Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 55

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 55

                                               

Burg Castle (Solingen)

Burg Castle, located in Burg an der Wupper, is the largest reconstructed castle in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a popular tourist attraction. Its early history is closely connected to the rise of the Duchy of Berg.

                                               

Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle – often anglicised as Carnarvon Castle or Caernarvon Castle – is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Governments historic environment service. It was a motte-and-bailey castl ...

                                               

Chateau de Langeais

The Chateau de Langeais is a medieval castle in Indre-et-Loire, France, built on a promontory created by the small valley of the Roumer River at the opening to the Loire Valley. Founded in 992 by Fulk Nerra, Count of Anjou, the castle was soon at ...

                                               

Loket Castle

Loket Castle is a 12th-century Gothic style castle about 12 kilometres from Karlovy Vary on a massive rock in the town of Loket, Karlovarsky kraj, Czech Republic. It is surrounded on three sides by the Ohee river. Once known as "the Impregnable C ...

                                               

Malbork Castle

The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is a 13th-century Teutonic castle and fortress located near the town of Malbork, Poland. It is the largest castle in the world measured by land area and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was originally c ...

                                               

Chateau de Montreuil-Bellay

The Chateau de Montreuil-Bellay is a historical building in the town of Montreuil-Bellay, departement of Maine-et-Loire, France, first built on the site of a Gallo-Roman village high on a hill on the banks of the Thouet River. It is listed as a m ...

                                               

Nijō Castle

Nijō Castle is a flatland castle in Kyoto, Japan. The castle consists of two concentric rings of fortifications, the Ninomaru Palace, the ruins of the Honmaru Palace, various support buildings and several gardens. The surface area of the castle i ...

                                               

Orlik Castle

Orlik Castle is a chateau 500 metres northeast of the village of Orlik nad Vltavou, in the northern part of the District of Pisek, in the South Bohemia Region of the Czech Republic. The original position of the chateau, on a rock 60 metres above ...

                                               

Raglan Castle

Raglan Castle is a late medieval castle located just north of the village of Raglan in the county of Monmouthshire in south east Wales. The modern castle dates from between the 15th and early 17th centuries, when the successive ruling families of ...

                                               

Sychrov Castle

Sychrov Castle can be found near the village Sychrov in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It is a unique example of Neo-Gothic castle architecture from the second half of the 19th century. A large park surrounds the castle.

                                               

Chateau de Saumur

The Chateau de Saumur, originally built as a castle and later developed as a chateau, is located in the French town of Saumur, in the Maine-et-Loire departement. It was originally constructed in the 10th century by Theobald I, Count of Blois, as ...

                                               

Harlech Castle

Harlech Castle, located in Harlech, Gwynedd, Wales, is a Grade I-listed medieval fortification, constructed atop a spur of rock close to the Irish Sea. It was built by Edward I during his invasion of Wales between 1282 and 1289 at the relatively ...

                                               

Chateau Gaillard

Chateau Gaillard is a medieval castle ruin overlooking the River Seine above the commune of Les Andelys, in the French department of Eure, in Normandy. It is located some 95 kilometres north-west of Paris and 40 kilometres from Rouen. Constructio ...

                                               

Chateau de Cheverny

The Chateau de Cheverny is located at Cheverny, in the departement of Loir-et-Cher in the Loire Valley in France. It is one of the chateaux of the Loire valley

                                               

Chateau de Chinon

Chateau de Chinon is a castle located on the bank of the Vienne river in Chinon, France. It was founded by Theobald I, Count of Blois. In the 11th century the castle became the property of the counts of Anjou. In 1156 Henry II of England, a membe ...

                                               

Chateau de Chaumont

The Chateau de Chaumont is a castle in Chaumont-sur-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, France. The castle was founded in the 10th century by Odo I, Count of Blois. After Pierre dAmboise rebelled against Louis XI, the king ordered the castles destruction. Later ...

