★ Cinema of Uruguay
Movie Uruguay plays an important role in the culture of Uruguay and is part of the Latin American cinema. Since the late 1990-ies, the Uruguayan cinema has undergone in the process of evolution, during which his films have received positive reviews and was recognized at the international level. More than 120 films, fiction and non-fiction, have been produced since then.
1.1. History. The first years. (Первые годы)
The invention Louis Lumiere was introduced to Uruguayan audiences on July 18, 1898, in the salon Rouge, a popular local cabaret. Local businessman félix Oliver purchased Uruguays first film, camera and projector of the Lumiere brothers themselves, with them he made Bicycle race in the Arroyo SECO velodrome, the second film produced in Latin America.
His first short film a success, Oliver established the countrys first film Studio and continued to make a documentary. The target, however one of the first cinematographers, French-born Henri Corbicier, took Uruguayan film in a new direction, however, when he released to the world of 1904, a documentary about Uruguays recent political conflict and its resolution. Corbicier continued to produce newsreels and documentaries for the Uruguayan public for some time and influenced others to do the same.
Receiving most of their commercial films from Argentine studios, Uruguayan audiences saw no domestic fiction film, until 1919, the local non-profit partnership of Bon-Gard, funded Pervanche, directed by león ibáñez. Was unsuccessful, the efforts of the countrys one of a kind until Juan Antonio Borges soul on the coast. Released in 1923, it is considered the first feature film by the Uruguayan. Its Studio, charrúa films, produced one feature film adventures of a Parisian girl in Montevideo before closing in 1927.
Inspiring others, however, this humble beginning led Carlos Alonso to produce the little hero of Arroyo de Oro in 1929, the film, a realist tragedy set in the countryside, was at the forefront because of its Frank and graphic depiction of violence in the family and was the first commercially successful Uruguayan film.
Despite other difficulties, the year 1930 provided Uruguayan film producers an unexpected opportunity when their national football team won the world Cup. Justino Zavala Muniz the produced rousing documentaries on the event, which also coincided with the 100 th anniversary of the Constitution of Uruguay. His success allowed him to establish the Uruguyan film club, from where he premiered the acclaimed sky, water and sea lions, among other documentaries and feature films.
The great depression, however, soon dampened local filmmakers plans and viewers will have to wait until 1936 to see the next locally-produced film.
1.2. History. The Golden Age. (Золотой Век)
In that year, Ciclolux studios acquired Uruguays first equipment for film production sound and released Directed by Juan Etchebeheres Two destinies. Socially aware, the film is reminiscent of great expectations and was made despite the repressive atmosphere that prevailed in Uruguay during President Gabriel terraces. Suffers from censorship, the Argentine film imports and global instability, local movies were limited to documentaries, newsreels and lighthearted comedies and musicals.
However, the joint venture between the Argentine and Uruguayan investors, resulting in the Studio "Orion". The Studio has produced four well-received full-length dramas between 1946 and 1948, and again local audiences to Uruguayan drama film by Argentine Director Julio Saracenis version of the Three Musketeers and Belisario garcía Villars version of Italian writer Luigi Pirandellos come to me vuoi. The renewed activity brought Kurt Land in Uruguay, where he made the thief of dreams.
In the postwar period continued to bring audiences well-received comedies such as Adolfo Fabregats the detective goes the wrong way 1949 and documentaries like Enrico Gras Artigas: protector of free peoples 1950, though dramatic full-length titles continued to struggle. Documentaries continued the local film industry in the standby mode. Melinos Miguel angel ode to the Uruguayan independence Saga, the arrival of the thirty-three Easterners 1952 earned him recognition and a long-term contract with the National party for going to the movies.
Years have passed since the local name of the drama until 1959, when Hugo Ulive made a song for Judas, a real ode to the struggling Troubadour. Realism and neo-realism is a film genre found wider recognition locally and Ulive and other cultural documentaries and after 1960, Films for the promotion of tourism.
1.3. History. The winds of change. (Ветры перемен)
The offset of the intellectual discourse in the Western world in the 1960-ies under the influence quickly and widely the Uruguayan culture. Among filmmakers, evidenced by the production of muck-raking titles aimed at encouraging social awareness. Mario handlers Carlos: portrait of a Hobo in Montevideo is a local form of cinéma believe that drew on Uruguayan filmmakers tradition as documentarians. Increasingly the target of harassment, handler performed research on student protests, such as the absolute I, like the students in 1968, Liber Arce: liberation 1969 and Ode to a massive local strike of the enterprise under the name of the Uruguayan beef shortage of 1969.
