Balrampur is a city and a municipal Board in Balrampur district in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located on the banks of the river Rapti and is the district headquarters of Balarampur district. Balrampur was the state of India. It was divided in 1748 and is part of the U. P.
1. Demographics. (Демография)
In the Indian census of 2011, nuclear power plants Balrampur had a total population of 81.054, of which 42.237 men and 38.817 were females. The population aged 0 to 6 years was 10.492. Total number of literates in Balrampur was 47.964, which accounted for 59.2% of the population, while among men 63.2%, women-54.8%. Effective literacy rate 7 the population of the Balrampur amounted to 68.0%, of which the male literacy rate was 72.3%, and female literacy is made up 63.1%. Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes population of 5.318 and 96, respectively. Balrampur had 12405 households in 2011.
2. Historical significance. (Историческое значение)
The city of balrampur is located near Shravasti where Lord Gautam Buddha is believed to have displayed his supernatural powers in the spiritual transformation of Angulimala, a famous there are some villains who wore necklace of fingers anguli Mala.
In Balrampur Mughal era was the residence of the Balrampur estate, the oudh Taluqdari.
3. Archaeological sites. (Археологические памятники)
Two prominent archaeological sites, Jetavana and Savatthi, or Saheth and Maheth, as they are locally known, are located in the vicinity of Balrampur city. Alexander Cunningham used the ancient 6th-century BC accounts of Chinese pilgrims-monks to determine that Saheth-Maheth actually referred to Jetavana and Savatthi.
Saheth, with an area of 32 hectares, was the monastery of Jetavana. He became an important place of pilgrimage, adorned with numerous temples, stupas and monasteries. The stupas belong mostly to the Kushan period, while the temples in the Gupta style. The remains date from the Mauryan 3rd century BC to 12 century ad. One of the earliest stupas contained relics of the Buddha. A colossal statue of Buddha was also found here, which is now kept in Indian Museum, Calcutta.
Maheth covers an area of about 400 acres 160 hectares, and has been identified with the remains of the city and is about 0.25 miles 0.40 km North-East of Saheth. Excavations have uncovered the massive gates of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other structures which testify to the prosperity of ancient Shravasti. The Sobhanath temple is located here. Maheth ruins comprises two stupas. One stupa, known as Pucky Kuti, it is said that Angulimala, and the other, known as Kachchi Kuti, is believed that Sudatta, a disciple of the Buddha. Pucky Kuti and Kacchi Kuti were later converted into Brahmanical temples.
The Emperor Ashoka visited Jetavana, and the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen - Tsang Xuanzang mentions two Ashokan pillars at Shravasti. Other attractions include Swarnagandha Kuti, where Gautama Buddha lived. In Jetavana is the second sacred tree of Buddhism: the Anandabodhi tree.
4. Tourism and culture. (Туризм и культура)
The district has very rich literary heritage. Famous Urdu poet Ali Sardar Jafri was born here in 1913. He is one of the four Urdu poets who got the prestigious Jnanpith award, the other three are Firak Gorakhpuri, Kurtulain Hyder and Shaharyar. The other notable poet of the city, Ali Rizvi Syed Mehdi, is famous for his religious Urdu poetry such as Mussadas, Marcia, Salaam, Rubai, Nauha, etc. in Addition to extensively write religious poems, and his other famous works include the poetic presentation of the history of India by name "Matla-e-Watan" and translation of Bhagavad Gita in Urdu poetry. In addition, the birthplace of Mohd Shafi Khan also known as bekal Utsahi is Balrampur. He has the distinction of being a former member of the Rajya Sabha. In 1976 he got Padmashree award in the field of literature. During his visit to the Mazar of Hazrat Vaaris Ali Shah of Devan-Sharif in 1945 Shah Hafiz Pyari Miyan quoted, the "troubles Gaya to bekal of AA". After that incident Mohammad Shafi Khan converted his name as "bekal warsi". During the period of Pandit Nehru in 1952 an interesting event took place, which led to the emergence of bekal Utsahi. Was the election program of the Congress party in Gonda at that time. Becal warsi welcomed Pandit Nehru by his poetry "cuisance Bharat Ka". Nehru was very impressed and said,"Yes hamara utsahi shayar Hai".Finally, it is known as bekal Utsahi in the literary world.
One of the most popular Hindu worship place is situated in Tulsipur about 27 kilometers from the district headquarters. It is known as Devi Patan.
The temple has the distinction of having included in 51 "Shaktipeethas" of goddess Durga in Hindu mythology. It is believed that during the event when Lord Shiva was carrying the corpse of his wife Sati, the light shoulder of Sati fell here. Revered by Hindus in India and Nepal, millions of pilgrims visit this place all year round. A Grand festival was organized during Durga Puja. During the month of Caitra in the "Mela" is also held every year. One of the main feature of this event is "Shobha Yatra" RATAN Nath peers. Every year devotees from Dang district in Nepal have been here as an integral part of Yatra.
