★ Cinema of Kazakhstan
Cinema of Kazakhstan refers to the film industry in Kazakhstan. Cinema in Kazakhstan can be traced back to the early 20th century. Today, Kazakhstan produces about fifteen feature films per year.
1.1. History. 1930s-1980s years: the Soviet period. (1930-х-1980-х годов: советский период)
The film industry in Kazakhstan has its origins in the production of documentary films in Alma-ATA, now Almaty in the 1930s, developed for use as tools for Soviet propaganda. However, the first Kazakh feature film, Amangeldy 1939, the leader of the revolution of 1916 Amangeldy Imanov, was the work of Lenfilm in Leningrad. Cinema in Kazakhstan has been given a boost from violations caused by the Second world war, as the main Soviet film studios "Mosfilm" and "Lenfilm" was evacuated to Alma-ATA, where they are combined with the Alma-ATA film Studio, to produce the Central United film Studio. As a result, the Central United film Studio, which continued to operate in Alma-ATA until 1944, produced 80% of all Soviet domestic feature films made during the war. Many of the great Soviet Director Sergei Eisensteins two part epic Ivan the terrible was filmed in the Kazakh SSR. One of the major Soviet film schools, cinematography VGIK and was temporarily relocated to Alma-ATA during the war. This film became the Alma mater for the noble Kazakh filmmakers of the 1960-ies, known as the "new wave". 6 January 1961, the major film company of Kazakhstan, Alma-ATA Studio renamed Kazakhfilm Ministry of culture of the Kazakh SSR.
In the postwar Soviet period, the main figure of the Kazakh film industry SSRS was Director shaken Aymanov, in whose honour the film Studio "Kazakhfilm" was renamed in 1984. The most known films of this period include a number of historical epics, such as love, the tragic story of Kyz Zhibek 1970, and a trio of action films involving a secret agent, played by Asanali Ashimov, who uses all sorts of recklessness to defeat the enemies of communism. The first in the trilogy, the End of ataman 1970, was installed in 1921 and was the Director shaken Aymanov. Second, the TRANS-Siberian Express 1977, Directed by Yeldar students and in 1927, showed a complex plot involving the defeat of counter-revolutionaries planning to kill a Japanese businessman on the train bound for Moscow, on which our hero was dressed as a cabaret Manager. Thirdly, the Manchu variant of 1989, was established in 1945 in Manchuria. Films, with their Central character played by Kazakh actor and entertainment, part of the attempts of the establishment to demonstrate that the Kazakh people fully support communism.
1.2. History. The late 1980s-early 1990-ies: the Kazakh New wave. (В конце 1980-х-начале 1990-х годов: казахская Новая волна)
During perestroika in the USSR in 1980-ies, a new wave of young Kazakh filmmakers, ready to challenge the cinematic establishment. Released in 1988, the needle provided the catalyst for a new movement in Kazakh cinema. The film, directed by Rashid Nugmanov, cast of Viktor Tsoi as a Central figure. Choi was the frontman of a popular Soviet rock band Kino, and is considered by many to be a hero for disaffected Soviet youth. Movie also in the composition of the films original soundtrack. Character Tsois, Moro returns to Alma ATA to collect a debt from a criminal, only to find out that his ex-girlfriend is a drug addict. He decides to fight against drug traffickers, after which the movie ends with him was stabbed to death in the snow at night. Another important constituent to the work of the movement Yermek Shinarbaevs 1989 Movie revenge which is engaged in the film for the first time in the tragedies of the Korean population in Kazakhstan and Central Asia.
1.3. History. 1990s-2000s years: after independence of Kazakhstan. (1990-х-2000-х годов: после обретения независимости Казахстан)
In 1993, the Director Nugmanovs the Wild East, based on Akira Kurosawas Seven samurai, includes a group of dwarves who escaped from the circus, which brings the magnificent seven to protect them from a devastating motorcycle-riding Mongol bullies. Nugmanov moved to Paris in 1993 where he was associated with the Kazakh opposition groups. Other filmmakers after independence, Kazakhstan has achieved success at international festivals include Satybaldy Narimbetov. His biography of a young accordionist 1994-this story is about a little boy who grew up in Kazakh village during the Second world war. Leilas prayer 2002 focuses on a girl from a village near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, whose mothers prayer that her son should live to old age. Killer Darezhan Omirbaevs 1998, the Kazakh-French joint production, it is a tragic story highlighting the economic difficulties the people of Kazakhstan in the 1990-ies. The young driver from Almaty causing a minor accident when taking his wife and newborn child home from the hospital. Not able to pay for the damage, he is involved in a crime. Amir Karakulov has received critical praise for a number of films, including homewrecker 1991, a tale of two brothers in love with same girl. Again, it all ends badly. A new arrival on the scene is Rustem Abdrashev. His directorial debut was the 2004 Renaissance island, a Tale of first love, an aspiring poet unfolds against the historical background of the desiccation of the Aral sea.
One problem is that very few of these films were widely seen by the public in Kazakhstan. Domestic distributors prefer to rely on a diet of dubbed Hollywood blockbusters and high-budget Russian films, with the result that after independence, Kazakh cinema has developed a reputation for being, most likely, can be found in Western art houses and international competitions than on the screens in Kazakhstan. However, big-budget film Kazakhstan arrived. Nomad: warriors 2005, with international crew and cast, was officially endorsed attempts to bring the movie based on the exploits of Kazakh warriors of the 18th century on the international screens. Racketeer 2007, directed by akan Sataev, about how young Almaty in difficult economic conditions of the 1990s, was billed as the first purely commercially oriented film shot in post-independence Kazakhstan and showed considerable box-office draw. One Kazakh Director Timur Bekmambetov, also had success at the international level in commercials, movie projects, in particular, with the Russian fantasy features Night watch 2004 & Day watch 2006. Bekmambetov is now directing and producing films in Hollywood. His notable works made in Hollywood includes Wanted 2008, the darkest hour 2011 Abraham Lincoln: vampire Hunter 2012.
Was initiated in 2010 years of guerrilla filmmaking movement called guerrilla movie. The Directors aim to work without any intervention from the Kazakh government. The Manifesto of the movement involves three elements: no budget social realism and the search for new ways. Films and filmmakers of the movement include:
- Plague in Karatas village of the plague in the village of Karatas, 2016 Adilkhan Yerzhanov.
- The barrier the barrier, 2015 by Zhasulan Pashanov.
- Witness the case № 6. witness the case is not 6, 2016 Serik Abishev.
2. Cinema. (Кино)
Cinemas in Kazakhstan range from gloomy Soviet remnants in the modern multi-screen complexes. The market is divided between cinemas Kinopark Multiplex cinema, StarCinema, Armand and minor players. The new cinemas are usually located in shopping and entertainment centers. Ticket prices are lower than in Western Europe and North America. In 2012, IMAX Corporation opened the two movie theaters in Kazakhstan, as a result of the transaction, which was signed with Kinopark Multiplex cinemas in 2010. Films originally made in English are almost always dubbed, not subtitled, but there is little in English.
3. Film production. (Производство фильмов)
The Studio. (Студия)
The "Kazakhfilm" Studio is a state - owned company, funded by the Ministry of culture, which has been in Kazakhstan since Soviet times.
Eurasia film production is a leading private film production company in Kazakhstan. The movie "Mongol", produced by LLC "Eurasia" production the film was nominated for best foreign language film Oscar in 2008, and in the same year" Tulip” received the Grand Prix in Cannes program "the Special sight".
The film satay is another leading production company in Almaty, startup and operation of Akana sataeva, one of the best Director in Kazakhstan, and the President of the Almaty film festival.
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