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War Horse (film)
                                     

★ War Horse (film)

War horse is a 2011 British-American epic war film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg, a screenplay written by Lee Hall and Richard Curtis based on the novel by Michael Morpurgos 1982 and 2007, the adaptation of the game. The films ensemble cast includes Jeremy Irvine, Emily Watson, David the history is complicated, Tom Hiddleston, Benedict Cumberbatch, Eddie Marsan, Niels Arestrup, Toby Kebbell, David Kross and Peter Mullan.

Set before and during the First world war, it tells of the journey of Joey, a thoroughbred Bay horse raised by British teenager albert Irvin as he bought British army, which leads him to encounter many individuals and business owners throughout Europe, all while experiencing the tragedy of war going on around him.

DreamWorks Pictures acquired the film rights to the novel in December 2009, with Spielberg announced to direct the film in may 2010. Having directed a lot of movies set during the Second world war, it was his first film to address the events of world war I. long-term Spielberg collaborators Janusz Kaminski, Michael Kahn, Rick Carter and John Williams worked on the film as cinematographer, editor, production designer and composer, respectively.

Produced by DreamWorks Pictures and released worldwide How to train your dragon, war horse became a box office success and was met with positive reviews. The film was nominated for six Academy awards, including Best picture, two awards "Golden globe" and five movie awards.

                                     

1. The plot. (Сюжет)

In 1912, the chestnut thoroughbred was born in Devon, England. At auction, the farmer Ted outbids his landlord Lyons on the Colt, to the dismay of his wife rose, because the family needs the workhorse that can plow the field. Their son albert, accompanied by his best friend Andrew, names the foal Joey and teaches him to come when he imitates the owls call. The pair form a close bond. Despite all the difficulties, the horse and the boy successfully plow a rocky field, saving the family farm.

Rose shows albert his fathers medals from the Second Boer war, and gives him a TEDS regimental pennant, trust albert that his father carries physical and mental scars from the war.

In 1914 the war with Germany is declared, a heavy downpour destroys the family grain, forcing Ted to sell Joey to the army. Albert is heartbroken and tries to stop the sale, but too late. Captain James Nicholls sees attachment Alberts and promises to look after the horse. Albert tries to enlist but is too young, and before the company departs, he ties his fathers pennant to curb Joeys and promises the horse that he will find it.

Joey bonds with Topthorn, a black horse with whom he trained for his military role. Horses were deployed to Flanders with a flying column under the command of Nicholls and major Jamie Stewart. They cavalry through the German camp, but decimated by machine-gun fire. Nicholls is killed along with almost all their colleagues of the cavalry, the Germans capture the horses.

Gunther, a young German soldier assigned to the care of Joey and Topthorn. When his brother Michael is sent to the front lines, Gunther takes horses and four of them in the desert. The German army only targeting boys and their shot for desertion, however, the Germans are leaving, not noticing the horses. They found a French girl named Emily. German soldiers arrive at the farm of her grandfather, but Emilie hides the horses in her bedroom. On her birthday, Emilies Grandfather allows her to ride Joey, they run to the Germans, who confiscated the horses. Emilies grandfather keeps the pennant.

By 1918, albert has attracted and fighting with Andrew In the second battle of the Somme. After a British charge into no Mans land, albert and Andrew, by some miracle, pass through the German trench, where a gas bomb explodes.

Germans use Joey and Topthorn to pull artillery, under the supervision of private Henglemann. Hes trying to take care of them as best as he can and end up trying to release them, but Topthorn succumbs to exhaustion and dies. Joey runs away, barely dodging the oncoming mark IV tank, and jump under the ground where there are no people, where he becomes entangled in barbed wire. Colin, a British soldier, makes his way to Joey under the white flag and tries to free it. Peter, a German soldier, comes with wire cutters, and together they rescue Joey and the remark about the cruelty of war. To decide who should take the horse, they flip a coin, Colin wins and guides Joey to the British victim of the trench.

Andrew dies from a gas attack, but albert has survived, temporarily blinded. While recuperating, he hears about the "miraculous horse" rescued from no Mans land. Just as Joey is about to put down a doctor who thinks Joey is too ill to recover, he hears Alberts the owl. Albert, his eyes still bandaged, is able to describe Joey in great detail, and the two reunite. The doctor decides the nurse joy back to health.

World war ends, Joey is ordered to be auctioned, as well as all other Pets. Alberts comrades to raise the collection request for the horse, as they feared that it could be sold to the butcher. They seem to have killed the butcher, but in the end the auction was won by the Emilies grandfather, who tells albert that Emily died and horses and all that he had left her. However, after albert pleads with him, man recognizes the power of the soldiers of the bonds, and returns the pennant and Joey albert, as "Emily would have wanted."