The following handlers exile to Venezuela in 1972, the Uruguayan film producers all limited to conventional subjects and, except for Jorge Fornio and raúl Quintins 1973 flop Maribels familys weird the first Uruguayan film produced in color, full length local production of all types ceased until 1979. This year, the new dictatorships office of public Affairs DINARP recruited Argentine Director Eva Landeck and spaghetti Western veteran George Hilton to make Land of smoke, a feature which is so not like the public that it has forced producers of bankruptcy.
The fiasco became a blessing, however, when in 1980 DINARP preferred Director Eduardo Darino practically free rein over the production of Gur, a Gaucho tale based on the eponymous novel by Serafin Garcia. The endearing tale revived the local film industry and Hollywoods drew attention as well. The following year, Eli Wallach accepted the leading role in a version adapted for American television.
Correction: Guri was made Zenith international. Us, Eli Wallach participated from day one, and Darino had plans for 3 films Richard Allen with HBO interest. DINARP requested that Enrique Guarnero play the father role for Uruguay. Darino completed the film but refused the other two titles. Robert Miller, Zenith, International. Manufacturing VP.
Similar conditions included Juan Carlos Rodriguez Castro, to make the murder of Venancio Flores in 1982. Based on the events surrounding the assassination of President Venancio Flores and former President Bernardo berro in 1868, the film Lived poorly in local box office, but received an honorable mention at the prestigious Huelva film festival. Achievements earned during Uruguays deepest economic crisis since the 1930-ies, encouraged Luis Varela to make the winner takes all, an indictment of the wave of financial fraud that Uruguay and most of Latin America was subject to around 1980.
1.4. History. Challenges and freedom. (Вызовы и свободы)
Surrounded by almost unprecedented socio-economic crisis, Uruguays last dictator, General Gregorio Alvarez, called the election of 1984. Initially, the advent of democracy under Julio Sanguinetti could do little for the local film industry economically. However, the extended freedoms to encourage the growth of the video industry Uruguyan genre less limited by distribution costs, for example. Local producers of video, such as SEMA and imagenes ushered in a new era with politically controversial titles such as Guillermo Casanovas the dead, and Carlos Ameglio and Diego Arsuagas the last vermicelli. Other video production houses, such as Grupo Hacedor touched on social problems, as in the violent fast life 1992 and the traditional producers of the film also made its presence. For example, césar de Ferrari and his documentary General elections, which is dedicated to the plight of veteran leftist Wilson Ferreira Aldunate and his expulsion from the election of 1984.
Uruguays economy began to recover despite the weight of foreign debt interest payments. But continuing difficulties led Beatriz Flores Silva to make the almost true story Pepita gunslinger, a drama based on the 1988 incident involving a middle-class woman in dire Straits and her audacious assault on a number of Montevideo banks. Released in 1994, the film did well locally and in Spain.
The decision of the local filmmakers of economic difficulties, the city of Montevideo created the background and the national government created by ina, two funds designed to subsidize local projects that might not see the light of day. These funds enabled Alejandro Bazzano to make underground, a futurist 1997 TV pilot. The series, however, was soon canceled. Pablo Rodriguezs Gardel: Echoes of silence on the legendary tango vocalist met a similar fate. Despite these setbacks, the year 1997 ended on a positive note for local film with Alvaro Buelas a deceptively simple way of dance and film-Noir Diego Arsuagas, Otario.
Uruguayan Directors pursues more diverse topics since 1998, including Leonardo Ricagnis surreal the Chevrolet and Esteban Schroeders mystery, vineyard. Luis Nieto took Ibsen-esque turn with the memory of Blas Quadra 2000, and Pablo rodríguez lived his previous disappointment damn cocaine 2001. Brummell Pommerenck portrayed existential loneliness in call for the postman 2001, Luis Nieto returned to deal with a former extremist back from exile in the southern Star in 2002 and Pablo Stoll and Juan Pablo Rebella gave an empathetic image of youth in 25 Watts 2002, their dark humor, whisky 2003 received the prize of the program "UN certain regard" at the Cannes film festival. Marcelo Bertalmios existential noise 2005 was well received and received the audience award at the international film festival in Valladolid. Valeria Puig wrote, produced and directed music from confesiones de UN taxista 2011, which was a finalist at the film festival in Nashville.
The rustic Uruguayan countryside has awakened interest in the masters of foreign cinema as well. Swiss Director Bruno Soldini used the rural area for the Brickmasons of tapes a 1989 period piece filmed in Italy. In addition, local filmmakers used the same bucolic to make two Uruguay / Argentina co-production: Diego Arsuagas unyielding the last train 2002, and Guillermo Casanovas Sentimental the trip to the sea 2003.
Uruguayan film production continues to make a modest, although the impact is felt in such Latin American films to produce four to six films a year, and troops to other countries film industry as well, with talent such as Director Israel adrián Caetano, who has made a number of well-known Argentine films since co-directing pizza, beer and smokes in 1997.
