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★ Cinema of Iran - national cinema ..

Cinema of Iran

★ Cinema of Iran

Cinema of Iran also known as Persia cinema refers to the cinema and film industries in Iran which produce a variety of commercial films annually. Iranian art films have garnered international fame and is now available worldwide. Iranian films, as a rule, write and speak in Persian. Iranian cinema had a lot of UPS and downs.

Along with China, Iran has been highly regarded as one of the best exporters of cinema in the 1990-ies. Some critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema, artistically, with a significance that invites comparison to Italian neorealism and similar movements in past decades. A number of international film festivals, honored Iranian cinema in the last twenty years. Many film critics from around the world, praised Iranian cinema as one of the most important in the world of feature films.


1.1. History. Visual arts in Persia. (Изобразительное искусство в Персии)

The earliest examples of visual representations in the history of Iran can be traced on the bas-reliefs at Persepolis C. 500 BC bas-relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching from the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. Persepolis was the ritual center of the Ancient Kingdom of Achaemenids and "the figures at Persepolis to follow the rules of grammar and syntax of visual language".

Iranian visual arts maybe said to have reached about a thousand years later, during the reign of the Sassanids. Bas-relief from this period in ATK Bostan in Western Iran depicts a complex hunting scene. Similar works from the period were found in the articular movements and actions in a very sophisticated manner. It is even possible to see the progenitor of the cinema close-up: a wounded wild pig escaping from the hunting, among these works of art.

After conversion from Zoroastrianism to Islam, Persian art continued its visual practices. Persian miniatures are a perfect example of such continued attempts. The deliberate lack of perspective in Persian miniature allowed the artist to different plots and individual plots within the same image space. A very popular form of this art was Pardeh Khani. Other art in the same category was Naqqali.

Popular theaters in Iran, before the advent of cinema, include puppets, Sy-bazi shadow plays, Rouhozi comical acts, and Tazieh.


1.2. History. Early Persian cinema. (Ранняя персидская кино)

Cinema was only five years old when he came to Persia at the beginning of the 20th century. The first Persian filmmaker was Mirza Ebrahim Khan Akkas Bashi, the official photographer of Muzaffar al-DIN Shah, king of Persia from 1896-1907. After a trip to Paris in July 1900, Akkas Bashi got the camera and filmed the shahs visit to Europe on shahs orders. It is said to have removed the shahs of private and religious ceremonies, but no copies of these films exist today. A few years after Akkas Bashi started photography, there was Motazedi Khan Baba, another pioneer in Iranian cinema photos. He took a considerable amount of newsreel footage during the reign of the Qajar dynasty Pahlavi. The first public demonstration was held in Tehran in 1904, represented by Mirza Ibrahim Khan Sahhaf Bashi. He organizes a display in his antique shop. In 1905, Sahhaf Bashi opened the first movie theater in Cerami Avenue gas in the national capital. In 1909, with the fall of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar successor Mozaffar al-DIN Shah Qajar and the success of the constitutionalists, Russi Khan lost his support. Therefore, his theatre and photography studios were destroyed by the public. Soon after, other cinema in Tehran was closed. Cinemas sprang up again in 1912 with the help of Ardeshir Khan Armenian-Iranian. In 1904, Mirza Ebrahim Khan Sahhafbashi opened the first movie theater in Tehran. A motion-picture camera was introduced in Iran in 1929, as another tool of modernization. After Mirza Ebrahim Khan, several others like Russi Khan, Ardeshir Khan and Ali Vakili tried to establish new movie theaters in Tehran. Until the beginning of 1930-ies there were a little more than 15 theatres in Tehran and 11 in other provinces. In 1925, Ovanes Ohanian, decided to establish the first film school in Iran. For five years he managed to start the first session of the school under the name "Parvareshgahe movie Artistiye".


1.3. History. The 1930-ies and 1940-ies. (В 1930-х и 1940-х годов)

In 1930 the first Iranian silent film was made by Professor Ovanes Ohanian called abi and Rabi. In 1933 he directed his second movie called Haji Agha. Later that year, Abdolhossein sepanta made to the first Iranian sound film, entitled LOR Girl, which was released in 1933 in two Tehran cinemas, Mayak and Sepah. The film was based on a comparison between the state of security in Iran at the end of the Qajar dynasty and during the Reza Shah period. To sepanta will go to direct movies such as Ferdowsis life story is the most famous epic poet of Iran of Shirin and Farhad Iranian classic love story, and "black Eyes" history of Nadir-Shahs invasion to India. In 1937 he led Layla and Majnun, history of Eastern love is similar to the English, the story of Romeo and Juliet.

At the present day Iranian film industry owes much of its progress to two industrious personalities, Esmail Koushan and the Farooq Ghaffariбыл. To create the first National Iranian film society in 1949 at the Iran Bastan Museum and organizing the first week of the film, during which English films were exhibited, Ghaffariбыл laid the Foundation for alternative and non-commercial cinema in Iran.

Early Persian Directors like Abdolhossein sepanta and to Ismail Koushan advantage of the wealth of Persian literature and ancient Persian mythology. In their work they emphasized ethics and humanity.


1.4. History. Pre-revolutionary cinema of the 1950s-1970s years. (Дореволюционное кино 1950-х-1970-х годов)

1960-ies was a significant decade for Iranian cinema, with 25 commercial films produced annually on average throughout the early 60-ies, increased to 65 by the end of the decade. Most of the production focused on melodrama and thrillers. From 1937 to 1947 due to world economic conditions, and then participation in the Second world war, the film industry in Iran do not produce any film, but the flow of foreign movies in Iran is not to stop. In 1947, Ismail Koushan, with the help of some of his colleagues, he established Mitra films 1997 the first real film company in Tehran, Iran. Through their persistence, local film production was born and survived. The film, which really boost the economy of Iranian cinema and initiated a new genre was Ganj-e Qarun Croesus treasure, made in 1965, Syamak with the jars. Three years later, Dawud sent Shohare Mollapour e Khanoom Madame Ahous husband, which made a revolution Iranian cinema, depicting womens role in Iranian society at the time. He also showed actress Mary Vadadian and adile Eshragh become heroes on the big screen for the first time. In 1969, Massoud did Kaiser Kimiai. With Kaiser Qeysar, Kimiai depicted the ethics and morals of the romanticized poor working class of the Ganj-e-Qarun genre through his main protagonist, the titular Qeysar. But the film Kimiays generated another genre in Iranian popular cinema: the tragic action drama.

With the movie Shohare e Khanoom Director Dawud Mollapour in 1968, and the Kaiser and the cow, directed by Masoud Kimiai and Darius Mehrjui respectively in 1969, alternative film established their status in the industry. By 1970 Iranian cinema entered into its Mature stage. College of dramatic arts, introduced in 1963 and produced its first issue at the beginning of the decade. Many progressive film cooperatives and associations have arisen and there were several regular festivals taking place in the country. Attempts to organize a film festival that started in 1954 in the framework of the festival Golrizan, bore fruit in the form not sepas festival in 1969. The first Iranian film festival was held in 1970 with the Kaiser, cow, and Shohare e Khanoom victory in the first, second and third prizes for the best photographs, respectively. The efforts of Ali Mortazavi also led to the formation of the Tehran International film festival in 1973. From 1950 to mid-1960 the Iranian film industry grew rapidly. Many studios were created, as well as others that entered the loop of the film industry independently. Were 324 films produced during this period 1950 to 1965. By 1965 there were 72 movie theatres in Tehran and 192 in other provinces. Ebrahim Golestan in 1965, the films interest in the brick and the mirror 1965. Bahram Beyzai is the Director of one of the pioneering films of the Iranian New wave, 1972 Ragbar shower. The Sohrab Shahid sales is the authors the Director who brought his own unique style in his film 1975 still life. Abbas Kiarostami is now a famous film Director 1990-ies, who led one of the last films, which is studied before the revolution in 1978, Gozaresh report.


1.5. History. Post-revolutionary cinema. (Пост-революционное кино)

In the early 1970-ies there is a new Iranian movie motefavet. However, after the revolution in 1979, several Directors and actors went into exile as Khomeini altered the focus in features. In the period from 1979 to 1985 there were about 100 objects. Although censorship remained Khomeinis, small quantity produced is focused on sexuality, and European influence.

In 1982, the annual Fajr festival film financed films. Then the Farabi cinema Foundation stepped in to try to collect a disorganized movie. Next year, the government began to provide financial assistance. This change of regime to encourage a new generation of filmmakers, which included women Directors as well. The emphasis has shifted to children overcoming obstacles: true stories, lyrical, mystical drama, real-life problems, documentary footage, etc.

