Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 383

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 383

                                               

Silver rush

Silver rush is the silver mining equivalent of a gold rush, when the discovery of silver ore, containing sparks mass migration of individuals seeking wealth in the new mining region. Notable silver rushes have taken place in Mexico, Argentina, US ...

                                               

Wage reform in China, 1949–1976

After the Chinese Communist party has extended its solution in most areas of China and to establish a national government in Beijing in 1949, it caused many new problems. The first was the recovery of the economy, which has deteriorated sharply i ...

                                               

Economic history of the world

In the economic history of the world is the record of operations of all of the people who comprise the story, according to history.

                                               

Infrastructure

Infrastructure the basic facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other areas, including services and facilities necessary for its economy to function. Infrastructure consists of public and private physical improvements such as roads, R ...

                                               

Public infrastructure

Public infrastructure is the infrastructure owner or available for public use. It differs from public or private infrastructure from the point of view of policy, funding, purpose, etc. Public infrastructure is a General term often qualified speci ...

                                               

Public works

Public works include a wide range of infrastructure projects, financed and constructed by the government, for recreational, employment, health and safety, are used within the community. They include public buildings, transport infrastructure, pub ...

                                               

Asset Management Plan

The asset management plan is a tactical plan for the management of the organizations infrastructure and other assets to ensure a consistent standard of service. Typically, the asset management plan will cover more than one asset, taking a system ...

                                               

Bentley Infrastructure 500

The Bentley infrastructure 500 ranking of infrastructure owners, compiled with the help of CAD software Bentley. It was first published in 2010. The index ranks of joint infrastructure assets in the hands of the largest public and private organiz ...

                                               

Critical Foreign Dependencies Initiative

Critical foreign dependencies initiative is a strategy and list, maintained by the US, the Department of homeland security, of foreign infrastructure which "if attacked or destroyed to a great extent the influence of the United States" a copy of ...

                                               

Critical infrastructure

Critical infrastructure in the UK) is a term used by governments to describe assets that are essential for the functioning of society and the economy – infrastructure. Most often associated with the term facilities for: Housing, Heating. (Жилья, ...

                                               

Critical infrastructure protection

Protection of critical infrastructure concept that relates to preparedness and response to serious incidents involving the critical infrastructure of a region or nation. The American presidential Directive in PDD-63 of may 1998 set up a national ...

                                               

Cyber Resilience Review

Overview of cyber resilience is the method of evaluation developed by the US Department of national security. This is a voluntary study of operational stability and information security practices are offered free of charge MDI for the operators o ...

                                               

Detention basin

Basin detention or deceleration of the pool is area installed on or adjacent to the tributaries of rivers, streams, lakes or bays to protect against flooding and, in some cases, downstream erosion by storing water for a limited period of time. Th ...

                                               

ELV System for Buildings

The ELVs system for buildings, stands for mechanical and electrical extra low voltage systems used in residential and commercial buildings in order to better control and security. Usually it involves many subsystems, such as: Elevator Access Cont ...

                                               

European Commission Investment Plan for Europe

The European Commissions investment plan for Europe known as" the Juncker plan ” or the EU investment plan infrastructure development ” is a large-scale infrastructure investment program, first announced by the President of the European Commissio ...

                                               

European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection

The European programme for the protection of critical infrastructure refers to the doctrine and programmes created to identify and protect critical infrastructure that, in the event of a malfunction, accident or attack, could seriously affect the ...

                                               

Flow control structure

The structure of the flow control is a device that changes the flow of water in a stream, drainage channel or pipe. As a group these are passive structures since they operate without intervention in different volumes of water flow and their effec ...

                                               

Gas lighting

Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or gas. The light is produced directly on the flame, usually with the help of spec ...

                                               

Hard infrastructure

Hard infrastructure physical infrastructure roads, bridges, etc., in contrast to the soft infrastructure, human capital and institutions to develop the infrastructure. This article describes how fixed assets and control systems, software required ...

                                               

Hasankeyf

Hasankeyf is an ancient town and district located along the Tigris river in the Batman province in Southeast Turkey. It was declared a natural conservation area of Turkey in 1981. Despite local and international objections, the city and its archa ...

