★ Cinema of Nepal
Nepali movie, also known as Kollywood, has a very long history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of the country. It is often called "Nepali Chalchitra". This includes films in various languages of Nepal, especially in Nepali, Maithili and Bhojpuri. Conditions Nellywood and Kollywood are also used as a suitcase of "Kathmandu".
1. History. (История)
The production of Nepali films begun with D. B. Pariyars Satya Harishchandra, which was the first Nepali language film to be shot. It was produced from Kolkata, India and was released on the 14th of September 1951. Aama mother was the first film produced in Nepal and was released on 7 October 1964. It was prepared by the information Department of His Majestys Government of Nepal the government of Nepal gon). It was directed by Hira Singh Khatri and lead actors were Shiva Shankar Manandhar and Bhuwan Chand, who are the Prime actors in the Nepali film industry.
The first film will be produced under a private banner was Maitighar, which was released in late 1966 by Sumonanjali films PVT. Ltd. Although it was a Nepali movie, it had many Indians contributing to its design. Mala Sinha played the lead role, along with Chidambar Prasad Lohani, whom later married. It had special appearances of Sunil Dutt and comedian Rajendra Nath. Director B. S. Thapa and music scored by Jaidev, a veteran Maestro, it is Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar and manna Dey, all of whom were established Indian singers, doing a soundtrack with Dhoj Pradhan, C. P. Lohani and Aruna Lama.
The government of Nepal established the Royal Nepal film Corporation in 1971. Mann co bandhas was the first film produced by the Corporation, Jay Rana was the Director. NATI Kaji and Shiva Shankar was a music of the composers of the songs. Amber Gurung scored the background music. It premiered in 1973 in Kathmandu. Mann co bandhas followed by Kumari the first Eastman color Nepali film in 1978, sindoor in 1980, and jeevan Rekha in series. The tablet "Aakash Badlindo" in 1984. Their success opened the way for individuals to enter in cinema, as an industrial undertaking.
Paral Ko Aago, Director Pratap sat, movie produced in 1978. Black-and-white film was a big success due to its story and melodious music. Actors Tanka Sharma, Basundhara Bhusal, Susmita Dhakal, I. K. Singh, Menuka Pradhan etc. Music Director Shanti Thatal became the first female music Director in Nepali movies. Lyrics were prepared by Manbahadur Mukhiya and Indra Thapaliya and songs were sung by Aruna Lama, Dawa Gyalmo, PEMA Lama, Shankar Gurung and Deepa Gahatraj JHA. Pratap sat was also a screenwriter. It was based on the popular story of the same name by guru Prasad Mainali.
1.1. History. The Golden era. (Золотая эра)
After the 1990s, a few more creative videos, and they became successful too. Thus, movies began to appear as a more viable profession and the number of productions increased a bit. After the introduction of private companies in the Nepali film industry, its time when it was made more movies and they were much more acceptable to the Nepalese audience. Aakash Badlindo, Samjhana, Kusume rumal, lahure and, Kanchhi, Basudev, Saino and Koseli, which were released between 1984 and 1993, were very popular. The leading actors were Bhuwan K. C. and Thripti Nadakar, whose on-screen chemistry saw them was called "Golden couple" of the industry. In the last years of the decade, the industry saw the rise of Rajesh Manandhar G and Karishma.
In 1990, Nepal has experienced major political changes. The movement of peoples has brought the monarchy to his knees and democracy was restored. Society has become open and bright. This had an important consequence for the fledgling film industry: it began to grow rapidly or even to "bloat". There was an unprecedented increase in the number of productions. Within three years, some 140 films. Distribution began to develop. Share in existing market increased and the market itself is expanding. Cinema halls increased to more than 300. The Nepali filmmakers became optimistic shift Indian films that dominated the Nepali market.
1.2. History. Conflict era. (Конфликт эпохи)
The beginning of the Maoist revolution in Nepal in the mid 1990-ies was the beginning of the decline of the domestic film industry. In the period of wars and conflicts, was taken by a very small number of films, and the number of viewers has dramatically decreased. This has led to reduced budgets and even lower performances, which resulted in even smaller audiences. In subsequent years of the conflict, the production and release of Nepali films had almost come to a standstill. Many actors and filmmakers left the country in search of work abroad. Actors like Saroj Khanal, Shiva Shrestha, Manandhar Karishma, Thripti Nadakar, Christy Mainali and Gauri Malla had little work.
