★ Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958 film)
Cat on a hot tin roof 1958 American drama directed by Richard Brooks. It is based on the Pulitzer prize on the play by Tennessee Williams and adapted by Richard Brooks and James. One of the top ten box office hits of 1958, the film stars: Elizabeth Taylor, Paul Newman and burl Ives.
1. The plot. (Сюжет)
Later that night, a drunken Brick Pollitt Paul Newman, trying to recapture his glory days of high school sports, jumping hurdles on a track field, dreaming about his moments as a young athlete. Suddenly, he falls and breaks his leg, leaving him dependent on crutches. Brick, along with his wife, Maggie "the cat" Elizabeth Taylor, not seen the next day to visit his familys estate in the Eastern part of Mississippi, there to celebrate the big father burl Ives 65th birthday.
Depression, the brick has spent the last few drinking years, while resisting the affections of his wife, who taunts him about the inheritance of great wealth father. This was obviously a stormy marriage - any idea why Maggie does not yet have a child, while the bricks brother Gooper Jack Carson and his wife, Madeleine Sherwood has a whole pack of children.
Big daddy and Big Mama Judith Anderson coming home from the hospital in their private plane and greeted by Gooper and his wife and all their children - along with Maggie. Despite the efforts of Mae, Gooper and their kids to draw his attention to them, big daddy has eyes only for Maggie. The news is that dad is not dying of cancer. However, the doctor later meets privately with Gooper first and then brick, where he reveals that it was a hoax. Big Daddy has inoperable cancer and will probably die within the year, and the truth will be hidden from him. Brick later confides in Maggie the truth about the great health of mothers, and she is heartbroken. Maggie wants brick to be interested in his father as selfish and unselfish reasons, but brick hard.
As the party winds down for the night, he meets with a brick in his room and shows that he is fed up of his alcoholic behavior of the sons, demanding to know why hes so stubborn. At one point, Maggie joins them and reveals what happened a few years ago on the night of the bricks best friend and partner, the football captain killed himself. Maggie was jealous of skipper because he had more time with brick, and says that the pass was lost without the brick on his side. She decided to ruin their relationship at any cost, intending to seduce skipper and put the lie to the loyalty of husband. But Maggie ran away without completing the plan. Brick blamed Maggie for skippers death, but actually blames himself for not helping skipper when he repeatedly called brick in a hysterical state.
After a quarrel, the brick allows him to slip that Big Daddy will die from cancer and that this birthday will be his last. Shocked dad retreats to the basement. Meanwhile, Gooper, who is a lawyer, and his wife contend with the big mother on the family cotton business and big Daddys to be. Brick descends into the basement, a labyrinth of Antiques and family valuables hidden. He and big daddy confront each other before a large cut of brick in his glory days as an athlete, and ultimately to achieve normal.
The rest of the family begins to crumble under pressure from Big Mama stepping up as a strong figure. Maggie says she wanted to give her dad a gift for his birthday: the announcement of her pregnancy. After a jealous Maggie Mae calls the liar, Big Daddy and brick defend her, even if brick knows that the statement is not true and Big daddy believes that the allegation may be false. Even Gooper is acknowledging, "that girls got life in her, alright." Maggie and Brick reconcile, and the two kiss, implying that they may have molars "lie" becomes "truth."
2. Cast. (Литые)
- Madeleine Sherwood in may Flynn, "sister wives" Pollitt.
- Elizabeth Taylor in the role of Maggie "the cat" Pollitt.
- Jack Carson Cooper "Gooper" Pollitt.
- Larry gates as Dr. Bo.
- Vaughn Taylor as deacon Davis.
- Burl Ives as Harvey "Big Daddy" Pollitt.
- Paul Newman as brick Pollitt.
- Judith Anderson as IDA "Big Mama" Pollitt.
3. Production Notes. (Производственные Примечания)
The original stage production of cat on a hot tin roof opened on Broadway March 24, 1955, with Ives and Sherwood in the role they subsequently played in the movie. Ben Gazzara played brick in process and rejected the role in the movie, as did Elvis Presley. The athlete turned movie star Floyd Simmons also tested for the role.
Lana Turner and grace Kelly were considered for the role of Maggie, before the role went to Taylor.
Production began on March 12, 1958, and March 19, and Taylor picked up a virus which kept her off. On March 21, she canceled plans to fly with her husband Mike Todd in new York, where he was to be honored the following day in new York, the monks of the club. The plane crashed and all the passengers, including Todd, were killed. Faced with grief, Taylor is left of the film to 14 April 1958, at which time she comes back in a much thinner and weaker condition.