                                               

Styrum

Styrum was an immediate lordship in the Holy Roman Empire, located in Mulheim an der Ruhr, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It held no seat in the Diet and was circumvened by the lordship of Broich. The exact date of construction of its castle is ...

                                               

Chateau de Valençay

Chateau de Valençay was a residence of the dEstampes and Talleyrand-Perigord families in the commune of Valençay, in the Indre departement of France. Although it is part of the province of Berry, its architecture invites comparison with the Renai ...

                                               

Trausnitz Castle

Trausnitz Castle is a medieval castle situated in Landshut, Bavaria in Germany. It was the home of the Wittelsbach dynasty, and it served as their ducal residence for Lower Bavaria from 1255–1503, and later as the seat of the hereditary rulers of ...

                                               

Schaaken Castle

Schaaken Castle is a ruined castle originally built for the Teutonic Knights, in Nekrasovo, Kaliningrad oblast, Russia. It was extensively altered in the 19th century and has become a ruin since World War II. The first mention of a fortress on th ...

                                               

Chateau de Villandry

The Chateau de Villandry is a grand country house located in Villandry, in the departement of Indre-et-Loire, France. It is especially known for its beautiful gardens.

                                               

Turku Castle

Turku Castle is a medieval building in the city of Turku in Finland. Together with Turku Cathedral, the castle is one of the oldest buildings still in use and the largest surviving medieval building in Finland. It was founded in the late 13th cen ...

                                               

Chateau d'Angers

The Chateau dAngers is a castle in the city of Angers in the Loire Valley, in the departement of Maine-et-Loire, in France. Founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou, it was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. It is located ...

                                               

White Castle

White House of Choghtu Khong Tayiji, or White Castle, Bulgan Aimag, Mongolia White Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales White Castle, Nunraw, East Lothian, Scotland

                                               

Bojnice Castle

Bojnice Castle is a medieval castle in Bojnice, Slovakia. It is a Romanesque castle with some original Gothic and Renaissance elements built in the 12th century. Bojnice Castle is one of the most visited castles in Slovakia, receiving hundreds of ...

                                               

Brest Castle (Belarus)

Brest Castle was evolving in the course of several centuries from the Slavonic fortified settlement Berestye that had appeared at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries at the confluence of the Mukhavets River into the Bug River, amid islands, f ...

                                               

Buchach Castle

Buchach castle is a ruin of a medieval castle, located in Buchach, Ternopil oblast, Ukraine. It was built by the Buchacki family in the 14-15th century at around the time the town was founded. It was rebuilt by the Potocki-Movile family in the 16 ...

                                               

Chateau de Vincennes

The Chateau de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French royal fortress in the town of Vincennes, to the east of Paris, now a suburb of the metropolis.

                                               

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is notable for its long association with the English and later British royal family and for its architecture. The original castle was built in the 11th century ...

                                               

Halshany Castle

Halshany or Holszany Castle is the ruined residence of the Sapieha magnate family in Halshany, Hrodna Voblast, Belarus. It used to be the seat of one of the largest land estates in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The current structure was built abo ...

                                               

Dobele Castle

Dobele Castle is a castle in the town of Dobele on the west bank of the river, in the historical region of Zemgale, in Latvia. Dobele was built in 1335 by the Livonian order on top of a more ancient castle.

                                               

Dubno Castle

Dubno Castle was founded in 1492 by Prince Konstantin Ostrogski on a promontory overlooking the Ikva River not far from the ancient Ruthenian fort of Dubno, Volhynia. Ostrogski castle was rebuilt in stone in the early 16th century under the Lithu ...

                                               

Dublin Castle

Dublin Castle is a major Irish government complex, conference centre, and tourist attraction. It is located off Dame Street in Dublin. Until 1922 it was the seat of the British governments administration in Ireland. Most of the current constructi ...

                                               

Chateau de Gisors

The Chateau de Gisors is a castle in the town of Gisors in the department of Eure, France. The castle was a key fortress of the Dukes of Normandy in the 11th and 12th centuries. It was intended to defend the Anglo-Norman Vexin territory from the ...

