★ Cinema of Moldova
The cinema of Moldova developed in the early 1960-ies in the Soviet period, experiencing a flowering of about a decade and a half. Stagnation followed, and after the Moldavian SSR became independent in 1991, the industry almost completely disappeared.
1. History. (История)
The origins of Moldovan cinema, it is difficult to track, largely due to differences in the history of cinema on the left - and right-Bank areas, a division that continues today. From 1897 to 1927, production of the film have been sparse and remains largely undocumented. After Bessarabia, now part of the current territorial boundaries of the Republic of Moldova was acquired by Romania in 1918, the USSR created the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet socialist Republic MASSR on the left Bank of the Dniester river in 1924. This newly created Soviet Republic was included land withdrawn from Ukraine, as well as modern Transnistria, the separatist region which remains unrecognized of any of the UN Nations member. At that time, the Soviet Union made attempts of modernization and Sovietization of the MASSR, which included cryrillicizing Romanian industrialization of the region and educates many professionals in the MASSR film at the Odessa state College of cinematography in neighboring Ukraine.
Most of the films of these early Moldavian film professions of documentary works, most of which were propaganda films, such as protests: remember Bessarabia 1928, the agricultural community of the Bessarabian 1928, but five years MASSR 1928. However, in 1928 a documentary film all quiet is the most notable film of this period, and included a Moldavian crew.
Despite these efforts, the region never had its own national film Studio. For the entire period of the existence of the MASSR in the movie industry Moldovan and Ukrainian film industry was almost the same: in 1930, the USSR created the Moldovan Department of cinematography in UkraFilm, changing its name in 1934 and again in 1936. In addition, many employees of the film from these early MASSR production was Ukrainian.
In the right Bank area, movies in Bessarabia was virtually nonexistent because of his cinematic personality was due to the fact that in Romania, which, because of the destruction caused by World war I there was a small rate. After the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939, which effectively ceded Bessarabia to the USSR, the Soviet army invaded Bessarabia and took control of the region. From 1940 to 1944, Bessarabia has experienced its biggest movie since 1918. A few Russian language movies with subtitles in Romanian language and in the Soviet Union began the production of documentary films and newsreels about the region, for example, on the Danube.
This cinematic growth came to an end, though, when Nazi Germany and Romania, which recently joined the axis powers, moved to Bessarabia and crossed the Dniester river in Transnistria. Then, all the Soviet republics of the film industry was mobilized for war and, as in the film industry of the allied powers, had produced documentaries and newsreels about the military activities of the Soviet Union.
Once recaptured, the Union of Bessarabia and Transnistria, two regions affected by the war. In Chisinau, the Moldovan capital, was almost completely destroyed by bombing. But Bessarabia region also face additional challenges, as noted by L. I. Brezhnev: because it was not part of the USSR during the 1920s, Bessarabia remained underdeveloped compared to their Soviet counterparts. Therefore, rapid collectivization and Sovietization following the Second world war. Although there have been attempts to cultivate the Moldovan film-the culture in this period - the Russian cinema continues to be subtitled in Romanian language, the government published in Soviet newsreels, focusing on Moldova, etc. - cine situation remained unchanged until the 1950-ies.
April 26, 1952, after much planning, the Ministry of cinematography of the USSR, created at the documentary film Studio in chişinău. In the first year there were two documentaries, the Moldovan Codri and cannery. However, these films, and MASSR, not distinctly Moldovan identity. Directors operating in Moldova at this moment were from Moscow and Odessa, in particular because it was not prepared by the specialists of the Moldovan movie. Between 1952 and 1957, was filmed six documentaries.
Then came more Moldovan filmmakers to participate in local industries that caused the worker to take an increased interest in the role of the state in the development of national cinematography. To this end, on 24 January 1957 the Council of Ministers of MSSR was renamed to the National film "Studio for fiction movies and chronicle documentaries from chişinău," also known as "Moldova-film". Moldova-film was much more productive than its predecessor. Funded by the government of Moldova-film was 160 feature films, 1.500 documentary and educational shorts, and over 100 animated films from 1957 to 1992. A few years later, in 1967, founded the MSSR, Chisinau television movie, which, like Moldova-film, which received public funding and equally effective, producing more than 300 documentaries, music videos, films, and during its existence.
