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★ Balga - castle ..


★ Balga

Balga was a medieval castle of the Teutonic order in the Kaliningrad region, Russia. The ruins of the castle located on the shore of the Vistula lagoon, to the North of Mamonovo in the border of the municipal formation of Bagrationovsky district, about 30 km southwest of Kaliningrad.


1. History. (История)

The hill of Balga had been the site of an old Prussian fortress Honed Warmian called. The fortress was unsuccessfully besieged by the Wettin Margrave Henry III of Meissen on his 1237 Prussian crusade, but was ultimately conquered in 1239 by the troops of the Teutonic order under the leadership of the great Marshal Dietrich von Bernheim. Balga was the oldest Ordensburg constructed by the Teutonic order in the field of modern Kaliningrad region was built from 1239 to control naval traffic on the Vistula lagoon. With the assistance of Duke Otto I of Brunswick-lüneburg, the Teutonic knights defeated the old Prussians along the coastline of Warmia and Natangia. The conquest of these pagan peoples brought the Duke Swietopelk II of Pomerania to declare war against the Teutonic order in 1242 Prussian uprising, although he was eventually forced to abandon his participation in the uprising. From 1250, Balga was the administrative centre of Kommende Balga and the residence of the commander of the Teutonic order. Many Komturs in Balga like Winrich von Kniprode or Ulrich von jungingen, later rose to the office of the Grand Master, the highest office in the Teutonic order.

In 1499 Grand Master Friedrich von Sachsen had Kommende dissolved, and the Prussian homage, Balga was part of the Polish Duchy of Prussia in 1525 the castle became the residence of George of Polentz, Bishop of Samland.

From 1627, parts of the castle were broken by order of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden during the Polish–Swedish war in order to obtain building material for the construction of the star Fort at Pillau, now Baltiysk, the strategically important port city was occupied by the Swedes. Balga was located in the Duchy of Prussia from 1525 and the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701, where from 1772 1829 he belonged to the province of East Prussia. The province was United with West Prussia to the province of Prussia until 1878, when he again separated and Balga remained in East Prussia until 1945.

During the Second world war the castle ruins were the site of one of the final battles between the German Wehrmacht and the Soviet red Army, with the recent advance in the East Prussian offensive. The German defenders had destroyed many ships, sinking them in the lagoon near the ruins, and battle, greatly damaged the castle remains. After the Total war was in that part of East Prussia, allocated to the Soviet Union at the Potsdam conference and is in the zone, which was organized in Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian SFSR. In the area of Balga has become a popular place for robbers and treasure hunters hoping to dig up valuables left in the locks of the previous occupants and the German and Soviet soldiers killed in world war II.

Balga was also the name of a nearby village, which after the Soviet sovereignty over the area was renamed the fun, but now abandoned.

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  • based in the northern suburbs of Perth. It includes Alexander Heights, Balga Koondoola, Mirrabooka, Westminster and parts of Ballajura and Dianella

  • to form North Metropolitan TAFE. At the beginning of 2017, two campuses Balga and Midland that were formerly part of Polytechnic West also joined North
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  • two - party - preferred count. He would hold this seat, renamed Balga in 1974, Balcatta again in 1977, and Balga again in 1983, until his retirement from politics in
  • north - eastern Burkina Faso. Its capital lies at the town of Diapangou. Balga Bandiabgou Bardiadeni Bassabliga Bianargou Boaka Bossongri Comboari Diangaïe
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