                                               

Chateau d'Azay-le-Rideau

The Chateau dAzay-le-Rideau is located in the town of Azay-le-Rideau in the French departement of Indre-et-Loire. Built between 1518 and 1527, this chateau is considered one of the foremost examples of early French renaissance architecture. Set o ...

                                               

Castle of Almourol

The Castle of Almourol is a medieval castle atop the islet of Almourol in the middle of the Tagus River, located in the civil parish of Praia do Ribatejo, 4 kilometres from the municipal seat of Vila Nova da Barquinha, in Portugals Center Region. ...

                                               

Ardfinnan Castle

Ardfinnan Castle, is the sister castle of Lismore Castle and was built circa 1185 to guard the river crossing at Ardfinnan in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is situated on the River Suir, seven miles west of Clonmel. The castle is currently privat ...

                                               

Athenry Castle

Athenry Castle is located off Court Lane in the east part of Athenry, on the west bank of the River Clarin. It is sited on a natural rise and defended the ford.

                                               

Athlumney Castle

Athlumney overlooks a key strategic point, where the Leinster Blackwater drains into the Boyne. The placename derives from the Irish for "Lomans ford", referring to Lomman of Trim. Archaeological digs uncovered an Early Christian souterrain. The ...

                                               

Ashtown Castle

Ashtown Castle is a tower house in the Phoenix Park in Dublin, Ireland. It was found hidden within the walls of a much larger and more recent Georgian building, the Under Secretarys Lodge also known as Ashtown Lodge, that was being used by the Pa ...

                                               

Balga

Balga was a medieval castle of the Teutonic Knights in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The castle ruins are located on the shore of the Vistula Lagoon, north of Mamonovo in the Pogranichny municipality of Bagrationovsky District, about 30 km southwes ...

                                               

Barberstown Castle

Barberstown Castle is a structure originally built in 1288 in Straffan, County Kildare, Ireland, 25 km west of Dublin. It has been operating as a hotel since 1971 and is surrounded by 20 acres of gardens. Renovations in 1996 revealed a previously ...

                                               

Chateau de Biron

It was the castle from which the Gontaut-Biron took their name, their seat from the twelfth century. Biron was seized by the Cathars in 1211 and retaken by Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester the following year. The Plantagenets held it at t ...

                                               

Birr Castle

Birr Castle is a large castle in the town of Birr in County Offaly, Ireland. It is the home of The 7th Earl of Rosse, and as such the residential areas of the castle are not open to the public, though the grounds and gardens of the demesne are pu ...

                                               

Bitov Castle

Bitov Castle is a castle on a steep promotory towering above the meandering River Zeletavka, near the Vranov reservoir, in the village of Bitov, some 25 kilometres northwest of Znojmo, Czech Republic. Built in the 11th century, Bitov is one of th ...

                                               

Blankenstein Castle

Blankenstein Castle is a castle located on the south side of the river Ruhr in Hattingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. May 12, 1226 Adolf I, Count of the Mark, gave the order to build the castle. He charged Truchsess Ludolf von Bonen with its ...

                                               

Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle is a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland. Though earlier fortifications were built on the same spot, the current keep was built by the MacCarthy of Muskerry dynasty, a cadet branch of the Kings of Desmond, and dates ...

                                               

Blackrock Castle

Blackrock Castle is a castellated fortification located at Blackrock, about 2 km from the centre of Cork city on the banks of the River Lee in Ireland. Originally developed as a coastal defence fortification in the 16th century to protect upper C ...

                                               

Bodiam Castle

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle near Robertsbridge in East Sussex, England. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, ostensibly to defend the area against Fren ...

                                               

Bouzov Castle

Bouzov Castle is an early 14th-century fortress first mentioned in 1317. It was built on a hill between the village of Hvozdek and the town of Bouzov, 21 kilometres west of Litovel and 28 kilometres northwest of Olomouc, in Moravia, Czech Republi ...

