★ The Artist (film)
The artist 2011 French Comedy-drama film in the style of black and white silent film or part-talkie. Writer, Director, and co-author Michelle Hazanavicius, and producer Thomas Langmann, the film stars Jean Dujardin and bérénice Bejo. The story takes place in Hollywood between 1927 and 1932, and focuses on the relationship of the old silent film star and a rising young actress, as silent films go out of fashion and is replaced by "talkies".
The artist received wide critical acclaim and won numerous awards. Dujardin won Best actor at the Cannes film festival 2011 where the film was released. The film was nominated for six Golden globes, the most of any film in 2011 and won three: Best picture – Comedy or musical, best music and best actor – musical or Comedy for Dujardin. In January 2012, the film was nominated for twelve movie awards, the most of any film from 2011, and won seven, including Best film, Best Director, Best actor Dujardin, and Best original screenplay for Hazanavicius.
He was nominated for ten Academy awards and won five, including Best film, Best Director of Hazanavicius, and Best actor for Dujardin, he became the first French actor ever to win in this category. It was also the first French film to win Best film, and the first mainly silent film to win from 1927s Wings won at the 1st of the award "Oscar" in 1929. It was also the first film presented in the 4:3 aspect ratio to win since 1953s from here to eternity. In addition, it was the first black-and-white film to win since 1993s Schindlers List, although the latter contained limited colour sequences, it was the first 100% black-and-white film to win since 1960s the apartment.
In France, it was nominated for ten Cesar awards in which he scored six wins, including best film, Best Director Hazanavicius and Best actress for Bejo. The artist has won more awards than any other French film.
1. The plot. (Сюжет)
In 1927, the silent film star George Valentin is posing for pictures outside the premiere of his latest film, when a young woman peppy Miller accidentally bumps into him. Valentin reacts with humor to the accident and shows off with peppy for the cameras. The next day, peppy finds herself on the front page with the headline "Whos that girl?" Later, peppy auditions as a dancer and is determined by Valentin, who insists that she have a part in Kinograph studios next production, despite objections from the Studio boss, al Zimmer. When you run the scene where they dance together, Valentin and peppy show great chemistry, despite her being merely an extra. With a little guidance from Valentin, peppy slowly rises through the industry, earning more prominent starring.
Two years later, Zimmer announces the end of production of silent films at Kinograph studios, but Valentin is dismissive, insisting that sound is just a fad. In a dream, Valentin begins hearing sounds from his environment, as an audience, but cannot speak himself, then wakes up in a sweat. He decides to produce and direct his own silent film, financing it himself. The film begins on the same day as Peppys new sound film as well as the stock market crash in 1929. Valentins only chance of avoiding bankruptcy for the film to be a hit. Unfortunately audiences flock to Peppys film instead and Valentin is ruined. His wife, Doris, kicks him out, and he moved into the apartment with his service / driver, Clifton and his dog. Peppy goes on to become a Hollywood star.
Later, the bankrupt Valentin is forced to auction off all your belongings and realizing that he has not paid loyal Clifton in over a year, gives him the car and fires him, telling him to get another job. Depressed and drunk, Valentin angrily sets a match to his private collection of his early films. As the nitrate film quickly blazes out of control he is overwhelmed with smoke and goes inside the burning house, still clutching a single film canister. However, Valentins dog attracts the help of a nearby policeman, and after rescuing Valentin is hospitalized with injuries sustained in the fire. Peppy visits the hospital and discovers that the film he saved them to dance together. She asks him to be moved to her house to recover. Valentin wakes up in bed in her home, to find that Clifton is now working for peppy. Valentin seems to remain dismissive of peppy having taken him in, prompting Clifton to sternly remind Valentin of his changing luck.
Peppy insists to Zimmer that Valentin star in her next film, threatening to quit Kinograph if Zimmer does not agree to its terms. After Valentin learns to his horror that it was peppy who bought from the auction of all his effects, he returns in despair to his burnt-out apartment. Peppy arrives, panicked, and finds that Valentin is going to attempt suicide with a gun. Peppy tells him she only wanted to help him. They hug and Valentine tells her that its useless, no one wants to hear what he says. Remembering Valentins superb dancing ability, peppy persuades Zimmer to let them make a musical together.
Now the audience hears sound for the second time, as the film starts rolling for a dance scene with peppy and Valentin and their tap-dancing can be heard. Once the choreography is complete, the two dancers are heard panting. Musical Director screaming, "cut!", what Zimmer adds: "great. Beautiful. Could you give me another one?" Valentin, in his only audible line, replies "with pleasure," revealing a French accent. Then the camera pulls back to the sounds of the crew as they prepare to shoot another take.
