Bageshwar is a city and a municipal Council in bageshwari is a County in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is located at a distance of 470 km from the capital new Delhi and 332 km from state capital Dehradun. Bageshwar is famous for its scenic beauty, glaciers, rivers and temples. It is also the administrative headquarters of the district is bageshwar.
Located at the confluence of the rivers Saryu and Gomati, of bageshwar is surrounded by mountains Bhileshwar and Nileshwar in the East and the West and Suraj Kund in the North and Agni Kund in the South. Bageshwar is was a major trading March between Tibet and Kumaun, and was visited by merchants Bhatia who bartered Tibetan goods, wool, salt and borax in exchange for carpets and other local products in bageshwar is. However, the trade route was closed after the Indo-Chinese war in 1962.
The city has great religious, historical and political significance. Bageshwar is mentioned in the various Puranas, where it was associated with Lord Shiva. In Uttrayani fair, held annually in bageshwar is visited by approximately 15.000 people in the early twentieth century, and was the largest fair of Kumaon division. The fair has become the epicenter of the coolie Begar movement in January 1921. The city of bageshwar is got its name from Bagnath temple. Hindi and Sanskrit, however, the official languages Kumaoni says a large number of people.
1. History. (История)
The city and the Temple of Bagnath find mention in Manaskhand from Shiva Purana, where it is written that the temple and its surrounding city was built Chandeesh, the servant of the Hindu God Shiva. According to another Hindu legend, sage Markandeya worshipped Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva blessed sage Markandeya, visiting here in the form of a tiger.
Bageshwar is has historically been a part of Kumaon Kingdom. Bageshwar is located next to Kartikeypura, the then capital of Katyuri kings who ruled Kumaon in the 7th century. According to historians, Nepali invader Kranchaldev won bageshwar is the region, defeating the Katyuri kings in 1191. Later he weakened the Katyuris and kept it local rulers to control the region. Later these governors became independent to Chand king Balo Kalyan Chand Almora won in one region from the local rulers Khas in 1565. During the 10th century, Chand Kingdom was established by som Chand. He ousted the Katyuri kings, called their state Kurmanchal, and established its capital in Champawat in Kali Kumaon the. In 1568, Kalyan Chand established a permanent capital in Khagmara and called it Almora.
In 1791, the Gurkhas from Nepal, extending them to the West of the Kingdom across the river Kali, invaded and captured Almora, the seat of the Kumaon Kingdom and other parts of the Kumaon including bageshwar is. The Gurkhas were defeated by the East India company in the Anglo-Nepalese war in 1814 and was forced to cede Kumaon in the UK in the framework of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.
In the Kumaon region, was registered with the Eastern half of the Garhwal region and is regulated as a chief-administrator post, also known as the province of Kumaon, about the refusal to regulate the system. According house Atkinsons Himalayan guide, bageshwar is a population of 500 in 1886. In 1891 the division was composed of three districts of Kumaon, Garhwal and the Terai, but in two districts of Kumaon and the Tarai were subsequently redistributed and renamed after their headquarters, Nainital and Almora.
Before the First world war, the British government conducted a survey on the railway line connecting bageshwar is Tanakpur in 1902. However, the project was stopped by the British due to world war II. Polls restarted in the 1980s, years after Indira Gandhi visited bageshwar is. The first road arrived in bageshwar is in 1952 from Almora via Garur. Buses started to work on bageshwar is-Kapkot motorway in 1955-56. After 1962 India-China war, an important strategic road, connecting bageshwar is from Pithoragarh, was completed in 1965.
In the early phase of development of cities in the centre of the village of bageshwar is a group of 9 small mutual complicated group of villages which are uninhabited and three inhabited villages 6. In bageshwar is the state the village was founded in 1948 by combining these villages. Bageshwar is was declared a city in 1955, in accordance with the law to the city in 1914, and the first town Committee was established in 1957. Bageshwar is received the status of the Committee authorized in 1962 and the municipal Council in 1968. Pumping water supply scheme was introduced in bageshwar is a city in 1975. Estimates for water supply was prepared in 1968-69 for a projected population of 6.000 people for the year 1997.
