impact than it otherwise would be. For example, when the patient expects a side effect of a medication, they can ...

                                               

Nomad

A nomad is a member of the community of people without fixed habitation, which regularly shifts from one area. These groups include hunter-gatherers, nomads, and Tinker or trader nomads. In 1995 there were an estimated 30-40 million nomads in the ...

                                               

Nomadic pastoralism

Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism in which livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze. True nomads follow an incorrect path of motion, unlike the transhumance where seasonal pastures are fixed. However, this ...

                                               

Nomads of the Longbow

Nomads is a book by Allan R Holmberg, an anthropologist who has studied Peru and other South American indigenous peoples. The book is devoted to indigenous Bolivians, in Siriono people, whom he identified quite backward and undeveloped, in terms ...

                                               

Oikofobie. De angst voor het eigene

Oikofobie. The de angst Voor het eigene-Dutch 2013 book written by Thierry Bode. In the book Borderies way Roger Scrutons criticism of cultural relativism and multiculturalism. Baudets comes up with the word Oikophobia and explains this term that ...

                                               

Orality

Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy are unfamiliar to most people. The study astnosti closely connected with the study of oral tradition. Term" orality” was used in a variety of ways, often to ...

                                               

Origin myth

The myth of origin Is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some of the natural and social world. One type of origin myth is the cosmogonic myth that describes the creation of the world. However, in many cultures there are stories after ...

                                               

Patriarchy

Patriarchy is a social system in which men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. Some Patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, meaning that property and ...

                                               

Patrilocal residence

In social anthropology, patrilocal of residence or patrilocality, also known as virilocal residence or virilocality, are terms referring to the social system in which a married couple lives with or near husbands parents. The concept of location m ...

                                               

Perfect Order

Perfect order: recognizing complexity in Bali book 2006 anthropologist Stephen Lansing about the Balinese culture. It is aimed at the development of Balinese wet rice agriculture in the last few hundred years, especially the irrigation system of ...

                                               

Placentophagy

Placentophagy, also known as placentophagia is the act of consumption or part of the placenta after calving in mammals. Calving involves the delivery of newborn and placenta and fetal membranes. The placenta is a critical organ that develops in t ...

                                               

Proverb

A proverb is a simple, specific, traditional saying that expresses a perceived truth based on common sense and experience. Proverbs are often metaphorical and the use of formulaic language. Together, they constitute a genre of folklore. There are ...

                                               

Proverbial phrase

The proverbial phrase or a proverbial expression is type of a conventional saying similar to Proverbs and transmitted by oral tradition. The difference is that a proverb is a fixed expression, a proverbial phrase permits alterations to fit the gr ...

                                               

Ranked society

A ranked society in anthropology is one that ranks people in terms of their genealogical distance from the chief. The close relatives of the head of high rank or social status than the more remote. Societies that follow this kind of structure ass ...

                                               

Raptio

Raptio is a Latin term for a large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement. Equivalent term Frauenraub, a native of Germany, is used in the English language in the field of art history. Bride kidnapping is different ...

                                               

Reciprocity (cultural anthropology)

In cultural anthropology, reciprocity is a non-market exchange of goods or Labour ranging from direct barter forms of gift exchange where a return is expected, as in the exchange of gifts on birthday. Thus differs from the true gift, where no ret ...

                                               

Redistribution (cultural anthropology)

In cultural anthropology and sociology, redistribution refers to a system of economic exchange involving the centralized collection of goods from members of the group with the subsequent redistribution of these goods between these members. It is ...

                                               

Seclusion of girls at puberty

Seclusion of girls at puberty is practiced in societies around the world, especially before the beginning of the 20th century. In such cultures, girls puberty is more important than boys because of menstruation, girls are potential to birth, and ...

                                               

Seeing Anthropology

Seeing anthropology: cultural anthropology through film Karl G. Heider introduces cultural anthropology with the use of both text and audiovisual media. First published in 1997, the work uses the tools of ethnographic film discipline to inform my ...