It was during this period that many well-known Moldovan filmmakers have begun to receive training at VGIK in Moscow and after returning to Moldova, to make movies at home. This allowed Moldovan cinema, to develop the identity. During Khruschevs thaw, which opened increased freedom of artistic expression, the Moldovan filmmakers such as Emil Loteanu and Valeriu Gagiu made movies that did enter the Moldovan poetic cinema”, a genre which fuses realism with romance and is in great demand in the USSR.
However, as in other Soviet republics, the state exercises a significant influence on the content of these films, but with the advent of Leonid Brezhnev, first Secretary came the resumption of official censorship. Socialist realism as a norm, under the leadership of Stalin, became, again, an art model for film professions, and criticism of Soviet history was strongly adverse party leaders. For example, Valeriu Gagiu the taste of bread, 1966, about the Moldovan resistance when grasping Stalins policy of collectivization of agriculture after the Second world war, has caused outrage from the party leaders, despite the enthusiastic reception of the film at film festivals. Therefore, in accordance with the systematic suppression of the state of Moldovan cinema and culture, the Central Committee of the party of Communists of Republic Moldova has banned the film in 1970. Other Moldavian films suffered the same fate.
In the period of the thaw era of the 1970-ies was characterized by stagnation, Studio continue to forge creative freedoms, although there have been several artistic successes at this time, such as Emil Loteanu Lautarii in 1972 and Gypsies near the sky 1976. But in 1980-e the years of perestroika and glasnost led to the revival of artistic freedom and impressive Moldavian films as Valeriu Jereghi in Iona 1987, Gheorghe urschi someone swears, it pays to 1989, and a crucifix Victor Bucataru 1990.
1.1. History. Filmography. (Фильмография)
In 1957, the first fiction Comedy film was called SDR omul nu-I La locul Louis, when man is not himself after the script of ion Druta.
In 1968 the first film, cartoon, the goat with three kids, was released, a film inspired by ion Creangas tale of the same name. In 1972 satirical series Usturici appeared.
Between 1952 and 1982, 120 feature films, documentaries, 800, 750 editions of the cinema of the Soviet Moldova, 40 editions Usturici and 40 cartoons were filmed at the Studio Moldova-Film. It is also dubbed 12 fiction films and 70 short stories in the year to the end of 1980-ies.
Was the theater built in the early 1950-ies in the center of Chisinau, which is part of the chain of the Moldovan "Patria".
2. International recognition. (Международное признание)
The first world-famous success was the film of the Moldovan producer Mikhail Kalik - lullaby Russian lullaby, released in 1960 in the Republic of Moldova-Film studios. The film was awarded the prize "for participation" in the international competition Film at the International film festival in Locarno, drawing attention to the emerging film industry of the Republic of Moldova.
Another international success was the man follows the Sun man, the Sun Russian: Man goes for the sun, written by Valeriu Gagiu and Mikhail Kalik. World press compare this film with albert Lamorisses film Le Ballon Rouge, where, as in the Moldavian movie, the main character was a little boy. Vadim Derbenev, the operator, were awarded a special diploma of the jury at the International film festival in Helsinki for their work.
One of the first Moldavian films were ataman kodr Russia: Ataman kodr, which is popular in Asia and Latin America. Viewers called the film ataman Kadir.
Moldovan breakthrough in the film industry of the worlds was a film based on the script of ion Druta and producer and cameraman Vadim Derbenev - the last autumn month the Last month of autumn. The film won prizes at the film festival in Mar del Plata, including the "sympathy prize of viewers". Evgeny Lebedev were awarded the main prize of festival - "the southern Cross" - in the category Best actor. "The nation" described the film as "remarkably beautiful work." "La Prensa" wrote "this film, amongst all the clutter that fills the world of cinema invites us to the origins of true reachess of life." In addition to assessment in Argentina, the film was awarded the Grand Prix at the Cannes film festival in 1966. At the International film festival Kino Pavasaris in Vilnius, the Director Vadim Derbenev won the "Best performance". However, in Vilnius, the film was awarded only the second main prize of the film in the first place taken by Vytautas Zalakeviciuss film nobody wanted to die Russian: Nobody wanted to die.
Lautari Emil Loteanu producer Vitaliy Kalashnikov, composer Eugen Doga was a success, especially in Italy. The film won four prizes including the "audience award", and the second main prize "Silver shell". Norwegian newspaper Arbeiterbladet compared Moldavian films for the Broadway musical "the Sound of music." Czech film weekly wrote "Every nation in best expresses your deepest feelings, but Moldova has done it better." In 1975, the film won in the category "Best foreign film", leaving behind traditional Hollywood productions. During the week of Soviet cinema in Naples, the film was awarded the "silver nymph".