Post-revolutionary Iranian cinema has been featured on many international forums and festivals for its distinct style, themes, authors, idea of nationhood, and allusions. Since Viva. Khosrow Sinai and followed by many great Iranian Directors who emerged in the last few decades, such as Abbas Kiarostami and Jafar Panahi. Kiarostami, who some critics regard as one of the few great Directors in film history, planted Iran firmly on the map of world cinema when he won the Palme Dor at the Cannes film festival for taste of cherry in 1997.

The continuous presence of Iranian films in prestigious international festivals such as Cannes film festival, Venice film festival and Berlin film festival attracted world attention to Iranian masterpieces. In 2006, six Iranian films, of six different styles, represented Iranian cinema at the Berlin film festival. Critics considered this a remarkable event in the history of Iranian cinema.

An important step was taken in 1998 when the Iranian government began to Fund ethnic cinema. Since then Iranian Kurdistan observed the emergence of numerous filmmakers. In particular, the film industry is gaining momentum in Iranian Kurdistan and the region has seen the emergence of such filmmakers as Bachmann Ghobadi, actually the entire Ghobadi family, Ali-Reza Rezai, Khosret Ressoul and many other young Directors.

There is also movie-documentary production, often critical of the society in the name of the Islamic revolution ideal, like the films directed by Mohammedreza Eslamloo.

By 2001, the number of produced in Iran rose to 87. The most popular genres of melodrama and historical holidays that rarely go to festivals. In 1997, the newly elected President, Mohammed Khatami, will eventually come to play a role in helping filmmakers achieve a certain degree of creative freedom.


2. Modern Iranian cinema. (Современное иранское кино)

Today, the Iranian rentals is dominated by commercial Iranian films. Western films are sometimes shown in theaters. and contemporary Hollywood productions are shown on state television. Iranian art films are often not officially closed and available for viewing via pirated DVDs that are available. Some of these films were shown in Iran and had box-office success. Examples include Rassul Sadr Amelis "Im Taraneh, 15", got the Iranians Rahşan Bani-Etemads "under the skin of the city," Bachmann Ghobadis "marooned in Iraq" and Manijeh Hekmats "womens prison".


2.1. Modern Iranian cinema. Commercial cinema in Iran. (Коммерческое кино в Иране)

International award-winning Iranian film is significantly different from domestic-focused films. The latter is aimed at a completely different audience, which is mostly under the age of 25 years. This commercial Iranian cinema is largely unknown in the West as films focused on the local audience. There are three categories of this type of film:

  • Films before the revolution.

Girl ENT, party in hell, Qeysar Riad DAR Emtedade Shab the Qizil Arsalan Amir, and Ganj-e Qarun.

  • Films about the victory of the Iranian revolution of 1979 and the subsequent Iran–Iraq war and with a strong religious and national motifs.

Eagles, Barzakhiha, Viper, Dadshah, boycott, duel, Taraj, Ekhrajiha, glass Agency, Kani manga, Ofogh, your, little stranger, Leily BA man AST, m, as in mother and night bus.

  • Formulaic films starring popular actors. With 130 Iranian films looking for a screening each year, the leaders of cinema, as a rule, viewers prefer comedies, romantic melodramas, and family comedies over the other genres. Lizard, Blue-veiled, Ghermez, Layla, strangers, the ball Changooli, kolah Ghermezi and Although Khaleh, kolah Ghermezi and Bache Naneh, actor, Ejareh-Nesheenha, Shokaran, site, dayere Zangi, an Aquarium, a cease-fire, no men, a changed man, a charlatan, the Kingdom of Solomon, the leadership of the patrol, killing mad dogs, the division, and silence! Girls dont scream the post-revolutionary films that gained the highest box office records.

For many years, the most visible face of Iranian commercial cinema was Mohammad Ali Fardin, who starred in several successful popular movies. In the more conservative social climate of Iran after the Iranian revolution of 1979, however, it was considered a disgrace for the Iranian national identity and his films - which depicted romance, alcohol, vulgarity, objectification of women, scantily clad men and women, Nightclubs and vulgar lifestyle now condemned by the Islamic government - were banned. Although this can effectively prevent Fardin from movies to the end of his life, the ban did not diminish his broad popularity with Iranian moviegoers: his funeral in Tehran was attended by 20.000 mourners. Before Fardin, one could argue, Iran simply does not have a commercial cinema.

During the war years, crime thrillers such as Senator, eagles, boycott, tenants and Kani manga took the first position in the sales charts.

Officially, the Iranian government disdains American cinema: in 2007 President Ahmadinejad adviser on relations with the press reported the Agency "farce", "we believe that the American system is devoid of all culture and art and is only used as a device." However, many Western commercial films such as "Jaws," "the illusionist", "the Passion" house of sand and fog, sky Captain and the World of tomorrow, Sherlock Holmes, the alpha and omega, Scarface, Casino Royale, the mechanic, and the Aviator was shown in Iranian cinemas and film festivals since the revolution. Despite great pride in the country more than 100-year film history, Western cinema is enormously popular among the youth of Iran, and practically every recent Hollywood film is available on CD, DVD or video. State television also gave Western movies - partly because millions of Iranians have turned to the use of banned satellite television equipment.


2.2. Modern Iranian cinema. Iranian new wave films. (Иранскую новую волну фильмов)

Iranian New wave refers to a new movement in Iranian cinema. According to film critic Eric Henderson, a well-known documentary the House is black خانه سیاه است Director Porucha known Farrokhzad Iranian poet and filmmaker paved the way for the Iranian New wave. The movement started in 1964 with Hajir Darioushs second film serpents skin, which was D. H. Lawrence lady Chatterleys Lover with Fakhri Khorvash and Jamshid Mashayekhi. Darioushs two important social documentaries but problems arose in 1965, dealing with the cultural alienation of the Iranian youth, and the face 75, a critical look at the Westernization of the rural culture, which was awarded in 1965 Berlin film festival, was also making a significant contribution to the creation of the new wave.

In 1968, after Shohare e Khanoom Director Dawud Mollapour, and in 1969 came out of the cow directed by Darius Mehrjui then Massoud Kimiais Qeysar, and Nasser Taqvais calm in the presence of other people, a New wave became well established as a major cultural, dynamic and intellectual trend. The Iranian viewer became discriminating, encouraging a new trend to flourish. In the 1960-ies new wave movement in cinema in many countries. The pioneers of the Iranian new wave were Directors like Forwho Farrokhzad, the Sohrab Shahid-sales, Bahram Beizai, and Parviz Kimiavi. They made innovative art films with high political and philosophical tones and poetic language. Subsequent films of this type have become known as the new Iranian cinema to distinguish them from their roots. The most notable figures of the Iranian New wave, Abbas Kiarostami, Jafar Panahi, Majid Majidi, Bahram Beizai, Darius Mehrjui, Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Khosrow Sinai, the Sohrab Shahid sales, Parviz Kimiavi, Samira Makhmalbaf and Amir Naderi, Abolfazl Jalili and.

The factors leading to the rise of a New wave in Iran, in particular, because of the intellectual and political movements of the time. Romantic climate evolves after the coup on 19 August 1953 in the field of art. Along with this, a socially committed literature took shape in the 1950s and reached its peak in the 1960-ies, which can be considered the Golden era of contemporary Persian literature.

Features of new wave Iranian film, in particular, to the works of legendary Abbas Kiarostami, can be attributed to the postmodern.

Iranian new wave films shared some characteristics with the European art films of the period, in particular Italian neorealism. However, in his article the real fictions, rose Issa argues that Iranian films have clearly Iranian cinematic language

"that champions the poetry in everyday life and the ordinary person by blurring the boundaries between fiction and reality, feature film with documentary." She also argues that this unique approach has inspired European cinema directors to emulate this style, citing Michael Winterbottoms award winning In This World 2002 as an homage to contemporary Iranian cinema. Issa claims that "This new, humanistic aesthetic language, determined by the film-makers’ individual and national identity, rather than the forces of globalism, has a strong creative dialogue not only on home ground but with audiences around the world."

In his book close up: Iranian cinema, Past, Present, Future 2001 Hamid Dabashi describes modern Iranian cinema and the phenomenon of national cinema as a form of cultural modernity. According to Dabashi, "the visual ability to see the historical person, unlike the eternal Quran the man is perhaps the most important event, providing Iranians access to modernity".

And Beyzai and Taghvai represent the first generation and Karim-Masihi and Kiarostami represent the second generation of new wave filmmakers of the third generation presents a Rafi Pitts, Bachman Ghobadi, Maziar Miri, Asghar Farhadi, Mani haghighi, and Babak shares, along with newly emerged filmmakers such as Saman Salur and abdolreza Kahani.


