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★ Chateau de Vincennes - castle ..

Chateau de Vincennes
                                     

★ Chateau de Vincennes

Chateau de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French Royal castle in Vincennes, East of Paris, now a suburb of the metropolis.

                                     

1. History. (История)

Like other more famous castles, it had its origins in a hunting Lodge, constructed for Louis VII About 1150 in the forest of Vincennes. In the 13th century, Philip Augustus and Louis IX erected a more substantial manor: Louis IX is believed to have departed from Vincennes on the crusade from which he never returned.

Vincennes was more than the grim fortress: Philippe III in 1274 and 1284 Philip IV were each married, and died there three 14th-century kings in Vincennes: Louis X 1316, 1322 Philip V and Charles IV in 1328.

To strengthen the site the castle was greatly enlarged replacing the earlier site in the later 14th century. A donjon tower, with a height of 52 meters, is the highest medieval structure in Europe, was added by Philip VI of France, the work that was started about 1337. A large rectangular circuit of walls, was completed Valois about two generations later, CA. 1410. The donjon served as a residence for the Royal family and its buildings, as you know, once held the library and personal study of Charles V. Henry V of England died in the donjon in 1422 following the siege of Meaux.

The relics of the crown of thorns were temporarily housed, while the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris preparing for their reception. A fragment that remained behind received its own chapel at Vincennes, probably built by Peter of Montereau, which might be intended in the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, which survives the image below. Henry IV was imprisoned in Vincennes in April, 1574, during the wars of religion, and Charles IX died here in the next month.

In the 17th century the architect Louis Le Vau built for Louis XIV a pair of isolated ranges mirroring each other through the stalls to one side of the keep, suited for the Queen mother and cardinal Mazarin, but rebuilding was never pursued after Versailles take all the attention. Some great apartments to show at an early stage of the Louis XIV style, before the example of Vaux-Le-Vicomte was presented the Sun king with a worthy model. The unlucky Builder of Vaux-Le-Vicomte, the Minister Nicolas Fouquet, was transferred to Vincennes, to much less comfortable housing. In 1691, another unwilling lodger was John Oxford, soon to become a playwright and architect, who drew some of his Baroque "gothick" from his experience in the Vincennes, it was alleged.

Abandoned in the 18th century, the castle had served, first in the Vincennes porcelain manufactory, the precursor to sèvres, then as a state prison, which housed the Marquis de Sade, Diderot, Mirabeau, the famous confidence man, Jean Henri Latude, as well as the community of nuns of the English Benedictine Congregation from Cambrai. In late February, 1791, a crowd of more than a thousand workers from the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, the members of the Cordillera club and led by Antoine Joseph Santer, went to the castle, and rumors, is being prepared by the crown for political prisoners, and with crowbars and pickaxes set about to demolish it, as the Bastille had recently been demolished. The work was interrupted the Marquis de Lafayette who took several prisoners the leaders, ridicule the Parisian workers. He played no role in the remainder of the revolution. From 1796 it served as an Arsenal.

The execution of the Duc dEnghien was held in the castles moat on 21 March 1804.

General Lac Daumesnil who lost a leg which was replaced by a wooden prosthesis, at the battle of Wagram 5-6 July 1809 was appointed the protection of the château de Vincennes in 1812. Then of Vincennes, was an Arsenal, containing 52 000 new rifles, more than 100 field guns and many tons of gunpowder, a bullet, to catch the balls. A tempting prize for the Sixth coalition marching on Paris in 1814 after the Battle of the Nations. However, Lac Daumesnil opposed the allies and said the famous words "I shall surrender Vincennes when I get my legs back," Je rendrai Vincennes quand on me rendra MA games pace, with multi-pun in French that is lost in the translation. With only 300 men under his command, he was opposed by the coalition, while king Louis XVIII ordered to leave the fortress.

The Park was recreated in the English landscape style in the 19th century. In 1860 Napoleon III, having violle-Le-Duc to restore the Church, gave the Bois de Vincennes 9.95 km2 in extent in Paris as a public Park.

Vincennes also served as the military headquarters of the chief of the General staff, General Maurice Gamelin during the unsuccessful defense of France against the invading German army in 1940. It is now the main base of Francis defence Service, which supports the Museum in the donjon.

On 20 August 1944 during the fighting for the liberation of Paris, 26 police officers and members of the Resistance arrested by the soldiers of the Waffen-SS were executed in the Eastern part of the moat of the fortress, and their bodies thrown into a common grave.

                                     

2. The description of the castle. (Описание замка)

Only traces remain of the earlier castle and the substantial remains date from the 14th century. The castle forms a rectangle, the perimeter of which is over a kilometer in length 330 x 175m. It has six towers and three gates, each originally 13 meters high and surrounded by a deep moat faced with stone. Save, 52m high, and its wall is the Western side of the fortress and separated from the rest of the castle moat. Keep-one of the first known examples of the use of rebar. Towers Grande fence now stand only to the height of the walls, which were demolished in 1800-ies, save the Tour du village on the North side of the building. The southern part consists of two wings, facing each other, in the Pavillon du ROI and Pavillon de La Reine, built by Louis Le Vau.

