★ Cinema of Thailand
Cinema of Thailand dates back to the early days of cinema, when the king Chulalongkorns 1897 visit to Bern, Switzerland was recorded by Francois-Henri Lavancy-Clark. Then the film was brought to Bangkok, where it was exhibited. It caused even more interest in film by the Thai Royal family and local businessmen, who brought in filmmaking equipment and started to exhibit foreign films. In the 1920-ies, was started by local film industry in the 1930-ies, the Thai film industrys first "Golden age", a number of studios producing films.
The years after world war II revival of industry, which used 16 mm film to produce hundreds of films, many of them driving the militants. Competition from Hollywood brought the Thai industry to a low point in 1980-ies and 1990-ies, but by the end of 1990-x years, Thailand had its "new wave", with such Directors as Nonzee Nimibutr, Pen-EK Ratanaruang and Apichatpong Weerasethakul, as well as action hero Tony JAA, which is celebrated at film festivals around the world.
1.1. History. The first Thai movies. (Первые тайские фильмы)
Auguste and Louis Lumiere held a film exhibition that toured in Southeast Asia in 1894, and on June 9, 1897, "wonderful Parisian cinematograph" was shown in Bangkok, and is the first known film screening in Thailand.
In the same year the movie Visit to Europe, king Chulalongkorn was brought back to Thailand, along with camera equipment, purchased brothers, the kings, the Prince Thongthaem Sambassatra. Thai: พระองค์เจ้าทองแถมถวัลยวงศ์ กรมหลวงสรรพสาตรศุภกิจ Prince, who is considered the "father of Thai cinema", has made many films and his work has been shown in the sale.
Japanese businessmen have opened the first permanent cinema, Japanese cinema, in 1905. Japanese films were so popular that Nang yipun has become a General term for all moving pictures. European and American films were called Nang farang after Nang drama theatre shadow puppet, Thai traditional art).
In accordance with another member of the Royal family, Prince Kamphangphet, topical film service of the state railway of Thailand was created. The service has produced many promotional films for railway and other government organs and became an important training ground for many Directors. One of the first works was Sam POI Luang: the great holiday in the Northern Thai: สามปอยหลวง, a docudrama that became a hit when it was released in 1940.
One of the first Thai movies Nang Sao Suwan, or Miss we of Siam, a Hollywood joint production with the topical film service that was directed and created by Henry McRae. It premiered on 22 Jun 1923 in Bangkok in Phathanakorn cinema. Unfortunately, Ms. we have been lost for many years, and only a few pictures left of him.
The first Thai feature was Chok Sorng Chan double good luck, produced by the Wasuwat brothers Bangkok film company in 1927 and the production of mannitol Wasuwat Thai: มานิต วสุวัต. In the same year the film company, tai Phapphayon Thai company, made may hit the City suddenly.
Seventeen films were made between 1927 and 1932, but only fragments can be found, for example, one minute from the chase song Chok Chan, or two or three-minute Boxing match from Khrai Di Khrai Dai none but the brave.
Hollywood to make movies in Bangkok during this time, including the documentary, Chang, Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack, about a poor farmer trying to carve out a life in the jungle. In making the film, they helped Prince yugala Dighambara, the grandfather of modern film Director Prince Chatrichalerm Yukol.
Robert Kerr, who served as assistant Director Henry McRae for Ms. we returned to Siam in 1928 to direct his own film, the White rose. It was shown in Bangkok in September 1928.
1.2. History. The Golden Age. (Золотой Век)
By 1928, the first "talkies" were imported, providing some heavy competition for the silent Thai films. In the tradition of the benshi in Japan, the local cinema was entertaining storytellers to present the films, as well as traditional Thai orchestras that often as a big audience Pleaser as the films themselves, but also for two or three years, silent films were replaced by talkies.
The first sound film was Thai Thang long wandered, produced by the Wasuwat brothers, and the premiere took place on 1 April 1932. Considered an ideological film in the period of political reform, the film was a great success and led to the building of the Sri Krung talkie film company of in Bang Kapi. He made three or four films a year.
In 1933, Sri Krung made the first non-Thai film, Grandpa soms treasure PU som FAO SAP.
This period until 1942 is considered by scientists as the "Golden age" of Thai cinema.
Among grossing films of this period was the 1938 musical of Clue wife-phobia MIA available Studio. It was shot on 35mm color stock. The stars were Chamras Suwakhon and money Sumonnat, the first Thai actors to be recognized as movie stars by having their names painted on their chairs while filming at the Studio.