In the 1990s, some filmmakers, mostly with non-fiction base, started the promotion of a new kind of movie. They denounced the crude imitation of bollywood aesthetics and demanded indigenous esthetics and a more realistic approach. They made several films that received critical acclaim at home and some international recognition. Historical movies like Balidaan and SIMA Rekha during this period was highly appreciated by critics and audience.90-ies were mostly ruled by g Rajesh, Bhuwan K. C. and Shiva Shrestha.
In 2000-2001, then the highest grossing Nepali movie Jindagani Darpan tea and was done. Jindagani was directed and produced by Ujwal Ghimire Darpan of and tea were sent to the Tulsi Ghimire and starred Dilip Rayamajhi, Niruta Singh and the complete absence of the Pradhan. She earned NRS 7 crores of rupees, the equivalent of 15 crores in 2016 at the box office. In the early 2000-ies also marked the entry of one of the biggest superstars of Nepal, Sri Krishna Shrestha
1.3. History. 2006 - present. (2006 - настоящее время)
By 2006, as the situation in Nepal calmed down and with Maoists coming into mainstream politics, the Nepali film industry started to return to its former state, and was made and released more movies. This period also marked the beginning of digital film in the industry. Some of the successful post-2006 films include in Kagbeni, Sano Sansar group meetings sathi Mero Euta Cha, first love and Kohi Mero. In the early 2000-ies saw the rise Nikhil Upreti as one of the biggest names in Nepali cinema, restaurant, Newspapers Bhatt, Ramit of Dhungana actress like Jharana Thapa, Rekha Thapa, Arunima Lamsal, Rejina Upreti etc.
In the 2010s, movies like loot, Andaj, Chapali Height, Nai Nabhannu La TV series, Crimson peak, easier to play, easier to play easier to play,2015 the Film "WADA no 6" "Chhakka Panja" series was the highest-grossing films by date and Kahlo-but became critically acclaimed in the domestic market and among international Diaspora.
The highest grossing Nepali movie Chhakka Panja 2016, cash on NRS 22 crore followed by its sequel Chhakka Panja 2, grossing NRS 15 crore and Kohinoor 2014 12 crores of rupees. The most watched film in YouTube Premgeet and the second largest number of views supported Mero Hajur 2 to date, which was directed by Ujwal Ghimire.
American-Nepali documentary Manakamana, about the pilgrimage to Manakamana cable car has been released in 2013 and received positive reviews.
In recent years, many famous movies were made in Nepal. In December 2016, the car Bijuli, Nepals first science fiction film with a social story was released and successfully running in cinemas. The film was directed and written by Naveen QA with Santosh Lamichhane as a scientific consultant. It was reported that the film has set a trend in Nepali movies making a movie with a low budget, without the element song, the stereotypical fighting and romantic story, with authentic Nepali story inspired problems in society, like electricity blackout, and managed to entertain the audience.
In addition, Kahlo but Black hen Min Bahadur bham, a Tibetan drama, highway by Deepak Rauniyar, Nivna Lageko Diyo dying candle by Naresh K. S. and Seto Surya White sun by Deepak Rauniyar was officially selected for major international film festivals such as Venice, Berlin, Toronto international film festival and awards at the Singapore international film festival. The legend of Shankhadhar is the first Nepali animated movie.
2. Council For The Development Of The Cinema. (Совет По Развитию Кино)
The film development Council FRODEBU is the link to facilitate the development, production, distribution and exhibition of Nepali films nationally. The Board is trying to bridge the gap between film entrepreneurship and government bureaucracy. The Council is a balance between the people as a whole, the government, and the process of filmmaking. It is designed to act as protection of the interests of the people, controls the activities of the government, and the advocate of filmmakers.
There are three branches in the composition of the Board:
- Research, Development And Production Department.
- Distribution, exhibition and monitoring Department.
- Finance and administration. (Финансы и администрация)
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