★ Edison Studios
Edison studios is an American film production organization owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Edison. The Studio came to 1.200 films as part of the Edison Manufacturing company, and then Thomas A. Edison, Inc., the Studio closed in 1918. Of this number, 54 were feature length, and the rest were shorts.
1. History. (История)
The first plant was Edisons Black Maria Studio in West orange, new Jersey, built in 1892-93. The second object glass rooftop Studio built at 41 East 21st street in Manhattans entertainment, opened in 1901. In 1907, Edison had built a new hall, on DECATUR Avenue and Oliver place in the area of Bedford Park in the Bronx.
Thomas Edison played a direct role in his Studio films, except that the owner and appointing William Gilmore as Vice-President and General Manager. The Edisons assistant William Kennedy Dickson, who supervised the development of the Edison system the movie, produced the first Edison films intended for public exhibition, 1893-95. After Dicksons choice for the American Mutoscope and Biograph company in 1895, he was replaced as Director of production operator William Hayes, from 1896-1903, James H. white. When white left to supervise the Edisons European interests in 1903, he was replaced by William Markgraf 1903-1904, then Alex T. Moore 1904-1909, and Horace G. Plimpton 1909-1915.
The first commercially exhibited film in the United States were from Edison, and premiered at the peep show parlor in new York on 14 April 1894. The program consisted of ten short films, each less than a minute long, athletes, dancers and other performers. After competitors started to show movies on the screens, Edison presented its own projecting kinetoscope in late 1896.
The earliest works was brief "actualities," showing everything from acrobats, parades, fires. But competition from French and English a story of the early 1900s, dramatically changed the market. By 1904, 85% of Edison sales were from story films.
In December 1908, Edison led the formation of the cinematic the companys patents in an attempt to control the industry and shut out smaller producers. In the "Edison trust," as he was nicknamed, was made up of Edison, Biograph, the, Essanay Studios, kalem company, George Kleine productions, Lubin studios, Georges Méliès, pathé, Selig studios, and Vitagraph Studios, and dominated distribution through the General film company. The Motion Picture Patents Cooperation. and actually the movie with. was found guilty of antitrust violation in October 1915, and was disbanded.
The collapse of the trust by Federal courts under the antitrust laws, and the loss of European markets during world war I, hurt Edison financially. Edison sold its film business, including the Bronx Studio, March 30, 1918 to the Lincoln & Parker film company, Massachusetts.
2. Notable productions. (Известных постановок)
Some of the studios notable performances: kiss of 1896, the Great train robbery 1903, Alices adventures in Wonderland 1910 Frankenstein 1910 the first adaptation of the novel What happened to Mary 1912, one of the earliest movie serials, and the land beyond the sunset 1912, which film historian William K. Everson called "the screens first truly lyrical film". The company has also produced a number of short "eternal " the sound of films in 1913-1914 with a complex system of acoustic recordings, which could raise noise from 30 meters. The Studio also released a number of Raoul Barre cartoon in 1915. The Studio also made the first adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson historical novel kidnapped.
3. Heritage. (Наследие)
Everson, calling Edison studios "financially successful and artistically unambitious," wrote that in addition to Directors Edwin S. porter and John Hancock Collins,
he Edison studios failed notable Director, or even above average. Not the Edison films show the dynamic sense of progress that one gets from studying the biography movies, on year to year basis. On the contrary, there is a feeling of stagnation.
However, new restorations and screenings of Edison films in recent years contradict Eversons statement, indeed, Everson referring to the land on the other side of the Sun points to the work of Edison beyond porter and Collins as it was directed by Harold M. Shaw 1877-1926, who later went on to a successful career directing in England, South Africa, and Lithuania before returning to the U.S. in 1922. Other important Directors who started at Edison included Oscar Apfel, Charles Brabin, Alan Crosland, J. daouli, and Edward H. Griffith.
- lawyer Frank Dyer. Edison s films were made by the Kinetograph Department of the Edison Manufacturing Company. The Edison Studios first produced kinetoscope
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- Oscar Peterson and Harry Edison is a 1974 album by Oscar Peterson, accompanied by Harry Sweets Edison Easy Living Ralph Rainger, Leo Robin 6: 10
- Fred Ott s Sneeze also known as Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze is an 1894 short, black - and - white, silent film shot by William K.L. Dickson and
- The Substitute Stenographer, from Edison Studios was a 1913 American silent film short directed by Walter Edwin The film was the third of three Kate
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- The Motion Picture Patents Company MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts
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