★ Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail
The Selma-Montgomery national historic trail is a 54-mile national historic trail in the state of Alabama. It marks and marks the journey along which Selma of 1965 to Montgomery marches in support of the voting rights act.
1. History. (История)
The Selma-Montgomery March was held from March 21 to March 25, 1965 and was led by Dr. Martin Luther king. The March was the culmination of several weeks of activism, during which demonstrators twice attempted to March. Both times they were stopped by the police, and once with violence. About 25.000 people joined the March, and it became a landmark event in the civil rights movement, leading directly to the passage of the voting rights act of 1965. The March drew public attention to the unfairness that African Americans face when voting.
In 1996, it was declared a national historic trail in a law proposed by President bill Clinton and passed by Congress to be preserved by the national Park Service.
In March 2005, a second procession was held to mark its 40th anniversary. This anniversary led to the creation of a walking tour around Selma.
2. Route. (Маршрут)
The Selma-Montgomery national historic trail is the shortest of the 54-mile National historic trails.
The national historic trail begins at mount Zion AME Zion Church in Marion. Road signs lead people from Marion to Selma, where the trails interpretive center is located. After visiting the center, the trail continues to the Edmund Pettus bridge. The trail then follows U.S. route 80 to Whitehall, where the Lawn interpretive center is located. The trail follows highway 80 until it reaches the state capital of Montgomery.
Markers along the route indicate places where marchers camped, as well as other historical moments of the March, such as the murder of viola Luzzo or the location in the historic St. Judes district where musicians Harry Belafonte, Tony Bennett and Peter, Paul and Mary performed for marchers.
In addition to being a national historic trail, this route is also a national scenic highway.
2.1. Route. Driving. (Вождение)
Like all other national historic trails, the national Park Service recommends that people who wish to follow this route should drive.
2.2. Route. Cycling
To commemorate the 55th anniversary of the Selma-Montgomery marches, cyclists from more than 30 States met in February 2020 to ride along the route that marchers took. The group was joined by more than 600 cyclists. This was only the second time that the route was used as a public commemorative act - the first time was in 2015 to mark the 50th anniversary of the March.
3. Criticism. (Критика)
The Selma-Montgomery national historic trail is one of the objects of criticism for not sufficiently emphasizing the role of African-American women in its route and interpretation.
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