                                               

Brough Castle

Not to be confused with Brough Castle in Brough, Caithness. Brough Castle is a ruined castle in the village of Brough, Cumbria, England. The castle was built by William Rufus around 1092 within the old Roman fort of Verterae to protect a key rout ...

                                               

Bunratty Castle

Bunratty Castle is a large 15th-century tower house in County Clare, Ireland. It is located in the centre of Bunratty village, by the N18 road between Limerick and Ennis, near Shannon Town and its airport. The castle and the adjoining folk park a ...

                                               

Castle of Biar

During the Muslim rule had already news but few of the fortress, which began to be relevant to the time of James I of Aragon, remain as border castle under the Treaty of Almizra. The building lost its role during the early modern period and, alth ...

                                               

Ballymore Castle

Ballymore Castle in Lawrencetown, County Galway, Ireland was originally a 15th-century tower house belonging to OMadden. A house was added in 1620, and the castle has been much altered since then.

                                               

Burnchurch Castle

Burnchurch Castle, a National Monument, is a well-preserved 15th century Norman tower house with a round gate tower, situated in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Burnchurch Castle and tower, along with the Church of Ireland church, and the lime trees be ...

                                               

Vajdahunyad Castle

For the castle in present-day Hunedoara, Romania, see Hunyad Castle. Vajdahunyad Castle is a castle in the City Park of Budapest, Hungary. It was built in 1896 as part of the Millennial Exhibition which celebrated the 1.000 years of Hungary since ...

                                               

Wartburg

The Wartburg is a castle originally built in the Middle Ages. It is situated on a precipice of 410 meters to the southwest of and overlooking the town of Eisenach, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. In 1999, UNESCO added Wartburg Castle to the W ...

                                               

Vranov nad Dyji Chateau

Vranov nad Dyji is a chateau in the homonymic town of Vranov nad Dyji in the South Moravia, Czech Republic. It lies on the Dyje river, 3 km north from the Austrian border close to Hardegg.

                                               

Glenveagh Castle

Henry Plumer McIlhenny of Philadelphia purchased the estate in 1938, having rented it during the summer months since 1933. McIlhenny left the gardens and castle to the Irish nation in the 1970s, so that Glenveagh National Park could be created, b ...

                                               

Gleninagh

Gleninagh or Glaninagh is a civil parish in County Clare, Ireland. It lies in the extreme northwest of the Burren, on the south of the mouth of Galway Bay. It is known for the well-preserved L-plan Gleninagh Castle, a 16th-century tower house. Th ...

                                               

Glinsk Castle

Glinsk Castle was built in the mid-17th century begun c. 1628 and is reputed to be the last castle built in Ireland obviously this depends on ones definition of "castle", for example Glenveagh Castle was constructed in 1870. It was the seat of th ...

                                               

Hluboka Castle

Hluboka Castle is a historic chateau situated in Hluboka nad Vltavou, and it is considered one of the most beautiful castles in the Czech Republic.

                                               

Gowran Castle

The first Gowran Castle was built in 1385 by James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond, close to the centre of the town of Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland. He made it his usual residence. James was called the Earl of Gowran. In 1391 he bought Kilkenny Castl ...

                                               

Hohenzollern Castle

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the imperial House of Hohenzollern. The third of three hilltop castles built on the site, it is located atop Mount Hohenzollern, above and south of Hechingen, on the edge of the Swabian Jura of central ...

                                               

Houska Castle

Houska Castle is an early Gothic castle, 47 kilometres north of Prague, in Czechia. It is one of the best preserved castles of the period. Notable features include a predominantly gothic chapel, green chamber with late-gothic paintings, and knigh ...

                                               

Dunguaire Castle

Dunguaire Castle is a 16th-century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvara. The name derives from the Dun of King Guaire, the legendary king of Connacht. The castles 75-foot tower and its defens ...

                                               

Dunsoghly Castle

The castle was built around 1450 by Sir Thomas Plunket, Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas. It was continuously occupied until the 1870s by descendants of the same family, despite being a cramped Irish castle and uncomfortable by post-mediev ...