As World war II loomed, and the country runs a dictatorship under the command of field Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram, the film was pressed into operation to make propaganda films for the injection of nationalism.
Opposition politicians was reflected in the film, too, with State Pridi Phanomyong to produce the king of the White Elephant, in 1940. With all the dialogue in English, Pridi hoped to send a message to the outside world that he was dissatisfied with the militaristic direction the country takes. The film shows the history of the Ancient Siamese king, who only goes to war after it was attacked.
1.3. History. The dubbing of the film. (Дубляж фильма)
The advent of sound raised another problem for the movie in Thailand: the language of the talkies. Only the dubbing method is developed in which the dubber would provide simultaneous translation of the dialogue in Thai speaking into the microphone in the back of the theater. The first Thai dubber was a sin Sibunruang, or "tit Khiaw" who worked at Siam film company and was the chief editor of the journal of the company of the film. Tit Khiaw and other talented dubbers became stars in their own right. They will perform all the roles in films, by both men and women, and such sound effects as the sounds of animals, machines and shots.
Were also companies that cant afford to do sound films, and will make films with the intention that they will be duplicated on the video views of performers reading a script. These dubbed films turned out to be as popular as cordless phones, especially if the dubber was well known.
In connection with the extensive use of 16-mm films in the 1970-ies, this method until the last years, especially for the outdoor screenings at Temple fairs in rural areas. Examples of a dubber at work can be seen in contemporary Thai films, Monrak, Saur 2000 transistor and Bangkok Loco 2004.
1.4. History. The post-war years: the 16-mm era. (Послевоенные годы: 16-мм эра)
After the Second world war, the cinema was re-launched in Thailand using surplus 16 mm black-and-white composition from the production of a newsreel of wartime.
At least two Thai films were released in 1946. One of them was the gunman, tea Chatree brave, which was directed by journalist-filmmaker Sawetanant channel chalerm. The script was the writer of the Malay Chupinij who will go to the scenarios of other films of the era, including Salai Chao FAH DIN till death do us part. The other film noted by the National film archive for 1946 was an adaptation of the Thai story, Chon Kawao the village of Chon Kawao.
The post-war boom in film really took off, however, using 16-mm color reversible film, which is easy to get and make a movie. Brightly colored films were popular with audiences, and that prompted dozens of new filmmakers to enter the business.
Similar to dubbing films in the prewar years, some of these films used dubbers to provide dialogue and sound effects as the film was running, further adding to the cost of entertaining films. From 1947 until 1972, 16 mm was the industry standard for the production of Thai movies.
First hit of the era was 1949s Suparb Burut SUA Thai gentlemen fighters, which outgrossed Hollywood films at the local box office. This success prompted more enthusiastic in the movie, giving the reason for the second "Golden age" of Thai cinema.
1.5. History. The transition to 35mm. (Переход на 35мм)
At the height of the 16-mm era, cinematographer and Director Rattana Pestonji sought to use 35 mm film and generally improve the artistic quality of Thai films. Most of his films are regarded today as masterpieces, including Santi-Weena, which was the first Thai film to be entered in an international competition, the 1954 Asia-Pacific film festival in Tokyo and 1961s black silk, the first Thai film in competition of the Berlin international film festival.
Although Rattan is made relatively few films, he worked tirelessly to promote industry, and died in 1970, he was to speak with government officials about the establishment of a National Agency for cinema.
1.6. History. In the 1970-ies and 80-ies. (В 1970-х и 80-х годов)
Thailand has seen an explosion of domestic films in the 1970s, after the Thai government imposed high tax on imported films in 1977, which led to a boycott of Thailand by Hollywood studios. To pick up the slack, 150 Thai movies were made only in 1978. Many of these films were low-grade fighters and derided by critics and scholars as "Nam NAO" or "stinking water".
But socially conscious films were made as well, especially the Prince Chatrichalerm Yukol, the US-educated filmmaker and member of the Royal family, whose families were associated with the movie, since the industry began in Thailand. Among Chatrichalerms films in the 1970s was Khao Chue KARN Dr. Karn, who addressed corruption in the Thai civil service and was nearly banned military-dominated regime of Thanom Kittikachorn. Chatrichalerm also the Hotel Thep angel tidy Rong Paradise, about a young woman trapped in a life of prostitution. He made dozens of films, as well as such socially conscious lines through the 1990s, working up to his magnificent historical epic, the Legend of Surity in 2001.
