Топ-100 ⓘ Ardfinnan Castle, is the sister castle of Lismore Castle and
Back

ⓘ Ardfinnan Castle, is the sister castle of Lismore Castle and was built circa 1185 to guard the river crossing at Ardfinnan in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is s ..

Ardfinnan Castle
                                     

ⓘ Ardfinnan Castle

Ardfinnan Castle, is the sister castle of Lismore Castle and was built circa 1185 to guard the river crossing at Ardfinnan in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is situated on the River Suir, seven miles west of Clonmel. The castle is currently privately owned and is not open for public viewing.

The Anglo-Norman castle is positioned on a large rocky incline and it looks out over the Suir valley with the Knockmealdown Mountains to the south, and the Galtee Mountains to the northwest. The castle is a parallelogram in shape with square battlements at the corners and a fortified entrance gateway.

                                     

1. Early history

The castle was built in 1185 by order of John of England, then Lord of Ireland, during his first expedition to Ireland. To guard the northern border of Waterford, Johns father Henry II of England proposed Ardfinnan and Tybroughney on the river Suir, with Lismore on the Blackwater as key positions to erect castles. Most importantly, Ardfinnan would secure a passage from the Anglo-Norman-occupied southern sea-board into central Ireland. John arrived in Waterford in April 1185, after which he soon granted the Cambro-Norman knight Maurice de Prendergast with the Manor of Ardfinnan, in which he was tasked with the construction of Ardfinnan Castle and to defend it as its governor.

In opposition to Johns construction of the castles, Lismore Castle was taken by surprise in an attack by the Irish, and its governor, Robert de Barry, was slain along with his entire garrison. King of Munster Donal OBrien, King of Connacht Rory OConner and King of Desmond Dermod MacCarthy, now headed for Ardfinnan. Opposite the imposing castle and on the other side of the river, it became aware to OBrien that he would not be able to take it by force. Indicating retreat, he turned back only to be pursued by the small garrison of knights holding Ardfinnan Castle, which for OBrien would play the advantage. He swiftly turned back towards Ardfinnan and surrounded the now exposed knights, slaying a large portion of them and subsequently taking Ardfinnan Castle. After this and further successive defeats against the Irish Kings, Johns original force of 300 men was decimated, and by December of that same year, 1185, he was summoned back to England by his father.

The castle was promptly retaken and would continue to regularly change hands between the vying Anglo-Normans, until it was handed over to the Knights Templar, and later granted to the Knights Hospitaller. While the Hospitallers protected this important pass between Cashel and Lismore, they constructed the castles surviving circular keep in the early 13th century.

                                     

2. Cromwellian siege

On Saturday 2 February 1650 major general Henry Ireton, who was accompanying Oliver Cromwell in his conquest of Ireland, had neither the boats or sufficient weather in order to make a crossing of the river Suir with his army and subsequently headed for the bridge at Ardfinnan to gain another crucial pass over the river Suir, second to the pass at Carrick. In view of taking hold of the strategically placed castle which guarded this crossing from high above, he waited until around four o’clock the next morning to attempt a siege. Defending the castle from the Parliamentarians with a small force of soldiers was David Fitzgibbon the White Knight, Governor of Ardfinnan Castle for Charles II. With cannons placed on a hill opposite the castle, Ireton bombarded its once impenetrable walls until there was a large breakthrough after about 8 shots and then proceeded to kill about thirteen of the out-guard and lost only two of his men with about ten wounded. After this the castle was promptly surrendered to the New Model Army who would use it as a garrison throughout their time in Ireland. Fitzgibbon was spared his life for his swift surrender of the castle, but subsequently lost his lands at Ardfinnan and was transplanted to Connacht in 1653. Guns, ammunition and other supplies arriving at Youghal would be brought over the river Blackwater at the pass at Cappoquin and then finally over the river Suir at Ardfinnan to reach the rest of the army in Tipperary. With the end of the Cromwellian campaign of Ireland, the leaving Parliamentarian troops slighted Ardfinnan castle which partially left it in ruins.

                                     

3. British Army garrison

In 1795 with the threat of invasion during the French Revolutionary Wars, the castle was once again occupied as a military garrison, with British Army fencible units. Despite being in ruins, the position of the castle still commanded over a chief pass on the river Suir and it would be used along with the rest of the Ardfinnan and Neddans area to hold a British Army summer training camp, with reserves ready against French invasion. Training in firing and marching were essential in forging these militia into an effective military force. Although initially established as a temporary encampment for the summer months, it became a permanent camp in March 1796 by the orders of John Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden, which amounted a force of 2.740 mainly Protestant soldiers. The camp was disbanded by 1802.

                                     

4. Restoration

In the early 19th century, 15 acres with Ardfinnan Castle were reinstated to the descendants of Maurice de Prendergast, who were now descended of the Prendergasts of Newcastle. The castles tower-house received a Victorian restoration around 1846, with the addition of adjoining buildings and was essentially turned into a country house.

The last male member of this family to occupy the castle was Royal Navy Admiral, Sir Robert Prendergast, KBC who settled in Eastbourne following his retirement in 1920. He was a suspected victim of the serial killer Dr. John Bodkin Adams when he died in 1946.

