★ Cinema of Bhutan
Movie Bhutan is a small but growing industry, starting in the mid 1990-ies. He supported government officials and various companies.
Industry Bhutans film is highly influenced by neighboring Indias bollywood, and the majority of Bhutanese films, adaptations of Indian or based on the format of bollywood. In the 21st century there were calls for local filmmakers to tilt for originality in the Bhutanese movie. Many films have started a mixture of Indian cinema with local Buddhist teachings and traditions, and bollywood films are now rarely seen in Bhutanese cinema after more than a decade of dominance. The story is based on the history of Buddhist oral and supernatural beliefs have greater influence Bhutan cinematic structure.
As of 2011, Bhutans film industry produced an average of thirty films a year. By 2012, Thimphu six cinemas.
Some voices were confident that Bhutans film industry, expected growth and development in the future.
1. History. (История)
In 1989 Wangdi Ugyen Director Gus Lamai Singye, first, pioneer Bhutanese film. Gus Lamai Singye, the tragic love story reminiscent of Romeo and Juliet was a remake in 2016, directed by Sonam Lhendup Tshering. Wangdi has directed several documentaries, his Yonten GI kawa price of knowledge, 1998, was the first documentary film shot in Bhutan, and watched the daily life of 11-year-old boy at home and school. It was followed by Yi JI Hel cava price letters, 2004, where Wangdi tells the story of a postal runner who worked all over the Bhutan for 26 years.
In 1999 Tshering Wangyel released the first commercially successful film in the language Dzongkha, Rewaa hope, a love story where two College boys fall for the same girl. As one critic put it, "commercial Bhutanese film industry was born." Wangyel has made over 50 films and died from pneumonia, making his last film. In 2007 he produced Bakchha, Bhutans first horror film.
Buddhist monk Khyentse Norbu directed four award-winning films, the 1999 Cup, travelers and magicians 2003, Vara: a blessing 2013, Hema Hema: Sing me a song While Im waiting for 2016. Travelers and magicians was the first feature film shot entirely in Bhutan. Hema who tells his story in following a mysterious ritual in the woods, where all the participants in masks, was praised by critics for "playing a complex Buddhist topics as crime, comparing them to modern topics, such as anonymity on the Internet". A student of Norbu, Neten Chokling, another Buddhist Lama, sent in 2006 Milarepa.
Holder, short film, koordiniruyutsya Jamyang Dorji, debuted in 2011 at the Cannes film festival and was also shown in Brussels, along with original photocopy of happiness Dechen Roder, a young Director from Bumthang who went on to direct 2016 movie Mystery Honeygiver among dogs. The film has been described as a "genre work, blending elements of neo-Noir with Bhutanese mystique".
in 2014, karma Dhendup directed AP Bokto, a 3-D computer animation of FIM, based on Bhutanese folk tales. In 2016 Drukten: dragons treasure Bhutans first 2-D animation.
Women Directors are very rare in Bhutan. One Kesang Chuki, which produced ten documentary films, documentary films and short films, including the Nangi Aums to go-thrips Housewives to executives, 2011, about the problems of Bhutanese women who occupy public roles, and a young democracy 2008, where Chuki accompanied by the two candidates in their campaigns for the first ever democratic elections in Bhutan.
In Bhutan, the holiday movie Beskop 2010, 2011 was a significant event for the local film industry. Financial professionals, and sometimes the banks to Finance new productions, which are screened in one of Bhutans few cinemas, of which the lobby Lugar in Thimphu with 880 seats is the largest.
$ 152 Bhutanese films were created in the main decade of the 21st century. Bhutan has two distribution houses. Business Movies periodically in the light of "love" theme, here and there was the social problem of HIV, urbanization and following the usual script with exchanges, tunes, dancing, and fighting. Plans the costs change from $15.000 to $50.000. Remuneration for performers and vocalists have gone from 1.000 $2006 to $10.000 for the film at the beginning of the on-screen characters in 2011. Actually used to prepare the film of coordination, gear and compensation. Income Brut in the famous film up to 90.000 spectators may reach $140.000, while less well-known films can raise half and unpopular movies to the lack of danger.
2.1. The main issues. Market. (Рынок)
The Bhutanese market is small. In the 20th century, leading Bhutan Director Tshering Wangyel said, in 2015, "the distribution was an ordeal, requiring filmmakers to carry generators, fuel and screening equipment from village to village." Much improved in the 21st century, but, according Wangyel "distribution continues to be the syllable that inhibit the growth of the industry." Despite these problems, Wangyel said, "industry is thriving, with audiences in one of the most remote countries of the world are flocking to homegrown movies."
2.2. The main issues. Production. (Производство)
Industry Bhutans film has a limited number of studios, with incomplete equipment. The majority of the Directors to Deposit money into their own works, although the international funding of the 21st century was sometimes available.
2.3. The main issues. Quality. (Качество)
Several Bhutanese films have received international recognition. Others are seen as recurring, returning again and again to Buddhist legends, and "the clash between tradition and modernity, with conservatism getting the last word as characters rant about the importance of prayer and background chants urge viewers to be good Buddhists". However, changes gradually. In 2017, K. K. uruki filn Thimphu was seen as "do away with the idea that all the independent Bhutanese movies to rely on the countrys Buddhist mysticism," as she presents the life of Bhutans capital through a variety of characters, including an alcoholic family, a transgender woman and the young singer with the problems in career and love.
2.4. The main issues. Distribution. (Распределение)
Although it is now usual cinemas are located in all big cities, you still need today, "lug a makeshift cinema from village to village to reach Bhutan travel-loving population," rent school halls or setting up a tent at each location. According Wangyel Director, "it takes a year to cover the country for the show."
2.5. The main issues. Piracy. (Пиратство)
Piracy is a global problem and affects the film industry in Bhutan. DVDs are easily duplicated in Nepal / India and retail through stores in the cities. Anti-theft measures are extremely inadequate. "Long wait for screenings of" blame the fact that for the successful development of industry piracy service "impatient audiences eager to watch illegal copies of the Dzongkha-language films."
3. Future. (Будущее)
The government of Bhutan for the movie as important, and have committed themselves to promote local products with adequate Studio support, and more effective strategies of combating copyright infringement.
Critical voices, as the Director Tashy Gyeltshen afraid that "the relentless push to promote tradition, the risk of imitating bollywood formula of creating a culture for future generations," with the most acclaimed Directors simply "bathed in former glory." However, there are more optimistic voices, convinced that soon everything will change with the new generation of Bhutan Directors, who "abhorred the influence of bollywood and look inside," a process that won awards at international festivals.
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