Another active Director at the time was a Wichita Kounavudhi, who made his share of fighters, and also more socially conscious works like the first wife, about the custom of men taking "second wives" or "MIA Noi" – a euphemism for mistress. The Wichita also made her name is Boonrawd 1985, about prostitution around an American military airbase during the Vietnam war. Vichits best known works are two semi-documentaries, the mountain men Khon Phukao, adventure story about a young hill-tribe couple, and look Isan son to the North-East, about a family of farmers in Isan 1930-ies.
Also in 1985, directed by Euthana Mukdasanit made pee SEUA Lae Dawkmai butterflies and flowers, highlighting the challenges along the southern border of Thailand. Not only that, the film will help to expose urban Thais to regional poverty, the film has reached a new level in his depiction of Buddhist-Muslim relations. He received the award as Best film at the Hawaii international film festival.
1.7. History. Thai New Wave. (Тайская Новая Волна)
By 1981 Hollywood studios were once again sending films to Thailand. Also television See also media in Thailand is a growing part of Thai culture. It was a low period for the Thai film industry, and by the mid-1990s, output was on average about 10 movies a year.
In the Wake of the Asian financial crisis in 1997, three Directors of television commercials – Nonzee Nimibutr, Pen-EK Ratanaruang and hanging Sasanatieng thought that films should be more artistic in order to attract investors and spectators.
The first breakthrough was in 1997, with Nonzees crime drama, Dang Bireleys and young gangsters 2499 Antapan Krong Muang, which earned a record box office take of more than 75 million baht. Also in 1997, pen-eks crime Comedy, fun, karaoke bar, was selected to play at the Berlin film festival for the first time in twenty years that Thai cinema had an international presence.
Nonzees next film, the Ghost story Nang NAK, was an even bigger success, earning 149.6 million baht – the highest grossing film at the time.
Hanging who wrote the screenplays for Dang Bireleys and NAK, broke out tears of the Black Tiger, super-stylized Western tribute to the Thai action films of the 1960-ies and 70-ies. It was the first film to be included in the program of the Cannes film festival.
There was also the pang brothers from Hong Kong who came to Thailand to make a stylish movies, starting with Bangkok Dangerous and the nod to J-horror, the eye.
1.8. History. Thai independent film. (Тайский независимый фильм)
With a new wave Directors of the implementation of commercial and creative success, a new crop of filmmakers has grown up outside the traditional and often restrictive Thai Studio system to create experimental short films and features.
The leader of this indie movement Apichatpong Weerasethakul, whose 2002 feature blissfully yours won UN certain regard, UN award at the Cannes film festival. In risque sex scene involving a Burmese and a Thai woman in the jungle, the film received only limited screenings in Thailand and Thai released on DVD the film was censored. Apichatpongs next film, "tropical malady" with the gay romance between a soldier and a country boy, was the jury prize at the Cannes festival. It is also only received limited screenings in Thailand.
Other indie Directors include Aditya Assarat wonderful city, Anocha Suwichakornpong mundane history, Pimpaka Towiras one night husband, Thunska Pansittivorakul Voodoo girl, eternity, Sivaroj Kongsakul, Wichanon Somumjarn, in April the following year there was a fire and Nawapol Thamrongrattanarits 36.
2. Censorship. (Цензура)
All films, VCDS and DVDs are placed under scrutiny of a censorship Board. Until 2009 film regulated by the law On film 1930.
The first censorship Board consists of both men and women and was drawn from the ranks of the aristocracy, the civil service and the police. Each film passed by the censors should include a stamp on each drum, and each element of the print advertising must contain the stamp, too. The national police is responsible for the screening of films and videos until 2005 September, when the governments Ministry of culture took over the function. Each VCD and DVD sold for home viewing needs to be stamped that it has passed the censorship Board.
On some VCD and DVD discs, produced in Thailand, censors sometimes take a tough stance against nudity, sex, Smoking, alcohol and weapons onto the people, the images that are forbidden on television. In other cases, violent acts, may pass uncut, but sex and nudity will be cut.
Before the digital age, scissors, and vaseline were the tools of the trade for the censors. Today violators of a blurred image in electronic form. The effect of pixelization-is so widespread that the practice has been satirised in films, including 2004s action Comedy, Jaew or M. A. I. D., as well as the zombie Comedy, SARS wars.
Imported DVDs, as a rule, Not changed the Thai authorities, although the Ministry of culture watchdogs, elements of the ban, or at least strongly encourage retailers not to carry them. Since that time, the Ministry of culture took over the Board of censorship to March 2006, was banned, although the list of prohibited items was not provided about 40 VCD or DVD.