In Devi Patan Siddha Peeth was established by guru Gorakshnath of the Nath-Sampraday. The existing temple was built by king Vikramaditya. In the 1lth century Suheldeo the King of Shravasti was repaired the temple. The Royal family of Balrampur, today the Keeper of the temple. A big fair takes place in Navratri and every year Sravana panchami the deity of RATAN Nath feast is brought from Dang in Nepal to the Devi Patan, where he was worshipped along with the Devi.
In addition Bijleshwari Devi temple also famous among the local population.
The area where the temple is located, called Bijlipur. The temple was built by Maharaja of Balrampur in the 19th century and is a fine example of intricate carvings in red stone, which cover the entire structure.
In the Holy of holies is not an idol, but a deep covered hole in the ground where legend has it that lightning fell, to mark the place for construction of temple. It is located at a distance of about 6 kilometers from the city of Balrampur. Jharkhandi temple on the opposite side of Jharkhandi railway station of the Goods-Gorakhpur loop attracts the attention Balrampurites and other people. The festival of "Moharram" is celebrated with full enthusiasm. It is the landmark amongst the Moharram of whole country. In the recent past, Pets allowed Maha Mongkol international meditation centre in Shravasti in India, one of two centers in Thailand was created by Upasika Bongkot Sitthipol with an emphasis on education to cultivate virtues, great wisdom and kindness, giving rise to peace and happiness in the world.
For almost thirty years, training in meditation and wisdom to the public and young people from Thailand and other countries free of charge in the center. The centre has six big halls for meditation which can accommodate up to 3.000 people, each with the provision of absolute meditation in the huts along with large dining halls for devotees & visitors.
About 50 m ahead of Rahi Yatri Niwas at Balrampur-Bahriach road sh-26 In Shravasti, which is one of the most important and popular sacred sites of the Jains. Third Uttar Pradesh Sambhavnath was born here and it is here that he attained the ultimate light of knowledge through meditation. The Shobhnath temple Jain temple is located in the Mahet area of Shravasti at a distance of about 1 km from Jetvan monastery on the road leading to Kachchi Kuti & Pucky Kuti. He took diksha in Sahetuk forest hence Sahet. A few sculptures of Jain Tirthankars and constant sitting posture belonging to the 10th and 11th century were found during excavations in the area. Excavations in the area revealed the remains of three temple complexes.
8th Uttar Pradesh Lord Chandra Prabhu said that he meditated here. The birthday of Lord Sambhavnath is celebrated in a big way on Kartik Purnima in October-November.
During the British period, Balrampur riyasat was one of the most important States in the region of Avadh. Amazing Neil Bagh Palace is located within the city. This is one of the most frequently visited places by tourists. Currently Dharmendra Prasad Singh is a member of the former monarchy. He is also the curator of famous Maharani Lal Kunwari post graduate College, Balrampur.
5. Education. (Образование)
The Royal family of Balrampur contributed to the development of education in the city, the oldest College in 1883. Maharani Lal Kunwari post graduate College of M. L. K. P. G. College was founded in 1955 with the Maharaja donating the campus and buildings of the City Palace to set up the institution. Other notable institutions include Kendriya Vidyalaya Balrampur, Starwards public schools and colleges in Tulsipur,Balrampur & pioneer public schools and colleges in Kalithan, Balrampur.
6. Policy. (Политика)
Before delimitation of the parliamentary constituency was known as Balrampur.
Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was declared elected for the first time from Balrampur Loksabha seat in 1957. Although in 1962 he lost the election to Congress of Subhadra Joshi. But in 1967 once again Vajpayee emerged as a winner. In honour of Atal Behari Vajpayee, the new train Sushashan Express weekly was launched, which has a route from Balrampur to Gwalior.
Jagram Paswan of "Samajwadi party" was elected as MLA from 2012-2017 and Palturam BDP, OOO is the MLA from Balrampur seat in 2017. Mrs. Israt Jamal, the wife of late Mr. Javed Hasan of "Samajwadi party" is the former President of the municipal Council. Later Mohammad jawed Hasan-the only person who won the municipal Council of balrampur three times continuously.
The mayor Balrampur Nagar palika Qitabunnisha party Bahujan Samaj.
7. Transport. (Транспорт)
- Road: Balrampur is located about 160 kilometers from the state capital Lucknow. The city is well connected to Lucknow via the national highway 1A. Uttar Pradesh state road transport Corporation buses from Kaiserbagh bus station Lucknow often.
- Railways: railway station Balrampur BLP comes under the North-Eastern railway.
8. Industry. (Промышленность)
BCM - Balrampur Chini mills companies sugar factory, the largest sugar production in India, is located in Balrampur. During the British reign, he belonged to the BFI British Corporation of India. Padmashree Minakshi Sarawagi is the managing Director and owner of VSM. Also Bajaj Hindustan sugar factory in the district of Utraula.
9. Notable individuals. (Известные лица)
- Bekal Utsahi, Indian poet, writer and politician.
- Ali Sardar Jafri, Indian writer.
- Afroz Ahmad, Indian environmental scientist, Advisor to the government of Maharashtra and former civil servant.
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