★ Cinema of Taiwan
Cinema of Taiwan is deeply rooted in the unique history of the island. Since its introduction to Taiwan in 1901 under Japanese rule, cinema has developed in Taiwan under Roc rule through several stages. He also developed outside Hong Kong mainstream and the censorship in PRC on the mainland.
1.1. Features. Taiwanese Directors. (Тайваньская Директоров)
In recent years, Taiwans film industry got recognition thanks to a number of internationally recognized filmmakers such as HOU Hsiao-Hsien, Edward Yang and Malaysian-Chinese Tsai Ming-Liang.
Important Taiwanese Directors in the 1990s, years include Chen Ko-fu, Tsui SIU Ming, and independent producer Huang Ming-Chuan Lai.
1.2. Features. The influence of the government. (Влияние правительства)
Since the late Japanese colonial period of martial law in Taiwan, the development of Taiwans film dominated the official camp development Studio. The film was produced at this stage were mainly the news footage on state of the Studio and political propaganda. Even today, the Taiwanese government supports "cinema Fund" to financially support the film industry of the country. The Fund is somewhat controversial, but still well maintained.
The government information Bureau of the grant of the film. Grants are divided into two groups of $ 5 million and $ 800 million. The production cost will be at least $ 120 million in 15 films. The app contains certain technical specifications to allow the proper amount of money that will be allocated for the production of films, for example, the objectives of the grant in the amount of $ 5 million to encourage new Directors feature film directing for the first time.
1.3. Features. Documentaries. (Документальные фильмы)
In recent years documentary films from Taiwan are also becoming more popular. The development of Taiwanese documentary films began after the lifting of martial law in 1987 and the growing popularity of small electronic video cameras, as well as support and promotion provided by the Taiwan Council for cultural Affairs. Documentary films have also received support from other government agencies and private corporations. A variety of film festivals and awards was established to encourage the production of documentary films.
Taiwanese documentaries often deal with subjects related to a Director or their families, and to explore major social and political issues. These films began to gain international attention, and many have gone on to win awards at international film festivals.
2. Early cinema, 1900-1945. (Раннее кино, 1900-1945)
The first film was presented at the Taiwan Takamatsu Toyojirō 高松豊次郎, see 高松豐次郎 in 1901. Taiwanese movie was the first, and from 1900 to 1937, one of the most important Japanese colonial film markets in the era of Japanese rule. In 1905, Takamatsu raised to 10.000 Japanese yen in donations for the Japanese military from the proceeds of films in Taiwan about the Russo-Japanese war. By 1910, the Taiwan colonial government to coordinate the efforts of independent Directors, such as Takamatsu and others to establish a more organized approach to film production in the colony of Taiwan. Movies play an important role in ensuring the largest colonial imperialization project or cultural assimilation of Taiwanese themes in the Japanese Empire. The first silent film produced in Taiwan was an introduction to the current state of Taiwans propaganda documentary that Takamatsu directed in 1907. Takamatsu to note that the early movies were released mostly for the Japanese audience, not the local Taiwanese. Hence, early films, usually educational in nature, praising modernizing the presence of Japanese on the island. Other films catered to Japanese exotic desires for Taiwan as a place of adventure and danger, such as the conquest of Taiwan native rebels 1910 and heroes Taiwan destruction of troop 1910.