2. Production. (Производство)
Director Michelle Hazanavicius was fantasizing about how to make a silent film for many years, both because many filmmakers he admires emerged in the silent era, and because of the image of the concrete form. According to Hazanavicius, his desire to make a silent film was at first not taken seriously, but after the financial success of his spy-film pastiches OSS 117: Cairo, nest of spies and OSS 117: Mission in Rio, producers started to show interest. The formation of the films narrative began with Hazanavicius desire to work again with actors Jean Dujardin and bérénice Bejo of Hazanavicius wife, who both starred in OSS 117: Cairo, nest of spies. Hazanavicius chose the form melodrama, mainly because he thought that many films from the silent era that aged the best of this genre. He did extensive research about 1920s years Hollywood, and studied silent films to find the right techniques to make the story comprehensible without having to use too many labels. The script took four months to write and was mostly inspired by the 1928 silent Comedy show people.
Chief among the influences that shape the protagonist screenplays was Douglas Fairbanks. The Academy of motion picture arts and Sciences’ latest book Douglas Fairbanks, Jeffrey Vance, as well as the language of Douglas Fairbanks exhibition and screening events in Los Angeles and new York provided by Hollywoods first swashbuckling hero and the language of the first President some significant attention of the media.
Principal photography on the artist began in November 2010, is held within thirty-five days, made in the 1.33:1 screen ratio commonly used in the silent era. Although presented in black and white, it was filmed in color, the operator Guillaume Schiffman. All technical details, including lenses, lighting and camera movement, was calibrated to aesthetically match the silent films of the period. To recreate accelerate the look of the 1920s years of the silent cinema, the film was shot at a slightly lower frame rate of 22 frames per second vs the usual 24 frames per second. Most of the film is silent, with the exception of two short scenes with sound as well as the non-diegetic soundtrack. During shooting, Hazanavicius played music from classic Hollywood films, then played by the actors.
The film was shot La petite Reine and ARP selection for 13.47 million Euro, including co-production support from Studio 37 and France 3 cinéma and pre-sales investment from Canal and Synecdoche. The cast and crew included both French and American members. All the scenes were filmed in Los Angeles, primarily in Hollywood, but also in the city centre, theatres, restaurants and homes, including one in which Mary Pickford lived. The pavilion has been done in the red Studio and the Studio itself twice over part of the fictional Kinograph studios lot, with Reds Lillian entrance by doubling as the Kinograph entrance in several stages. The famous Bradbury Building in downtown Los Angeles provided a place for distinctive films the sequence ladder. The dance sequence that closes the film took seventeen, and required Dujardin and Bejo to spend five months studying tap dancing, with Dujardin claiming that "in the first week fun, the fifth week it is a bit boring, at the end of your exciting".
American costume designer mark bridges created the wardrobe for the cast films.
3. Music. (Музыка)
Movies, music was largely composed by Ludovic Bource, but includes works by other composers such as Alberto Ginasteras "Estancia". The soundtrack was recorded in Belgium at the Brussels Philharmonic and conducted by Ernst van Tiel, the Brussels jazz orchestra collaborated. Recording took place during six days in April 2011 in Flageys Studio 4 in Brussels.
The climax of the film takes place in we Bernard herrmanns "scene Damour" from his score to Alfred Hitchcocks film vertigo. Vertigo in that the composition also accompanies an extended scene without dialogue. Only one song with lyrics used in the soundtrack, "pennies from heaven" sung by Rose "Chi-Chi" Murphy, the uncredited. This song was written in 1936 although the film is set between 1927 and 1932.
The soundtrack was released on October 21, 2011 by Sony classical records.
4. Release. (Релиз)
The film premiered on 15 may 2011 in competition at the Cannes film festival 2011. He initially was declared out of the competition, but was moved to the competition a week before the festival. The French regular release was on 12 October 2011 on Warner Bros France. The Weinstein company bought distribution rights in the USA and Australia and entertainment film distributors bought the UK distribution. The film was originally a limited edition in the U.S. on 23 November 2011.
After its wins at the 69th Golden globe awards, it was announced Warner Bros. would re-release the film in France in 362 theaters on 25 January 2012. He was also re-released in Belgium on 22 February 2012.
4.1. Release. The checkout. (Кассе)
The artist has collected $44.671.682 in North America, along with $88.761.174 in other territories worldwide total of $133.432.856. After his success at the ceremony, the Oscars, the film saw a moderate increase next week in theaters in North America. He appeared on the weeks Top 10 chart and got an increase of 34% while expanding its release from 966 theaters to 1.756.