In the early twentieth century dispensary 1906 and 1909 was established in bageshwar is. Started school in 1926, which was done high school in 1933. After independence there were several attempts by local residents, private Lyceum was opened in 1949 in memory of Victor Mohan Joshi who was in College in 1967. The first female primary school started in 1950-ies and womens public schools began in 1975. New government College was opened in 1974 by the then chief Minister Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna.
After Indias independence in 1947, bageshwar is part of district Almora. Bageshwar of the population of 1740 people according to the census of 1951. It was part of the candidate block development, which was later turned into bageshwar is the unit of development. 15 September 1997 bageshwar is district was carved out of Almora district then chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati and bageshwar is became his headquarters. November 9, 2000, bageshwar is arrived in the state of Uttarakhand that was created from the Himalayas and adjacent areas of North-Western Uttar Pradesh.
2. Geography and climate. (География и климат)
Bageshwar is situated at 29.49°n 79.45°e / 29.49, 79.45 in bageshwar is a district in Uttarakhand. It is located 470 km North-East from the capital new Delhi and 502 km South-East of state capital Dehradun. It is the division of Kumaon and is located 153 km North-East of Nainital, the headquarters of Kumaon. Bageshwar is located in the valley of the Kumaon hills of the Central Himalayan range. He has an average height of 1.004 m 3.294 feet above mean sea level. The chief trees of Chir pine, Himalayan cypress, Pindrow fir, Alder, Sal or iron-wood, and saindan. Limestone, Sandstone, slate, gneiss and granite constitute the principal geological formations.
Its climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. In the summer of bageshwar is largely influenced by moist Maritime air from the Western side of the subtropical anticyclonic cells over low-latitude ocean. High temperature and can lead to warm, oppressive nights. The summers are slightly wetter than winters, with most precipitation coming from convective activity, thunderstorm, tropical cyclones also increase the heat of the rainy season in some regions. The coldest month is usually quite mild, although frosts are not uncommon, and winter precipitation occurs primarily from frontal cyclones along the polar front. On the subtype Koppen classification of climate this climate is "CFA". Humid Subtropical Climate.
The average temperature for the year in bageshwar is 20.4 °C 68.8 °C. the warmest month on average is June with an average temperature of 27.3 °C. 81.2 °C. the highest temperature was 38 °C, was registered on 5 Jun 2017. The coldest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 11 °C 51.8 °C. the mean annual precipitation for the year in bageshwar is 48.1" 1221.7 mm is the Month with most precipitation on average is July with 13.0" 330.2 mm of precipitation. The month with the least rainfall on average for November average of 0.2" 5.1 mm. In average 63.6 days of rainfall, with highest rainfall occurs in August from 15.3 days and less rain occurring in November with 0.8 days.
3. Demographics. (Демография)
According to the 2011 census of India, bageshwar is the population of 9.079 composed 4.711 4.368 males and females. Males account for approximately 55% of the population and females 45%. The sex ratio of bageshwar is 1090 women per 1.000 males, higher than the national average of 940 women per 1000 men. The city occupies the 4th place in Uttarakhand, in terms of the sex ratio. Bageshwar is an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 72.1%, with 84% of men and 76% of women are literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2.219 people belong to castes, whereas the population of people belonging to tribes is 1.085. Bageshwar of the population is 7803 according to the census of 2001 and 5.772 according to the census of 1991.
Of the total population, 2.771 engaged in work or business activity. This 2.236 were male and 535 were females. In the census, a worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. 2771 total working population, 78.06% were engaged in main work, and 21.94% of all workers were engaged in marginal work.
Hinduism is professed by 93.34% of the total population and is the religion of the majority in bageshwar is. Other religions include Islam 5.93%, Sikhism 0.25%, Christianity 0.26%, Buddhist 0.01% Jainism 0.02%.
Kumaoni most first language, although Hindi and Sanskrit are the official languages of the state. Garhwali and English speaking a small number of people.