2.3. Modern Iranian cinema. Iranian popular art films. (Иранские популярные художественные фильмы)

In parallel with the Iranian New wave, with its neorealist and minimalist Art cinema, there are so-called "popular cinema" in Iran. Filmmakers who belong to this circle to make films with a wider range of audience than the narrow spectrum of highly educated people who admire the new wave, but believe that their movies are also artistically sound. Filmmakers such as Nasser Taghvaee and Ali Hatami are the best examples of this cinematic movement of some of these filmmakers also make new wave films, for example, mums assessments Darius Mehrjui. The demon and the Bald Hassan, Adam and eve, the story of the fisherman, the city of oranges, and talisman are some of Hatamis works.


2.4. Modern Iranian cinema. Iranian women movie. (Иранские женщины фильм)

After the rise of the Iranian New wave, there are now record numbers of film school graduates in Iran and each year more than 20 new Directors make their debut films, many of them women. In the last two decades was a higher percentage of women Directors in Iran than in most Western countries. Samira Makhmalbaf directed her first film the Apple when she was only 17 years old and won Cannes jury prize in 2000 for her following film the blackboard.

Success and hard work of the Pioneer was received by the Iranians Rahşan Bani-Etemad is an example that many women Directors in Iran were below much before Samira Makhmalbaf made the headlines and current Tahmineh Milani, Niki Karimi. Internationally recognized figures in Iranian womens cinema:

In addition, women involved in screenwriting and film, numerous award winning Iranian Actresses with unique styles and talents attract critic. The first Iranian actress who received the award for actor in a major film festival of Mary Apick. The most notable Iranian Actresses are:

  • Leila Hatami Best actress prize at the International Locarno film festival 2012, Montreal world film festival 2002 and a silver Berlin bear 2011.
  • Fatima Motamed-Arya, Crystal Simorgh for best actress, 7 th, 10 th, 11-th and 12-th International film festival "Fajr" Best actress Vesoul festival of Asian cinema 2010 and Best actress Montreal world film festival 2011.
  • Niki Karimi, Best actor award, Nantes film festival in San Sebastian international film festival 1999, Best actress at Cairo film festival 2001, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor International film festival "Fajr" 2003, "Best actress" of the international film festival in Taormina 1999, Bastone Bianco award at the Turin film festival 2005.
  • Pantea Bahram, best actress from the International film festival in Mumbai, 2011.
  • Negar Javaherian, "Best actress" award from the UNESCO Asia-Pacific screen awards 2013 and Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 2010.
  • Taraneh Alidousti, the nomination "Best actor", Locarno international film festival 2002, Best actress Osians Cinefan festival of Asian and Arab cinema 2012 Best actress Vesoul festival of Asian cinema 2013 and Crystal Simorgh for best actress from the International film festival "Fajr" 2002.
  • Golshifteh farahani, the Best actor from the international section of Fajr International film festival in 1997 and the prize for Best actress from Nantes three continents film festival 2004.
  • Mahnaz Afshar, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor from the International film festival "Fajr" 2011.
  • Baran Kosari, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 2007.
  • Hengameh Ghaziani, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor from the International film festival "Fajr" 2008, 2012 and Best actress Love international festival of stupidity the movie 2012.
  • Azita of Achan, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 1999.
  • Farimah Farjami, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 1991.
  • The Chania of Tavassoli, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 2013.
  • Katayoun Reach, Best Actress Of Cairo International Film Festival 2002.
  • Fereshteh Sadre Orafaee, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor from the International film festival "Fajr" 2005 and Best actress Pasinetti award at the Venice film festival 2000.
  • Ghasemi Soraya, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 2001.
  • Shohreh Aghdashloo, first Iranian woman to be nominated for the "Oscar" award and a satellite award for Best actress – motion picture 2009 and Independent spirit award for best female role 2003.
  • Roya Nonahali, the Best actress in Amiens international film festival 1977, and the Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 1989.
  • Roya Teymourian, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor from the International film festival "Fajr" 2000.
  • Bita Farrahi, Best actress of the Pyongyang international film festival 2009.
  • Mitra Hajar, Crystal Simorgh for best actor from the Fajr International film festival 2000.
  • Hedieh tehrani is Crystal Simorgh for best actress from the International film festival "Fajr" in 1998, 2006 and "Best actress" at the Pyongyang international film festival 2002.
  • Mary Apick, Best Actress Award Moscow International Film Festival 1977.
  • Susan Taslimi, Best actor award, International Academy of film Sweden 2000.
  • Pegah Ahangarani, the award for Best actress, Cairo international film festival 1999 and Crystal Simorgh for Best actor from the International film festival "Fajr" 2013.
  • Of mahtab Keramati, Crystal Simorgh for Best actor International film festival "Fajr" in 2009 for best actress of the Batumi art house film festival 2013.

In addition, womens resistance against the symbolic order in society has been demonstrated in various movies such as the little rusty brains from Houman Seyedi


2.5. Modern Iranian cinema. Iranian war films. (Иранские военные фильмы)

War cinema in Iran was born simultaneously with the beginning of the Iran–Iraq war. However, it took many years until it found its way and identity defining characteristics of Iranian war cinema. Shows the poetic view on the Iran Iraq war and still after years, is one of the leading films about this historical event from a humanistic aspect, although unlike other Iranian war cinema which are fully supported by the Iranian government this film was made with numerous difficulties. In recent decades, the Iranian film industry has produced many war films. In the Iranian film genre war has often been portrayed as glorious and "Holy", the result for the protagonist and pandering to nationalist sentiments with propagandistic messages. Tears of cold and duel were two films that went beyond the traditional view of the war. Many famous Directors were involved in developing Iranian war cinema:

Other films famous and popular of the Iran Iraq war: goodbye life Director Ensieh Shah-Hosseini, Heeva, Mazrae-you pedari and Safar be Chazabeh directed by Rasoul Mollagholipour, the operation Kirkuk, Hur on fire and Kani manga directed by Seifollah dad. Th, Kerhe AZ the Rhine, the Mohajer and the red ribbon Director: Ebrahim Hatamikia. Big drum under the left leg directed by Kazem Masoumi. Gilaneh directed got the Iranians Rahşan Bani Etemad. The third day directed by Mohammad Hussein Latifi. The reward of silence directed by Maziar Miri. Sizdah 59 film Director Saman Salur. The Queen directed by Mohammad Ali Bashe Ahangar. Mardi the shabiha-e Baran Director Soheili said. Your Little stranger directed by Bahram Beyzai. Snake Fang Director Masoud Kimiai and Hoor Dar Atash directed by Azizollah Hamidnezhad.


2.6. Modern Iranian cinema. Iranian animation. (Иранская анимация)

There is some evidence suggesting that ancient Iranians made animations. An animated piece on an earthen goblet, made 5000 years ago was found in burnt city, in the province of Sistan-Baluchestan in Southeast Iran. The artist has portrayed a goat that jumps toward a tree and eats its leaves.

The first Tehran international animation festival was held in 1999, four decades after the release of the first animated films in Iran. The second Tehran international animation festival was held in February 2001. In addition to Iranian films participating in the festival, animations from 35 foreign countries.

Among the prominent Directors of the Iranian animated films:

  • Bahram Azimi. (Бахрам Азими)
  • Noureddin Zarrin-Kelk. (Noureddin Zarrin-Келк)
  • Ali Akbar Sadeghi. (Али Акбар Садеги)

2.7. Modern Iranian cinema. Childrens and youth films. (Детских и юношеских фильмов)

Although earlier attempts exist, Iranian childrens and youth cinema came of age with a famous Director Mohammad Ali Talebi b. 1958. He began his career in the 1980-ies and has achieved success outside of Iran with a bag of rice in 1997 and willow and wind 2000, the scenario of which was written by Abbas Kiarostami.

Talebi believed that the production of films for children and teenagers was in the service of" the most fragile and vulnerable of the Iranian society”. In 2010 years, he became somewhat skeptical about the future of childrens and youth cinema in Iran, and in 2018 moved to Slovakia.


3. The influence of Iranians on the other New wave. (Влияние иранцев на других Новая волна)

Among the pioneers of the French New wave françois Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Eric Rohmer or Barbet Schroeder was born in Tehran, Iran in 1941 when his German geologist father was on assignment.

In the first half of the 20th century, France was a major destination for Iranian students who wish to study abroad. The Ambassador of Iran, Fereydoon Hoveyda, the United Nations was one of them. The Fereydoon Hoveyda played a major role in French cultural life, especially in the field of cinema, because he was the protégé of françois Truffaut whom he befriended and with whom he participated in the creation of the famous film magazine Cahiers du cinéma that spearheaded the French New wave and New wave cinema. He also works closely with Italian film Director Roberto Rossellini on several scripts during this period. The Fereydoon Hoveyda is not only Iranian of his generation to play an active role in promoting French cinema dAuteur. Youssef Ishaghpour is another example.

