Топ-100 ★ Brest Castle, Belarus - castle .. Info | About | What's T
Back

★ Brest Castle, Belarus - castle ..

Brest Castle (Belarus)
                                     

★ Brest Castle (Belarus)

The Brest fortress evolving over several centuries from the Slavonic settlement of Berestye, which appeared at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries, at the confluence of the river Mukhavets to the river bug, on the background of the Islands formed by the rivers. It was rebuilt several times after numerous fires and sieges, was destroyed during the construction of the Brest fortress in the 19th century.

                                     

1. Early history. (Ранняя история)

There is only scarce textual data on the site of the castle until the 16th century. The entry in the Chronicle Thietmars 1017:" Caesar comperit, Ruszorum Regem. nilque IBI ad this possessam profecisse”, which is referred to as Berestye" garrison Urbs”. Caesar, i.e. Henry II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire studied in 1017, that the Russian Prince Yaroslav the Wise attacked the Prince of Poland Boleslaw and he gained nothing, but seized the bark. As there is more information in the record, the Word" garrison Urbs” in Latin can mean a fortified settlement or a fortress. The entry 1182 in Chronicle chronica regum SEU original Et principum Poloniae by famous Polish chronicler Vincent Kadlubko says that" Russia qui ingressus primam this aggreditur Brestensium, there viris, Quam Arte AC loci place munitissimam obsidionum arctat angustiis undique”. Here the chronicler says that Brest was the first to be attacked by Casimir II the just, who invaded the land of Rus, Brest offer peak when he was besieged. The chronicler describes Brest as the most protected place of people of the art of fortification and the location, meaning the protection of rivers and their several branches, however, the word" garrison Urbs” in Latin does not give an answer that laid siege to a fortified city or just a kind of fortress. In a document of 1099, written in old East Slavic, the bark is mentioned as the castle”, i.e. proud for the first time. There is an entry in the Russian chronicle dated 1276, which tells about the construction of" the city” and the tower of Vladimir Vasilkovich. The tower was similar to the tower of Kamyanyets on the record. Perhaps it was the save as the tower of Kamyanyets, towering over the castle, but there is little evidence and the tower could not stand, when the Brest fortress was built in the 19th century.

                                     

2. The citys castle. (Городской замок)

In 1390, the kings letter of Vladislav II Jagiello, as Grand Duke of Lithuania and king of Poland, granted Magdeburg rights to the city. In the Charter referred to the position of castellan. If there was a castellan before 1390, it is possible to admit that there was a castle in Brest before. However, after 1390, becoming the citys castle, he was not only the site, the fortified military buildings, but in the admin center, a symbol of power. It was an important center controlling the population and their various activities, movements along three major trade routes in Brest. In 1554 the town of Brest was granted the city a coat of arms showing a castle at the confluence of two rivers.

                                     

3. Layout. (Макет)

The first inventory of Brest and its castle appeared in 1566. It contains detailed text description and size of the castle allows you to explore its location and spatial arrangement. The first graphic images and plans of Brest and its castle was made in 1657 Erik Dahlberg. One of his cards and panoramic views was published in 1696, in a book written by Samuel von Pufendorf. Charles X Gustav of Sweden was aware of the key position in the Brest and he ordered E. Dahlberg to design an impregnable fortress.

                                     

4. Archaeological excavations. (Археологические раскопки)

The first excavations at the former site of the castle was Polish officer Marian Tomas beetle Rybicki in 1938. Some elements of fortification were found. It was necessary to continue the work, but WW2 broke out in 1939, and the results of the work was unknown until 1990-ies. Archaeological excavations in 1968-81, headed by P. F. Lysenko has presented numerous and various objects, remains of wooden structures, household utensils, weapons, which are kept today in the Archaeological Museum Berestye, but the remains of the castle structures was not detected. In 2013, excavations were resumed. There were some results that look promising.