Many conventions in Japanese films were adopted by the Taiwanese filmmakers. For example, the use of the narrator benshi silent film which was a very important component of the film-the experience in Japan, was adopted and renamed piān-sū Taiwan. The narrator was very different from its equivalent in the Western world. It quickly turned into a star system, but based on the Japanese system. In fact, people will go to see the same film narrated by different benshi, to hear other interpretations benshis. The novel can turn into a Comedy or drama, depending on the style of storytellers and skills. Lou, a famous actor and benshi in Taiwan wrote the best reference book on Taiwan cinema. The first Taiwanese benshi master was a musician and composer by the name of Wang Yun-Feng, who played on a regular basis for the orchestra at the theatre Nai ting Fung in Taipei. He was also a composer of music for the Chinese film Tao Hua Qi Xue JI in Shanghai. Other famous Taiwanese benshi master Lu su-Shang, and Zhang Tian-MA. Lu su-Shang, is not primarily remembered for his benshi performances, but mainly for writing the invaluable history of cinema and drama in Taiwan. The most famous benshi of all, possibly Zhan Tian-MA, whose story is told in a recent Taiwanese biographical films March of happiness, Taiwan, 1999, dir: Lin Sheng-Shing. Benshi masters frequently were intellectuals: many spoke Japanese, often traveled to Japan and / or China, and some of them were poets who wrote their own librettos for each film. Since 1910, movies began to spread with the script, but benshi often prefer to continue their own interpretations. Famous movies during this period include the song of sadness 哀愁の歌, 1919, eye 仏陀の瞳 Buddha, 1922, and whose mistake? 誰の過失, 1925.
Unlike Japanese-occupied Manchuria, Taiwan and became an important market for the production of Japan, but rather is an important exhibition market. Japanese production of newsreels, shorts, educational and feature films were widely distributed throughout Taiwan since the mid-1920s through 1945 and even after decolonization. And in Japans other colonial film markets, the second Sino-Japanese war in 1937 marked the beginning of the era of enhanced mobilization for the Japanese war in Asia and the Taiwan film markets were purged of American and Chinese films as a result. The Japanese strove to transform the locals into Japanese citizens, giving them Japanese names, a Japanese education, encouraging them to wear Japanese clothes and men to cut their long hair. Films such as Japanese police supervision of the Taiwan 1935 village illustrated how "proper" Imperial subjects should dress and behave, and promoting their excellent skills in farming thanks to the Japanese overlords. Taiwanese Directors would vividly revisit the legacy of this process of cultural annexation in such films as HOU Hsiao-hsiens city of sadness the Puppetmaster 1989 and 1993, as well as Wu Nien-Jens borrowed life in 1994.
3. After 1949. (После 1949 года)
Taiwanese cinema grew again after 1949, when at the end of the Chinese civil war brought many filmmakers sympathetic to the nationalists to Taiwan. Even then, most movies were made in Taiwanese language, and it lasted for many years. In 1962, out of a total number of 120 films production, only seven were made in Chinese, the rest were made in Taiwan. However, the production of films in Taiwanese began to decline due to a variety of reasons, ranging from limited scope and waning interest in such films, to the nationalist governments Chinese standard in the media and considering the Taiwanese too "rough". The last film shot entirely in Taiwan was made in 1981.
In the 1960-ies marked the beginning of the rapid modernization of Taiwan. The government is strongly focused on the economy, industrial development and education, and in 1963 in the center of the film Corporation CMPC, to see the 中影公司 introduced the "health realism" melodrama. The genre of this film was asked to help build traditional moral values that were important during the rapid transformation of the United Nations in the socio-economic structure. During this time, traditional kung fu films and romantic melodramas were also very popular. Author Chiung Yao is especially famous films made in this period of time, which was based on her widely read romance novels.
Taiwan cinema of this period is due to censorship in the peoples Republic of China and propaganda in the PRC.
4. New Taiwanese Cinema, 1982-1990. (Новое Тайваньское Кино, 1982-1990)
By the beginning of 1980-ies, the popularity of home video removed see widespread activity for the Taiwanese. However, the Taiwanese film industry has faced serious challenges, including the entry of Hong Kong films in the Taiwan market. In order to compete with movies in Hong Kong, CMPC began an initiative to support some fresh, young Directors. In 1982, the film in our time 1982, which featured four young talented Directors, began what will be known as the rejuvenation of Taiwanese cinema: new Taiwan cinema.