                                               

High-voltage transformer fire barriers

High-voltage transformers, fire barriers, or a transformer firewalls ballistic transformer, blast walls, outdoor countermeasures against failures in the national electricity network. The purpose of these barriers as a common fire barriers in buil ...

                                               

Infiltration basin

In the infiltration basin, is a type of device that is used to manage stormwater, prevent flooding and erosion downstream, and improve water quality in the adjacent river, stream, lake or Bay. It is a shallow artificial pond that is designed for ...

                                               

Infrastructure asset management

Infrastructure asset management is an integrated, interdisciplinary strategy in providing public infrastructure such as sewage treatment plants, Sewerage, roads, utility networks, bridges and Railways. Typically, the process focuses on the later ...

                                               

Infrastructure bias

In Economics and social policy, infrastructure bias is the influence of the location and availability of existing infrastructure such as roads and telecommunication infrastructure for socio-economic development. In science, infrastructure bias, t ...

                                               

Infrastructure policy of Donald Trump

Policy infrastructure Donald trump is one of the priorities of his administration. He believes that the modernization of U.S. infrastructure, as a continuation of his career as a Builder and a specific item to add to his legacy as President. He a ...

                                               

Infrastructure security

Infrastructure security is security allows you to protect infrastructure, especially critical infrastructure, such as airports, highways rail transport, hospitals, bridges, transport hubs, network communications, media, electricity, dams, power p ...

                                               

Infrastructure-based development

Infrastructure-based economic development also called infrastructure-development combines key policy characteristics inherited from the Rooseveltian progressivist tradition and Neo-Keynesian Economics in the United States, Francis de Gaulle and N ...

                                               

John Laing Group

John Laing group PLC is a British investor, developer and operator of privately financed, public sector infrastructure projects such as roads, Railways, hospitals and schools through public-private partnerships and private Finance initiative even ...

                                               

Linear infrastructure intrusions

Linear infrastructure intrusions in natural ecosystems anthropogenic linear infrastructure such as roads and highways, power lines, rail lines, canals, pipelines, firebreaks, and fences. These intrusions cause a linear opening through a habitat o ...

                                               

Megaprojects and Risk

Megaprojects and risk: Anatomy of ambition book of bent flyvbjerg, Nils Bruzelius, and Werner Rothengatter, published by Cambridge University press 2003. According to the chief economist and Director of transport policy group on infrastructure ma ...

                                               

NIST Cybersecurity Framework

In the framework of the NIST cybersecurity is a policy-based management of computer security as the private sector in the United States can assess and improve their ability to prevent, detect and respond to cyber attacks. The platform has been tr ...

                                               

North American Electric Reliability Corporation

On the North American reliability Corporation is a nonprofit Corporation based in Atlanta, Georgia and formed on March 28 2006 as the successor to the North American reliability Council for electricity. The original NERC was formed on June 1, 196 ...

                                               

Retention basin

The reservoir is sometimes called a Wet pond, wet detention basin or stormwater pond management, artificial lake with vegetation around the perimeter, and includes a constant reserve of water in its design. It is used to manage stormwater to prev ...

                                               

Rock shed

The rock barn is a structure of civil construction, used in mountainous areas where rock slides and landslides create problems of closing the track. The barn is built of rock on the roadway, which is in the path of the slide. They are equally use ...

                                               

Shovel ready

In politics, the project is ready for construction, planning and design is sufficiently developed that, subject to sufficient funding, construction can begin within a very short time.

                                               

Social access

Social availability is the concept of providing public services intended for user groups. Limited access may be due to their high cost, lack of infrastructure or due to prejudices in society that limit the use. The urban policy makers plan for un ...

                                               

Soft infrastructure

"Soft" infrastructure services that are necessary to maintain the economic, health, cultural and social level of the population, in contrast to hard infrastructure, physical infrastructure, roads, bridges, etc. It includes both physical assets su ...

                                               

Spotswood sewer tunnel

In Spotswood sewer tunnel is a sewer tunnel in Melbourne, Victoria. It was built in 1895 to take the sewer under the Yarra river to the pumping station Spotswood, where it was pumped into sewage to Werribee. The Council and MMBW works of Metropol ...

                                               

Standard of service

The service standard is used in infrastructure asset management to define the service that the client is entitled to receive. Examples can be: Bacteriological quality will conform to who standards. Substantive response to complaints and requests ...