                                     
  • list of castles in Belarus Belaya Vezha, a common misnomer for the Tower of Kamyenyets Babruysk fortress Brest Fortress, also known as Brest - Litovsk
  • Belarus at the border with Poland opposite the Polish city of Terespol, where the Bug and Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the capital city of the Brest Region
  • Twierdza brzeska formerly known as Brest - Litovsk Fortress, is a 19th - century Russian fortress in Brest Belarus In 1965, the title Hero Fortress was
  • Brest - Tsentralny is the main railway station of Brest Belarus The first building of the Brest station was built in 1886, and opened on 28 May in the
  • Yiddish: קאסעוו is a small city in the Ivatsevichy District in the Brest Region of Belarus located at 52 45 N 25 09 E 52.750 N 25.150 E 52.750 25
  • compound in Ruzhany village, Pruzhany Raion district Brest Voblast province Western Belarus Between the 16th and 19th centuries Ruzhany, then called
  • a town in the Brest Region of Belarus and the center of the Kamyenyetski Rajon. The town is located in the northwestern corner of Brest Region on the
  • Geography of Belarus Administrative divisions of Belarus Belarusian Ridge Brest FEZ Dnieper - Bug Canal Dzyarzhynskaya Hara Extreme points of Belarus Kresy Kurapaty
  • Nieswiezu, Lithuanian: Nesvyziaus pilis is a residential castle of the Radziwill family in Niasviz, Belarus It is 183 metres 600 ft above sea level. 1919
  • Kreva, Belarus The village lies 220 metres 720 ft above sea level. Algirdas s brother Kestutis was imprisoned and murdered in the Kreva Castle in 1382
  • Kosava Castle is a ruined castellated palace in Gothic Revival style located in Kosava, Belarus The estate was purchased in 1821 by Count Wojciech Puslowski
  • the Republic of Belarus on the UNESCO World Heritage List Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus 2011. Retrieved


                                     
  • Middle Ages, the history of Brest was the history of its castle Then Richelieu made it a military harbour in 1631. Brest grew around its arsenal until
  • April 22, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2009. Pischalauski Castle at Belarus Guide.Com Belarus Castles Palaces and historical Manors database of Belarusian
  • Hieraniony or Gieraniony Castle is a ruined castle near the village of Hieraniony in Iwye District, Belarus It was constructed in the beginning of 16th
  • commemorate the millennium of Brest Belarus It was erected in 2009 at the intersection of Sovietskaya Street and Gogol Street in Brest The project was financed
  • family on the left bank of the Neman River at Lubcha near Navahradak Belarus The castle began its life in 1581 as a fortified residence of Jan Kiszka, a
  • Golshany Castle 2010 video on the Official Website of Belarus Charity account opened for Halshany Castle in Russian Coordinates: 54 15 05 N 26 01 13 E
  • Kletsk Castle was a castle in Belarus It was completely destroyed by the Swedes in 1706. Клецкий замок и история Клецка in Russian Coordinates: 53 04 10 N
  • The New Castle in Hrodna, Belarus is a royal palace of Augustus III of Poland and Stanislaw August Poniatowski where the famous Grodno Sejm took place
  • Svislach Castle Belarusian: Свіслацкі замак was a castle that lay in the lands of present - day Belarus on the right bank of the Byarezina River in the


                                     
  • The former castle in Navahrudak, Belarus Belarusian: Навагрудскі замак, Lithuanian: Naugarduko pilis, Polish: Zamek w Nowogrodku was one of the key
  • 1972. Currently, four properties in Belarus are inscribed on the World Heritage List. The tentative list of Belarus contains eleven properties. Three properties
  • traditions. Belarus has four World Heritage Sites, with two of them being shared between Belarus and its neighboring countries. The four are the Mir Castle Complex
  • town of Lida, Belarus grew up around this castle Lida Castle is 141 metres 463 ft above sea level. The site selected for the castle is naturally defended
  • it is the only such tower remaining to this day in Belarus Once similar towers were built in Brest Grodno, Turaw, Navahradak, but they were destroyed
  • eastern Poland on the border with Belarus It lies on the border river Bug, directly opposite the city of Brest Belarus It has 5, 794 inhabitants 2014
  • consumers of Belarus products, cessation of financing from the Soviet Union s military sector which accounted for a considerable share of Belarus industry
  • part of Belarus Braslaw today part of Belarus Brest today part of Belarus Chachersk today part of Belarus Chavusy today part of Belarus Cherykaw
  • between 14 and 17 September 1939, near the town of Brzesc Litewski now Brest Belarus After three days of heavy fights for the stronghold in the town of

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
This website uses cookies. Cookies remember you so we can give you a better online experience.
preloader close
preloader