2. Places in Uruguay. (Мест в Уругвае)
In recent years, Uruguay has become an interesting country for places is booming in films and commercials shot there. The highlight was the Vice film Miami 2006: the Old city of Montevideo was chosen to simulate Havana Vieja, and Atlantis with its buildings in the art Deco style gave life to parts of Miami.
In 2012, the government of Montevideo published a guide for Directors, students, and advertising agents.
- Sites in Uruguay Cinema of Uruguay Literature of Uruguay Music of Uruguay Television in Uruguay Sports in Uruguay Football in Uruguay Uruguay at the Olympics
- Cinema of Scotland Cinema of Wales Cinema of the United States No Wave Cinema Cinema of Transgression Cinema of Uruguay Cinema of Uzbekistan Cinema of
- organizes the International Cinema Festival of Uruguay which in 2018 marked its 36th year. Cinema of Uruguay List of film archives Cinematheque Cinemateca
- Cinema of Chile Cinema of Colombia Cinema of Cuba Cinema of Haiti Cinema of Mexico Cinema of Paraguay Cinema of Peru Cinema of Puerto Rico Cinema of Uruguay
- resort on the Costa de Oro Golden Coast of the Canelones Department in Uruguay La Floresta is also the name of the municipality to which the city belongs
- Uruguay has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film regularly since 2001. The award is handed out annually by the United
- Cinema of Argentina refers to the film industry based in Argentina. The Argentine cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the
- Cannabis is legal in Uruguay and is one of the most widely used drugs in the nation. President Jose Mujica signed legislation to legalize recreational
- Italian Uruguayans Spanish: italo - uruguayos Italian: italo - uruguaiani are Uruguayan - born citizens who are fully or partially of Italian descent or Italian - born
- Urruzola, whose investigations exposed an Uruguayan sex trafficking network in 1992. Film portal Cinema of Uruguay List of submissions to the 74th Academy Awards
- World cinema is not the sum - total of all films made around the world. Its use is analogous to the use of the term world literature Goethe used the concept
- cinema refers to Indian films produced in Marathi, the language of the state of Maharashtra, India. Based in old Mumbai, it is the oldest and one of the
- The Uruguayan Film Commission is the national film commission of Uruguay which aims to promote Uruguay locations for foreign productions, and to provide
- Uruguayan Canadians are Canadian citizens of Uruguayan descent or persons of Uruguayan descent residing in Canada. Uruguayans who have immigrated to Canada
- Malayalam cinema is the Indian film industry based in the southern state of Kerala, dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Malayalam language
- The cinema of Bangladesh is the Bengali - language film industry based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It has often been a significant film industry since the early
- the film on British television on 1 August 2010. Film portal Cinema of Uruguay List of submissions to the 80th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language
- List of amphibians of Uruguay List of birds of Uruguay List of mammals of Uruguay List of non - marine molluscs of Uruguay Flora of Uruguay Uruguayan savanna
- an actress and director of Cinema Uruguay For her acting work she has won: the ICAU award Film Critics Association of Uruguay for Best Actress Actress
- LGBT cinema since at least the 1980s, though homosexual characters have been appearing in their films since at least 1923.: 75 The collection of LGBT - themed
- Tulu cinema or Coastalwood is a part of Indian cinema The Tulu film industry produces 5 to 7 films annually. The first Tulu film was Enna Thangadi released
- Women s cinema is a variety of topics bundled together to create the work of women in film. This can include women filling behind the scene roles such
- In Uruguay - according to article 4 of Executive Decree 104 014 - there are two types of higher education institutions: those engaged in teaching, research
- capital and largest city of Uruguay According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1, 319, 108 about one - third of the country s total population
- the Atlantic Coast in the Maldonado Department of southeastern Uruguay Punta del Este is also the name of the municipality to which the city belongs. Although
- Enrique Ruffinelli Altesor born 1943 in Uruguay is a Uruguayan academic and critic. In his youth he was a disciple of Angel Rama and a contributor to the
- Story of Pepita the Gunslinger original Spanish title: La historia casi verdadera de Pepita la Pistolera which set a standard in Uruguayan cinema and
- The Cinema of Bolivia comprises the film and videos made within the nation of Bolivia or by Bolivian filmmakers abroad. Though the country s film infrastructure
- Israel Adrian Caetano born 1969 in Montevideo, Uruguay known as Adrian Caetano, is an Uruguayan film director, producer and screenplay writer. He s
- Alvaro Brechner born April 9, 1976 in Montevideo, Uruguay is a Uruguayan film director, writer and producer that lives in Spain. He has written and
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