4. Government and Politics. (Правительство и Политика)
In bageshwar is a seat designed for a person belonging to the scheduled castes. Chandan RAM Das from Bharatiya Janata Party is the present MLA of bageshwar is. Bageshwar is "palika Nagar Parishad" municipal Council city in district of bageshwar is Uttarakhand. In bageshwar is the city is divided into 7 offices for which elections are held every 5 years. In bageshwar is Nagar palika Parishad, with a population of 9.079 of which 4.711 males, while 4.368 women according to a report released by census India 2011. Suresh khetwal from an independent candidate, the mayor of bageshwar is. Bageshwar is Nagar palika Parishad has total administration over found to be 2.054 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and Sewerage. It also allowed for the construction of roads within palika Nagar Parishad limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction. In Uttarakhand Power Corporation Ltd. UPCL is responsible for power supply in the city. Uttarakhand JAL See Nigam Ltd. generates electricity from 8.5 electrical substation MW of bageshwar is. Notification of the area Committee, bageshwari is responsible for the approval of construction plans after obtaining the certificate of no objection from various departments like JAL Nigam, persons with disabilities, energy management and the Department of health, etc.
5. Economy. (Экономика)
Bageshwars major economic sectors as agriculture, trade, transportation, municipal, tourism and mining. Copper utensils, and rugs were listed as two of the most important industrial commodities produced in bageshwar is in the 2011 census of India. A large part of the local economy of bageshwar is dependent on its geographical position and natural resources. Income per capita was bageshwar is 22709 PC in 2015. Bageshwar is a major tourist destination and acts as a starting point for many Hiking routes in particular, the Pindari, Kafni and Sunderdhunga glacier. He is also on the way to Kailash-Mansarovar pilgrimage.
Bageshwar is traditionally the main gateway for trade with Central Asia and Tibet. She continued a brisk trade between Central Asia and of Kumaon, and was described in the Imperial gazetteer of India as "one of the main centers of the Tibetan movement." The Bhotiya traders traveled to Tibet and sold its products at major fairs in bageshwar is Gyanema and Gartok. The city was once rich in agriculture and animal husbandry. In addition to cultivating crops, people are mainly engaged in sheep breeding. However, agriculture and sheep farming in bageshwar is suffered by the villagers who increasingly join the Armed forces after retiring which are located in bageshwar makes up the city instead of the native village.
The traditional festival of Uttarayani organized for centuries on the banks of the rivers Sarju and Gomati was the main place where woolen clothes tailored Saukas in the tour was attracted by the form above the valley for centuries, thereby strengthening trade relations between the two communities.
As of 2006, bageshwar is a total of 6 units of medical care including four hospitals, two Allopathik, one Ayurvedic and one Homoepathik, one of motherhood and childhood, and one health center. Bageshwar is only five nationalized Bank, two post offices, one Telegraph office, PCOS and 80 1844 telephone. Mobile services are provided by private companies such as Vodafone, Airtel, which, idea, reliance etc.
6. Culture. (Культура)
Many classical dance forms and folk art are practised in the city. Some of the famous dances Hurka Baul, Jhora-Chanchri, Jhumaila, and Chholiya. Music is an integral part of kumaoni culture. Popular types of folk songs include Mangal, Basanti, Khuded and Chhopati. These folk songs played on instruments including dhol, damau, Turri, ransingha, dholki, Daur, Thali, bhankora, Mandan and mashakbaja. Music is also used as a medium through which the gods are invoked. Yagara is a form of spirit worship in which the singer or Jagariya, sings a ballad of the gods, with allusions to great epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, which tells of the adventures and exploits of the God who is invoked. Ramleela is staged annually during the autumn festival of Navaratri in 1948 in bageshwar is.
The main feed of bageshwar is vegetables with wheat staple. A distinctive feature of the Uttarakhand cuisine is the rational use of tomatoes, milk and dairy products. Coarse grains with high fiber very often in Uttarakhand due to the difficult terrain. Another crop which is associated with Uttarakhand is buckwheat locally called cat or Kuttu. As a rule, or desi ghee or mustard oil is used for cooking. Simple recipes with interesting use of the hash Jakhya seeds as a spice. Ball watch TV is a popular Fudge-like sweet. Other popular dishes include Dubuk, chains, KAP, Chutkani, Sy, and gulgul. Regional variation of Kadhi called Jhoi or Jholi is also popular.