In 2007, the independent film syndromes and a century was to pass cuts to public release in Thailand. Censors objected to the image of a Buddhist monk playing the guitar, a doctor kissing his girlfriend, some doctors drinking whiskey in the conference room of the hospital and some of the monks playing with a remote control flying saucer. Director Apichatpong Weerasethakul not make cuts and withdrew his film from release in Thailand. It has previously been shown in other countries are uncut.
After the controversy over syndromes and a century, the free Thai cinema movement started to gain momentum in late April 2007. The petition was signed by artists and scientists was presented to the National Legislative Assembly, which is considering a new traffic system review pictures. The proposed system adopted by the military-appointed national Legislative Assembly has proven controversial, as it does not impose assessments of the structure, but also retains censorship in place.
The film act of 1930-ies were replaced in 2009, the movie-ratings System. The ratings system has six classifications – G to a wider audience, P and "stimulation" as an academic, 13, 15 and 18 view suggested ages and the restricted 20 - rating, which requires verification of documents in cinemas. Hidden seventh level of the system is a direct ban on the film and video Subcommittee.
3.1. Genres. Action. (Действие)
The film is a predominant genre of Thai film. During the 1960-ies and 70-ies, when mitr Chaibancha and Sombat Metanee were the leading characters, was made hundreds of hard-hitting, explosive features.
In recent years, films about martial arts starring: Tony JAA, Ong-Bak: the warrior of Muay Thai and Tom-yum-Goong, Thai has put the militants on the international map. Kerd MA lui born to fight in the same spirit, and gives more exposure to action choreographer Panna Rittikrai who toiled for decades making low-budget, direct video action in dangerous stunts and choreography.
The culture of Thailand B-the stunt, further examined in the 2005 documentary, crying Tigers, at Santi Taepanich.
Comedy and also proved to be popular, including 2001s killer tattoo Yuthlert Sippapak, who gave the famous Thai comics, including Petchtai Wongkamlao and Suthep po-Ngam, In roles as bumbling Hitmen.
3.2. Genres. Animation. (Анимация)
Thai animations began after world war II when artist Sanae Klaikluen asked the government of Thailand to make a short animated cartoon, which instructed citizens of Thailand wear hats and farmers to wear boots.
Sanae, in turn, influenced Payut Ngaokrachang, who made 1955 short about a traffic COP called big Mahasajan. Payut went to Thailand the first and only cel-animated feature film, the adventure of Sudsakorn, in 1979.
Due to the laborious work associated with animation, it was cheaper for studios to make feature films, so the animation was eliminated. But in recent years, Thailands technology community seeks to make the country a centre of computer animation, many animated television shows, commercials and video games created in Thailand.
In 2006, Thailands first computer-animated film was released, Khluay Khan, about King Naresuan the great war elephant. It Director Kompin Kemgunerd on characteristics such as Disneys Atlantis: the lost Empire Tarzan and man and the Glacial period. Although work is being done on computers, Kompin has faced many of the same difficulties in financial and human resources that Payut faced.
3.3. Genres. Comedy. (Комедия)
No matter what genre of Thai film, most movies – whether action, horror and romantic melodrama – there is some element of Comedy.
One of the classic comedies from the 1960-ies called the Nguema Nguema. He starred mitr Chaibancha and Petchara Chaowarat in the story of the nephew of an unscrupulous moneylender, who took the side of the group of debtors against his uncle. A remake of the film was made in 1980-ies.
In 2005, the Comedy Luang phii thing Holy man, starring comedian Pongsak Pongsuwan as a street hood who poses as a Buddhist monk, was one of the best films at the domestic box office.
3.4. Genres. Crime
Most of the films of Pen-EK Ratanaruang was crime films, with his debut feature fun bar karaoke 1997s-2006s invisible waves.
True crime movie, 2003s macabre case of Prom feast Keunbab prompiram veteran Director Manop Udomdej, about a 1977 murder-rape of a young woman in the countryside has been controversial, because in the village where the incident occurred does not want the incident again. The film played in many international festivals, including the new York Asian film festival.
Another criminal case about a serial killer cannibal in 1946 the city was depicted in the 2004 film Z-official development assistance.