Another Iranian figure of the French New wave was Shusha guppy, singer, writer and filmmaker who was Jacques Preverts girl. However, the most important contributions to French New wave cinema is that of Serge rezvani, Iranian poet born in Tehran in 1928. He played a major role, and composer Jules and Jim Francois Truffaut and Jean-Luc Godards "Pierrot Le fou", is considered as landmarks of French New wave cinema. Farah Diba studied at the Beaux-arts and was the focus of attention and the French press could see her as the new Persian Cinderella. Farah Diba was one of rare foreign dignitaries to become a permanent member of the French Academy of fine Arts.

Iranian Robert Hossein, son of legendary musician Aminollah Hossein started his acting career with his French Armenian friend Chahnour Varinag aznavourian known as the famous singer Charles Aznavour in the mid fifties essentially type cast as "Mr. tough guy". However, he received international fame in the early sixties, particularly in Europe, Russia and Asia as the mysterious "Jeoffrey, Comte de Peyrac" lover of the beautiful Michelle Mercier in the soft erotic-adventure film series Angelique Marquise of the angels. In the seventies and eighties he was to play opposite Jean-Paul Belmondo in police thrillers like the professional. Hossein became known as a talented theater Director and his taste for popular historical vehicles involving large sets and numerous actors.

After the resignation of French President Charles de Gaulle, Iranian Anicee Shahmanesh became known under the Screen name is Anicee Alvina, playing a French girl in a British film hit called friends of the score which the movement of British pop star Elton John. She was to take on a courageous lesbian role in the screen adaptation of the mallet-Joris françoise novel Le Rempart de béguines.

Two major documentaries produced during these years, Agnes Varda, respectively, and the Duo Claude Lelouch Claude Pinoto.

Agnès Varda, the first to be discovered by a young actor gérard Depardieu in the film Nausicaa 1970, directed love story set in Isfahan between 1976 French Valerie mares visiting Iran as a tourist and her guide an Iranian man, Ali Raffi. A film called Plaisir Damour EN Iran. A romantic movie was filmed on location in the mosque of the Shah.

Claude Pinoto, Claude Lelouch on the other hand shot their documentary just after the Persepolis celebrations in 1971. They decided to appeal to the urban transformations and cultural emancipation that the country was exposed to in the early seventies.

Several Iranian exiles from Philippe Khorsand or Persian play writer / actor Yasmina Reza have also attracted attention in recent years. The latter is especially known for his erudite knowledge in plays such as the art of Sean Connery bought the film rights advised by his French wife.


4. Music in Iranian cinema. (Музыка в иранском кино)

Although Iranian composers usually have their own special style and music structure, they all share one thing: melodic, lively rhythms. Maybe because they often begin with folkloric songs and the transition to cinema music. In the last few decades, several composers emerged in the Iranian cinema with highly appraised the construction. Composers such as Hormoz Farhat, Morteza Hannaneh, Fariborz Lachini, Ahmad Pejman, Majid Entezami, Babak Bayat, Karen Homayounfar, Naser Cheshmazar and Hossein Alizadeh were some of the most successful composers of the result for the Iranian movies in the last decade.


5. Iranian international film festivals. (Иранских международных кинофестивалей)

Film festivals have a rather long history in Iran, which dates back to the 1950-ies. The first Tehran International film festival opened in April 1973. Although the festival has not reached the level of Cannes and Venice, however, he had become known as a class a festival. It was a highly reputable festival and many well-known cinematographers have taken part with his films. Great Directors such as Francesco Rosi, and Michelangelo Antonioni Grigory Kozintsev, Elizabeth Taylor, Pietro Germi, Nikita Mikhalkov, Krzysztof Zanussi, Martin Ritt won the awards festivals.


5.1. Iranian international film festivals. Festival Fajr Film. (Фестиваль Фаджр Фильм)

Fajr international film festival held since 1983. It was planned as a magnificent and breathtaking from the start. This was the background as the Tehran International film festival and wanted to stay on the same track. Although the Fajr film festival is not yet classed among the top film festivals, he was successful in creating the policy and set an example for the future of Iranian cinema. In the first years of its existence it was in a section of a competition for professional and Amateur films of 8 mm, 16 mm. since 1990, is the international together with the national competition. The festival also holds competitions for advertising commodities, such as posters, pictures and trailers. In 2005, the festival added competitions for Asian as well as spiritual films. The top prize is called Crystal Simorgh.


5.2. Iranian international film festivals. Meeting of filmmakers we. (Встреча кинематографистов мы)

Iran is the Chairman of the non-aligned Movement and hosted the 16th Nam summit between 26 and 31 August 2012, after which the presidency was handed to Ahmadinejad on 1 September. The last step, the Chairman of the DNP was to organize a meeting of cinematographers of us in order to discuss the establishment of a NAM filmmakers Union. The meeting will take place in February 2013, concurrently with the 31st International film festival "Fajr" in Tehran.


5.3. Iranian international film festivals. International festival of films for children and youth. (Международный фестиваль фильмов для детей и молодежи)

International festival of films for children and youth was held in 1985. During the first three years, he was part of the festival Fajr film. From 1988 to 1989, it was located in Tehran, and since then to Isfahan, with the exception of 1996, when it was held in Kerman. The festival includes international and national film and video competitions. The main prize is called the Golden Butterfly.


5.4. Iranian international film festivals. House rite movie. (Дом кино обряд)

On 12 September, the national day of Iranian cinema, a celebration is held annually at the House of cinema. In the 2006 event, Akira Kurosawa was awarded.


5.5. Iranian international film festivals. Iranian Film Festival - San Francisco. (Иранский Кинофестиваль - Сан-Франциско)

Iranian film festival - San Francisco international film festival, the first independent Iranian festival outside of Iran, started in 2008, is an annual event, showcasing independent features and short films created by or about the Iranians from around the world. Site.


5.6. Iranian international film festivals. London Iranian Film Festival. (Лондон Иранского Кинофестиваля)

this is an annual independent film festival, which takes place in London, UK. It is now entering its fourth year. This is the only festival in the UK, which is dedicated to the Iranian independent cinema, this year the event is held from the 1st to the 9th of November.


5.7. Iranian international film festivals. Roshd International Film Festival. (Международного Кинофестиваля Roshd)

Roshd international film festival was first staged in 1963, the Bureau of audio-visual activities of the Ministry of education of Iran. It focuses on films with educational and pedagogical themes and each year arranged for delivery of educational multimedia center, office of the Ministry of education of I. R. Iran. The festival seeks the main objectives identification and selection of best educational and pedagogical films in order to acquaint them with the educational system.


5.8. Iranian international film festivals. Persian International Film Festival. (Международный Кинофестиваль Персидский)

Persian international film festival is an independent cultural film event that brings together screen stories of diverse global Persian communities. Founded in 2012 by Dr. Amin of Palanga, it is located in Sydney, Australia. www.persianfilmfestival.com


5.9. Iranian international film festivals. Iranian Film Festival In Zurich. (Иранский Кинофестиваль В Цюрихе)

Iranian film festival in Zurich IFFZ, is organized to perform a cultural gap between the Iranians and Switzerland, along with foreigners living in Switzerland. The festival also wants to contribute to the host country, bringing every year the best feature, documentary and short films from all generations of Iranian filmmakers in Zurich. In IFFZ wishes that this will become a platform for the presentation of Iranian culture and traditions and build a bridge in such an exceptional Zurich among many people present in the universal language of art and in particular the 7th art, cinema. iranianfilmfestival.h


5.10. Iranian international film festivals. The festival of Iranian film in Prague. (Фестиваль иранского кино в Праге)

The main goal of the festival is to provide a vivid image of Iranian cinema for a wide international audience in Prague, Czech Republic.


5.11. Iranian international film festivals. Iranian Film Festival Cologne. (Иранский Кинофестиваль Кельн)

The Iranian film festival is programmed to take place in Cologne in Germany to represent the countrys film industry. The house of cinema in collaboration with the municipality of Cologne has paved the way for the festival.


5.12. Iranian international film festivals. The festival of Iranian cinema. (Фестиваль иранского кино)

Iranian film festival Diran movie will begin on June 26 and will last until 2 July 2013 in Paris.


5.13. Iranian international film festivals. Houston Iranian Film Festival. (Хьюстон Иранского Кинофестиваля)

Houston Iranian film festival showcases the best in new cinema from Iran. The Iranian film a variety of the jury, in Houston, in America, will be held.


5.14. Iranian international film festivals. Tehran International Animation Festival. (Тегеранский Международный Анимационный Фестиваль)

International animation festival in Iran in Tehran.