                                               

Structural robustness

Strength is the ability of a structure to withstand events like fire, explosions, impact or consequences of human error without being damaged to such an extent disproportionate to the original cause - as defined in Eurocode En 1991-1-7 accidental ...

                                               

Sustainable urban infrastructure

Sustainable urban infrastructure expands the concept of urban infrastructure, adding an element of sustainability with the expectation of better and more sustainable cities. In the construction and physical and organizational structure, which all ...

                                               

Terrace (agriculture)

In agriculture, a terrace is part of the plane, slant, which has been cut into successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. Therefore, this type of landscaping is called terra ...

                                               

Urban air mobility

The citys air mobility relates to urban transport systems, the movement of people by air. These transport systems were developed in connection with road congestion.

                                               

Lee Badgett

Mary Virginia Lee Badgett economist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, best known for her study of economic issues concerning lesbians, gays, and their families. Baggett received a bachelors degree in Economics from the University of Chi ...

                                               

Gay Mafia

Gay mafia velvet mafia, Gaystapo, gay lobby, lavender mafia, Homintern, etc. a few pejorative terms for the alleged disproportionate backstage influence groups on gay rights and the LGBT community in politics, media, culture, religion and daily l ...

                                               

The Glass Closet: Why Coming Out Is Good Business

Glass closet: why coming out is good business is a book by John brown, former CEO of BP 2014. It speaks about being gay in the workplace. Brown claims that the substance improves performance.

                                               

Greater Seattle Business Association

A large Business Association in Seattle Washington LGBT & allied trade chamber based in Seattle, Washington. Most affiliates are small businesses located throughout the Puget Sound. The mission of the Association is "to combine business developme ...

                                               

LGBTQ migration

Migration LGBT movement, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people around the world and within the country, often to escape discrimination or ill treatment due to their sexuality. Throughout the world, many LGBT people are trying to le ...

                                               

LGBT marketing

LGBT marketing is the act of marketing to LGBT customers, either with dedicated ads or General ads, or through sponsors of LGBT organizations and events, or through the targeted use of any other element of the marketing mix. The LGBT market is a ...

                                               

Pinkwashing (LGBT)

Pinkwashing a compound word modeled on the term whitewash. In the context of LGBT rights, it is used to describe a variety of marketing and political strategies aimed at the promotion of products, countries, people or entities through an appeal t ...

                                               

Out Now Consulting

Now consulting is a marketing Agency that provides specialised gay marketing services to large companies to research gays and using the information to develop strategies to target gay and lesbian consumers.

                                               

Pink capitalism

Pink capitalism is the inclusion of the LGBT movement and sexual diversity to capitalism and a market economy, considered especially in critical lens of how this applies to LGBT, West, white and the rich, the middle class community and the market ...

                                               

Project SCUM

Project scum was a plan proposed in 1995, R. J. Reynolds tobacco company to sell cigarettes to members of the "alternative lifestyle" areas of San Francisco, in particular, a large number of gay people in Castro and homeless people in the area. T ...

                                               

Witeck Communications

Witeck Communications, Inc., known as Witeck-combs communications until 2012, a Washington, D.C. technology firm that provides strategic public relations and marketing communications for corporate and nonprofit clients. Witeck communications spec ...

                                               

Cash

In the economy, monetary kas, or kaysh in Aue) money in the physical form of currency, such as banknotes and coins. In bookkeeping and Finance, cash in current assets consisting of currency or currency equivalents that can be accessed immediately ...

                                               

Coin of account

Coin of account is a monetary unit that does not exist as a real coin, but is used in the calculation price or other amount of money.

                                               

Commodity money

Commodity money is money whose value comes from the commodity from which it is made. Commodity money consists of objects that have value or use in themselves, but also their value when buying goods. This is unlike representative money, which has ...

                                               

Green money

Green money refers to: Across the Middle East, green money refers to money from Islamic businesses, Islamic banks, and the religious sector. The European Union has done in the past and now still have green money for farm accounting. The money use ...

                                               

History of money

The history of money concerns the development of social systems that provide at least one of the functions of money. Such systems can be understood as means of trading wealth indirectly, but not directly as a barter. Money is the mechanism that f ...

                                               

Money in Islam

The principle of the free market is an Islamic principle. Islam regards the goods with intrinsic value as currency. Below are some examples of products that can be used as currency: gold, silver, rice, dates, wheat, barley and salt. Paper money o ...