3.5. Genres. Gay movies. (Гей фильмы)
Kathoey transsexuals or homosexuals are often featured as comic or villains in the usual Thai films, but there are a number of films that make gays and kathoey of the main characters. Transsexuals and gays are also known as "tdoot" originated from the name of the American film "Tootsie" in 1982. One of the first was Youngyooth Thongkonthuns Iron lady, or Satree Lek, which is based on a true story about a transgender gay male volleyball team that won the national championship in 1996. It was a huge success at the international festival. In the 2000 Comedy spawned a sequel in 2003, the iron ladies 2 Satree Lek 2. More the Film is based on the real incident was the 2002 Film Saving private Tootsie, which tells the story of a group of gays and kathoey performers who have lost the separatists jungle after a plane crash. A detachment of the Thai army, headed by a rude, homophobic Sergeant was played by veteran actor Sorapong Chatree, comes to the rescue. And in the life of a champion of transgender Muay Thai Parinya Kiatbusaba, or Nong tum in 2003s beautiful boxer Director: Ekachai Uekorngtham. Unlike iron ladies, beautiful boxer was less comedic tone. In 2003, the film "tropical malady", directed by Apichatpong Weerasethakul, depicts a romance between a Thai army soldier and a local small-town boy. The narrative of the film then abruptly changes in the middle to tell a folk tale about a shaman of the tiger with the soldier alone in the jungle, hunted by the tiger-shamans of the spirit. The film won the jury prize at the Cannes film festival. Apichatpong is also co-Director of low-budget digital movie, the adventures of iron pussy, with artist Michael Shaowanasai, who portrays the transgendered secret agent. The music, the film was also a tribute and parody of Thai films of the 1960-ies and 70-ies, with Shaowansai the basis of your character on the actress petushara Chaowarat. In 2005, Thai film rainbow boys, depicting a contemporary gay relationship, produced by Vitaya Saeng-Arun, saw a limited release screening. Vitaya also produced the Comedy-drama Club m2, set in a gay sauna. And in 2006 it was the last song, a remake of a 1985 Thai film about a transsexual cabaret dancer and her struggle to find recognition and love. Me. Sam Thai: ขอให้รักจงเจริญ or Kaw Hai RAK Jong of Charoen in 2007 Thai romantic drama film written and directed by actor-singer Pongpat Wachirabunjong. In the film, Ananda Everingham stars as a dancer in a cabaret of transvestites who need to re-find yourself after hitting the car and suffers from amnesia. Another 2007 film, Bangkok love story, Directed by Poj Arnon, was critically hailed as a departure from the stereotyped view of homosexuals as transvestites. Gay Thai independent film producer also praised the film, saying Director Poj Arnon was "brave enough to shake society up."
In 2011 Thanwarin Sukhaphisits insects in the yard, a film depicting the struggle of the family, which changed her sex to a teenage son and daughters life tormented by the lack of communication and inability to communicate with his biological father to such an extent that they end up selling their bodies look, it is in vain, for out of his own life, became the first film to get Ho hip assessment, which banned the distribution and screening of the film. There is a scene in which a national Board of reviewers, the movie is considered to be pornographic in nature and, therefore, define an obstacle to the national order.
In 2012 Thanwarins it gets better marketed market to a wider audience, and was adopted by the Committee of a film. The film tells the story of a young boy whose father forces him to become a monk after he catches him wearing his mothers clothes and dancing around effeminately in your room. At first he resists, but then enchanted by the beauty of a monk who leaves the temple, and youll change your mind. The story runs along two other stories, one man returned to Thailand to sell your business of the fathers and other women, whose purpose seems unclear whole story until the very end. We learn that the monk is a woman who returned to her father, but killed the thief before she can make amends with him. Turns out, a bar / dance club was her, and her death is the reason for her sons to return to Thailand, his fathers identity was kept from him his entire life, but after he learns everything from their biological fathers office, he goes to see his grandfather and the story ends.
3.6. Genres. Historical epics. (Исторические былины)
Another staple of the Thai film industry, among the largest was 2003s the Legend of Surity by Chatrichalerm Yukol, who conducted research for many years to write the script. With a huge budget, support from the Royal family and cooperation United Nations the movie, this film is a true "national film". Follow-up 2007s in epic, king Naresuan, about 16th century ruler king Naresuan the Great, headed by budget Suriyothai, and was shown in two parts.
Other epics include in Bang Rajan what Jitnukul, who has made several other historical battle epics, including SEMA: warrior of Ayutthaya and kun pan: legend of the warlord.
Later stories depicted in the Overture, covering the life of a Palace musician from the late 19th century until the 1940-ies and tin mine installed in a mine in southern Thailand in the 1950-ies.
3.7. Genres. Horror. (Ужас)
Many of the early horror films such as 1958 Thai Mae NAK Phra Khanong and 1973 San Krasue film Ghost of guts eater, Thai กระสือสาว, participate in Mae NAK and Krasue, the ancient village of the ghosts of Thai folklore, which became very popular. Nimibutrs Nonzee Nang NAK in 1999 was a Ghost story based on the same theme of folklore, which depicted dozens of times throughout the history of Thai cinema and television. But this gave rise to a new crop of Thai horror and suspense films, including the pang brothers the eye, Nonzees pan-Asian compilation three, Bangkok haunted, directed by Pisuth Praesaeng-IAM and oxide pang and the 2004 blockbuster films Pisonthanakun shutter Banjong and Parkpoom Wongpoom.