                                               

Settler

A settler is a person who migrated to the area and set up permanent residence, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally from a sedentary culture, in contrast to nomads who share and rotate their settlements with little or no concept of ...

                                               

Shell money

Shell money is a medium of exchange similar to cash, coins and other forms of commodity money and were used in many parts of the world. Shell money usually consisted wholly or partly by sea shells, often worked in bead form or another. The use of ...

                                               

Shetani

Shetani spirits of East African mythology and popular belief. Mostly malevolent, and found in various forms and different types with different powers, Shetani are a popular subject of carved artwork, especially by the Makonde people of Tanzania, ...

                                               

Sociocultural anthropology

Sociocultural anthropology is a portmanteau used to refer to social anthropology and cultural anthropology together. Some universities such as Boston University and new York University, associate them together into one large study.

                                               

Sociofact

Sociofact-a term coined by biologist Julian Huxley, used together with the terms "mentifact" and "artifact" to describe how cultural traits take on a life of their own spanning over generations. Because the concept of culture involves artifacts, ...

                                               

Soul dualism

The dualism of the soul or several souls is a series of beliefs that a person has two or more modes of the soul. In many cases, one of the souls is associated with body functions and the other may leave the body. Sometimes a lot of soul types can ...

                                               

Stratified reproduction

Stratified reproduction is a commonly used social scientific concepts created by Shellee Colen, that describes the imbalance in the ability of people of different races, nationalities, ethnicities, classes and genders to reproduce and raise their ...

                                               

Strong reciprocity

Strong reciprocity is an area of research in the field of behavioral Economics, evolutionary psychology, evolutionary anthropology on the predisposition to cooperate, even when there are obvious benefits in this. This topic is especially interest ...

                                               

Taboo

Taboo is an implicit ban on something based on a cultural sense that it is too repulsive, or too sacred for ordinary people. Such prohibitions are present in virtually all societies. On a comparative basis with taboos, such as those associated wi ...

                                               

Taboo (2002 TV series)

Taboo is a documentary television series that premiered in 2002 on the National geographic channel. The program is an educational look into "Taboo" rituals and traditions practiced in some societies, however, prohibited and / or prohibited in oth ...

                                               

Tangible culture

                                               

Teach

To teach the Irish language term. The following definition of this term was given later Mac Giolla Easpaig Words to teach, and at home, it is the only widespread native Irish element to represent the Church of the monastery grounds in the early t ...

                                               

Trash Doves

Garbage the pigeons is an Internet meme that originated from a set of stickers designed in 2016, which have large eyes purple pigeon in different situations. The most notable label from the set of animated bird vigorously thrashing his head up an ...

                                               

Tribe (internet)

The term tribe or digital tribe is used as a slang term for an unofficial community of people who share a common interest, and usually who are loosely connected with each other through social media or other Internet mechanisms. This term refers t ...

                                               

Tuath

The de Danann old Irish the term for the key political and jurisdictional unit of Gaelic Ireland. The de Danann may refer to as a geographic area, as well as people who lived on this territory.

                                               

Vanua

The word of Banoi or Vanua means "land", "houses" or "village" – occurs in several Austronesian languages. It comes from the proto-Austronesian is reconstructed form * of Banoi. The word has a special meaning in some countries.

                                               

Vernacular culture

Popular culture is a cultural form constructed and arranged ordinary, often indigenous people, in contrast to the high culture of the elite. One feature of folk culture is that it is informal. Such cultures tend to focus on non-profit and volunta ...

                                               

Virgin boy egg

Virgin boy egg is a traditional dish in dongyang, Zhejiang, China, which cook eggs in the urine of young boys, who were presumably farmers, preferably before the age of ten years. The name "Tong zi Dan", the dish is translated as "egg boy" and th ...

                                               

Edvard Westermarck

Edward Alexander Westermarck was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo.

                                               

Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western culture, Western world, Western society and Western civilization, heritage, social norms, ethical values, traditions, belief systems, political systems, artifacts and technolog ...