In contrast to the melodrama or kung-fu action films of the previous decades, the new Taiwanese cinema films are known for their realistic, down-to-earth, and sympathetic portraits of Taiwanese life. These films have sought to portray genuine stories of people living in urban or rural Taiwan, and are often compared stylistically to the films of the Italian neorealist Movement. This emphasis on realism is further enhanced by the innovative narrative techniques. For example, in a traditional narrative structure which builds the drama to a climax was abandoned and the story progresses as fast as it would in real life.
Because of his honest way of life, new Taiwanese movies were considered many important issues facing Taiwan society at the time, such as urbanization, poverty, and conflicts with political power. For example, HOU Hsiao-hsiens city of sadness portrays the tensions and conflicts between Taiwanese and the newly arrived Chinese nationalist government after the end of the Japanese occupation. Chen Kunhous 1983 grow film provides a nuanced look at the experience of a very young boy from an ordinary family, getting into more trouble. Edward Yangs Taipei story, 1985, Confucian confusion 1994 to talk about the mixing of traditional values and modern materialism among young urbanites in the 1980s and 1990s years. His nearly four-hour film, a brighter summer day 1991, considered by many to be his masterpiece and defining the work of the new Taiwanese cinema, is Taiwans struggle in the 1960-ies to find its identity after the Kuomintang invaded Taiwan and brought many Chinese immigrants to the new Republic, who is expected to return to China after the Communists were defeated. Therefore, the new Taiwanese films to create a fascinating chronicle of Taiwans socio-economic and political transformations in the modern era.
5. The Second New Wave, 1990-2010. (Вторая Новая Волна, 1990-2010)
New Taiwan cinema gradually gave way to what can be informally called the second New wave that is slightly less serious and more favorable conditions for the population, although as committed to the Taiwan point of view.
For example, Tsai Ming-liangs Vive lamour, which won the Golden lion at the Venice film festival in 1994, portrays the isolation, despair and love of young people living in the upscale apartments of Taipei. Stan lais the peach blossom Land 1992, is a tragi-Comedy involving two groups of participants rehearsing different plays on stage, masterly contrast and depth of plays, political and psychological meanings helped it win recognition at festivals in Tokyo and Berlin.
Eng Lee is perhaps the most well-known second New wave Directors. His early movies pushing hands 1991, the wedding Banquet in 1993 and eat. to drink man and woman accent 1994 on generations and cultural conflicts faced by a modern family. His Crouching tiger, hidden dragon 2000, successfully revived the genre UNL. Although not in the tradition of the new wave or second New wave, it is a commercial success that firmly put Asian films in the international domain. Latest movies eternal summer 2006, Prince of tears 2009 and the winds of September 2009 pushed the boundaries of Taiwanese films and the broken Islands, long a taboo, the image of a controversial subject.
Taiwanese cinema is going through hard times to compete with Hollywood blockbusters in the late 1990s and early 2000-ies. The box office for local films was reduced to less than 20 films each year, and many Taiwanese are a privileged audience watching a Hong Kong or Hollywood productions causing in the country film industry is dominated by foreign repertoire. The Taiwan film industry began to decline in 1994 and disbanded in 1997 due to the growing popularity of piracy movie. High box office receipts from the Cape 7 2008, and Taiwanese films after 2008 proved that the local film industry has recovered from his fall. Cape No. 7 was so popular in Taiwan that on November 1, 2008 it became the highest grossing domestic film, the second country in the history of cinema "Titanic" in 1997. Another recent popular film, the gangster film Monga 2010.
6. The revival of Taiwanese films after the Cape 7. (Возрождение тайваньские фильмы после мыса 7)
In 2008, No. 7-Cape Director Wei Te-Sheng was a huge box office success. It raked in 530 million TWD 17.9 million U.S. dollars in the country, setting all-time box office record for a Taiwanese film, and is currently the highest grossing Taiwanese domestic film of all time. He has won 15 awards to date such as outstanding Taiwanese film of the year at the 45th Golden horse Awards in 2008. This record achievement resulted in the revival of Taiwanese cinema, for example, Monga 2010, seven days in heaven 2010, night market hero 2011, 2012, love and many others.