5.15. Iranian international film festivals. Another Festival. (Другой Фестиваль)

Other valid of the festival, such as: Iran International documentary film festival, Moqavemat international film festival, international film festival 100, international urban film festival, international film festival of Parvin Etesami, Jasmine International film festival TJIFF, the triumph of the Irans cinematic critics and writers, Rouyesh religious short film festival, Iranian youth cinema society, the Edinburgh Iranian festival, Iranian film festival international film festival the Iranian film festival of Kerala, film festival, Varesh short film festival, Tehran international film festival, international festival of independent Directors, and Canadas Iranian film festival.


6. International recognition of Iranian cinema. (Международное признание иранского кино)

Here is the list of prizes awarded to Iranian cinemas most prestigious film festivals: Iranian soap operas are very popular in the region


6.1. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Cannes. (Канны)

First presence of Iranian cinema in Cannes dates back to 1991 when in the alleys of love Khosrow Sinai and after 1992 when life and nothing more won the "Palme dor" Dor Abbas Kiarostami represented Iran in the festival.

  • 2001: prize of the Ecumenical jury: Mohsen Makhmalbaf.
  • 1995: the camera dor Golden camera: Jafar Panahi.
  • 2003: prize of the Ecumenical jury: Mohsen Makhmalbaf.
  • 2007: Grand Prix prize of the jury the jury includes: Marjane Satrapi.
  • : 2013 Ecumenical jury prize: Asghar Farhadi.
  • 2003: Prize Of UN Certain Regard: Jafar Panahi.
  • 2015: A Special Look - Avenir Prize: IDA Panahandeh.
  • 2017: Grand Prix jury Prize of the jury: Arsi nami Entr2 marches Cannes.
  • 2018: the script, the award for best screenplay: Jafar Panahi.
  • 2013: Prize Of UN Certain Regard: Mohammad Rasoulov.
  • 2011: The Francois Chalet Prize - Special Mention: Mohammad Rasoulov.
  • 2003: Grand Prix jury prize of the jury: Samira Makhmalbaf.
  • 2004: camera dor Golden camera: Mohsen Amiryoussefi.
  • 2009: Prize Of UN Certain Regard: Bachmann Ghobadi.
  • 2017: "Special View" Prize: Mohammad Rasoulof.
  • 1997: Palme Dor Golden palm: Abbas Kiarostami.
  • 2011: Prize Of UN Certain Regard: Mohammad Rasoulov.
  • 2000: Grand Prix jury Prize of the jury: Samira Makhmalbaf.
  • 2000: the camera dor Golden camera: Hassan Yektapanah Bachmann Ghobadi.
  • 2016: Grand Prix dinterpretation men Best actor: Shahab Hosseini.
  • 2016: Grand Prix du scenario Best screenplay: Asghar Farhadi.

6.2. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Of Awarding The Prize "Oscar" Of The Academy. (Вручения Премии "Оскар" Академии)

  • 2012: Asghar Farhadi: Best original screenplay nomination for a separation.
  • 1970: ray Aghayan: Best costume design nomination for happily.
  • 2007: Kami Asgar: best sound effects nomination for Apocalypto.
  • 2008: Marjane Satrapi: Best animated feature nomination Persepolis.
  • 1997: Habib Zargarpour: nomination Best visual effects for Twister.
  • 2001: Habib Zargarpour: nomination Best visual effects for the perfect storm.
  • 1999: Majid Majidi: the Best foreign language film nomination for children of heaven.
  • 2012: Asghar Farhadi Best foreign language film award for the division.
  • 1997: Hossein Amini: Best adapted screenplay nomination for the wings of a dove.
  • 1997: Darius Khondji: Best cinematography nomination for Evita.
  • 2017: Asghar Farhadi Best foreign language film award for the seller.
  • 2004: Shohreh Aghdashloo: Best supporting actress nomination for house of sand and fog.

6.3. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Golden Globe Awards. (Награды Золотой Глобус)

  • 2013: Asghar Farhadi Nominated For Best Foreign Language Film, The Last.
  • 2011: Award Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, A Separation.
  • 2016: Asghar Farhadi Nominated For Best Foreign Language Film, The Seller.

6.4. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Venice. (Венеция)

  • Silver lion for best Director Babak shares 2001.
  • Golden Lion: Jafar Panahi 2000.
  • Special Jury Award: Ana Lily Amirpour 2016.
  • Open Prize: By Marziyeh Meshkini 2004.
  • NETPAC award: Babak Shares 2001.
  • Isvema Award: By Marziyeh Meshkini 2000.
  • Award ogic: Babak shares 2001.
  • The prize of the program "Horizons" for Best Director: Vahid Jalilvand 2017.
  • SIGNIS award - Honorable mention: Amir Naderi 2008.
  • The Lina Mangiacapre Award - Special Mention: Hana Makhmalbaf 2003.
  • Special Prize Of The Jury Of The Program "Horizons": Shahram Mokri 2013.
  • UNICEF award: Babak shares 2001.
  • Special Jury Prize: Abbas Kiarostami 1999, Abdolreza Kahani 2009.
  • Golden Osella for Best Director: Abolfazl Jalili 1995, Shirin Neshat, 2009.
  • The Prize For Best Screenplay: Got The Iranians Rahşan Bani Etemad 2014.
  • The prize of the program "Horizons" for Best actor: Navid Mohammadzadeh 2017.
  • The FIPRESCI prize: Dariusz 1971 Mehrjui, Abbas Kiarostami 1999, Ramin Bahrani 2008.
  • Pasinetti Award: Babak Shares 2001.
  • Premium Digital Cinema: Mania Akbari 2004.
  • CinemAvvenire Award: Abbas Kiarostami 1999, By Marziyeh Meshkini 2000.
  • UNESCO award: by marziyeh meshkini 2000.

6.5. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Berlin. (Берлин)

  • Golden Bear: Asghar Farhadi 2011, Jafar Panahi 2015.
  • Generation Kplus Crystal Bear - Best Feature Film: Hana Makhmalbaf 2008.
  • Film World: Hana Makhmalbaf 2008.
  • Special Mention: Masoud Kimiai In 1991.
  • Teddy award for Best short film: Maryam keshavarz of.
  • Grand Prix Of The Jury: Jafar Panahi 2006.
  • Silver Bear: Parviz Kimiavi 1976.
  • Not Award The Don Quixote Special Mention: The 1999 DariusH Mehrjui.
  • FIPRESCI prize: the Sohrab Shahid sales 1974 & 1975.
  • Award Of The Interfilm: The DariusH Mehrjui 1972, Sohrab Shahid Sales 1974 & 1975.
  • NETPAC award: Mani haghighi 2012.
  • Silver bear for best screenplay: Jafar Panahi 2013.
  • Silver bear for Best actress: the division of the total Actresses 2011.
  • Silver bear for Best actor: Reza Naji 2008, the Department of General actors 2011.
  • Crystal bear for Best short film {the den Race. Farhad Delaram} 2019.
  • Award ogic: the dariusH Mehrjui 1969, Sohrab Shahid sales 1974 & 1975.
  • Silver bear-Best Director: Asghar Farhadi 2009.

6.6. International recognition of Iranian cinema. London. (Лондон)

  • International critics prize FIPRESCI: Ramin Bahrani 2005.
  • The Grierson award for Best documentary film: Mehrdad Oskouei 2016.
  • The FIPRESCI prize - Special mention: Abolfazl Jalili 1998, Babak shares 2001.
  • The FIPRESCI prize: Babak shares 2001.
  • The Sutherland Trophy: Marjane Satrapi, 2007, Samira Makhmalbaf 1998.

6.7. International recognition of Iranian cinema. San Sebastian. (Сан-Себастьян)

  • Golden Shell: DariusH Mehrjui 1993, Bachmann Ghobadi 2004 & 2006.
  • Award tipo Otra Mirada: Hana Makhmalbaf 2007.
  • Special Jury Prize: 1996 Majid Majidi, Samira Makhmalbaf 2008.
  • Jury prize For best cinematography: Touraj Aslani 2012.
  • The FIPRESCI prize: Bachmann Ghobadi 2006.
  • Special jury prize: Hana Makhmalbaf 2007.
  • Silver Shell: Nicky Brown 1993, Abolfazl Jalili 1998.

6.8. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Montreal. (Монреаль)

  • Best Actress: Leila Hatami 2002, Fatima Motamed-Arya 2011.
  • Golden Zenith for the best Asian film: Kamal Tabrizi 2004.
  • Grand Prix: Majid Majidi 1997, 1999 & 2001.

6.9. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Karlovy Vary. (Карловы Вары)

  • Best Actor: Hamid Farrokhnezhad 2000.
  • Best Actress: Leila Hatami 2012.
  • Special Jury Prize: Mohsen Makhmalbaf 1992.
  • The FIPRESCI prize: Ali Mosaffa 2012.
  • Don Quixote Award - Special Mention: Khosrow Sinai 2000, Alireza Amini 2004.
  • Special Jury Prize: Abdolreza Kahani 2009.

