Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 94

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 94

                                               

1983 in literature

April – Russian samizdat poet Irina Ratushinskaya is sentenced to imprisonment in a labor camp for dissident activity; she continues to write poetry clandestinely in prison. Barbara Cartland, who reaches the age of 82 in July, writes 23 romantic ...

                                               

1984 in literature

December 19 – Ted Hughes appointment as Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom is announced in succession to Sir John Betjeman, Philip Larkin having turned down the post. April 4 – The narrative of George Orwells dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four ...

                                               

1985 in literature

August 11 – A memorial to Hugh MacDiarmid is unveiled near his home at Langholm, Scotland. February 25 – Sue Limbs parodic pastiche of the Lake Poets, The Wordsmiths at Gorsemere, begins broadcasting on BBC Radio 4 in the U.K.

                                               

1986 in literature

April 29 – A major fire at Los Angeles Public Library caused by arson destroys 400.000 volumes. October 9 – The Phantom of the Opera, having been the longest running Broadway show ever, opens at Her Majestys Theatre in London. December 19 – The S ...

                                               

1988 in literature

March 7 – Nine thousand movie and television writers of the Writers Guild of America go on strike a day after rejecting a final offer from producers. June – The Panasonic Globe Theatre, Tokyo, opens with an Ingmar Bergman production of Shakespear ...

                                               

1991 in literature

February – Sisters Vanessa Redgrave Olga and Lynn Redgrave Masha make their first and only joint appearance on stage, with niece Jemma Redgrave as Irina, in the title roles of Chekhovs Three Sisters at the Queens Theatre, London. November 4 – An ...

                                               

1992 in literature

September – Michael Ondaatjes historiographic metafiction The English Patient is published in Canada. It will win The Golden Man Booker in 2018. August 25 – The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina is annihilated during the S ...

                                               

1993 in literature

The Guodian Chu Slips, including the oldest known version of Laozis Tao Te Ching, a chapter from the Book of Rites, content from the Book of Documents and the previously lost Xing Zi Ming Chu, written on bamboo and dated before 300 BCE later Warr ...

                                               

1994 in literature

October 11 – The choice of James Kelmans book How Late It Was, How Late as the years Booker Prize winner proves controversial. of the judges, Rabbi Julia Neuberger, declares it "a disgrace" and leaves the event, later calling the book "crap"; WHS ...

                                               

1995 in literature

July 16 – Amazon.com, incorporated a year earlier by Jeff Bezos in Washington state as an online bookstore, sells its first book: Douglas Hofstadters Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought. ...

                                               

1996 in literature

October 3 – The first performance is held in New York of Eve Enslers episodic feminist play The Vagina Monologues. In the UK, the first Orange Prize for Fiction for female novelists goes to Helen Dunmore for A Spell of Winter. Lady Mary Wortley M ...

                                               

1997 in literature

December 30 – The memoir I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou is removed from the ninth-grade English curriculum in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, for portraying "white people as being horrible, nasty, stupid people". February 20 – All ...

                                               

1998 in literature

Kinoko Nasu 奈須 きのこ launches the Kara no Kyōkai series, with five chapters released online. March 5 – Tennessee Williams 1938 play Not About Nightingales receives its stage premiere in London, in a collaboration between the Royal National The ...

                                               

1999 in literature

Persephone Books is founded in Bloomsbury, London, by Nicola Beauman to reprint mid-20th century fiction and non-fiction, mainly by women. May 1 – Andrew Motion is appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom for ten years. September 7 – Black D ...

                                               

2000 in literature

September 26 – The English writer and politician Jeffrey Archer is charged with perjury, and on the same day opens in the title role of his own courtroom drama, The Accused. February – El Ateneo Grand Splendid bookstore takes over the Teatro Gran ...

                                               

2001 in literature

September 19 – Amiri Baraka reads his poem "Somebody Blew Up America?" at a poetry festival in New Jersey, eight days after 9/11. April 13 – The film version of Helen Fieldings 1996 novel Bridget Joness Diary has uncredited cameo roles as themsel ...

                                               

2002 in literature

March 16 – Authorities in Saudi Arabia arrest and jail the poet Abdul Mohsen Musalam and dismiss a newspaper editor following the publication of Musalams poem "The Corrupt on Earth", which criticizes the states Islamic judiciary, accusing some ju ...

