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★ Film studio
The film Studio is a major entertainment company or motion picture company that has its own private Studio equipment or services that are used to create films, which is handled by the production company. Most companies in the entertainment industry have never owned their own studios, but have rented space from other companies.
There is an independent Studio that has never produced a movie of their own, because they are not entertainment companies or motion picture companies, they are companies who sell only Studio space.
The largest film Studio in the world kinogorod Ramoji in Hyderabad, India.
1. Beginning. (Начало)
In 1893 Thomas Edison built the first movie Studio in the United States when he constructed the Black Maria, a tarpaper-covered structure near his laboratories in West orange, new Jersey, and asked circus, vaudeville and dramatic actors to perform for the camera. He distributed these movies at vaudeville theaters, penny arcades, wax museums, and a Museum. The first film of the series What happened to Mary, was released by the Edison company in 1912. The pioneering Thanhouser film Studio was founded in new Rochelle, new York in 1909 by American theatrical impresario Edwin Thanhouser. The company produced and released 1.086 films between 1910 and 1917, successfully distributing them around the world.
In the early 1900s, companies began to move in Los Angeles, California. Although electric lights were widely available then were not powerful enough to adequately expose film best source of lighting for film was the natural sunlight. Some movies were filmed on the roofs of buildings in downtown Los Angeles. Before the producers of the movie and moved to southern California to escape the Edison motion picture patents company, which controlled almost all the patents related to the production of the movie at the time.
The first film Studio in the Hollywood area was Nestor studios, opened in 1911 by al Christie David HORSLEY. In the same year, 15 more independent and settled in Hollywood. Other production companies eventually settled in Los Angeles in places such as CULVER city, Burbank, and what will soon be known as Studio city in the valley of San Fernando.
2. The "majors". ("Мэйджорах")
By the middle of 1920-ies, the evolution of a handful of American production companies into wealthy film industry conglomerates that owned their own studios, distribution divisions, and theaters, and contracted with performers and other filmmaking personnel, led to the sometimes confusing equation of "Studio" with "production company" in the jargon. Five large companies, 20th Century Fox, RKO pictures, paramount pictures, Warner Bros and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer came to be known as the "Big five", the "majors" or "Studios" in trade publications such as variety, and their management structures and practices collectively came to be known as the "Studio system."
Although they owned few or no theaters to guarantee sales of their films, photos, Columbia pictures and "United Artists" also fell under these rubrics, making a total of eight generally recognized "major studios". United artists, although its controlling partners owned not one, but two production studios in the Golden age, it was often unstable hold on the title of "major" and operated mainly as a sponsor and distributor of independently produced films.
In the autumn of 2019, the movie Mogul Tyler Perry opened Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta. The Studio is more than any Hollywood movie Studio.
Smaller studios operated simultaneously with "the majors". These included operations such as Republic Pictures, active from 1935, which produced the films rarely match the scale and ambition of a major Studio and monogram pictures, which specialized in the series and genre releases. Together with smaller outfits such as PRC TKO and the Grand national, the minor studios filled the demand for the films category B and together sometimes referred to as poverty.
4. Independents. (Индивидуалки)
Big property of five cinemas were eventually opposed by eight independent producers, including Samuel Goldwyn, David O. Selznick, Walt Disney, Hal roach, Walter wanger. In 1948, the Federal government won a case against paramount in the Supreme court, which ruled that the vertically integrated structure of the industry is an illegal monopoly. This decision, reached after twelve years of litigation, hastened the end of the Studio system and Hollywoods "Golden age".
5. Typical major film Studio components. (Типичные крупные киностудии компоненты)
In the 1950-ies, the physical components of a typical major film Studio became standardized. Since major studios typically located inside a physically secure connection with a high wall that protects the operation of the film industry from unwanted interference from the paparazzi and crazy fans leading movie stars. Movement In and out of the Studio, usually limited to a certain gate often topped by a large decorative arch, where visitors must stop at the gate and explain the purpose of his visit to the security guard. The Studio premises, typically have several pavilions with external nature, as well as offices for Studio executives and production companies. As a rule, the studios chief, which is the traditional term in the film industry, what other industries call the company cafeteria. Early nitrate film was extremely flammable, and sets were and still are very flammable, so film studios, built in the early to mid-20th-century water towers to facilitate firefighting.
6. Film on TV
In the mid-1950s, with television proving to be a profitable enterprise not destined soon to disappear at any time - as many in the film industry had once hoped, the Studio is increasingly used to produce programming for the growing medium. Some medium-sized companies such as Republic pictures, eventually sold their studios for the television, which was eventually bought by larger studios, such as American broadcasting company, which was bought by Disney in 1995.
7. Today. (Сегодня)
With the growing diversification of studios into such fields as video games, television stations, broadcast syndication, television, theme parks, home video and publishing, they become transnational corporations.
International markets an increasing part of the income of a Hollywood film with approximately 70% of the total movie revenue coming from international ticket sales and Chinese domestic cash revenue is predicted to surpass the US in 2020. The growth of film studios and film outside Hollywood and the USA has produced the popular international film festival, the Studio places such as Hollywood North-Vancouver and Toronto in Canada, bollywood Mumbai, India, and Nigeria Lagos, Nigeria.