                                               

Dromoland Castle

Dromoland Castle is a castle, located near Newmarket-on-Fergus in County Clare, Ireland. It is operated as a 5-star luxury hotel with a golf course, with its restaurant, the Earl of Thomond, being awarded a Michelin star in 1995, under head chef ...

                                               

Inuyama Castle

Inuyama Castle is a yamajiro -stye Japanese castle located in the city of Inuyama, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The castle overlooks the Kiso River, which serves as the border between Aichi and Gifu Prefectures. Inuyama Castle is one of only 12 Japan ...

                                               

Chateau d'If

The Chateau dIf is a fortress located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 kilometres offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France. It is famous for being one of ...

                                               

Schloss Johannisburg

Schloss Johannisburg is a schloss in the town of Aschaffenburg, in Franconia in the state of Bavaria, Germany. It was erected between 1605 and 1614 by the architect Georg Ridinger for Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg, Prince Bishop of Mainz. Until ...

                                               

Carlow Castle

Carlow Castle is located near to the River Barrow in County Carlow, Ireland. It was built between 1207 and 1213, and is a National Monument of Ireland.

                                               

Castlemore Moat

Castlemore Moat is about 2 kilometres 1.2 mi northwest of Tullow and 2 kilometres west of the River Slaney. It is not to be confused with Castlemore House, a 19th-century country house 1 kilometre south of the motte.

                                               

Rock of Cashel

The Rock of Cashel, also known as Cashel of the Kings and St. Patricks Rock, is a historic site located at Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland.

                                               

Kenilworth Castle

Kenilworth Castle is located in the town of Kenilworth in Warwickshire, England. Constructed from Norman through to Tudor times, the castle has been described by the architectural historian Anthony Emery as "the finest surviving example of a semi ...

                                               

Kilkea Castle

Kilkea Castle is located 5 km northwest of Castledermot, County Kildare, Ireland near the village of Kilkea on the R418 regional road from Athy to Tullow. It was a medieval stronghold of the Fitzgeralds, earls of Kildare.

                                               

Castlekirk

The castle was built early in the 12th century by the sons of Ruaidri na Saide Buide d. 1118 aided by William FitzAldelm and is one of the oldest mortared castles in Ireland. The Lord Justice Sir Edmond Butler, in 1225, caused Odo OFlatherty to g ...

                                               

Clara Castle

Clara Castle was built in the late 15th/early 16th century by the Shortall family, who lived there until c. 1640. Henry Johnson occupied the castle in the Cromwellian period, and it later passed to the Byrnes; occupants include Anthony Byrne 1656 ...

                                               

Clontarf Castle

Clontarf Castle is a much-modernised castle, dating to 1837, in Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland, an area famous as a key location of the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. There has been a castle on the site since 1172. In modern times, it has functioned as a ...

                                               

King John's Castle (Limerick)

King Johns Castle is a 13th-century castle located on Kings Island in Limerick, Ireland, next to the River Shannon. Although the site dates back to 922 when the Vikings lived on the Island, the castle itself was built on the orders of King John i ...

                                               

Kratochvile

Kratochvile is a picturesque Renaissance manorial residence surrounded by a park located in the south Bohemian countryside, near Netolice, Prachatice district, Czech Republic.

                                               

Kumamoto Castle

Kumamoto Castle is a hilltop Japanese castle located in Chūō-ku, Kumamoto, in Kumamoto Prefecture. It was a large and well fortified castle. The castle keep is a concrete reconstruction built in 1960, but several ancillary wooden buildings remain ...

                                               

Kunetice Mountain Castle

Kuneticka Hora Castle is a castle in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. The castle lies on Kunetice Mountain, about 6 km from the city of Pardubice. The castle played an important role during the Hussite Wars of the early 15th century, a ...

                                               

Cahir Castle

Cahir Castle, one of the largest castles in Ireland, is sited on an island in the river Suir. It was built from 1142 by Conor OBrien, Prince of Thomond. Now situated in Cahir town centre, County Tipperary, the castle is well preserved and has gui ...