7. Temples. (Храмы)
Hinduism is professed by 93.34% and is the religion of the majority in bageshwar is, therefore, the various temples located in bageshwar is. the main of which are:
- Bagnath Temple. (Bagnath Храм)
At the junction of the rivers Gomati and Sarju is a large temple with its conical tower. Here is the temple of Bageswar or Vyagreswar in the, "Tiger Lord", an epithet of Lord Shiva. This temple was erected by the Kumaun king, Laxmi Chand, about 1450 ad, But there is a Sanskrit inscription at a much earlier date. The temple is crowded with devotees on the annual occasion of Shivratri. In this place there is a cluster of temples. Among these temples is the Bairav temple, Dattatrey Maharaj, Ganga MAI temple, Hanuman, Durga temple, Kalika temple, Thingal temple Bhirav, Panchnam Junakhara and Vaneshwar temple.
- The Chandika Temple. (Храм Chandika)
A beautiful temple dedicated to goddess Chandika stands at a distance of about half a kilometer from bageshwar is. Every year in the Church boils as believers gather here to offer Puja to the deity while showing respect.
- Temple Sriharu. (Храм Sriharu)
Another important Temple, the Temple Sriharu located at a distance of about 5 km from Bageshwer. Devotees believe that prayers for wish fulfillment, there will never go in vein. Every year a big fair is organized in the day of Vijya Dashmi next showing respect.
- Gauri Udiyar. (Гаури Udiyar)
It is 8 km from Bageshwer. A large cave, measuring 20 m x 95 m is located here, which houses idols of Lord Shiva.
8. Transport. (Транспорт)
The Pantnagar airport is located in Perpignan-the main airport serving the entire Kumaon region. The government plans to develop the airport is Naini Saini in Pithoragarh which will be much closer. International airport Indira Gandhi located in Delhi is the nearest international airport.
Kathgodam train station is the nearest train station. Kathgodam is the last station of broad gauge in the North-Eastern Railways that connects Kumaon from Delhi, Dehradun and Howrah. A new railway line connecting bageshwar is Tanakpur was a long-standing demand of residents of the region. tanakpur in bageshwar is the railway line initially planned by the British in 1902. However, the project was stopped by the Ministry of Railways in 2016, citing the commercial viability of the railway line. There were also rumors of another railway line that will connect bageshwar is in Chaukhutia via Garur.
Bageshwar is on roads with major destinations of Uttarakhand state and Northern India. The main roads passing through bageshwar is hotel NH 309A, the many ways of bageshwar is highway, bageshwar is-Garur-Gwaldam road, bageshwar is the Someshwar-Dwarahat road and bageshwar is-Kapkot-Tejam road. Transport Corporation of Uttarakhand bus routes from the bus station bageshwar is in Delhi, Dehradun, and Almora of many ways, while K. O. M. At the Kumaon motor Union owners route 55 buses on various routes in Haldwani, Almora, takula as, Berinag, Pithoragarh, Didihat and Gangolihat. Minibuses and private buses, mostly C. M. O. U, connect bageshwar is for other destinations of Kumaon region. Sub Regional transport office is located in bageshwar is for vehicles registered in the UK-02.
9. Education. (Образование)
There are mainly public, private, without assistance of the state and private subsidized schools in the city. The language of instruction in schools is English or Hindi. Home school supplies are a corporate, CISCE or UBSE, the state program is the Ministry of education of the government of Uttarakhand. Younger there are eleven elementary schools, three higher primary schools, two secondary schools and one postgraduate student of the College to meet the needs of the population. Teacher-student in bageshwar is 1:47. Bageshwar is an average literacy rate of 80%, with 84% of men and 76% of women are literate.
The first public school in bageshwar is started in 1926, which was made from high school in 1933. Another private school was opened in 1949 in memory of Victor Mohan Joshi who was in College in 1967. The first female primary school started in 1950-ies and womens public schools began in 1975. New government College was opened in 1974 by the then chief Minister Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna.
The Kumaon and Pandit Badridutt Pandey government PG College is here.
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