By the 1920s it was in the ownership of the Mulcahys of the prosperous Ardfinnan Woollen Mills which the castle overshadows, on what was formerly the site of the Prendergasts flour mill. Further restorations to the house were made by 1929. The latest addition is the three-storey gable-ended wing, likely added during the 1930s.

                                     
  • regional road. The Catholic parish of Ardfinnan is made up of three areas: Ardfinnan Ballybacon, and Grange. Ardfinnan is also a civil parish in the ancient
  • beside the historic river crossing point at Ardfinnan bridge on Barrack Street, underneath Ardfinnan Castle The River Suir powered wool spinning machinery
  • Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair. Approximate date of the construction of Ardfinnan Castle 25 July Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, 4th Baron Lacy Ball, F. Elrington
  • 1946 was a Royal Navy officer. The son of a Surgeon - General occupying Ardfinnan Castle in Ireland, Prendergast entered the Royal Navy as a Cadet in 1877.
  • Devonshire. Built as the sister castle to Ardfinnan Castle in 1185 by Prince John to guard the river crossing, the castle site was originally occupied by
  • Doe Castle or Caislean na dTuath, near Creeslough, County Donegal, was the historical stronghold of Clan tSuibhne Clan MacSweeney with architectural
  • Ormond Castle Irish: Caislean Urmhumhan is a castle on the River Suir on the east side of Carrick - on - Suir, County Tipperary, Ireland. The oldest part
  • Kinnitty Castle or Castle Bernard is a 19th - century gothic revival castle and hotel in Kinnitty Cionn Eitigh County Offaly, Ireland. It is located north
  • Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house situated in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. The house was built by Sir Toby Caulfeild between


                                     
  • Castle Roche Irish: Dun Gall is a Norman castle located some 10 km 7 miles north - west of Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland. It was the seat of the De
  • Huntington Castle also known as Clonegal Castle is a castle in Clonegal, County Carlow Ireland, built in 1625. The structure was originally a plantation
  • the 2nd Earl, who had built Cahir Castle in 1375 to guard a strategic crossing point of the River Suir. Ardfinnan Castle was built by order of King John
  • Blarney Castle Irish: Caislean na Blarnan is a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland, and the River Martin. Though earlier fortifications
  • 8 06 40 W 54.655 N 8.111 W 54.655 - 8.111 Donegal Castle Irish: Caislean Dhun na nGall is a castle situated in the centre of Donegal Town in County Donegal
  • Castle Saunderson Irish: Caislean Shandarsan is a castle near Belturbet, County Cavan, Ireland. It was the former family seat of the Saunderson family
  • Burt Castle is a ruined castle located close to Newtowncunningham and Burt, County Donegal, Ireland. Historically it was sometimes spelt as Birt Castle It
  • Hope Castle also referred to as Blayney Castle is an 18th - century house built in the town of Castleblayney, located in County Monaghan, Ireland. Over
  • Dunsany Castle Irish: Caislean Dhun Samhnai Dunsany, County Meath, Ireland is a modernised Norman castle started c. 1180 1181 by Hugh de Lacy, who
  • O Dea Castle also known as Dysert O Dea Castle is an Irish fortified tower house, loosely described as a castle at Dysert O Dea Irish: Disert, meaning


                                     
  • Dunboy Castle Irish: Caislean Dhun Baoi is a ruined castle on the Beara Peninsula in south - west Ireland near the town of Castletownbere. It was a stronghold
  • Charleville Castle is a Gothic - style castle located in County Offaly, Ireland, bordering the town of Tullamore, near the River Clodiagh. It is considered
  • King John s Castle Irish: Caislean Luimnigh is a 13th - century castle located on King s Island in Limerick, Ireland, next to the River Shannon. Although
  • Bunratty Castle Irish: Caislean Bhun Raithe, meaning Castle at the Mouth of the Ratty is a large 15th - century tower house in County Clare, Ireland
  • Ballinlough Castle is a 17th - century country house situated near the rural town of Clonmellon in County Westmeath, Ireland on a hill overlooking two of
  • Dungannon Castle was a castle at Dungannon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. In 1305 a castle was built there by Domnall O Neill, on what is today known
  • Monellan Castle was a large castellated mansion, in Killygordon, County Donegal, Ireland. It was constructed in the 18th century for the Delap family
  • Darver Castle is a fortified tower and manor house located in Readypenny, Dundalk, County Louth, Republic of Ireland, dating back to the 12th century.
  • Castle Ruins Ardfinnan Castle Intact Castle Ballyfinboy Castle Castle ruins with Sheela na gig, near Borrisokane Ballyquirk Castle Castle Ruins Ballynahow
  • Dunsandle Castle is a 15th - century castle near Athenry, County Galway, in Ireland. Dunsandle Castle is referenced by Nolan, J.P. Galway Castles and Owners
                                     
  • Castle Otway is a former 18th - century country house which stood on a hill on the outskirts of Templederry, near Nenagh in County Tipperary, Ireland. The

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
This website uses cookies. Cookies remember you so we can give you a better online experience.
preloader close
preloader