                                               

2003 in literature

April 14 – The Iraq National Library and Archive is burned down as part of the Battle of Baghdad. February 12 – An invitation from the First Lady of the United States, Laura Bush, for a number of poets to attend a conference at the White House on ...

                                               

2004 in literature

October 31 – Publication in Paris by Denoel of Irene Nemirovskys Suite française, two novellas, Tempête en juin and Dolce, written and set in 1940–1941 from a sequence left unfinished on the authors death in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942. ...

                                               

2005 in literature

June 13 – The poet Dannie Abse is injured and his wife Joan killed in an accident on the M4 in South Wales. August 15 – An integrated National Library of Norway opens to readers in Oslo for the first time. March 26 – The classic U.K. science fict ...

                                               

2006 in literature

Summer – Brutalism becomes the first literary movement to be launched via the social networking site Myspace. June – Ciaran Creaghs play Last Call, based loosely on the hanging of murderer Michael Manning in 1954 as witnessed by the playwrights f ...

                                               

2007 in literature

April 26 – Polly Stenhams play That Face, written when the author was 19, premieres at the Royal Court Theatre in London. December 11 – Terry Pratchett informs fans online that he has been diagnosed with a rare form of Alzheimers disease. March 5 ...

                                               

2008 in literature

January 1 – In the UKs 2008 New Year Honours List, Hanif Kureishi CBE, Jenny Uglow OBE, Peter Vansittart OBE and Debjani Chatterjee MBE are all rewarded for "services to literature." July – Salman Rushdies Midnights Children 1981 is the winner of ...

                                               

2009 in literature

April 21 – UNESCO launches the World Digital Library. May 1 – Carol Ann Duffy is appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom, the first woman in the position; she is also the first Scot and the first openly gay occupant of the post. Australian ...

                                               

2010 in literature

November 9 – Johanna Skibsrud wins the Scotiabank Giller Prize for her novel The Sentimentalists. July 27 – Stieg Larssons Millennium Trilogy becomes an international sensation, with a total of 27 million copies sold worldwide as of May 2010. On ...

                                               

2012 in literature

January 1 – Copyright restrictions on James Joyces major works are lifted on the first day of the year, 70 years having passed last year since his death. Precious Timbuktu Manuscripts are evacuated under threat from Islamist rebels by Dr. Abdel K ...

                                               

2013 in literature

28 January – 200th anniversary of the publication of Pride and Prejudice in 1813 50th anniversary of the death of Sylvia Plath in 1963 11 February 200th anniversary of the birth of Harriet Jacobs in 1813 7 November – 100th anniversary of the birt ...

                                               

2014 in literature

March 6 – Joseph Boydens novel The Orenda wins the 2014 edition of Canada Reads. November 25 – Discovery of a previously unknown copy of the First Folio of Shakespeares plays 1623 in the public library at Saint-Omer in northern France is announce ...

                                               

2015 in literature

March 8 – The BBC launches a new television series of Winston Grahams Poldark novels. November 25 – Singapores Media Development Authority lifts prohibitions on 240 publications under the Undesirable Publications Act. January 21 – The British Bro ...

                                               

2016 in literature

May 20 – Writers who sign a letter calling for the United Kingdom to remain in the European Union include Hilary Mantel, John le Carre, Philip Pullman and Tom Stoppard; nevertheless, the June 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referend ...

                                               

2017 in literature

December – Kristen Roupenians short story "Cat Person" is published in The New Yorker and becomes a viral phenomenon online, with more than 2.6 million hits. August 30 – A hard disk drive containing unfinished works by English comic fantasy novel ...

                                               

2018 in literature

October 19 – The exhibition "Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms: Art, Word, War", opening at the British Library, includes the earliest surviving will of an Englishwoman. Written on "a small, stained sheet of parchment", the detailed testament of Wynflæd is th ...

                                               

2019 in literature

April 11–13 – Trinity College Dublin holds a three-day symposium on Finnegans Wake, marking the 80th anniversary its publication. February 2 – The family of the U.S. fiction writer J. D. Salinger confirm in an interview published in the U.K. news ...

                                               

E-book

An electronic book, also known as an e-book or eBook, is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices. Although sometimes defin ...