                                               

K Foundation Burn a Million Quid

Reason to burn a million pounds was the performance of action on 23 August 1994 in which the Fund Kramatorsk burned cash in the amount of one million pounds in an abandoned boathouse on the Ardfin estate on the Scottish island of Jura. The money ...

                                               

Love of money

In the Christian tradition, the love of money is condemned as a sin in the first place, on the basis of such texts as Ecclesiastes 5:10 and 1 Timothy 6:10. Christian condemnation refers to avarice and greed, not money itself. Christian texts are ...

                                               

Mammon

Mammon in the New Testament of the Bible is commonly thought to mean money, material wealth, or any person who promises wealth and is associated with greedy pursuit of gain. The gospel of Matthew and gospel of Luke quote Jesus using the word in t ...

                                               

Monetization

Or monetization is, roughly speaking, the process to monetize. The term has a wide range of applications. In banking, the term refers to the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. Although it usually refers to the appe ...

                                               

Money services business

Financial services is the legal term used by financial regulators to describe businesses that transmit or convert money. The definition was created to encompass more than just banks which normally provide these services include non-Bank financial ...

                                               

Monopoly money

Monopoly is a type of play money used in the Board game Monopoly. It is different from most currencies including the American currency or British currency upon which it is based, that he is less one-sided, and comes in different colors. In additi ...

                                               

Play money

Play money is noticeably fake bills or coins intended for use as toy currency, especially for classroom instruction or as a marker in Board games such as Monopoly, rather than currency in a legitimate exchange market. Play money coins and notes a ...

                                               

Slang terms for money

Slang terms for the money often derive from the appearance and features of banknotes or coins their values historical associations or the units of currency concerned. Within a single language community some of the slang terms vary in different so ...

                                               

Spondulix

Spondulix is 19th-century slang for money or cash, more specifically a reasonable expenditure of money. About the money, spondoolicks, spondulacks, spondulics, and spondoolics several alternative spellings, and spondoolies is a modern option.

                                               

Time value of money

Time value of money is a great advantage of getting money now, not an identical amount later. It is based on the preference of time. The time value of money, explains why interest is paid or interest earned, whether it is a Bank Deposit or debt c ...

                                               

Token money

In the economy, token money, or token is money that has little value compared to face value. Unlike paper money, which also has little value, it is limited by law. It does not have free coinage.

                                               

Customs officer

To protect and collect revenue on dutiable goods. To protect intellectual property rights. To fulfill international obligations. To protect the special administrative region of Hong Kong anti-smuggling. To protect the interests of consumers. To p ...

                                               

Employment consultant

The employment Counsellor is an expert who advises courts and tribunals on employment such as earnings, labour market analysis, residual earning capacity and vocational retraining. The main part is personal litigation injury where loss of income ...

                                               

Stock and station agency

Stock and station agencies are companies that provide support services to the agricultural community. Their employees, working with clients, known as stock and station employees. They advise and represent farmers and graziers in business transact ...

                                               

Citizens' Climate Lobby

Citizens climate lobby is an international grassroots environmental group that trains and supports volunteers to build relationships with their elected representatives in order to influence climate policy. BPC is a registered 501 about 0 million ...

                                               

Commercial state

Commercial state concept is sometimes associated with the concept of Adam Gulf civil society and refers to the state or political government, is designed to promote commercial interests. Ferguson, Adam Smith and other representatives of the Scott ...

                                               

Corporatization

Corporatization is the process of transforming state assets, government agencies or municipal organizations into corporations. It relates to the restructuring of state and public organizations in their administration. As a result of corporatisati ...

                                               

Dahrendorf hypothesis

The Dahrendorf hypothesis is the name of one of the hypotheses of the German-British political scientist Ralf Dahrendorf, which States that diversity is desirable in economic policy in time and space according to local needs. Dahrendorf argues th ...

                                               

Debt clock

Debt watch is a public counter that displays the public-debt public-law corporations, as a rule, States that visualizes the progression through the updates every second. The mirror of the ratio of liabilities and receivables meanwhile, there are ...

                                               

Econocracy

Econocracy defines a society in which economic development became the main goal of politics and economic policy became a technocratic process. Econocrat the term was first coined by Peter self-government in 1976 to describe those with training th ...