                                     
  • French farming. The Fort neuf de Vincennes New fort of Vincennes located in the north of the park near the Chateau de Vincennes is a military installation
  • Vincennes Main tower of the Vincennes medieval castle The Vincennes Park in autumn The famous rock of Vincennes zoo Chateau de Vincennes Velodrome de
  • the line, Porte de Vincennes was the site of the very first construction work on the Paris Metro. An extension to Chateau de Vincennes subsequently opened
  • The Vincennes porcelain manufactory was established in 1740 in the disused royal Chateau de Vincennes in Vincennes east of Paris, which was from the
  • The Fort Neuf de Vincennes New Vincennes Fort is a fortification built on the grounds of the Chateau de Vincennes on the east side of Paris. While
  • The Sainte - Chapelle de Vincennes is a Gothic chapel within the fortifications of the chateau de Vincennes near Paris, France. It was founded in 1379 by
  • flight to Italy, he took refuge there until his incarceration in the Chateau de Vincennes in 1777. Escaping while being transferred to Aix, he took refuge
  • nearest metro station to the park is Chateau - de - Vincennes The Parc floral, as a part of the Bois de Vincennes had originally been part of a royal park
  • with a view to demolition, together with the Chateau de la Muette, the Chateau de Vincennes and the Chateau de Blois. The building was in ruins before the
  • dominates the vaulted entrance. Its architecture was inspired by the Chateau de Vincennes in Paris and its imposing towers tours give their name to the village


                                     
  • Galloway, and Adam de Tyninghame, Deacon later Bishop of Aberdeen. Charles V of France signed the treaty at the Chateau de Vincennes on 30 June, and it
  • communes of Saint - Mande and Vincennes It is named after the nearby Place Berault, which honors a former deputy mayor of Vincennes 1796 1871 It also evokes
  • is one of the highest in France for comparison, the keep at the Chateau de Vincennes reaches 52 m There are five floors and the walls are between 6
  • metro de Paris is one of the sixteen lines of the Paris Metro. It connects La Defense Grande Arche in the northwest and Chateau de Vincennes in the
  • 1881: Chateau de Vincennes Roseraie de L Haÿ An oddity from the Musee Fragonard d Alfort Vincennes Racecourse Paris Zoological Park formerly Vincennes Zoo
  • Valley the royal Chateau de Madrid in the Bois de Boulogne the Chateau de Vincennes and major modifications to the Palace of Fontainebleau. He also
  • The Chateau de Rambouillet, also known in English as the Castle of Rambouillet, is a chateau in the town of Rambouillet, Yvelines department, in the Ile - de - France
  • Chateau de Combourg is a medieval castle in the commune of Combourg in the Ille - et - Vilaine departement of Brittany, France. The castle stands on a small
  • national de la Renaissance National Museum of the Renaissance The chateau was built between 1539 and 1555 for Anne de Montmorency, the Connetable de France
  • lands in the bois de Vincennes The abbey ceded these lands in 1563 to Raoul Moreau, treasurer of Spain, whose relation Nicolas Harlay de Sancy, surintendant
                                     
  • Gare de Rosny - Bois - Perrier. Line 120 to Gare de Nogent - sur - Marne and Gare de Noisy - le - Grand Mont d Est. Line 210 to Chateau de Vincennes and Gare de Villiers - sur - Marne
  • heading east to Chateau de Vincennes and the northern to La Defense Grand Arche. There are two access points, 36 and 37 Avenue de la Grand Armee, located
  • the station: Line 124 from Val de Fontenay to Chateau de Vincennes Line 210 from Villiers - sur - Marne to Chateau de Vincennes Line 524, a shuttle serving only
  • Vincennes Comte de Coligny, died in a duel with the duc de Guise Gaspard IV de Coligny 9 June 1620 at Chatillon - sur - Loing - 9 February 1649 Chateau
  • 113 to Chelles 114 from Chateau de Vincennes to Villemomble 120 to Noisy - le - Grand and 210 from Chateau de Vincennes to Villiers - sur - Marne Noctilien
  • d Antoine de Navarre, Charenton - le - Pont Chateau de Saint - Maur, Saint - Maur - des - Fosses Ruined Chateau de Vincennes Vincennes Accessible Chateau d Ambleville
  • stricken from the lists in 1804. 8DD14 2 Musee national de la marine, Chateau de Vincennes BB5 62 Reparation of the marine 1802, Chateau de Vincennes
  • of highly varied form, including the heavily fortified chemise of Chateau de Vincennes or the more modest example at Provins, both in France. Some chemises
  • Louis of France 1264  Chateau de Vincennes before May 1276 was an heir apparent to the French throne. He was the eldest son of King Philip III of
                                     
  • and brought him to Strasbourg 15 March 1804 and thence to the Chateau de Vincennes near Paris, where a military commission of French colonels presided

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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