Albert and Joey returned to his farm family, hugging his mother and returns the Pennant to his father. The elder Narracott extends his hand to the boy, now a man and how he, a former soldier, while Joey looks on, seemingly with pride, thanks to he and albert were in for 4 years.

                                     

2.1. Production. Background. (Фон)

Michael Morpurgo wrote the 1982 childrens novel war horse after meeting world war I veterans in the Devon village from iddesleigh where he lived. One of them had been with the Devon Yeomanry and was involved with horses, another veteran in his village, captain Budgett, was with the cavalry and told Morpurgo how he confided all his hopes and fears to his horse. As I told him about the horrible conditions and the loss of lives, human and animal, during the great war. A third man remembered the army coming to the village to buy horses for the war effort: horses were used for cavalry and as draught animals, pulling guns, ambulances and other vehicles.

Morpurgo further research in this topic and learned that a million horses died on the British side, he extrapolated an overall figure of 10 million horse deaths on all sides. Of the million horses that were sent abroad from the UK, only 62.000 returned, the rest dying in the war or slaughtered in France for meat. The great war had a huge and lasting impact on the U. K. men from: 886.000 people died one in eight of those who went to war, and 2% of the total population of the country.

After examining the boy with a stammer forming a fond regard and speak fluently with the horse farm run by Morpurgos charity farms for city children, Morpurgo found a way to tell the story of the horse and its relationship with various people it meets Before and during the war: a young Devon farmer, a British cavalry officer, a German soldier and an old Frenchman with her granddaughter.

Morpurgo tried to adapt the book into a screenplay, working for over five years with Simon Channing-Williams, but in the end they had to admit defeat. The book was successfully adapted for a stage play nick Stafford in 2007. To work dramatically, the story could not be told solely through the horses vision, as it was in the book and so the film version with a screenplay by Richard Curtis Lee hall based on the narrative approach of the stage is more than a book. Unlike the play, which used puppet horses, the film uses a combination of real horses, animatronic horses and computer graphics.

                                     

2.2. Production. Development. (Развитие)

From 2006 to 2009, Morpurgo, Lee Hall and revel guest rating worked on the proposed film version of war horse, which Morpurgo and hall would write and guest rating products. Lack of funding means that it was an informal arrangement, with the movie rights not formally sold by Morpurgo to the production capabilities of the company and no-one gets paid for the work they undertook. In 2009, film producer Kathleen Kennedy saw the critically acclaimed production of "war horse" in Londons West end with her husband, fellow producer Frank Marshall and their two daughters. They were very impressed by the story and Marshall recalls how he was amazed that no one has bought the film rights to the book.

Steven Spielberg was told about war horse by several people, including Kennedy, who was his colleague lies beneath entertainment. After discussions with revel guest rating, was announced on 16 December 2009 that DreamWorks had acquired the film rights to the book, with Spielberg, said: "From the moment I read Michael Morpurgos novel war horse, I knew that the film Studio Dreamworks to make. its heart and its message provide a story that felt in every country."

Spielberg saw the London production of the play on 1 February 2010 and met some of the cast afterwards. He admitted that he was moved to tears by the performance.

Hall noted that "the weird week that we finished it recently finished recording for the film war horse. His film about the war, so the result has a lot of brass - but it was gentle music often." English folk singer John Tams, who wrote songs for the stage production of war horse, was approached by Spielberg and Williams about including one of his songs from the show, which in the film. In the booklet for the movie soundtrack CD, Spielberg wrote "I feel that John did a special gift for me this music that was inspired by not only my film, but many of the picturesque settings of the poet William Wordsworth, whose vivid descriptions of the British landscape inspired much of what you are going to hear." In the premiere of three songs on the New radio station WQXRs York "movies on the radio", broadcaster David garland drew Parallels with the work of British composer Ralph Vaughan Williams.

Visual effects for the film were conducted by the London company Framestore. According to Spielberg, the only digital effects are three shots in three seconds that were taken to ensure the safety of the horse involved: "thats what Im most proud of. Everything you see on screen really happened." Kathleen Kennedy elaborated, stating "we had a very naturalistic. Theres not a lot of blood. Stephen isnt interested in bringing private Ryan, but we wanted to make a PG-13 movie." Actor Tom Hiddleston said that Spielberg had "seen the play and he wanted to retain the magic and heartbeat of that. moving, powerful story You can take children to see, but its still very sad. people die and it is war."