                                               

Shrek 2 (video game)

Shrek 2 is an action-adventure video game published by Activision, based on the DreamWorks Animation film of the same name, and released in 2004. The game was developed by Luxoflux for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, and Nintendo GameCube platforms, whi ...

                                               

Shrek (disambiguation)

Shrek 4-D, a 4D film screened at various theme parks Shrek The Musical, a 2008 Broadway musical based on the first film in the series Shrek: Original Motion Picture Score Shrek video game Shrek: Music from the Original Motion Picture Shrek!, a ch ...

                                               

Nancy Drew: The Haunting of Castle Malloy

The Haunting of Castle Malloy is the 19th installment in the Nancy Drew point-and-click adventure game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E for moments of mild violen ...

                                               

Nancy Drew: Warnings at Waverly Academy

Warnings at Waverly Academy is the 21st installment in the Nancy Drew point-and-click adventure game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E for moments of mild violence ...

                                               

Nancy Drew: The Captive Curse

The Captive Curse is the 24th installment in the Nancy Drew point-and-click adventure game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E10+ for moments of mild vi ...

                                               

Batman: The Brave and the Bold – The Videogame

Batman: The Brave and the Bold – The Videogame is a 2010 video game based on the comic book character Batman and the television cartoon series Batman: The Brave and the Bold. It was developed by WayForward Technologies and distributed by Warner B ...

                                               

Batman: The Enemy Within

Batman: The Enemy Within is an episodic point-and-click graphic adventure video game developed and published by Telltale Games and distributed by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment under its DC Entertainment label. The game is a sequel to 201 ...

                                               

Batman: The Telltale Series

Batman: The Telltale Series is a 2016 episodic point-and-click graphic adventure video game developed and published by Telltale Games and distributed by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment under its DC Entertainment label. The game is based on ...

                                               

Nancy Drew Dossier: Resorting to Danger

Resorting to Danger is the 2nd installment in the Nancy Drew hidden object game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E10+ for moments of mild violence and peril. Player ...

                                               

Nancy Drew: Ghost Dogs of Moon Lake

Ghost Dogs of Moon Lake is the seventh installment in the Nancy Drew point-and-click adventure game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E for moments of mild violence ...

                                               

Nancy Drew Dossier: Lights, Camera, Curses

Nancy Drew Dossier: Lights, Camera, Curses! is the first installment in the Nancy Drew hidden object game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms. It has an ESRB rating of E for moments of mild vio ...

                                               

Nancy Drew and the Hidden Staircase (2019 film)

Nancy Drew and the Hidden Staircase is a 2019 American teen mystery comedy film directed by Katt Shea with a screenplay by Nina Fiore and John Herrera, based on the book of the same name by Carolyn Keene which was earlier adapted for a 1939 film. ...

                                               

PC Gamer

PC Gamer is a magazine founded in the United Kingdom in 1993 devoted to PC gaming and published monthly by Future plc. The magazine has several regional editions, with the UK and US editions becoming the best selling PC games magazines in their r ...

                                               

The Walking Dead (video game)

The Walking Dead is an episodic adventure video game developed and published by Telltale Games. Based on The Walking Dead comic book series, the game consists of five episodes, released between April and November 2012. It is available for Android ...

                                               

The Walking Dead: A New Frontier

The Walking Dead: A New Frontier is an episodic adventure video game based on The Walking Dead comic book series developed by Telltale Games. It is Telltales third season of its The Walking Dead series, with the first two episodes released on Dec ...

                                               

The Walking Dead: Season Two

The Walking Dead: Season Two is an episodic adventure video game based on The Walking Dead comic book series developed by Telltale Games. It is the sequel to The Walking Dead, with the episodes released between December 2013 and August 2014, and ...

                                               

The Walking Dead: The Final Season

The Walking Dead: The Final Season is an episodic adventure video game developed by Telltale Games and later Skybound Games, and the fourth and final main game in The Walking Dead video game series, based on the comic book series of the same name ...

                                               

other

                                               

Panama City

Panama City de panaˈma"), also simply known as Panama, is the capital and largest city of Panama. It has an urban population of 880.691, with over 1.5 million in its metropolitan area. The city is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Can ...

                                               

Political divisions of the United States

Political divisions of the United States are the various recognized governing entities that together form the United States – states, the District of Columbia, territories and Indian reservations. The primary first-level political administrative ...