In 2013 Pee Mak Phra Khanong - another spin-off from Mae NAK folklore - became a hit throughout Southeast Asia, earning more than baht 1 billion. Pee Mak is currently the highest grossing Thai film in Thai film history.
Examples of horror films includes art of the Devil long Khong 2005 sequel, as well as scary and Narok hell, also in 2005.
The horror genre and has spawned a number of mixed genres of Comedy, horror, especially the films of Yuthlert Sippapak, turned to the telly presented at the International film festival in Toronto and the sequel, and Krasue Valentine. There is even a zombie film, SARS wars 2004s.
3.8. Genres. Musicals. (Мюзиклы)
The biggest hit musical of the 1970s Monrak Luk Thung magical love in the countryside, starring mitr Chaibancha and Petchara Chaowarat. It was very popular, playing in theaters for six months.
As a result, an entire genre of Luk Thung musicals, rhapsodizing Thailand was established rural life in Isan. Another example was Dokdin Kanyamarns 1971 musical Comedy, A. N. TUI which starred Sombat Metanee and Petchara.
In 2001, the two movies that celebrated Luk Thung, the singing-contest Comedy Monpleng Luk Thung FM dance showdown and Pen-EK Ratanaruangs, transistor Monrak, who paid tribute to music Suraphol Sombatcharoen. In 2005, comedian-actor-Director Petchtai Wongkamlao wrote, directed and starred in Yam Yasothon, colorful tribute to the 1970s musicals. It was one of the best films in Thai box office.
3.9. Genres. Romance. (Романтика)
Tearful, tearjerker romance crowd pleasers. Historically, Cherd Songsris film of the 1970-ies plae Chow old scar-its a classic story of star-crossed lovers, and one of the first Thai films to be a success at the international level.
In the 1980-ies, Baan SAI Thong based on the novel KOR Surangkanang was a popular hit. More recent examples include a letter in which tissues were actually handed out in theaters.
In childhood, the novel was a hit with 2003s fan Chan, which was made six Directors. One of the six, Komgrit Treewimol, went on to College-age romance, dear Dakanda, a hit in 2005, but took three years to completely write, cast, film, and Tweak.
3.10. Genres. Teen
As a genre, teen films arose in the 1970s, with Director Piak posters Wai Ounlawon, about a young man whose courtship of a teenage girl puts him at odds with girls hot-tempered father. That young couple, portrayed by the original actors was revised, after 30 years as parents alert in the 2005 sequel, VI Ounlawon 4 Oh. There Is Dad.
Music was an important part of teen films, with the musical interludes prominently in the film and soundtrack album, which will become a popular hit. This was the case with Wai Ounlawon and its recent sequel.
Another noteworthy film of this genre is the fake, which was the debut film Thanakorn Pongsuwan. Contemporary films, visual style offers a sharp-focus snapshot of Bangkok and a plausible account of the marriage game in its current form.
3.11. Genres. Short films
In the growing independent movement of the film, many short films are made and take part in festivals. Graceland, a film, Anocha Suwichakornpong, about an Elvis Presley was shown in the competition program of the cinéfondation at the Cannes film festival 2006. It was the first Thai short film selected in Cannes. Short film festivals in Thailand, Thai short film and video festival, Thai film Foundation and the festival of oily film on fat Radio. Program Thai shorts-the movie also collected the International film festival Bangkok world film festival of Bangkok. over the past two years CNXWOOD Studio and sponsors of the festival, in the Northern city of Chiang Mai in conjunction with the creative Kingdom animation studios.
Pen-EKs twelve twenty Ratanaruangs 30 min was produced in the framework of digital short films Three films for the 2006 Jeonju International film festival. The film stars Ananda Everingham, is a view of the American bilingual actor Fleshman, Erich, and was shot by Christopher Doyle. A short film filmed in a minimalist style and is slowly moving along meeting men and women on long-haul routes, where they will spend the next 12 hours and 20 minutes to read, drink, eat and watch movies and sleeping on one side without talking.