                                     

3. Music. (Музыка)

John Williams composed and conducted the films music, the second result is in the same year Williams, after Spielbergs the adventures of Tintin. Williams has taken inspiration from visiting a horse farm in California and watching the horses and their behavior, stating that "I have a habit of looking at horses in the morning, and I started to see how they connect with each other and they became curious about me. Thats when I really felt that horses are very special creatures. They were beautiful and loyal friends for such a long time and has done so much for us such mercy." Williams was also influenced by the geographical coverage of the history of the movies. In connection with this approach, Williams said: "This is a very rich musically, because its about people and animals and it takes place in three different countries. It starts in a more intimate way, on the farm bonding with Joey and albert. Then, the eruption of war changes the scale, and the music makes a turn of 180 degrees. From this bucolic, gentle, even sentimental music, you move in battle music jumps and an exciting fight. His musical path full size and emotional content, and I also tried to create an atmosphere that reflects the period that was lyrical, poetic and tragic." This result was noted in 90-piece orchestra, with Williams comparing the records more a concert piece, not a traditional result of the film, as it relied more on individual performance of the musicians.

                                     

4. Release. (Релиз)

"Warhorse" was released in North America the Walt Disney studios animated pictures through touchstone pictures label on 25 December 2011. The film marked the first Spielberg-directed film, which will be distributed by Walt Disney. Release date for America was originally set for 10 August 2011, but after a meeting in London in early October 2010 between DreamWorks and Disney executives, when the material was filmed, it was decided to move its release to 28 December 2011 in the period of summer vacations in the UK on 13 January 2012. DreamWorks Executive Stacey Snider said: "the reaction to the footage, which he usually does not show - that it feels like a great holiday movie. it just became inevitable that we will move. Spielberg feels great about it." In late September 2011, Disney moved the release date again for Christmas 2011.

Only a very few unofficial on-set photos and clips of video footage were published in the press and the Internet during filming. Due to the usual embargo on photographs or videos being taken and made public for Spielbergs filming, there were very few photos, but most of them snatched paparazzi shots. In October 2010, the Spielbergs cinematographer on the film, Janusz Kaminski, to put on the set taking pictures of themselves on the field of battle mounted on his page in Facebook. The first ten official photographs were made public by DreamWorks in several releases between 11 and 14 March 2011, in Empire magazine, in an article published in the Daily Mail and the article in entertainment weekly. On 16 March 2011 a British blogger published an account of her unofficial visit to the war horse set in the Ditsworthy Warren house, and despite the security on-set, managed to photograph the scenery of the interior and of Steven Spielberg. On 29 March 2011 DreamWorks presented behind the scenes footage, introduced on film by Spielberg, to theatre owners at CinemaCon in Las Vegas. Spielberg was unable to attend because he was still working on films in post-production.

29 Jun 2011, movie first official trailer was released on the official website was launched. At its launch, the site was rather sparse, with just the official trailer and synopsis, and only two of the ten previously-released official photographs. Further footage, introduced in the film by Spielberg, was shown at the Empire magazine big screen event in London in August 2011. Jeremy Irvine talked about his experiences making the film at the same event. Full theatrical trailer was released on 4 October 2011, and more on set photographs were released on 17 November 2011.

In the advertising strategy for war horse unusual presents preview screenings for the population in areas of the U.S. heartland before critics were shown the film and he was shown to the public in major Metropolitan areas. The first preview screenings of war horse were held at various locations throughout the United States 1, 2 and 10ноябрь 2011. Military veterans in Canada were invited to seven different screenings on 16 November, in honour of remembrance Day, five days ago. On 27 Nov more preview screenings in the U.S., Spielberg and participate in a session of questions and answers on the new screening York, which was beamed to the other cinemas and shown live on the Internet.

Press screenings for critics were first held in new York and Los Angeles on Thanksgiving Day, November 24, 2011, although there was an embargo on official comment was published at the time. November 27, there was a special screening in London for the film crew and the actors, for the first time, those involved in the film apart from Spielberg and his closest associates have seen. Three television commercials for the film was released in the USA on Thanksgiving Day, November 24, 2011, soon followed by others.

The films world premiere was held on Sunday 4 December in the hall from Avery center new York city Lincoln, where Tony award-winning Broadway production of war horse was playing in a nearby theater Vivian beaumont Fisher. The Prime Minister in the UK took place in Londons Leicester square on January 8, 2012 and was attended by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.