6.10. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Mar del Plata. (Мар-дель-Плата)

  • Special Jury Prize: Mohsen Amiryoussefi 2005.
  • Special Mention: 2006 Kambozia Partovi, Hossein Shahabi 2013.
  • Best Actress: Negar Javaherian 2014.
  • Golden Astor: Mahmoud Kalari 1998.

6.11. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Thessaloniki. (Салоники)

  • Best Directed By Marziyeh Meshkini 2000.
  • Golden Alexander: Mohsen Amiryoussefi 2004.
  • Silver Alexander: Mona Zandi, Hagigi 2006.
  • Golden Alexander: Abdolreza Kahani 2008.
  • Special Artistic Achievement: Alireza Amini 2003.
  • The Audience Award: Mohsen Amiryoussefi 2004.
  • Special Jury Prize: Vahid Jalilvand 2017.
  • Special Mention: Hossein Shahabi 2013.

6.12. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Moscow. (Москва)

  • Special Jury Prize: Vahid Mousaian 2002.
  • Russian Critics Awards Completely: Reza Mirkarimi 2008.
  • Best Actress: Mary Apick 1977, Plow Niasti 2019.
  • Silver George for best actor: Faramarz gharibian 2003, Hamid Farrokhnezhad 2005, Farhad Aslani 2016.
  • The Special Golden St. George: Got The Iranians Rahşan Bani Etemad 2001.
  • Golden George: Reza Mirkarimi 2008 & 2016.

6.13. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Chicago. (Чикаго)

  • Special Jury Prize: Bachmann Ghobadi 2000 & 2004, Asghar Farhadi 2016.
  • The silver Hugo for best first film by marziyeh meshkini 2000.
  • The Silver Hugo: Abbas Kiarostami 1994.
  • Best Actor: Sahabi Entezami 1971.
  • Silver Hugo from the Docufest competition: Arash T. Riahi 2006.
  • Best Documentary: Arash Lahooti 2013.
  • Best Scenario: 2017 Mohammad Rasoulof.
  • The Gold Hugo: Jafar Panahi 2003, Asghar Farhadi 2006, Mohsen Makhmalbaf 2014.

6.14. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Shanghai. (Шанхай)

  • Gold Cup for Best actress: Sarah Bayat 2017.
  • Gold Cup for Best film: Reza Mirkarimi 2019.
  • Gold Cup for Best actor: Hamed Behdad 2019.
  • Jury Prize: 2017 Mostafa Taghizadeh.
  • Golden goblet for Best Director: Reza Mirkarimi 2019.
  • Gold Cup for Best film: Khosro Masumi 2004 & 2012.

6.15. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Warsaw. (Варшава)

  • Grand Prix: Asghar Farhadi 2004, Parviz Shahbazi 2016.
  • The Audience Award: Majid Majidi 1999.
  • NETPAC award: Houman Seyyedi 2014.
  • Special Jury Prize: Asghar Farhadi 2011.

6.16. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Goa. (Гоа)

  • The Golden Peacock: Samira Makhmalbaf 2003, 2004 Asghar Farhadi, Mohammad Rasulov 2005.

6.17. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Festroia

  • Golden Dolphin: Majid Majidi 1997, Bachmann Ghobadi 2005.

6.18. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Busan. (Пусан)

  • The FIPRESCI prize: Parviz Shahbazi 2003, Morteza Farshbaf 2011, Safi Yazdanian 2014.
  • New Currents Award: Marziyeh Makhmalbaf 2000, 2003 Alireza Amini, Morteza Farshbaf 2011, Houman Seyyedi 2013.

6.19. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Nantes. (Нант)

  • Golden Montgolfiere: Amir Naderi 1985 & 1989, Abolfazl Jalili 1996 & 2001, Saman Salur 2006.
  • Silver Montgolfiere: A DariusH Mehrjui 1993, Reza Mirkarimi 2000.
  • Special Jury Prize: Alireza Davoudnejad 1992, Asghar Farhadi 2006.
  • Best Actress: Golshifteh Farahani 2004.

6.20. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Sitges. (Ситжес)

  • Best Director: Mohsen Makhmalbaf 1996.
  • Best Actor: 2017 Hassan Majuni.

6.21. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Istanbul. (Стамбул)

  • Golden Tulip: Saeed Ebrahimifar 1990, Jafar Panahi 1998.
  • The FIPRESCI prize: Bachmann Farmanara 2001.

6.22. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Cairo. (Каир)

  • Best Film: NIMA Javidi 2014.
  • Best Director: Masud Kimiai 1978, Khosro Masumi 2006.
  • Best Actress: Pegah Ahangarani 1999, Nicky Brown 2001, Katayoun Reach 2002.
  • Best Screenplay: Kianoush Ayari 1998, Tahmineh Milani 2003.

6.23. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Award for achievements throughout life. (Награду за достижения на протяжении всей жизни)

  • Abbas Kiarostami: Prix Roberto Rossellini At The Cannes Film Festival 1992.
  • Amir naderi: Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the filmmaker award 2016.
  • Mohsen Makhmalbaf: Parajanov award for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema 2006.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: Akira Kurosawa Honorary award of the International film festival in San Francisco 2000.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: The Prize Henri Langlois 2006.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: officier de La Legion dhonneur from the Ministry of culture and art of France 1996.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: Honorary doctorate, école Normale supérieure 2003.
  • Got The Iranians Rahşan Bani Etemad: The Prince Claus Awards 1998.
  • Samira Makhmalbaf: Grand jury prize, American film Institute 2000.
  • Mohsen Makhmalbaf: Federico Fellini gold medal, UNESCO 2001.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: gold medal Federico Fellini, UNESCO, 1997.
  • Abbas Kiarostami: The Prize François Truffaut 1992.
  • Jafar Panahi: Podo award, at Valdivia film festival in 2007.
  • Behrouz Gharibpour: The Prize Of Hans Christian Andersen 2002.
  • Samira Makhmalbaf: Federico Fellini gold medal, UNESCO 2000.
  • Asghar Farhadi: National society of film critics award for best screenplay 2011.
  • Ezzatolah Entezami: the UNESCO award for 2006.

6.24. International recognition of Iranian cinema. The Cesar Award. (Премия Сезар)

  • 2012: Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, A Separation.

6.25. International recognition of Iranian cinema. Prize David di Donatello. (Приз Давид ди Донателло)

  • 2012: Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, A Separation.

6.26. International recognition of Iranian cinema. National Board of review. (Национальный совет по рассмотрению)

  • 2013: Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, The Last.
  • 2011: Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, A Separation.
  • 2017: Asghar Farhadi Best Foreign Language Film, The Seller.

7. Censorship. (Цензура)

Although the Iranian film industry thriving, its Directors acts in accordance with censorship rules, both before and after the revolution. Some Iranian films that have won international recognition banned in Iran itself. Conversely, some Iranian filmmakers have faced hostility in other countries.


7.1. Censorship. Censorship in Iran. (Цензура в Иране)

Dariusz Mehrjuis seminal film Gaav the cow 1969 is now considered the first work of the Iranian New wave. The film is financed by the state, but they immediately banned it after completion because its vision of rural life clashed with the progressive image of Iran that the Shah wished to project, while its prominence at international film festivals annoyed the regime.

After the Iranian revolution, filmmakers experienced more restrictions. Since the mid-1980s, Irans policy of censorship of the film was changed to promote domestic film production: the strict censorship eased after December 1987. Old Directors resurfaced and new ones have arisen. However, the application rules are often contradictory. Several films were denied release in Iran, but was granted permission to export to international film festivals. Even here, the censorship is inconsistent: may lady got the Iranians Rahşan Bani-Etemad 1998 got through but her contribution to stories of Kish 1999 no.

All Panahis movies Jafar was banned from public theaters in Iran. Offside was relegated to "a guest slot" at the International festival "Fajr" film. "It has not been shown as an important film," says Panahi. "They dont give any difference." Several films Mohsen Makhmalbafs also banned in Iran. For example, a Time to love and a night Zaiandeh-ore was banned for fighting with physical love and doubts about the revolution.

In 2001, feminist filmmaker Tahmineh Milani, who made half hidden was imprisoned because her film recognized anti-revolution against the Islamic revolution of 1979. Many Iranian and international artists and filmmakers demanded her release. After 8 days of imprisonment, in the end, President Khatami and Minister of culture managed to release it. In Nargess, got the Iranians Rahşan Bani-Etemad who is a pioneer among female Iranian filmmakers, pushes censorship codes to the limits, questioning the morality of society, showing desperate people overwhelmed by social conditions and a couple living together without being married.