4.2. Release. Critical response. (Критическая реакция)
On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes the film holds a rating of 95% based on 310 reviews with an average rating of 8.83 / 10. Websites critical state consent, "a crowd-pleasing tribute to the magic of silent cinema, the artist is a clever, joyous film with delightful performances and visual style to spare". On the website Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating of the reviews, the film received an average score of 89 out of 100 based on 41 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
Mark Adams of screen daily called the film "very nice", "gracefully moving forward, delightful performances from Jean Dujardin and Berenice Bejo, it is most unlikely that a good movie." He added, However: "I feel a little sluggish, by the end of the first third as the music is a little repetitive and the intertitles are infrequent, but Hazanavicius manages to give the film a sense of charm and warmth, and film fans will compete to determine the visual and musical references." Peter Bradshaw of the Guardian called the film as "Im on my feet cheering throughout the final credits" and stated: "I cant wait to see him again."
Geoffrey McNab at the independent called the film "as a true crowdpleaser and a magnificent piece of film" in it 5 stars at the Cannes film festival. Rick Groen of the globe and mail assessed the artist highly, noting the film "uses old technology to dazzling effect to illustrate the insistent conquest of a new technology." Sukanyā Verma for Rediff.com feels that the artist is very well-researched film and is a classic. David Thomson of the New Republic called the artist "accomplished and witty entertainment" and went on to write, "whether Hazanavicius can do more things as elegant and touching, without the gimmick of silence, remains to be seen and heard. Meanwhile, he is to be congratulated on the basis of only pleasure. It can be due to particular awards." Chicago sun-times film critic Roger Ebert gave the film Four out of four stars, praising the performances and called the film One of the most entertaining films in many a moon, a film that charms because of its story, its performances and because of the clever way it plays with being silent and black-and-white."
Writing for slant magazine, Jaime N. Christley gave the film one-and-a-half out of four stars, explaining Michel Hazanavicius ignores "all that is interesting and memorable about the era, focusing instead on a patchwork of General knowledge, so eroded of inconvenient facts that he doesnt even qualify as a Roman à clef." America argued that while Jean Dujardin carried the film, Bejos performance was disappointing.
4.3. Release. Spores Kim Novak. (Споры Ким Новак)
On 9 January 2012, actress Kim Novak stated that "rape" was committed in the films licensed the use of part of the result, we Bernard herrmanns from Alfred Hitchcocks movie Vertigo 1958, in which Novak starred. The final part of the artist is accompanied not original music, but the record in 1992 in the composition Herrmann scene Damour conducted by Elmer Bernstein. In an article published in variety, she stated that "I feel as if my body - or at least my work was disrupted film". "This film was supposed to be able to stand on its own WITHOUT depending on Bernard we herrmanns score from Alfred Hitchcocks vertigo to provide more drama" and that "it is morally wrong for the artistry of our industry to use and abuse famous of his works, to attract attention and applause for other than what they were intended", ending her comments with "shame on them!"
In response, Mr. Hazanavicius Director released a statement:
The artist was made as a love letter to cinema, and grew out of me and all my cast and crew admiration and respect for movies throughout history. He was inspired by the work of Hitchcock, lang, Ford, lubitsch, Murnau and Wilder. I love Bernard Herrmann and his music has been used in many different movies and I am very happy that it is mine. I respect Kim Novak greatly and Im sorry that she did not agree.
Hazanavicius also told CNN "I used music from another movie, but its not illegal. We paid for this, we asked that we had permission to do so. For me there is no real contradiction. I feel sorry for her, but there are a lot of movies with music from other movies, Directors do that all the time and Im not sure what the big deal is".
In may 2011, when the film was first shown at the Cannes festival, Todd McCarthy from the Hollywood reporter said: We herrmanns music, "Hazanavicius and Bource boldly choose specifically used Bernard Herrmanns love theme from vertigo, which is very effective in its own right, but it is so well known that it Yanks you out of one film and places you in another mindset. Of course, some sort of reworked equivalent would have been better."
4.4. Release. Awards. (Награды)
At the 65th British Academy film awards, the film won seven awards including best film, Best actor Dujardin, Best original screenplay for Hazanavicius, cinematography for Schiffman, costume design for bridges and original score for Ludovic Bource. At the 69th Golden globe awards the film was nominated for six Golden globes to win three of them, Best picture – musical or Comedy, Best actor – musical or Comedy for Dujardin and Best musical score for Bource.
At the 84th "Oscar", the artist received ten nominations, winning five awards including best film, Best Director Hazanavicius, Best actor in a leading role Jean Dujardin, Best costume design and best music.
4.5. Release. Home media. (Домашний медиа)
The artist was released on region 1 DVD and Blu-ray on 26 June 2012. It was released in the UK entertainment in video on may 28, 2012.
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