The tie-in book by Steven Spielberg called war horse, was published by Harper Collins on 27 December 2011.

Horse portrait Ali Bannister now hangs in the town Hall from iddesleigh approximately as described in the introduction to the Morpurgos novel:

In the old school they use now for the village, below the clock that has stood always at one minute to ten, hangs a small dusty painting of a horse. He stands, a splendid red Bay with a remarkable white cross emblazoned on his forehead and with four perfectly matched white socks. He looks dreamy in the picture, his ears pricked forward, turning his head, he just noticed us standing there.

For many who look at it casually, as they can do when the hall is open to parish meetings, harvest suppers and evening entertainment, its just a tarnished old oil painting of an unknown horse by a competent but anonymous artist. With them the picture is so familiar that commands little attention. But those who more closely will see, written in fading black Copperplate writing at the bottom of the bronze frame: Joey. Painted by captain James Nichols, autumn 1914.

Some in the village, only a very few now and fewer every year, remember, Joe, as he was. His story is written so that neither he nor those who knew him nor the war they lived and died, will be forgotten. 1-2

Railings ordered the portrait hung in the town Hall from iddesleigh in response to some reported by tourists who have previously searched for a fictional portrait.

                                     

4.1. Release. The checkout. (Кассе)

War horse grossed $79.859.441 in the domestic market and $97.200.000 abroad, worldwide, a total of $177.584.879. Although not one of Spielbergs biggest grossing success, it was the highest grossing world war II movie of all time is Wonder Woman, six years later.

                                     

4.2. Release. Home media. (Домашний медиа)

War horse was released on Blu-ray disc, DVD and digital download April 3, 2012 from a benchmark of home entertainment. The release was produced in three different physical packages: a 4-disc combo set, 2-disc combo pack Blu-ray and DVD and 1 DVD disc. The film was released in digital form via services like "iTunes store" in high and standard definitions. On 1 DVD includes bonus feature, "war horse: external" and digital versions come with "point of view also". 2-disc combo pack includes "warhorse: external" and "extras point of view" bonus features. 4-disc combo pack comes with the same extras as the 2-disc combo pack, as well as "movie, the journey," "editing and scoring" "sounds of war horse" and "the producers lens" bonus features.

                                     

5.1. Welcome Critical response. (Критическая реакция)

Based on 235 reviews collected by rotten tomatoes, war horse is rated 75% of critics with an average score of 7.01 / 10. The sites critical consensus is "technically magnificent, proudly sentimental, and unabashedly old-fashioned, war horse is an emotional drama that tugs the heartstrings with Spielbergs usual flair". Guides, reports a score of 72 / 100 based on 40 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".

Although there was an embargo on official reviews of the film published up to December 21, 2011, began appearing comments since November 26, 2011 in leading media such as the "daily Telegraph", who gave it 4½ out of 5 stars.

Giving the movie a grade, Lisa Schwarzbaum of entertainment weekly wrote: "the project is specifically for" Saving private Ryan "Spielberg, the War-story specialist, as well as for E. T. Spielberg, the chronicler of childhood, desire and commitment to family." Rex reed from the new York observer gave the film 4 out of 4 stars and said, the War horse is a dont-Miss Spielberg classic that reaches true perfection. Its as good as movies can do, and one of the greatest triumphs of this or any other year."

Roger Ebert gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, saying the film contained "surely some of the best footage Spielberg has not removed". He wrote, "the film is made with superb artistry. Spielberg is the master of an amazing canvas. Most people will enjoy this like I did." Richard Roeper praised the steed, saying, "what a gorgeous, breathtaking, epic adventure this is." He gave the film 4.5 out of 5 stars. Ty Burr of "the Boston globe" notes that the film was a work in full throat Hollywood classicism that looks back to the craftsmanship and sentimentality of John Ford and other legends of the era. He gave it 3 out of 4 stars.

The film also made many critics lists of the best films of 2011. Richard Corliss of Time named it the fifth 2011s-best film, saying "boldly emotional, barely heartfelt, war horse will leave only the stony heart is untouched." David Chen /film selected war horse, as 2011s Best film.

In the guardian, Simon Winder wrote that the film, "despite twisting and turning to be even-handed, simply can not help itself and, like some faux-reformed alcoholic, gorged itself on an entire miniature liqueur selection of Anglo-German clichés". David Denby of "the new Yorker" has written about the film that "the horses themselves are magnificent, and maybe thats reason enough to watch the movie. But the war horse is a soft, whimsical creative piece of work."

Record soundtrack John Williams received a Sammy award for Best new film score CD.



                                     
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