After the success of the Cape 7, the Taiwanese film industry began to recover after the recession, which lasted about 10 years. The head of the government information Bureau stated that "2011 will be a new year and a new start for Taiwanese films". The Director of Cape No. 7, Wei Te-shengs later film, Seediq Bale, containing part 1 and part 2 was released in September 2011, part 1 the Sun flag, the 2nd Taiwan grossing domestic film of all times and peoples and part 2 the rainbow bridge is the 7th highest grossing Taiwanese domestic film of all time. It was shown in the competition program of the 68th Venice international film festival and was selected as a candidate for nomination for the 84th Oscar for Best foreign film in 2011 and was one of nine films nominated to advance to the next round of voting for nomination.
Some examples: the killer who never kills 2011, which is based on the story in the killer series from Taiwanese writer, Giddens Ko. In addition, the popular 2009 TV series Black and white resulted in two feature films titled: Black and white Episode I the Dawn of assault 2012 is a prequel to the series and black & white: the Dawn of justice 2014 another prequel to the series, but a continuation of the 2012 film. In 2012, Giddens KOs romance you are the Apple of my eye earned about NTD 2012 425 million, making it the 4th highest grossing Taiwanese domestic film of all time, after Fung Kais DIN Tao: leader of the parade 2012 who earned NTD 317 million, making it the 8th highest grossing domestic Taiwanese film of all time. In 2013, Lee Chu-kwanami the film David Loman 2013 earned NTD 428 million, making it the 3rd highest grossing domestic Taiwanese films of all time.
In 2015 female Director Yu-Shan Chen himself.to.and. Frankie Chan was a film called Our day of 2015, which became the highest grossing domestic Taiwanese film of the year, gathering over 410 million NT$17.1 million U.S. dollars, making it the 5th highest grossing domestic Taiwanese films of all time. The film also starred Vivian sang another box office success, cafes. Expectations. Love 2014, the 11th highest grossing domestic Taiwanese films of all time. In 2014, Yumin fight directed a baseball movie called Kano in 2014, which turned out to be cash for NT $ 330 million, making it the 6th highest grossing domestic Taiwanese films of all time.
9th-15th Taiwan grossing domestic films of all time in order: - this website to the zone Pro 2013 #9 NTD 305 million, Ang lees lust 2007 #10 NTD 280 million, cafés. Expectations. Love 2014 #11 NTD 260 million, Monga 2010 #12 258 million NTD, a wonderful wedding 2015 #13 with NTD 250 million, not only for the beauty: Taiwan from above 2013 #14 with NTD 220 million, and TWA-TIU-Tiann 2014 #15 NTD 210 million.
Cm. also a list of the highest grossing films in Taiwan.
6.1. The revival of Taiwanese films after the Cape 7. Profit Distribution. (Распределение Прибыли)
Teng sue-Feng used the order of the Cape-7 in the house, as the profit is shared in Taiwan. Dan estimated revenues of NTD 520 million, and the cost needs to be NTD 50 million. After expenses, 60% of the profit goes to movie theaters, 10% to the distributor. The Director receives about NT$140 million.
7. Bibliography. (Библиография)
- Of Baskett, Michael 2008. Attractive Empire: transnational film culture in Imperial Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3223-0.
- 1973, and the film archive project was placed on hold. Oversight of Taiwanese cinema was delegated to the Government Information Office GIO The Motion
- Searchable list of Taiwanese films at the Taiwan Cinema website. English version. Taiwanderful Taiwan Movie Guide - a community index of Taiwanese movies.