Abbas Kiarostami was much known in Europe, but the Islamic government refused to show his films in the country. Kiarostamis films were banned in his country for more than 10 years. Theyre only available through unauthorized DVDs and private screenings. Kiarostami is uncertain what the government dislikes about his films, saying: "I think they dont understand my films and so they prevent them to be shown only if there are messages they dont want to go." with two musicians, and was transferred to ward 2-a at Evin prison, where all three of them were held in solitary confinement for more than two months and threatened televised confessions. He was released on bail around $66.000 in mid-December, before the start of the trial. Two years later, his case was tried in branch 28 of the Tehran revolutionary court, which was presided by judge Moghisseh summer 2015. He was sentenced to six years imprisonment and fines for holding an illegal cinematic action, launching propaganda against the establishment and insulting sanctities. On appeal, his sentence was changed to three years imprisonment and three years suspended imprisonment and a fine. Hossein Rajabian was sent to ward 7 in Evin prison in Tehran. After spending one third of his total period of imprisonment that is 11 months, he announced a hunger strike in protest against an unfair trial, lack of medical institutions and the transfer of his brother in another room under the name section 8 of the same prison. During the first period of the hunger strike, which lasted 14 days, he was transferred to the hospital for a lung infection and he could not continue his hunger strike because of the intervention of the representative of the Prosecutor, who was sent as a mediator. After some time, he sent an open letter to Irans judiciary went on strike again, which earned him the support of the international artists. After 36 days of hunger strike, he was able to convince the judiciary of Iran to review his case and give him leave to treat left kidney to suffer from infections and blood arising from the hunger strike. he, after a controversial struggle with a court official in jail was sent to the chamber 8 for punishment.


8. Cinemapeople in the Iranian Diaspora. (Cinemapeople в иранской диаспоры)

Cinemapeople in the Iranian Diaspora, such as Shohreh Aghdashloo, Zuleikha Robinson, Nadia Bjorlin, Shirin Neshat, Adrian Pasdar, Amir Mokri, of Sameh Bahar, Amir Talai, Catherine bell, of Nazanin of Boniadi, Samira Makhmalbaf, Agyeman Freema, Sarah Shahi, the Hughes brothers, Nasim Pedrad, Daryush Shokof, and Farhad Safinia also popular.


9. Film institutes in Iran. (Институты фильма в Иране)

Several institutions, both public and private, provide formal education in various aspects of filmmaking. Some of the famous ones include: Farabi cinema Foundation, the film Gedata Co Sourehcinema, documentary and experimental film Center, Filmiran, Kanon Iran Novin Boshra film, Bamdad film, for the film, Hilaj film, Tgpco, Karname, Rasaneha, Nama film company, AvinyFilm, 7spfs and Honar Aval.


10. Critics Iranian film. (Критики иранского фильма)

The most famous of them: Houshang Golmakani, Fereydoon Jeyrani, Parviz Davaei, Massoud Ferasati, Baharloo Abbas, Hamid Reza Sadr, Cyrus Ghani, Javad Toosi, Negar Mottahedeh, Ahmad Talebinejad, Mohammad Tahami Nejad, Ali Moallem and Parviz Noori, behrouz sebt Rasul

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  • The history of Islamic Principlism in Iran covers the history of Islamic revivalism and the rise of political Islam in modern Iran Today, there are basically
  • Middle Eastern Cinema collectively refers to the film industries of the Middle East. By definition, it encompasses the film industries of Bahrain, Cyprus
  • Cinema Farhang is the most famous movie theater in Tehran and also in Iran It is one of the official theatres that plays foreign films in Tehran. It is
  • Iran s population increased dramatically during the later half of the 20th century, reaching about 80 million by 2016. In recent years, however, Iran s
  • The cinema of Iraq went through a downturn under Saddam Hussein s regime. The development of film and film - going in Iraq reflects the drastic historical
  • World cinema is not the sum - total of all films made around the world. Its use is analogous to the use of the term world literature Goethe used the concept
  • The cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian
  • the history of Singaporean cinema Cinema of the world Asian cinema Censorship in Singapore Southeast Asian cinema East Asian cinema Cinema of Malaysia World
  • Promotion of Asian Cinema NETPAC is a worldwide organization of 29 member countries. It was created as the result of a conference on Asian cinema organized

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Cinema of Iran Iran, Women Break Boundaries in Movies WSJ. Directed by Mark Cousins. With Omid Djalili, Mania Akbari, Massoud Bakhshi, Abolfazl Jalili. Tracing the history influence of Iranian cinema and its filmmakers.. .. Cinema of Iran An Iranian film director on the countrys censorship laws 1 2. Annenberg School Communications Center for Global Communication Studies Media Program is hosting the conference Cinema in Iran:. .. Cinema of Iran Iranian Directors Like Abbas Kiarostami Foreshadowed Current. Jan 31, 2017 AbstractPost revolutionary Iranian cinema has been praised for its emotional immediacy and compositional simplicity. The work of Asghar. .. Cinema of Iran Culture Why Iran creates some of the worlds best films BBC. Mar 22, 2012 If anything belies demagogic sheen Irans image in West, it is the irrepressible sophistication and class of Iranian cinema.. .. Cinema in Iran: Circulation, Censorship, and Cultural Production. Aug, 2017 DEMOCRACY DIES IN DECEIT AND DARKNESS! Thirty nine years ago on August 19, 1978, Islamist terrorists killed 470 Iranians by burning. .. Cinema of Iran Asghar Farhadi: Acknowledging Hybrid Traditions: Iran, Hollywood. Apr 27, 2019 Archive continues long tradition celebrating best cinema from Iran and Iranian diaspora with the latest edition of its annual. .. Cinema of Iran A Pivotal Day In Iranian History Cinema Rex fire: August 19, 1978. It is nearly impossible to separate contemporary Iranian cinema from Islamic revolution that transformed film production country in the late 1970s.. .. Iranian Cinema and Media Studies Oxford Bibliographies. Cinema in Iran, 1900 1979. FREE shipping on qualifying offers.. .. Reform Cinema Iran: Film and Political Change in the Islamic. Feb 21, 2013 Between their Nuclear programs and president Mahmoud Ahmadinejads disdain for diplomacy, Iran posses a legitimate threat to rest of the. .. Cinema of Iran Cinema in Iran, 1900 1979: M. Ali Issari: 9780810821422: Amazon. Sep 14, 2017 Iran has one most distinguished national cinemas in world, from early silent era First New Wave of sixties to the. Cinema of Iran Inside Iranian Cinema Part 1 3 YouTube. Cinema Verite International Festival, Tehran, Iran. 2.7K likes. Documentary & Experimental Film Center DEFC organizes 13th. .. Cinema of Iran Cinema Iran Podcast on Spotify. Dec 24, 2019 Movies are supposed to show what happens in society, said Asal Bagheri, a Paris based expert on cinema. The Iranian reality is that. .. Cinema of Iran The Future of Iranian Cinema. Nov 14, 2019 Listen to Cinema Iran on Spotify. A podcast that explores the beauty, diversity, complexities of Iranian culture and film.. .. Cinema of Iran Celebration of Iranian Cinema UCLA Film & Television Archive. Jun 19, 2009 From early 1990s until the middle this decade, Irans historically rich movie culture entered a remarkable period of rejuvenation.. .. Cinema of Iran Cinema Verite Iran International Documentary Film Festival Home. Nov 16, 2018 Neither fact a number of key moments in Iranian cinema made it onto this illustrious list, nor the particular films that were selected,. .. Cinema of Iran Cinema Iran TV Movie 2005 IMDb. It is nearly impossible to separate contemporary Iranian cinema from Islamic revolution that transformed film production country in the late 1970s. A. .. Cinema of Iran Stefano de Luigi Photographs the Cinema of Iran. Aug 18, 2017 However, before they are released, films produced Iran must go in is publishing a two part interview about censorship and Iranian cinema.. .. Cinema of Iran Reform Cinema in Iran Columbia University Press. study development cinema and the motion picture industry in Iran it is first necessary to understand certain elements of Iranian history, culture, religion,. .. Cinema of Iran - Introduction. Aug 28, 2018 first came under international attention its prerevolutionary art cinema known as the Iranian New Wave and more widely for.

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Ten Theses on Iranian Cinema IranNamag.

13 Mar 2015 At the time I was working there, I was also teaching a documentary film course at the National Iranian Radio and Television College of Cinema. 27th Annual Festival of Films from Iran Gene Siskel Film Center. Iranian cinemas traversing of national borders is an important instance of enunciation of Iranian identity when the inside outside or us them boundary. Role, Opportunities and Challenges of Collaboration and Interface. Like many of the most esteemed Iranian films of the past 30 years, The Twilight is. empty sea, a clear correlative for the cultural and national isolation that such. Samuel Khachikian and the rise and Fall of iranian genre Films. How does this affect the definition of a national cinema? Do you think Iranian cinema will be able to survive the mounting censorship and restrictions?. Hollywood Dominates Style and Substance of Movies Worldwide. 9 May 1991 EVERY country in the world has two national cinemas its own, and Hollywood. Carlos Diegues, a leader of Brazils innovative Cinema Novo.

