★ Ubuntu Unity
Ubuntu Unity is an Ubuntu-based Linux distribution that uses the Unity interface instead of the Ubuntus GNOME shell. The first release took place at 20.04 LTS on may 7, 2020. Prior to its initial release it had the working titles Unubuntu and Ubuntu Unity Remix
1. History. (История)
The Unity interface was originally developed by Canonical Limited and was first included as the default interface in Ubuntu 11.04, which was released in April 2011. Unity was developed as an alternative to the GNOME wrapper, which replaced the GNOME 2 interface. At the time, Canonical planned to merge the desktop, mobile phone, and tablet interfaces into Unity 8, a project that was abandoned in 2017 when Ubuntu instead moved to the GNOME 3 desktop, ending development of Unity in version 7. version 8 was incomplete. Ubuntu 17.04 introduced the GNOME 3 desktop in April 2017, but it was not universally accepted by Ubuntu users or developers. A number of forks were proposed, with Ubport taking over the development of Unity 8 for its value as a mobile phone interface. In 2019 Canonical has given its approval for the use of trademarks for Unity 7 Ubuntu remix.
Certified Linux Foundation developer and Ubuntu team member Rudra B. Saraswat, who is based near new Delhi, India, launched Ubuntu Unity. It polled users and used the standard Unity 7 interface with Ubuntus backend and minimal changes to the rest. It enabled the Nemo file Manager as an alternative to GNOME Files and used LightDM X display manager to replace Ubuntus GNOME Display Manager.
Saraswat has previously created several other Linux distributions, including server-oriented Krob Linux. Saraswat stated his reasons for launching Ubuntu Unity: "I used Ubuntu 17.04 when I was 8 years old and I really loved Unity7, so when Unity7 was discontinued by Canonical, I wasnt happy and wanted to bring it back. I created this project to give Unity7 a new lease of life."Saraswat was ten years old in 2020 when he first released Ubuntu Unity. He indicated that his goal is to eventually have the distribution adopted as the official"flavor" of Ubuntu.
2.1. RELEASES. Ubuntu Unity 20.04 LTS
This release was the first Ubuntu Unity release, as well as the first long-term support release. It was released on may 7, 2020, two weeks after Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. It uses the default Yaru theme with papyrus icons with the available themes Adwaita, Ambiance, Radiance, and High Contrast.
This initial release attracted the attention of the tech Press and was widely publicized.
In a Forbes review, Jason Evangelho stated: "If youre pining for the good days of ole Unity and Compiz, I bring you some awesome news: someone is shining a new spotlight on them, and underneath it is a brand new Linux distribution called Ubuntu Unity Remix 20.04."
Jack Wallen of TechRepublic wrote: "Unity is back, as is your ticket out of the world of inefficient desktop interfaces that made using a laptop less of an ideal proposition. For those who praised Ubuntus choice to switch to GNOME, fear not-Ubuntu sticks to GNOME. Unity, on the other hand, has made its comeback, thanks to the likes of Ubuntu Unity desktop distribution. This is a fresh look at an old, once-nonexistent favorite."
Marius Nestor reviewed the release in 9to5Linux, stating: "I took Ubuntu Unity Remix 20.04 for a spin, and it brought back some good old memories for me. Spin looks great and works like a charm."
Eric Londo of Linux reviewed the new release, saying: "Yes, it was an old unity that I knew and loved, but somehow it seemed more recent. When I was working on restoring muscle memory over key bindings, GNOME can really take control of your XD system, the experience was smooth, elegant, and fun in a way that is unique to the Unity experience. During testing, I did not encounter any problems that I considered harmful or even annoying. Everything from the dash to the file Manager and theme seemed to be exactly where it left off, without missing a beat. Congratulations to Rudra Saraswat on bringing Ubuntu Unity back to life."
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