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★ Castle of Almourol - castle ..

Castle of Almourol
                                     

★ Castle of Almourol

The castle of Almourol is a medieval castle on the top of the islet of Almourol in the middle of the river Tagus, located in the parish of Praia do Ribatejo, just 4 km from the municipal seat of Vila Nova da Barquinha, Portugal regional center. The castle was part of the defensive line controlled by the knights Templar and the castle in the Portuguese Reconquista.

                                     

1. History. (История)

It is believed that the castle was built on the site of a primitive puddle Castro that was later conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC, it was Later remodelled by successive invading forces, including the Alans, Visigoths and the Andalusian Berbers, though its unclear when the actual castle was established. In excavations conducted in the interior and exterior enclosures, various traces of Roman occupation were discovered, including coins, tokens, formulated in the Millennium Declaration, and Roman foundations, while medieval remnants such as medallions and two marble columns were also discovered in the vicinity of the locks.

The castle of Almourol is one of the most symbolic and cenographic medieval military monuments of the Reconquista, and one of the best representations of the influence of the Templars in Portugal. When it was conquered in 1129 by forces loyal to the Portuguese nobility, he was known as Almorolan, and placed in the trust of Gualdim Pais, the master of the knights Templar in Portugal, who later rebuilt the structure. The structure was reconstructed, starting in 1171 with the inscription over the main gate and restored during the subsequent reigns.

Losing its strategic place, it was abandoned, causing her to fall into ruin. In the 19th century, it was "reinvented" by idealistic romantics, which eventually led to interventions in the 1940s and 1950s years, and its adaption as official residence of the Portuguese Republic. During this period, there was a lot of restorations that have changed the appearance of the structure, including adding battlements and bartizans.

In DGMEN - Direcção-Geral DOS Edificios e Monumentos national or Directorate-General of buildings and national monuments, the forerunner of the IGESPAR, first intervened on the site in 1939, through the construction of the Chemin de Ronde in masonry, including reinforced concrete, dismantling and reconstruction of the corner to maintain, repair and strengthen the walls, including the demolition of the towers allure, reconstruction of brick arches under the existing and reconstruction of the pavement in small stone.

Around 1940-1950, the spaces were adapted for its use as the official residence of the Portuguese Republic. At the end of this short period, the building of the furniture was acquired by the Commission for the purchase of furniture Portuguese: Comissão para Aquisição in de Mobiliario in 1955, while the electrical system.

Between 1958 and 1959, there was some consolidation with a particular strap, the project reduces the permeability of the courtyard and reconstruction of the interior of the tower walls at the school in Pratica de Engenharia practical Engineering schools, as well as reconstruction of the door that included the door jambs and lintels. In the following years was followed by other projects: in 1959, the facade of one section of the wall was renovated in 1960, with the completion of repairs to the exterior walls, sidewalk and driveway was improved by the Direcção da ARMA de Engenharia de Tancos Management engineering arm. However, one roadway that skirted the islet from the pier in the southern part of the castle has been restored, you can find de Engenharia do Estado maior Exercito not the army General staff of the utilities.

By 1996, the walls were repaired, partitions save the saved, and the sidewalk in the castle restored.

                                     

1.1. History. 21 century and tourism. (21 века и туризма)

Due to the penetration of water, and the castle started to show some signs of degradation in 2004, including several exterior walls.

Although access to the Portuguese national monument and fluvial islet is free of charge, visitors to the structure must pay an inexpensive boat across the river, the only way for visitors to reach the castle.

                                     

2. Architecture. (Архитектура)

The castle rises over a granite rock 18 metres 59 feet in height, and is approximately 310 metres 1.020 ft long and 75 meters 246 feet wide, in the middle of the Tagus river waterway, a few metres below the confluence of the zêzere river in the town of Tancos.

The castle has an irregular rectangular plan consisting of two buildings: external low level faces upstream with a traitors gate, and walls reinforced by nine tall circular towers, and inside the body, located at a higher altitude, has walls you can climb the main gate to the main keep. Keep consists of three floors and includes the original pads that support the main farm. The remaining sentry towers are irregular, owing to the irregular topography. Keep in fact, innovation in this castle, to emerge in the 12th century after the castle of Tomar, the main defensive redoubt of the Templars in Portugal. Similarly, the watchtowers were innovations brought into Western part of the Iberian Peninsula, the Templars, and applied in Almourol.

The interior is divided into several masonry doorways that link the different parts of the castle. Two inscription stones mark the history of locks and edification by Gualdim Pais still above the main gate, as well as its Christian history of the cross carved into the space above an open window in the tower.



                                     
  • Almourol is a small islet in the middle of the Tagus river in the civil parish of Praia do Ribatejo, located in Portugal s Center Region. The Castle of
  • follows the same architectural lines characteristics of the Knights Templar, the castles of Almourol Monsanto, Pombal, Tomar and Zezere, his contemporaries
  • Knights Templar, who built several castles along the river. One of these is the Castle of Almourol built by the Master of the Portuguese Templars, Gualdim
  • built several fortresses along the line of the Tagus river, like the castles of Pombal, Tomar, Belver and Almourol They are credited as having introduced
  • The castle outpost, as well as the castles of Almourol Castelo Branco, Monsanto, Pombal, Tomar, Torres Novas and Zêzere formed a defensive barrier of garrisons
  • global New Seven Wonders of the World contest. Castle of Almourol Castelo de Marvão Convent of the Order of Christ Mafra National Palace Fortaleza de Sagres
  • 1171 Rebuilding of Canterbury Cathedral began under William of Sens. 1171 Pont d Avignon begun. about 1171 Castle of Almourol in the Tagus, Portugal
  • Monsanto, Zêzere, Almourol and Pombal. Sometime in the last year, D. Simãeo Mendes, Master of the Knights Templar, ordered the construction of a palace for
  • Abrantes Castle of Almourol Praia do Ribatejo, Vila Nova da Barquinha Castle of Ourem Nossa Senhora das Misericordias, Ourem Castle of Tomar Tomar
                                     
  • suggest that this inscription was actually from the Castle of Almourol and not Pombal. A recent study of the inscription, by Mario Barroca, points to the
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