                                               

Konigsberg Castle

The Konigsberg Castle was a castle in Konigsberg, Germany, and was one of the landmarks of the East Prussian capital Konigsberg.

                                               

Castle Leslie

Castle Leslie Estate, home to an Irish branch of Clan Leslie and located on the 4 km², Castle Leslie is both the name of a historic Country House and 1.000-acre Estate adjacent to the village of Glaslough, 11 km north-east of Monaghan town in Cou ...

                                               

Leap Castle

Leap Castle is a castle in Coolderry, County Offaly, Ireland, about 6 km north of the town of Roscrea and 10 km south of Kinnitty on the R421.

                                               

Chateau de Loches

The Chateau de Loches is a castle located in the departement of Indre-et-Loire in the Loire valley in France; it was constructed in the 9th century. Built some 500 metres away from the Indre River, the huge castle, famous mostly for its massive s ...

                                               

Manderley Castle

Manderley Castle, formerly "Victoria Castle" and "Ayesha Castle", is a large castellated Irish mansion built in Victorian style, in Killiney, County Dun Laoghaire–Rathdown, Ireland. It is currently owned by the singer Enya.

                                               

Muncaster Castle

Muncaster Castle is a privately owned castle overlooking the River Esk, about a mile east of the west-coastal town of Ravenglass in Cumbria, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building ...

                                               

Matsue Castle

Matsue Castle is a feudal castle in Matsue in Shimane prefecture, Japan. Nicknamed the "black castle" or "plover castle", it is one of the few remaining medieval castles in Japan – at least of the few remaining in their original wooden form, and ...

                                               

Chateau de Menars

Towards 1646, Guillaume Charron, adviser of the King and general treasurer of extraordinary levies supplying French forces in the Thirty Years War built his chateau on a superb site overlooking the Loire river at Menars. The original construction ...

                                               

Moyland Castle

Moyland Castle is a moated castle in Bedburg-Hau in the district of Kleve, one of the most important neo-Gothic buildings in North Rhine-Westphalia. Its name derives from the Dutch word Mooiland which means "beautiful country". The name was proba ...

                                               

Montgomery Castle

Montgomery Castle is a stone masonry castle looking over the town of Montgomery in Powys, Mid Wales. It is one of many Norman castles on the border between Wales and England.

                                               

Malahide Castle

Malahide Castle, parts of which date to the 12th century, lies close to the village of Malahide, nine miles north of central Dublin in Ireland. It has over 260 acres of remaining parkland estate, forming the Malahide Demesne Regional Park.

                                               

Nagoya Castle

Nagoya Castle is a Japanese castle located in Nagoya, central Japan. During the Edo period, Nagoya Castle was the heart of one of the most important castle towns in Japan, Nagoya-juku, which was a post station on the Minoji road linking two of fi ...

                                               

Knock Castle, Aberdeenshire

Knock Castle is a ruined tower house in Aberdeenshire, north-east Scotland. It is typical of the traditional type of residence of a laird, a Scottish landed gentleman. Knock Castle is in Royal Deeside, about 1 mile west of the town of Ballater, a ...

                                               

Oranmore Castle

Oranmore Castle was most likely built some time around the 15th century, possibly on top of an older castle. The Clanricardes, a notable family from Galway, used it as a stronghold. In March 1642 the town, Oranmore, joined Confederate Ireland in ...

                                               

Parke's Castle

Parke’s Castle is a plantation era castle situated on the banks of Lough Gill, in County Leitrim, Ireland. Originally an earlier fifteenth-century ORourke castle, it came into the possession of Sir Roger Parke, who, by 1628, had completed his for ...

                                               

Peleș Castle

Peleș Castle) is a Neo-Renaissance castle in the Carpathian Mountains, near Sinaia, in Prahova County, Romania, on an existing medieval route linking Transylvania and Wallachia, built between 1873 and 1914. Its inauguration was held in 1883. It w ...

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