In 2007, the digital forum of the Thai film Foundation, the festival of digital long film
4.1. Festivals and awards. Film festivals. (Кинофестивали)
Thai short film and video festival was first held in 1997. Film festival in Bangkok began in 1998 and was ultimately pushed out of the International film festival in Bangkok, which began in 2002 and is organized by the tourism authority of Thailand. World film festival of Bangkok, organized by nation multimedia group, started in 2003, and it is held annually in October.
In 2007, the digital forum was launched in Bangkok as a result of the Thai short film and video festival to showcase feature-length independent digital video production. Also in 2007, at the first Phuket film festival took place. In 2008, the annual Phangan film festival PFF was established on Koh Phangan, with a focus on spiritual and environmental indie films from around the world. In 2009, PFFs sister event, the annual Samui film festival SFF was held for the first time on Samui.
4.2. Festivals and awards. Film awards. (Фильм награды)
The first film awards in Thailand was a "Golden doll" award Tukata Tong magazine. The awards were first given in 1957. The statue, first was a Thai classical dancer and later it was modelled after Phra Suratsawadi, Thai-Indian God of art. King Bhumibol Adulyadej presented awards in 1965 and 66. In Tukata Tong award was discontinued after eight years because of organizational problems, but was revived in 1974, the Association of entertainment news journalists in Thailand.
National Association of Thailand awards are organised by the National Federation of motion pictures and contents associations. The name of the award Subhanahongsa.
There is also an Assembly of critics of Bangkok, which gives awards selected by a group of about 20 people, Starpics awards, given by the magazine Starpics and com-Chad Luek awards, given by the newspaper kom Chad Luek.
5. Key figures. (Ключевые фигуры)
- Petushara Chaowarat, the legendary main character of Thai films in the 1960s and 70s years.
The operator. (Оператор)
- Phuttiphong Aroonpheng –.
- Charnkit Chamnivikaipong –.
- Ampornpol Yukol –. (Ampornpol Юкол –)
5.1. Key figures. Actors. (Актеры)
- Sombat Metanee is a record Thai leading man of the 1960-ies and 70-ies.
- Mario Maurer is a young actor of Chinese and German descent, is widely known in Asia for his performance in love of Siam.
- Mitr Chaibancha, the legendary Thai leading actors of the 1960s and 70s, has died while filming a stunt.
- Tony JAA – modern Thai the action star known for his hard-hitting stuntwork in Ong-Bak: the warrior of Muay Thai and Tom-yum-Goong.
5.2. Key figures. Actresses. (Актрис)
- Petushara Chaowarat, the legendary main character of Thai films in the 1960s and 70s years.
5.3. Key figures. The operator. (Оператор)
- Phuttiphong Aroonpheng –.
- Charnkit Chamnivikaipong –.
- Ampornpol Yukol –. (Ampornpol Юкол –)
5.4. Key figures. Of Directors. (Директоров)
- Nontawat Numbenchapol the Director of the river, won Cineasti del to present a special honorary prize at the 67th International film festival in Locarno.
- Rattana Pestonji – innovative Director of the first Thai Director of films in the international competition.
- Nonzee Nimibutr is among the first Directors in the late 1990-ies to enhance the Thai film industry.
- Sivaroj Kongsakul Director of eternity ที่รัก, he was awarded the Tiger at the 40th International film festival Rotterdam.
- Pen-EK Ratanaruang – his films are often shown in major international film festivals.
- Anocha Suwichakornpong Director of mundane history, received the tiger award at the 39th International film festival Rotterdam.
- Chatrichalerm yukol – Director of the veteran, the Creator of the Legend of Surity, as well as socially conscious films from the 1970-ies to 90-ies.
- Somunjarn Wichanon Director in April of the following year there was a fire, was nominated for the Tiger award 2011 at the International film festival in Rotterdam.
- Game Aditya Assarat – Director, wonderful city and Chico, he was awarded the tiger at the 37th International film festival Rotterdam.
- Apichatpong Weerasethakul avant – garde Director, won three prizes at the Cannes film festival, including "the Golden palm" Dor in 2010.
- Cherd name songsri – one of the first Thai Directors to make films with international audiences in mind.
- Hanging Sasanatieng the Director of tears of the Black Tiger and citizen dog, also a noted screenwriter.
- Thunska Pansittivorakul – Director of the Voodoo girls.
- Nawapol Thamrongrattanarit Director 36 won the new currents award and International Federation FIPRESCI prize of film critics at the 18th International film festival in Busan.
5.5. Key figures. Manufacturers. (Производители)
- Mingmongkol Sonakul – independent Director and producer, was treated with Pen-EK Ratanaruangs works, including invisible waves and twenty twenty. She also worked closely with the GTC on such projects alone.