                                               

Economic interventionism

Economic interventionism, sometimes called economic statism and state interventionism, is a promising economic policies in favor of government intervention in the market process to correct market failures and promote the General welfare of the pe ...

                                               

Employer of last resort

Employers of last resort are employers in the economy which workers go to work when no other jobs, this term is by analogy with "lender of last resort". The phrase is used in two senses: Undesirable jobs, often private sector, only as a last reso ...

                                               

Enough Is Enough (letter)

"Enough" is a 100-page letter of resignation written by Davison L. Budhoo, an economist from Grenada. Budhoo served as senior economist at the International monetary Fund for 12 years until may 1988. His resignation letter was sent to Michel Camd ...

                                               

Forward Commitment Procurement

Forward commitment procurement model of procurement, which is intended to be used to provide a cost effective environmental products and services in the public sector and to contribute to conditions of the market in which environmental goods and ...

                                               

Global Risks Report

The global risks report is an annual study published by the world economic forum in anticipation of the annual forum meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the global risk network, the report describes changes occurring in the global ...

                                               

Green paradox

The green paradox-the title of the controversial book, the German economist Hans-Werner Sinn, describing the observation that environmental policy that becomes greener with the passage of time behaves like an announced expropriation for the owner ...

                                               

Investment policy

The investment policy is any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, for example, restrictions on currency exchange.

                                               

Job guarantee

Guarantee to work is the proposal of the economic policy aimed at providing sustainable solutions to the dual problems of inflation and unemployment. His goal is to create full employment and price stability, a state promise to hire the unemploye ...

                                               

Market transformation

Market transformation describes how the purpose of the policy and strategy of the programme in order to improve the relevance and independent of the presence of energy-saving technologies on the market. It is a strategic process of market interve ...

                                               

Market-preserving federalism

Market-preserving federalism is a special type of federalism that limits the degree to which a countrys political system can encroach upon its markets. Weingast notes that there is a fundamental dilemma facing a government attempting to build and ...

                                               

Moral suasion

Moral conviction is an appeal to morality in order to influence or change the behavior. A famous example is the attempt of William Lloyd garrison and his American anti-slavery society, to end slavery in the United States through moral persuasion. ...

                                               

Nationalization

Nationalization or nationalisation is the process of transformation of private ownership in public assets by bringing them under conditions of public ownership of national government or state. Nationalization usually refers to private property or ...

                                               

Pension fund investment in infrastructure

Although traditionally the prerogative of the government and municipal authorities, infrastructure has recently become an asset class in its own right for private investors, primarily pension funds Historically, pension funds prefer to invest mos ...

                                               

Pigou Club

In the pigou club is described by its Creator, economist Greg Mankiw, as "an elite group of economists and experts with a good sense publicly advocated higher Pigovian taxes, such as taxes on gasoline or taxes on carbon emissions".

                                               

Ramsey problem

Ramsey problem, or Ramsey– "the lame devil" pricing, is the second-best policy problem regarding what the price of the public monopolist or firms faced with irremovable limitation of revenue should be set to maximize social welfare. Occurs closel ...

                                               

International sanctions

International sanctions, political and economic decisions that are part of the diplomatic efforts of countries, multilateral or regional organizations against States or entities or to protect the interests of national security for the protection ...

                                               

The Economic Liberty Act of Georgia, 2011

The act of economic freedom Georgia was adopted by Parliament of Georgia in 2011. The law was introduced by President Mikheil Saakashvili in September 2009, as a way of making principles based on the "rose Revolution". The law came into force on ...

                                               

Transaction Man

Transaction man: the rise and fall of the American dream is a popular-science book, which tells about the role of corporations in the U.S. economy and shifts in public policy Nicholas Lemann, who is a seasoned journalist and new Yorker staff writer.

                                               

Economic problem

Economic problem, sometimes called the main or Central economic problems – claims that conserve limited resources, insufficient to satisfy all human wants and needs. Economics involves the study of how to allocate resources in shortage conditions ...

                                               

Affluenza

Affluenza is a psychological malaise supposedly affecting wealthy young people. It comes from affluence and influenza, and are most often used by critics of consumerism. Its not a recognized medical disease. It is believed, was first used in 1954 ...

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