4. Music and soundtrack. (Музыка и саундтрек)
Sheet music, "love theme from cat on a hot tin roof" was written by Charles Wolcott in 1958. He was an experienced composer, having worked for Paul Whiteman, benny Goodman, Rudy Vallee and George burns and Gracie Allen. From 1937 to 1944 he worked at the Walt Disney studios. In 1950 he was transferred to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios, where he became the General music Director and composed the theme in cat on a hot tin roof. The rest of the songs in the soundtrack are composed of many artists such as Andre Previn?, Daniel DECATUR Emmett and Ludwig van Beethoven.
4.1. Music and soundtrack. The list of songs. (Список песен)
- "For Hes a Jolly good fellow" traditional sung family.
- "Skina Marinka", adapted by Marguerite Lamkin sung by the children.
- "Kermit returns" Andre Previn.
- "Love theme from cat on a hot tin roof," Charles Walcott.
- "Ill be a sunbeam" by E. O. Excel, children sing.
- "The fourth part, Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67" by Ludwig van Beethoven, played on the radio.
- "Good location" Andre Previn.
- "Boom and its driving me crazy", adapted by Marguerite Lamkin sung by the children.
- "Dixie" by Daniel DECATUR Emmett, children play on various instruments.
- "Some people," Stephen foster, is played on the phonograph.
- "Lost in a summer night" Andre Previn and Milton Raskin.
- "Soothe my lonely heart" by Jeff Alexander.
Tennessee Williams reportedly was unhappy with the screenplay, which removed almost all of the homosexual themes and changes in the third section of the act include a lengthy scene of reconciliation between brick and Big Daddy. Paul Newman, film, star, also expressed his disappointment with the adaptation. The Hays code of the society the image of bricks sexual desire for skipper, and diminished original plays criticism of homophobia and sexism. Williams so disliked muted the film adaptation of his play that he told people in the queue "this movie will set the industry back 50 years. Go home!"
Despite this, the film was critically acclaimed. Bosley Crowther of the "new York times" writes that although "Mr. Williams original play was modified significantly, especially in offering an explanation of why a son like him," he found the film "a ferocious and fascinating show," and is considered the Newmans play "an ingratiating picture of a tortured and tested young man," and Taylor as "excellent". Variety called the picture "powerful, well-designed film manufactured in the bounds of good, if only for the adult taste. Newman once again proves to be one of the best actors in the film, playing a cynical underacting vs advanced actions". Harrisons reports called it "an intense adult drama, superbly acted formidable cast". Richard L. CoE the Washington post wrote: "cat on a hot tin roof was moved to the screen with almost miraculous skill. Paul Newman does his best works in the rich role of the Brick and noticed that the remarkable fact of cinema - the illusion of the first time. His excellent performance and he is bound to be nominated for an Oscar". Philip K. Scheuer of the Los Angeles times said, "It was a powerful scene of drama and is a powerful dramatic screen, and Brooks have led - and mine - amazing real and a variety of games from their players. You may not like it, but you dont easily forget."
Not all of the comments as positive. John McCarten from new York wrote of the characters that "although it is, of course, quite interesting to hear them letting off emotional steam, they howl raised God knows how many decibels to purchase a stereo sound eventually becomes very monotonous". McCarten also complained that the filmmakers were "not able to specify more than fleetingly the real problem is the heros homosexuality, which, of course, a taboo subject in American films". Monthly Bulletin of the movie shared that regret, writing that "the difficulties of censorship, I must admit, it is impossible to show homosexuality as the root of the problem bricks, but Brooks does not appear to have the skills to do compelling reasons, he was replaced. The most exciting dialogue of Williams has been abandoned or emasculated, and the script fails to agree on a revised characterization of the brick with the authors of the original concept."
The film received six Oscar nominations for Best picture, Best actor for Newman, Best actress Taylor, Best Director Brooks, Best screenplay based on material from another medium, best cinematography, color William Daniels. The cat may be too controversial for Academy voters, film not win any Oscars and the award for Best picture went to Gigi, a different Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer production in the same year. Ives won the Best supporting actor Oscar for the big country at the same ceremony.
6. The checkout. (Кассе)
The film was a hit with the audience and was number one at the U.S. box office for five weeks in September 1958 cash in 24 major cities in the first month of 1.6 million dollars, before he blew first place in "Damn Yankees". He returned to the first place within the next 4 weeks, and was the number one movie in the month of October.
According to MGM records the film earned rentals for Studio $7.660.000 in the United States and Canada and $3.625.000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $2.428.000.
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