- Soros Sukhum known as Thongdee, an independent producer, partner song, playability and mosquito films, is considered one of the most versatile and important independent producers working in Thailand, it supports new generation of Thai filmmakers including Aditya Assarat games, Sivaroj Kongsakul, Nawapol thamrongrattanarit Anocha Suwichakornpong, Lee Chatametikool.
- Somsak Techaratanaprasert – Executive Director of the International Sahamongkol film, he was behind many successful movies, including Ong-Bak: the Muay Thai warrior.
- Duangkamol Limcharoen – work with Nonzee Nimibutr and Pen-EK Ratanaruang, she founded the production Cinemasia brand and contributed to the growing trend of pan-Asian filmmaking in Thailand. She died in 2003.
- Prachya Pinkaew is also the Director of Ong-Bak and Tom-yum-Goong, it BAA RAM ewe brand production in many Thai films.
- Adirek Wattaleela, often referred to simply as "uncle," he headed the now-shuttered film Bangkok production house, which was behind hits such as Bangkok Dangerous and the tears of the Black Tiger. He is also a Director, screenwriter, editor, and comic actor.
His resume includes numerous prizes including three Rotterdam Tiger awards and a Pusan new current award for wonderful town, mundane history, Eternity and 36
5.6. Key figures. The writers. (Писатели)
- Prabda Yoon worked with Pen-EK Ratanaruang on Last life in the Universe and invisible waves.
- Kongdej Jaturanrasamee – screenwriter of such films as Tom-yum-Goong and NOO hin: the movie.
6. Famous Thai movies. (Знаменитый тайский фильмы)
- 2006 - dek Hor, Songyos Sugmakanan, was awarded the Crystal bear at the Berlin film festival.
- 1970 - Monrak Luk Thung, starring mitr Chaibancha and Petchara Chaowarat, was extremely popular Luk Thung musical. He played in a movie for six months.
- 2007 - wonderful town, Aditya Assarat, were awarded a Special jury prize at the film festival in Las Palmas and won the Tiger award of the Rotterdam International film festival.
- 2010 - Uncle Bunmi, who remembers his past lives, Apichatpong Weerasethakul is the first Thai film to be awarded Dor "Palme dor" at the Cannes film festival, the first Asian film since 1997.
- 1961 black silk, the first Thai film in competition of the Berlin international film festival.
- 2000 tears of the Black Tiger FA Talai Jone, Director Sasanatieng hanging, it was the first Thai film to be included in the program of the Cannes film festival.
- The 2002s blissfully yours, directed by Apichatpong Weerasethakul, won the "UN certain regard", UN award at the Cannes film festival.
- 1954 - Santi-Weena, the first Thai film to be entered in international competition in 1954, the festival of the Asia-Pacific region in Tokyo.
- 1927 - Chok Sorng Chan double luck, the first all-Thai production.
- 1973 - Khao Chue KARN Dr. Karn, directed by Chatrichalerm Yukol, it was almost banned due to its controversial look at the corruption in the Thai civil service.
- 2013 - pee Mak Phra Khanong, on Pisanthanaku Banjong. Pee Mak has earned more than 1 billion baht 33 million dollars in profit worldwide, mainly in Asia, and is currently the highest grossing Thai film of all time.
- 2003 - tropical malady, by Apichatpong Weerasethakul, was awarded the jury prize in the main competition at the Cannes film festival.
- 1985 - butterflies and flowers, award-winning image of poverty along the southern border of Thailand, directed by Euthana Mukdasanit.
- 1940 - King of the White Elephant, in English historical epic with anti-war messages produced by Pridi Phanomyong.
- 2008 - a ploy by Pen-EK Ratanaruang, was held during Directors fortnight at the Cannes film festival 2007.
- 1977 - plae Kao the scar, directed by Cherd name songsri, it was the most successful Thai film at the box office of its day, also the winner of the festival of three continents in Nantes, France.
- 2001 - the Legend of Surity, Chatrichalerms epic was the biggest movie ever made in the Thai film industry.
- 1923 - we Miss Siam, though a Hollywood co-production, it is generally regarded as the first Thai film.
- 2004 - Overture, by Ittisoontorn Vichailak, has been honored with several awards in Thailand and the countrys official selection for the award "Oscar" for Best foreign language film.
- 1979 - the adventures of Sudsakorn, the first feature-length Thai animated feature cartoon, directed by Payut Ngaokrachang.
- 2002 butterfly man directed by Kaprice Kea, won two awards, as Best actress Napakpapha Nakprasitte, Best cinematography mark Duffield at the Slamdunk film festival in 2003.
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