                                               

U.S. state

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sove ...

                                               

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or simply America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, it is the wor ...

                                               

State legislature (United States)

A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 state ...

                                               

Idaho

Idaho) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington and Oregon to the west. To the north, it shares a ...

                                               

Alaska

Alaska ; Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂ ; Inupiaq: Alaasikaq ; Alutiiq: Alaskaaq; Tlingit: Anaaski; Russian: Аляска, romanized: Alyaska) is a state located in the northwest extremity of the United States West Coast, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. An ...

                                               

United States (disambiguation)

The United States is a constitutional federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. The United States may also refer to:

                                               

Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Georgia is the 24th largest in area and 8th-most populous of the 50 United States. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by S ...

                                               

Washington (state)

Washington), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which ...

                                               

New York (state)

New York is a state located in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.45 million residents in 2019, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to ...

                                               

Maine

Maine) is the northernmost state in the northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, and the 13th least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. Located in New England, it is bordered by New Hampshire to ...

                                               

Tennessee

Tennessee, locally ; Cherokee: ᏔᎾᏏ, romanized: Tanasi) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is only the 36th largest but the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by eight state ...

                                               

Texas

Texas) is the second largest state in the United States by area and population. Located in the South Central region, Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to th ...

                                               

Florida

Florida, Spanish pronunciation is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the ...

                                               

South Dakota

South Dakota) is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakot ...

                                               

South Carolina

South Carolina) is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River. ...

                                               

Utah

Utah YOO -taw) is a state in the western United States. It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. O ...

                                               

Iowa

Iowa) is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states: Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east and southeast, ...

                                               

Alabama

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and t ...

                                               

Arizona

Arizona ; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo Navajo pronunciation is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capi ...

                                               

Vermont

Vermont) is a U.S. state in the New England region. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the second-smallest by popu ...

                                               

Wyoming

Wyoming) is a state in the mountain region of the Western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, and the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the e ...

                                               

Virginia

Virginia), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are s ...

                                               

Wisconsin

Wisconsin) is a U.S. state located in the north-central, Midwest and Great Lakes regions of the country. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, ...

                                               

Hawaii

Hawaii hə- WY -ee ; Hawaiian: Hawaii) is a state of the United States of America located in the Pacific Ocean. It is the only U.S. state located outside North America and the only island state. The state encompasses nearly the entire Hawaiian arc ...

                                               

Delaware

Delaware) is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid Atlantic region. It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, north by Pennsylvania, and east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from Thomas West, ...

                                               

West Virginia

West Virginia) is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States, though it is also considered to be a part of the Mid-Atlantic Southeast Region. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and north ...

                                               

Illinois

Illinois IL -ə- NOY) is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes Regions of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois has been no ...

                                               

Arkansas

Arkansas is a state in the south central region of the United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation; it denoted their related kin, the Quapaw people. The states divers ...

                                               

Indiana

Indiana is a U.S. state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th-largest by area and the 17th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the ...

                                               

California

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.5 million residents across a total area of about 163.696 square miles, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacram ...

                                               

Kentucky

Kentucky kən-), officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the Southern United States. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States. The bluegrass region in the central part of the sta ...

                                               

Colorado

Colorado, other variants) is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive ...

                                               

Connecticut

Connecticut) is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index, and median household income in the United States. It is bord ...

                                               

Louisiana

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Miss ...

                                               

Massachusetts

Massachusetts), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Islan ...

                                               

Minnesota

Minnesota) is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has many lakes, ...

                                               

Mississippi

Mississippi) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the sou ...

                                               

Michigan

Michigan) is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. Its name originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of just under 10 million, Michigan is the tenth mos ...

                                               

New Mexico

New Mexico, Navajo: Yooto Hahoodzo pronounced) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo Mexico, while its largest city is Alb ...

                                               

Maryland

Maryland MERR -ə-lənd) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to it ...

                                               

Nevada

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, b ...

                                               

Montana

Montana) is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "Th ...

                                               

Nebraska

Nebraska is a state that lies both in the Great Plains and in the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado ...

                                               

New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Penn ...

                                               

New Hampshire

New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. N ...

                                               

Ohio

Ohio is a state in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The states capital and largest city is Columbu ...

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