- Union Cinema of Spain Cinema of Sri Lanka Cinema of Sri Lankan Tamil Cinema of Sweden Cinema of Switzerland Cinema of Syria Cinema of Taiwan Cinema of Tajikistan
- of Taiwan Climate of Taiwan Geology of Taiwan National parks of Taiwan Wildlife of Taiwan Endemic species of Taiwan Fauna of Taiwan Birds of Taiwan Mammals
- Cinema of Taiwan Cuisine of Taiwan Education in Taiwan Han Taiwanese Languages of Taiwan List of Taiwanese authors List of ethnic groups in Taiwan List
- in Taiwan Taiwanese Wave Television in Taiwan List of Chinese - language television channels Cinema of Taiwan Taiwanese television actors Taiwanese television
- Japanese Taiwan was the period of Taiwan and the Penghu Islands under Japanese rule between 1895 and 1945. Taiwan became a dependency of Japan in 1895
- Era of Japanese Influence, from 1895 to 1945, the year the Japanese occupation of Taiwan ended. Many photographs from the period during which Taiwan was
- the cinema of Taiwan As a former British colony, Hong Kong had a greater degree of political and economic freedom than mainland China and Taiwan and
- Censorship in Taiwan officially the Republic of China was greatly relaxed when the state moved away from authoritarianism in 1987. Since then, the media
- Russian cinema and is thus considered part of European cinema East Asian cinema is typified by the cinema of Japan, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and South
- Chinese - language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan Cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, Dingjun
- Condition of Taiwan Historical Dictionary of Taiwan Cinema The Scarecrow Press. pp. 43 44. Lee, Daw Ming nd A Brief History of Taiwan Cinema Research
- 121 E 24 121 Taiwan officially the Republic of China ROC is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People s Republic of China PRC
- within walking distance east of Xinyi Anhe Station of Taipei Metro. Taiwan portal Cinema of Taiwan About TFC Taipei Film Commission. Retrieved 3 October
- culture of Taiwan Taiwan Culture Portal. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014. Chen, Christie 2014 - 04 - 28 Cinema toolkit
- later renamed as SBC International Cinemas and opened cinemas in Faro, Portugal closed in 2014 and Taipei, Taiwan still operating as SBC In May 2003
- cinema are the industries of Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan The term is sometimes used to conflate Southeast Asian cinema which
- living in Taiwan Puru - artist and cousin of China s last emperor Puyi. He fled to Taiwan in 1949. Sihung Lung - actor in the Taiwanese cinema who appeared
- ABS - CBN Film Productions, Inc. doing business as Star Cinema or ABS - CBN Films is a Philippine film and television production company and film distributor
- Ferry - Cinema of Taiwan - Cinnamomum camphora - Civic Blvd Expressway - Civil Air Transport - Civil Aeronautics Administration Republic of China
- population of Taiwan officially known as the Republic of China ROC is approximately 23.57 million, spread across a total land area of about 36, 000 km2
- The Taiwan Excellence Awards are yearly awards that are given out by the Ministry of Economic Affairs MOEA and Taiwan External Trade Development Council
- of the films that have been submitted by Taiwan for review by the Academy for the award by year and the respective Academy Awards ceremony. Cinema of
- The prehistory of Taiwan ending with the arrival of the Dutch East India Company in 1624, is known from archaeological finds throughout the island. The
- drama form originated in Taiwan The language used is a stylised combination of both literary and colloquial registers of Taiwanese Hokkien. Its earliest
- Promotion of Asian Cinema NETPAC is a worldwide organization of 29 member countries. It was created as the result of a conference on Asian cinema organized
- Retrieved 7 May 2017. Lee, Daw - Ming 2013 Historical Dictionary of Taiwan Cinema Plymouth, United Kingdom: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978 - 0 - 8108 - 6792 - 5
- of Hsinchu City Chinese: 新竹市文化局影像博物館 pinyin: Xīnzhushì Wenhuàju Yǐngxiàng Bowùguǎn is a museum about cinema in East District, Hsinchu City, Taiwan
- Taiwanese Wave or Tairyu Japanese: 台流 is a neologism originally coined in Japan to refer to the increase in the popularity of Taiwanese popular culture
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