The New Iranian Cinema Politics, Representation and Identity.

Archive for the National cinemas Iran Category Reza Mirkarimi is one of Irans top filmmakers, with three of his films having been put forward as Irans. Forget the Original, Make a New Copy: Relocating Abbas Kiarostami. 23 May 2018 The question of representation on film and the need for empathy are driving forces of the Iranian national cinema. Establishing the style known. Lecture discusses portrayal of women in Iranian film The Michigan. 17 Apr 2007 principal actors involved in fashioning an Iranian national cinema. Today the Iranian cinema has reached a level of quality that Iranians take. National Cinema in the 21st Century: Can an Iranian Film Be Made. 7 Jul 2016 The Iranian director, who died on Monday at 76, was as steeped in as the pre eminent representative of a resurgent national cinema in Iran.

Friendly Persuasion: Iranian Cinema after the Revolution – Variety.

19 Feb 2013 Iran has complained to the organizers of the Berlin film festival for giving the head of Irans national cinema organization, Irans student news. Neorealism Iranian Style University Press of Mississippi. 23 Jul 2019 Keywords: film, cinema, India, Iran, collaboration, interaction, influence, culture Countries with national cinema are able to produce films that. Music in Iranian cinema. Of Iranian cinema, Khachikian was for 40 years synony sibilities of cinema in Iran, but reflected the specific and style to a formless national cinema. Empty.

36th Fajr International Film Festival kicks off in Tehran Euronews.

Cinema without Frontiers: Transnational Womens Filmmaking in Iran and Turkey that cuts across previously defined geographic, national, cultural, cinematic,. Cinema and Censorship in Iran Tiki Toki. 3 Apr 2009 Ive always been a great fan of American cinema, said the Iranian films, which are just a smattering from a national cinema rich in. UCLAs annual Celebration of Iranian Cinema underway Los. 1 Oct 2004 Indeed, the Iranian New Wave is now widely regarded as one of the most distinctive and vital national cinemas. It is a cinema fraught with tensions and contradictions: fervent nationalism with equally fervent social criticism. History of the motion picture Transition to the 21st century. 25 Sep 2000 Iranian film scholar Jamsheed Akramis U.S. docu Friendly plainly assembled overview of the national cinema thats unexpectedly won the.

The View From Tehran WSJ.

8 May 2015 UCLAs annual Celebration of Iranian Cinema underway Every national cinema is going to have its ups and downs from year to year, from. How Irans filmfarsi remains the biggest secret in cinema history. Current research in Iranian cinema is informed by fields as diverse as Middle. To conceptualize the development of Iranian cinema in a local and national. Iran: A Cinematographic Revolution Icarus Films. In the 1990s, Iran was lauded as one of the best exporters of cinema. Some critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema exporter. Film – Persian Languages and Literature at UCSB. 9 Feb 2011 This dissertation is a close examination of the role of Iranian national cinema in the constitution of national identity both within and across.

UNAFF 2011: FILMS Iran A Cinematographic Revolution.

Iranian Cinema and Globalization book. Read reviews from worlds largest community for readers. Despite critical acclaim and a recent surge of popularity. Golbarg Rekabtalaei, Iranian Cosmopolitanism: A Cinematic History. In its arrogant project to reconstruct the Middle East, the Bush administration has clearly set its sights on Iran as the next target for regime change - by economic. Iranian film, text version Jump Cut. 10 Jan 2018 Iran has been lauded as one of the best exporters of cinema in the 1990s. Some critics now rank Iran as the world\s most important national. Cross‐Dressing and Gender Tres Passing: The Transgender Move. Iranian women in the cinema before and after the Islamic revolution, with the aim of Third World, National Cinema, and Womens Cinema, What Does it Mean?.

International film festivals and local forms of colonialism CiteSeerX.

The concept of national cinema has increasingly been questioned across contemporary scholarship in a globalised era and it seems that the focus has shifted. Stefano de Luigi Photographs the Cinema of Iran google - wiki.info. 30 Aug 2019 For as long as I remember, I have had an avid interest in Iranian cinema. when I migrated from Iran, my interest began to grow perhaps as a. Directory of World Cinema Iran eBook by 9781841505954 Kobo. IAS 3223 Modern Iran 3 hours IAS 3403 History of US Iranian Relations 3 in Contemporary Iran 3 hours FMS 3843 Topics in National Cinema Iranian. National cinema Oxford Reference. An influential organizing principle in film studies, locating films and cinemas within their national contexts and or treating a countrys cinematic.

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A Cinema of Discontent completes Jamsheed Akramis trilogy on Iranian cinema. exploration of a courageous and fiercly creative national cinema. Cinema without Frontiers: Transnational Womens Filmmaking in. 3 Oct 2016 The portrayal of women in Iranian cinema is limited, Amir Ganjavie, visions of national cinema and how intimacy is portrayed in Iranian films. Iran 2000, Part 2 Our Town NY. Neorealism has had a long and distinctive history in Iranian cinema. almost single handedly created a Kurdish national cinema with his powerful and widely. Iranian Cinema & Film Middle Eastern & North African Cinema. Their reaction mirrored my own first exposure to Iranian cinema twenty years ago, when an editor asked me to attend the first festival of post revolutionary Iranian. L Iran une revolution cinematographique TV Movie 2006 IMDb. For the film studies scholar, students working on alternative or national cinema for all those who love Iranian cinema and wish to learn more, Directory of.

When the Salt Attacks the Sea: The Films of Cinema Scope.

Iranian Cosmopolitanism by Golbarg Rekabtalaei January 2019. The consolidation of post war national commercial cinema, as I will demonstrate in this. Cinemas in Tehran Forum TripAdvisor. Iranian cinema has won thousands of International film awards, has become one of Many critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema. Interview: Hamid Naficy on the A to Z of Iranian Cinema – Amiresque. Some critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema, artistically,with a significance that invites comparison to Italian Neorealism and similar. Observations on film art National cinemas Iran David Bordwell. The international success of Iranian cinema over the past decades may have under extremely harsh circumstances rarely seen in other national cinemas. Iranian Cosmopolitanism: A Cinematic History MESPI. Re Form: New Forms in Cinema and Media in Post Khatami Iran global media flows, transmedia interaction, and a heterogeneous Iranian national cinema.

Essential World Cinema 5 Best Iranian Films Cultured Vultures.

25 Jul 2006 Film Festival in Australia to Discuss Women & Cinema in Iran & Turkey women had in shaping their respective national cinemas is what will. THE COW In Tehran Lehigh Preserve Lehigh University. 28 Aug 2018 Iranian cinema first came under international attention for its of Iranian cinema, albeit compared to other national cinemas, there is still a. Directory of World Cinema Parviz Jahed 9781783204700. 11 Jul 2019 Sporadic efforts to create a national cinema were interrupted by the allied occupation of neutral Iran during the second world war. After the war.

The Cinema of North Africa and the Middle East Columbia.

The Cinema of Iran Persian: سینمای ایران, also known as the Cinema of Persia, refers to the Some critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema, artistically, with a significance that invites comparison to Italian. Rob Macaire on Twitter: موزه سینمای ایران On Irans National Cinema. Some critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema, artistically, with a significance that invites comparison to Italian neorealism and similar. Industrial Professionalisation Chapter 3 Iranian Cosmopolitanism. Iranian cinema has become one of the most productive and internationally recognized in The Iranian National Film Industry and Cinematographic Modernity. National Imaginary & the Cinema of Kiarostami Dissertation Reviews. Many critics now rank Iran as the worlds most important national cinema artistically, with a significance that invites comparison to Italian Neorealism and similar.


Front of the national identity and culture. Film. Farsis were mainly influenced by American and. Indian mainstream cinema and their structures and building. Resources Persepolis Cinema Context Film Education. 1 Apr 2015 this negotiation, Iranian cinema, as the visual showcase of Iranian culture National Cinema including Middle Eastern and Iranian cinemas,. Iranian Cinema Syllabus Winter 2017 Olli Final Version. 9 Jun 2015 Ayoubi pointed to the optimistic future for Iran cinema through for Iran cinema are accountable as it is the national cinema that has to pay a. Iranian Cinema Pre revolution And Post reveloution. 23 Feb 2017 Beginning in 1982, Iranian cinema began to regroup. The government wanted to construct a national film culture that would express the ethics. Iranian Film Festival to take place in Prague, Brno and Bratislava. 28 Sep 2017 The Armenian Iranian co production centers on a woman who tries to flee from her past. Courtesy of National Cinema Center of Armenia.

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