The Studio has grown in size, they began to rely on production companies, like J. Abrams bad robot productions, to handle many of the tasks of creative and physical production details movies. Instead the studios transformed into financing and organization of the distribution of the films made by their affiliated companies. With the decreasing cost of CG and visual effects, many studios sold large chunks of the once massive spaces or backlots to private developers. Century city in Los Angeles was once part of the 20th Century Fox back yard, which was one of the largest and most famous Studio lots. In most cases, part of the backlots were saved and available for rental in various films and television productions. Some studios offer tours of their backlots, while universal pictures allows visitors adjacent to the amusement Park universal studios Hollywood to take a tram tour of the back yard, where he once made films like "Psycho" and "Back to the future".
8. Independent film and studios. (Независимый фильм и студии)
Starting in the 1980-ies, as the cost of professional equipment 16mm film decreases, together with a film innovations such as S-VHS and mini-DV camera, many young filmmakers began to make films outside the "Studio system". Directors and producers such as Adam Sandler, Robert Rodriguez, Steven Soderbergh, Quentin Tarantino, Kevin Smith, Tim Burton, Mike judge, Edgar Wright, Michael Bay, Sam Raimi, James WAN, Simon West, Roland Emmerich, James Cameron, Matt stone and Trey Parker, Peter Jackson, Eli Roth, Jim Jarmusch, Rob, brad bird, Richard Linklater, Seth MacFarlane, Christopher Nolan, Judd Apatow, Tyler Perry, Jason Blum, and Phil Lord and Chris Miller have made movies that have expanded into hand the Studio does not want to do. In response to these films, many distributed by a "mini-Studio" Miramaks as the "majors" have created their own mini-studios designed to focus on a more "independent" content. Focus was developed by Universal Pictures and Fox searchlight was created 20th Century Fox for this purpose.
- DEFA Deutsche Film - Aktiengesellschaft was the state - owned film studio of the German Democratic Republic East Germany throughout the country s existence
- Odessa Film Studio Ukrainian: Одеська кіностудія художніх фільмів is the first film studio established in Russian Empire Odessa It is partially owned
- August First Film Studio or Bayi Film Studio is a state - run film studio in China. August First Film Studio was established on August 1, 1952. It was
- The Dovzhenko Film Studios Ukrainian: Національна кіностудія художніх фільмів імені О. Довженка, translit. Natsional na kinostudiya khudozhnikh filmiv
- Paramount Pictures A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands
- Gorky Film Studio Russian: Киностудия имени Горького is a film studio in Moscow, Russian Federation. By the end of the Soviet Union, Gorky Film Studio had
- Northeast Film Studio Chinese: 东北电影制片厂 pinyin: Dōngbei Diànyǐng Zhìpiànchǎng was one of the first formally established movie production company in
- Film Studio German: Filmstudio Babelsberg, FWB: BG1 located in Potsdam - Babelsberg outside Berlin, Germany, is the oldest large - scale film studio in
- Central Studio for Documentary Film or CSDF Russian: Центральная студия документальных фильмов, ЦСДФ is a Soviet Russian film studio It was the largest
- Cinespace Film Studios is a series of film studio facilities founded in 1988, by Greek - Canadian Nick Mirkopoulos. It includes a facility in Vaughan, that
- Pannonia Film Studio also known as MAFILM Pannonia Filmstudio is the largest animation studio in Hungary, based in the capital of Budapest. Pannonia Film s
- Sverdlovsk Film Studio Russian: Свердловская Киностудия is a Russian film studio based in Yekaterinburg formerly Sverdlovsk It is a major regional
- The following is a list of pornographic film studios Contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also Abbywinters.com AUS Active
- 498902 Denham Film Studios were a British film production studio operating from 1936 to 1952. Founded by Alexander Korda, notable films made at Denham
- Pinewood Studios is a British film and television studio located in Iver Heath on the outskirts of Slough a major town bordering London it is 2 miles
- Vancouver Film Studios is a film production facility located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and is operated by the McLean Group of Companies.
- The Hunnia Film Studio was the largest and most important film studio in Hungary. Located in the capital Budapest, it was for many years under state ownership
- Organisation to distribute films made by Tianyi. Around 1930, the Shaw brothers set up Nanyang South Seas Film Studio to produce films In 1933, Tianyi released
- ച ത ര ഞ ജല is a film production studio located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. It was established in 1980s by the Kerala State Film Development Corporation
- Changchun Film Studio Group Corporation Chinese: 长春电影集团公司 is a Chinese film production company in Changchun. It is one of the studios transitioned from
- Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in west London. Will Barker bought the White Lodge on
- British film studios 3 Mills Studios Bow, London Aardman Animations Bristol Beaconsfield Film Studios Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire Bray Studios Windsor
- A Studio Executive is an employee of a film studio or a corporation doing business in the entertainment industry. A studio executive may be a chief executive
- Tempelhof Studios are a film studio located in Tempelhof in the German capital of Berlin. They were founded in 1912, during the silent era, by German film pioneer
- Shepperton Studios is a film studio located in Shepperton, Surrey, England with a history dating back to 1931. It is now part of the Pinewood Studios Group
- Lithuanian Film Studio Lithuanian: Lietuvos kino studija, Russian: Литовская киностудия is a Lithuanian film studio in Vilnius. Rollberg, Peter 2008
- Quonset Hut Studio was a music recording studio originally known as Bradley s Film Recording Studios and which later was called Columbia Studio B. It was
- Barrandov Studios is a famous set of film studios in Prague, Czech Republic. It is the largest film studio in the country and one of the largest in Europe
- Elstree Studios is a generic term which can refer to several current and defunct British film studios and television studios based in or around the towns
- Studio Ghibli is a Japanese animation film studio founded in 1985. In addition to producing 18 feature films the studio has produced several short films
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