                                               

When the going gets tough, the tough get going

"When the going gets tough, the tough go" - a popular joke in American English. The origin of this phrase is due to different sources. It seems to come from American football language, with the earliest literature in the 1950-ies, including an ar ...

                                               

Witchcraft

Witchcraft is the practice of magical skills and abilities. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies in the cultural and socio-ethical terms, and thus, it can be difficult to determine with accuracy, therefore, the cross-cultural assumptions about ...

                                               

Woman, Culture, and Society

Woman, culture and society, first published in 1974, is a book consisting of 16 documents submitted by female authors and a Preface by the editors, Michelle Zimbalist Rosaldo and Louise Lamphere. On the heels of the feminist movement of the 1960- ...

                                               

Yaylak

Yaylak is a Turkic term, meaning "summer highland pastures". Reverse the term gyshlag, to winter pastures. The latter gave rise to the term village for villages in Central Asia. Transcriptions includes yaylak yaylaq, یایلاق, ailoq, jaylaw, or jai ...

                                               

Engineering biology

Engineering biology is a set of methods for the design, build, and test engineering of biological systems, which are used to manipulate information, construct materials, process chemicals, produce energy, provide food, and help the preservation a ...

                                               

Lists of artificial objects sent into space

The term artificial objects closely associated with a person or not natural objects that were sent into space. This is a list of lists of artificial objects in space found in Wikipedia. List of landings on extraterrestrial bodies. List of artific ...

                                               

Vantablack

Vantablack is a material developed by Surrey nanosystems in the UK and is one of the darkest known substances to absorbing 99.965% of visible light. The name consists of abbreviations of Vanta vertically oriented arrays of nanotubes and black color.

                                               

Animal print

Animal print clothing, fashion and style where clothing is reminiscent of the pattern of the skin and fur of animals such as leopard, Cheetah, snow leopard, Jaguar, Zebra, tiger, clouded leopard, margay, ocelot, spotted hyena, striped hyena, Afri ...

                                               

Ballerina neckline

In fashion, a ballerina neckline refers to the classic cut-style dance costume or leotard wearing dancers. Popularized especially designers and style icons of the mid-twentieth century, the term ballerina and ballet neckline can be interpreted in ...

                                               

Bespoke tailoring

In June 2008, the advertising standards authority Asa British advertising regulator, ruled that the advertisement describing a suit "put into a work frame, where it would be cut and sewn by machine" as "a suit uniquely made according to your pers ...

                                               

Changing room

Locker room, locker room, dressing room or changeroom is a room or area that is designed to change pieces of clothes. Changing facilities are provided in a semi-public situation to enable people to change between different degrees of privacy. Sep ...

                                               

Clothing insulation

Clothing insulation is the thermal insulation provided by clothing. Even if the main function of clothes is to protect from the cold, protective clothing is also designed to protect from heat, for example, Steelworkers and firefighters. As for th ...

                                               

Clothing material

Historically, the clothing was made from different textile materials. They range from grasses and furs to much more elaborate and exotic materials. Some cultures, such as the various people of the Arctic circle, made them fully prepared and decor ...

                                               

Clothing terminology

Clothing terminology comprises the names of individual garments and classes of garments, as well as the specialized vocabularies of the trades that have designed, manufactured, marketed and sold clothing over hundreds of years. Clothing terminolo ...

                                               

Cord lock

Plastic cord lock attaches to drawstrings and tightens without the use of knots. Cord locks allow mountaineers to fasten quickly clothing and equipment during cold weather, when the fingers are encased in heavy gloves. They consist basically of t ...

                                               

Cosmetic textile

Cosmetic textiles are functional textiles, including clothing, underwear that come in direct contact with the skin through the process of microencapsulation. They relate to the treatment of the skin for cosmetic approach, but can also be a vehicl ...

                                               

Crocodile skin

Crocodile skin or apply to the skin of a living crocodile or skin of a dead crocodile hide. It has several applications in the fashion industry, such as use for bags, shoes and upholstery once processed and treated in special farms and tanneries.

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