Red meadows by Emil Loteanu was also another major success of Moldova at the International film festival in Locarno. Romania Libera stressed the symbolism of this artwork, which made it an unforgettable spectacle."
Very few films were produced in the Republic of Moldova since gaining independence: the government failed to protect its domestic industry and funding is rare with the exception of the infrequent joint ventures. The country also has the worlds second lowest rate of cinema attendance.
3. Cartoons. (Мультфильмы)
Animated films produced in Moldova-studios to reach an international audience. Cartoon Haiduc made Leonid Gorokhov, Yuri Katsap, with the scenario written by Vlad Druk, was awarded the Grand Prix at the Cannes festival in the category of cartoon.
- in Moldova Art in Moldova Cinema of Moldova Dance in Moldova List of Moldovan dances Calușari - a traditional male folk dance Literature of Moldova Music
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- The media of Moldova refers to mass media outlets based in the Republic of Moldova Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state - owned
- Cinema. Rowman Littlefield. pp. 274 277. ISBN 0 - 8108 - 6072 - 4. Moldova - Film on IMDb in Romanian Moldova - Film in the Encyclopedia of Moldavian Cinema
- president of the Republic of Moldova Romanian: Președintele Republicii Moldova is the head of state of Moldova The current president of Moldova since December
- 29 E 47 29 Moldova mɒlˈdoʊvə listen sometimes UK: ˈmɒldəvə officially the Republic of Moldova Romanian: Republica Moldova is a landlocked
- enlarged and renamed Moldova Mall. With 9, 561 m2 102, 910 sq ft gross leasable area GLA the complex had 80 stores, 3 cinema screens, and 14 fast - food
- The Cabinet of Moldova is the chief executive body of the government of Moldova Its function according to the Constitution of Moldova is to carry out
- The unification of Romania and Moldova Romanian: Unirea Republicii Moldova cu Romania is a popular concept in the two countries beginning with the late
- Moldovan music is closely related to that of its neighbour and cultural kin, Romania. Moldovan folk is known for swift, complex rhythms a characteristic
- The prime minister of Moldova is Moldova s head of government. The prime minister is formally appointed by the president and exercises executive power
- The history of Moldova can be traced to the 1350s, when the Principality of Moldavia, the medieval precursor of modern Moldova and Romania, was founded
- of the Republic of Moldova Romanian: drapelul Republicii Moldova is a vertical tricolour of blue, yellow, and red, charged with the coat of arms of
- Religion in Moldova is predominantly Orthodox Christian. The Constitution of the Republic of Moldova provides for freedom of religion, and the national
- This article is about the demographic features of the population of Moldova including distribution, ethnicity, languages, religious affiliation and other
- The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian origins of its majority population, while also being heavily indebted to the Slavic and
- Florești District, in northern Moldova with a population of 2, 081 at the 2004 census. The city was once the site of a Jewish agricultural and mercantile
- Moldovan cuisine is a style of cooking related to the people of Moldova and its breakaway region of Transnistria. It consists mainly of traditional European
- The coat of arms of Moldova consists of an eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and an olive branch in its claws. According to Gheorghe Vrabie
- The state language of Moldova is Romanian which is the native language of 80.2 of the population it is also spoken as a primary language by other ethnic
- Republicii Moldova Presidency of the Republic of Moldova in Romanian Stema de Stat a Republicii Moldova Presidency of the Republic of Moldova in Romanian
- Republic of Moldova refer to the celebrated non - working days established by the Government of Moldova and valid for the whole territory of the country
- name of the native language of the main ethnic group in Moldova The issue more frequently disputed is whether Moldovans constitute a subgroup of Romanians
- Moldovan Canadians are Canadian citizens of Moldovan descent or Moldovan - born people residing in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 8, 050
- 1982 Order of the Republic Moldova Vasilyev Brothers State Prize of the RSFSR 1980 People s Artist of the USSR 1984 Cinema of Moldova 17 сентября
- regimului comunist totalitar din Republica Moldova is a commission instituted in Moldova by Acting President of Moldova Mihai Ghimpu to investigate the Moldavian
- The cinema of Romania is the art of motion - picture making within the nation of Romania or by Romanian filmmakers abroad. It has been home to many internationally
- anthem of Moldova since 1994, being officially adopted on 22 July 1995. For a short period of time in the early 1990s, the national anthem of Moldova was
- World cinema is not the sum - total of all films made around the world. Its use is analogous to the use of the term world literature Goethe used the concept
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